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Calymenina

Trilobita - Phacopida

Taxonomy
Calymenina was named by Swinnerton (1915). It is not extant.

It was assigned to Phacopida by Harrington and Leanza (1957) and Adrain (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1915Calymenina Swinnerton
1957Calymenina Harrington and Leanza
2011Calymenina Adrain p. 106

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
RankNameAuthor
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
classTrilobitaWalch 1771
orderPhacopidaSalter 1864
suborderCalymeninaSwinnerton 1915
suborderCalymeninaSwinnerton 1915

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitec
Composition 2: chitinc
Ontogeny: molting, addition of partsc
Environment: marinec
Locomotion: fast-movingc
Life habit: low-level epifaunalc
Diet: carnivorec
Created: 2004-02-29 09:07:31
Modified: 2016-06-02 12:44:28
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Cressagian to the top of the Frasnian or 485.40000 to 372.20000 Ma

Collections (2134 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cressagian485.4 - 478.6United Kingdom (England) Pharostomina sp. (3663)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Morocco Bavarilla sp., Pharostomina sp. (20998)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Mexico (Oaxaca) Pharostomina mexicana (9837 9852)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (JiangXi) Platycoryphe sp. (7759)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Argentina (Jujuy) Calymenella zaplensis (9062) Colpocoryphoides trapezoidalis (9088 115669)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Argentina (Salta) Colpocoryphoides trapezoidalis (115716 116071)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Bolivia Pharostomina sp., Altiplanelaspis sp. (8837) Pharostomina trapezoidalis (8839) Pharostomina trapezoidelis, Pharostomina alvarezi (8804)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Argentina Pharostomina tenuisulcata (8897)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Czech Republic Bavarilla hofensis (192829) Eulomina sp., Pharostomina sp. (3782 3837) Parabathycheilus krafti, Eulomina mitratum, Holoubkocheilus granulatus (192830)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (ZheJiang) Neseuretus sp. (7780)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Bolivia (La Paz) Trimerus dekayi (37056)
Middle Devonian393.3 - 382.7USA (New York) Dipleura dekayi (91225 91232 91234 91235 91249 91274)
Late/Upper Givetian388.1 - 383.7Libya Dipleura sp. (35628)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Spain (Aragon) Trimerus lanvoiensis (40446)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Pennsylvania) Trimerus dekayi (9657 9661 9674 9707 9896 9897 9898 9902 9905 9907 9924 9926) Trimerus sp. (627 669 670)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Libya Dipleura sp. (36185)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Brazil (Para) Homalonotus sp. (37173)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7France (Alsace) Dipleura lanvoiensis (40074)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (New York) Dipleura dekayi (8727 8808 8809 8811 8812 8813 8814 8817 8818 8819 8820 8822 8823 8825 8830 8832 8913 8917 8919 8959 8960 8961 8962 8963 8964 8965 8967 8968 8969 8970 8971 8972 9018 9029 10459 89657 89658 89660 89661 89668 89699 89741 89876 89886 89940 96209) Dipleura sp. (10540 10543)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2South Africa (Eastern Cape) Trimerus sp. (77958)