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Odenwaldia heidelbergensis

Taxonomy
Odenwaldia heidelbergensis was named by Morales and Kamphausen (1984). Its type specimen is GPIH SMO 1, a skull, and it is a mold. Its type locality is Waldkatzenbach am Katzenbuckel, which is in a Spathian terrestrial horizon in the Hardegsen Formation of Germany. It is the type species of Odenwaldia.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1984Odenwaldia heidelbergensis Morales and Kamphausen
2000Odenwaldia heidelbergensis Schoch and Milner p. 136
2001Odenwaldia heidelbergensis Damiani p. 396
2011Odenwaldia heidelbergensis Schoch p. 54

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
RankNameAuthor
Tetrapoda()
Temnospondyli()
Eutemnospondyli
Rhachitomi()
Eryopiformes
Stereospondylomorpha
Stereospondyli()
Capitosauria
Capitosauroidea()
genusOdenwaldia
speciesheidelbergensis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. R. Schoch 2011Autapomorphies: (1) small orbits combined with broad interorbital distance; (2) preorbital region slender, with nasals and lacrimals narrower than frontals, (3) dermal ornament consists of small, similarly sized polygons, but no elongated ridges. (Schoch 2008a). Homoplasies: (a) Anterior palatal fenestra paired (shared with many trematosaurids, metoposaurids, and some capitosauroids); (b) prenarial portion of premaxilla slightly elongated (shared with Benthosuchus, but not as extreme); (c) supraorbital sulcus traverses lacrimal (shared with Benthosuchus, all trematosaurids, Yuanansuchus, Mastodonsaurus, Eocyclotosaurus, Quasicyclotosaurus); (d) posterior quadrate boss (shared with many primitive capitosaurs: Wetlugasaurus, Watsonisuchus, Parotosuchus). (e.g., Schoch 2008a). Plesiomorphies: (i) tabular horns directed posteriorly, constricting otic notch only faintly; (ii) postorbital with large lateral projection, widely separated from prefrontal; (iii) prefrontal and postfrontal apparently sutured (a plesiomorphic state among capitosaurs, shared only with Wetlugasaurus).