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Nuculida

Bivalvia - Nuculida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1889Nuculoida Dall
1965Nuculoida Newell p. 16
1976Nuculoida Givens and Kennedy p. 973
1977Nuculoida Hayami and Kase
1980Nuculoida Morris p. 269
1980Nuculoida Vokes p. 1
1983Nuculoida Gliozzi and Malatesta p. 87
1984Nuculoida Squires p. 40
1987Nuculoida Squires p. 54
1987Nuculoida Ward and Blackwelder p. 129
1988Nuculoida Squires p. 17
1992Nuculoida Stilwell and Zinsmeister p. 47
1999Nuculoida Squires p. 22
2000Nuculoida Coan et al. pp. 62, 70
2001Nuculoida Todd
2002Nuculoida Sepkoski
2004Nuculoida Fang and Cope p. 1124
2004Nuculoida Spencer et al.
2004Nuculoida Stilwell et al. p. 16
2006Nuculoida Bieler and Mikkelsen p. 228
2006Nuculoida Fang
2008Nuculoida Mikkelsen and Bieler p. 19
2008Nuculoida Scholz et al.
2009Nuculoida Nevesskaja
2010Nuculida Bouchet et al. p. 114
2011Nuculida Carter et al. p. 5
2012Nuculida Coan and Valentich-Scott p. 32

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassProtobranchia(Pelseneer 1889)
superorderNuculiformiiDall 1889
orderNuculida(Dall 1889)
orderNuculida(Dall 1889)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Or. Nuculida Dall 1889
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Fm. †Cardiolariidae Cope 1997
+
G. †Cardiolaria Munier-Chalmas 1876
+
Cardiolaria barrandei Munier-Chalmas 1876
Cardiolaria beirensis Sharpe 1853
Invalid names: Honeymania McLearn 1918 [synonym]
G. †Deceptrix Fuchs 1919
+
Deceptrix banksi Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
Deceptrix carinata Fuchs 1919
Deceptrix scofieldi Ulrich 1894
Invalid names: Praeleda Pfab 1934 [synonym]
G. †Inaequidens Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
+
Inaequidens campbelli Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
Inaequidens davisi Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
G. †Clinopista Meek and Worthen 1870
Superfm. †Ctenodontoidea Wohrmann 1893
+
Invalid names: Ctenodontacea Wöhrmann 1893 [replaced]
G. †Dysondonta Mansuy 1913
G. †Eonuculoma Klug et al. 2008
G. †Eritropsis Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
G. †Kasachia Bazhenova 1971
G. †Neiloides
Superfm. Nuculoidea Gray 1824
+
Fm. †Nucularcidae Pojeta and Stott 2007
+
G. †Nucularca Pojeta and Stott 2007
+
Nucularca cingulata Ulrich 1879
Nucularca gorensis Foerste 1924
Nucularca lorrainensis Foerste 1914
+
Invalid names: Ctenodonta borealis Foerste 1914 [synonym]
G. †Sthenodonta Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
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Sthenodonta eastii Tate 1896
+
Invalid names: Stethenodonta modiolaeformis Tate 1896 [synonym]
Sthenodonta jelli Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
Sthenodonta passmoreae Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
Fm. Nuculidae Gray 1824 [nut clam]
+
G. Acila Adams and Adams 1858 [divaricate nutclam]
+
Subg. Acila (Acila) Adams and Adams 1858
+
Acila (Acila) brevis Nagao and Huzioka 1941
Acila (Acila) isthmica Brown and Pilsbry 1911
Acila (Acila) kholmskensis Krishtofovich 1964
Acila (Acila) mirabilis Adams and Reeve 1850
Acila (Acila) praedivaricata Nagao and Huzioka 1941
Acila (Acila) semirostrata Grant, IV and Gale 1931
Acila (Acila) shimoyamai Oyama and Mizuno 1958
Acila (Acila) submirabilis Makiyama 1926
Acila (Acila) vigilia Schenck 1936
Subg. Acila (Truncacila) Grant and Gale 1931
+
Acila (Truncacila) allisoni Squires and Saul 2006
Acila (Truncacila) bellula Slodkewitsch 1967
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Invalid names: Acila (Truncacila) beringiana Slodkevisch 1967 [synonym], Acila empirensis Howe 1922 [synonym], Nucula lyalli Baird 1863 [synonym]
Acila (Truncacila) dalli Arnold 1908
+
Invalid names: Acila gabbiana Dickerson 1916 [synonym], Acila lajollaensis Hanna 1927 [synonym]
Acila (Truncacila) galinae Slodkewitsch 1967
Acila (Truncacila) grahami Squires and Saul 2006
Acila (Truncacila) jucunda Thiele and Jaeckel 1931
Acila (Truncacila) moneronica Slodkewitsch 1967
Acila (Truncacila) nagaoi Oyama and Mizuno 1958
Acila (Truncacila) osugii Nagao and Huzioka 1941
Acila (Truncacila) rosaria Squires and Saul 2006
Acila (Truncacila) schencki Stoyanow 1949
Acila nehalemensis Hanna 1924
Acila paita Olsson 1931
Acila plura Olsson 1931
Nucula (Acila) ermanni Girard 1843
Nucula (Acila) mirabilis Adams and Reeve 1850
Nucula (Acila) nelsoni Clark 1925
Nucula (Acila) stillwaterensis Weaver and Palmer 1922
G. Austronucula Powell 1939
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G. Brevinucula Thiele 1934
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G. Condylonucula Moore 1977
G. †Deshayesii Berge 1855
G. †Economolopsis Hoare et al. 1989
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Economolopsis gordoni Hoare et al. 1989
G. Ennucula Iredale 1931
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Ennucula aegeensis Forbes 1844 [Aegean Nut Clam]
Ennucula cardara Dall 1916
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Invalid names: Leda phenaxia Dall 1916 [synonym], Nucula (Leionucula) yaquinae Bernard 1983 [synonym]
Ennucula convexa Sowerby 1833
Ennucula corbuloides Seguenza 1877
+
Invalid names: Nucula corbuliformis Locard 1886 [synonym]
Ennucula cumingii Hinds 1843
Ennucula dalmasi Dautzenberg 1900
Ennucula delphinodonta Mighels and Adams 1842 [Dolphin-toothed Nut Clam]
Ennucula frigida Anelli et al. 2006
Ennucula grayi d'Orbigny 1846
Ennucula linki Dall 1916
Ennucula musculosa Anelli et al. 2006
Ennucula niponica Smith 1885
Ennucula nuculana Dall 1909
Ennucula obliqua Lamarck 1819
Ennucula puelcha d'Orbigny 1842
Ennucula siberutensis Thiele and Jaeckel 1931
Ennucula strangei Adams 1856
Ennucula superba Hedley 1902
Ennucula tenisoni Pritchard 1896
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Invalid names: Nucula tumida Tenison Woods 1877 [replaced]
Ennucula tenuis Montagu 1808
+
Invalid names: Leionucula ovatotruncata Scarlato 1981 [synonym], Nucula (Ennucula) balboana Hertlein and Grant 1972 [synonym], Nucula (Ennucula) microsperma Berry 1947 [synonym], Nucula (Leionucula) leptodonta Bernard 1983 [synonym], Nucula bellotii Adams 1856 [synonym], Nucula expansa Reeve 1855 [synonym], Nucula quirica Dall 1916 [synonym]
Ennucula whatu Maxwell 1992
G. †Lacia Slodkevitsch 1967
G. Leionucula Quenstedt 1930
+
Leionucula albensis d'Orbigny 1844
Leionucula astricta Iredale 1931
Leionucula ehrlichi Hoernes 1875
Leionucula gabbi Stanton 1895
Leionucula laevigata Sowerby 1818
Leionucula palaioanaxea Stilwell 1993
Leionucula punjabensis Eames 1951
Leionucula rakhiensis Eames 1951
Leionucula superba Hedley 1902
Nucula (Leionucula) barrosi Philippi 1887
Nucula (Leionucula) grandis Malumian et al. 1978
Nucula (Leionucula) hunickeni Zinsmeister and Macellari 1988
Nucula (Leionucula) mozambensis Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983
Nucula (Leionucula) nova Wickens 1911
Nucula (Leionucula) palmeri Zinsmeister 1984
Nucula (Leionucula) subaraucana Frassinetti 1997
+
Invalid names: Leionucula poyaensis Freneix 1958 [synonym]
Nucula cunifrons Conrad 1860
Invalid names: Lissanucula Woodring 1973 [synonym]
G. †Manchurinucula Gu 1997
+
G. Microgloma Saunders and Allen 1973
G. Neonucula Lan and Lee 2001
G. †Notonucula Bradshaw and McCartan 1991
+
Notonucula cuspidis Bradshaw and McCartan 1991
Notonucula demissa Bradshaw and McCartan 1991
G. Nucula Lamarck 1799
+
Subg. Nucula (Deminucula) Iredale 1931
+
Deminucula infrequens Maxwell 1992
Deminucula praetenta Iredale 1924
Subg. †Nucula (Gibbonucula) Eames 1951
+
Subg. Nucula (Lamellinucula) Schenck 1944
+
+
Invalid names: Nucula (Lamellinucula) keenae Bernard 1983 [synonym], Nucula (Lamellinucula) takashii Bernard 1983 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Nucula cilleborgensis Ravn 1907 [synonym], Nucula praemissa Semper 1861 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Nucula paytensis Adams 1856 [synonym], Nucula suprastriata Arnold 1903 [synonym]
Nucula (Lamellinucula) kennedyi Zinsmeister 1983
Subg. Nucula (Linucula) Marwick 1931
+
Linucula recens Dell 1956
Nucula (Linucula) waipaoa Marwick 1931
Subg. Nucula (Nucula) Lamarck 1799
+
Nucula (Nucula) archiaci Cossmann and Pissarro 1927
Nucula (Nucula) bidorsata Soliczka 1871
Nucula (Nucula) cooperi Dickerson 1913
Nucula (Nucula) cromata Sorgenfrel 1958
Nucula (Nucula) fragilis Deshayes 1829
Nucula (Nucula) hanleyi Winckworth 1931
Nucula (Nucula) mediavia Harris 1896
Nucula (Nucula) mirada Olsson 1964
Nucula (Nucula) mixta Deshayes 1858
+
Invalid names: Nucula chrysocoma Dall 1908 [synonym]
Nucula (Nucula) proxima Say 1820 [Atlantic Nut Clam]
Nucula (Nucula) schencki Hertlein and Strong 1940
Nucula (Nucula) sericea Thiele and Jaeckel 1931
Nucula (Nucula) smithvillensis Stenzel and Twining 1957
Nucula (Nucula) vieta Guppy 1874
+
Invalid names: Nucula venezuelana Weisbord 1964 [synonym]
Nucula (Nucula) vitis Anderson and Hanna 1925
Nucula (Nucula) zwierzyckii Oostingh 1933
Subg. Nucula (Pronucula) Hedley 1902
+
Nucula (Pronucula) similis Cossmann and Pissarro 1904
Pronucula atkinsoni Johnston 1880
Pronucula bollonsi Powell 1955
Pronucula decorosa Hedley 1902
Pronucula fenestralis Tate 1886
Pronucula maoria Powell 1937
Pronucula tenuis Powell 1927
Pronucula totangiensis Marwick 1931
Subg. Nucula (Rumptunucula) Bergmans 1978
Subg. Nucula (Varinucula) Maxwell 1988
+
Nucula acutula Bittner 1895
Nucula alcocki Noetling 1895
Nucula amica Gardner 1916
Nucula andersoni Clark and Durham 1946
Nucula assiniboiensis Russell and Landes 1937
Nucula athabaskensis McLearn 1931
Nucula bifida Clark 1918
Nucula bocconis Stoppani 1865
Nucula brewsterensis Hassan 1953
Nucula calcicola Moore 1977 [Reef Nut Clam]
Nucula cancellata Vredenburg 1928
Nucula cancellata Meek and Hayden 1857
Nucula carantana Bittner 1894
Nucula catalina Olsson 1930
Nucula certisinus Finlay 1930
Nucula chargensis Quaas 1902
Nucula coelata Hinds 1843
Nucula complanata Goldfuss 1838
Nucula concinna Sowerby 1836
Nucula cordata Goldfuss 1837
Nucula cossmanni Vincent 1892
Nucula costaeimbricatis Newton 1922
Nucula crenulata Adams 1856 [Crenulate Nut Clam]
Nucula crepida Marwick 1931
Nucula curvata Wood 1864
Nucula darella Dall 1916
Nucula delphinodonta Mighels and Adams 1842 [Dolphin-toothed Nut Clam]
Nucula dimidiata Bittner 1895
Nucula domandaensis Eames 1951
Nucula eightsii Couthouy 1839
Nucula etheridgei Ludbrook 1966
Nucula excavata Goldfuss 1837
Nucula expansa Wissmann 1841
Nucula gabbiana Dickerson 1916
Nucula goldfussii Alberti 1863
Nucula greppini Deshayes 1858
Nucula hannibali Clark 1925
Nucula hausmanni Roemer 1836
Nucula impressa Conrad 1849
Nucula inflata Wissmann 1841
Nucula isosceles Stoppani 1857
Nucula joanniswanneri Krumbeck 1923
Nucula karatsuensis Nagao 1928
Nucula lateralis Terquem and Jourdy 1869
Nucula latissima Phillips 1841
Nucula lucida Böhm 1891
Nucula major Richards 1944
Nucula mancorensis Olsson 1931
Nucula margaritifera Douvillé 1916
Nucula martini Finlay 1927
Nucula matani Stoppani 1865
Nucula mayeri Hörnes 1865
Nucula micheleae Marincovich, Jr. 1993
Nucula monroensis Aldrich 1886
Nucula morundiana Tate 1886
Nucula mucronata Conrad 1848
Nucula munsteri Goldfuss 1863
Nucula narica Vredenburg 1928
Nucula nejdensis Abbass 1972
Nucula nitidosa Winckworth 1930
Nucula nizenensis Nagao 1928
Nucula njalindungensis Martin 1919
Nucula observatoria Ihering 1907
Nucula obtusa Sowerby 1836
Nucula obtusa Lamarck 1799
Nucula oppeliana Stoppani 1865
Nucula orbicella Olsson 1922
Nucula ovata Phillips 1841
Nucula paboensis Olsson 1931
Nucula pectinata Sowerby 1818
Nucula pilkeyi Ward and Blackwelder 1987
Nucula planimarginata Meek and Hayden 1857
Nucula prunicola Dall 1898
Nucula pusilla Angas 1877
Nucula rembangensis Martin 1919
Nucula rescuensis Walcott 1884
Nucula reticularis Ortmann 1900
Nucula ripae Harris 1919
Nucula rossiana Finlay 1930
Nucula rotunda Bittner 1895
Nucula schlosseri Traub 1938
Nucula scissurata Broderip and Sowerby 1829
Nucula sedanensis Haanstra and Spiker 1932
Nucula semistriata Tate 1886
Nucula shaleri Dall 1894
Nucula simplex Deshayes 1842
Nucula sinaria Dall 1898
Nucula smithsoni Glibert 1975
Nucula solitaria Gabb 1869
Nucula speciosa Münster 1863
Nucula stantoni Stephenson 1923
Nucula stephana Henry 1876
Nucula storrsi Stanton 1895
Nucula strigilata Goldfuss 1837
Nucula studeri d'Archaic 1850
Nucula subaequilatera Schafhaeutl 1865
Nucula subcuneata d'Orbigny 1849
+
Invalid names: Nucula cuneata Münster 1841 [replaced]
Nucula subnuda D'Orbigny 1890
Nucula subovalis Goldfuss 1837
Nucula subredempta Böhm 1891
Nucula subserradensis Krumbeck 1923
Nucula subtransversa Nyst 1844
Nucula sundaica Krumbeck 1924
Nucula tallahalaensis Dockery 1982
Nucula taphria Dall 1898
Nucula tatriana King 1850
Nucula telleri von Wöhrmann 1889
Nucula tenuis Hyatt 1892
Nucula tenuistriata Sowerby 1837
Nucula tersior Marwick 1929
Nucula truncata Nilsson 1828
Nucula turgens Wood 1879
Nucula variabilis Sowerby 1825
Nucula vestigia Marwick 1929
Nucula vicksburgensis Conrad 1848
Nucula waikuraensis Marwick 1931
Nucula washingtonensis Weaver 1916
G. †Nuculanella Tasch 1953
G. †Nuculavus Tschernyschev 1943
+
Nuculavus arcuata Kues 1991
Nuculavus bangarraensis Dickins 1963
Nuculavus levatiformis Walcott 1884
Nuculavus menuda Kues 1991
Nuculavus okawensis Schenck 1939
Nuculavus terminalis Chronic 1949
G. †Nuculoidea Williams and Berger 1916
+
Nuculoidea corbuliformis Hall and Whitfield 1869
+
Invalid names: Nucula aquisgranensis Beushausen 1895 [synonym], Nucula herzeri Nettelroth 1889 [synonym], Nucula macrorhyncha Spriestersbach 1925 [synonym], Nucula neda Hall and Whitfield 1872 [synonym], Nucula niotica Hall and Whitfield 1872 [synonym], Nucula subtrigona Simpson 1890 [synonym]
Nuculoidea lirata Conrad 1842
Nuculoidea opima Hall 1843
G. †Nuculoma Cossmann 1907
+
Nuculoma castor d'Orbigny 1850
Nuculoma tsvetkoviensis Kurushin 1985
Nuculoma variabilis Sowerby 1824
G. †Nuculopsis Girty 1912
+
Subg. †Nuculopsis (Nuculopsis) Girty 1911
+
Nuculopsis alta Termier and Termier 1959
Nuculopsis beyrichi von Schauroth 1854
Nuculopsis cornutus Dembskaja 1972
Nuculopsis croneisi Schenck 1939
+
Invalid names: Nucula parva McChesney 1859 [replaced]
Nuculopsis darlingensis Dickins 1963
Nuculopsis elongata Morningstar 1922
Nuculopsis girtyi Schenck 1934
+
Invalid names: Nuculopsis ventricosa Hall 1858 [replaced]
Nuculopsis glenparkensis Weller 1906
Nuculopsis houghtoni Stevens 1858
+
Invalid names: Nucula iowensis White and Whitfield 1862 [synonym]
Nuculopsis imperta Waterhouse 1964
Nuculopsis lipoensis Grabau 1934
Nuculopsis oviformis Waterhouse 1964
Nuculopsis pidhensis Reed 1936
Nuculopsis poposiensis Branson 1930
+
Invalid names: Nucula pulchella Branson 1930 [synonym]
Nuculopsis rectangula McChesney 1860
Nuculopsis salebrosus Dembskaja 1972
Nuculopsis setorymensis Kurushin 1987
Nuculopsis shumardana Hall 1856
Nuculopsis triangularis Campbell and Engel 1963
Nuculopsis trivialis Eichwald 1860
Nuculopsis wewokana Girty 1915
Nuculopsis wymmensis Keyserling 1846
Nuculopsis yuani Chao 1927
G. †Palaeonucula Quenstedt 1930
+
Nuculopsis (Palaeonucula) waltoni Morris and Lycett 1853
Palaeonucula aldanensis Kurushin 1987
Palaeonucula biacuta Hautmann 2001
Palaeonucula hammeri Defrance 1825
Palaeonucula lunulata Morningstar 1922
Palaeonucula misolensis Jaworski 1915
Palaeonucula navis Piette 1868
Palaeonucula prisca Kurushin 1985
Palaeonucula strigilata Goldfuss 1837
Palaeonucula subobliqua d'Orbigny 1849
+
Invalid names: Nucula obliqua Münster 1841 [replaced]
Palaeonucula subrotundata Morningstar 1922
Palaeonucula tulongensis Wen and Lan 1976
G. †Pectinucula Quenstdet 1930
+
G. †Phymodonucula Guo 1988
+
G. †Ptychostolis Tullberg 1881
+
G. †Similiconcha Zhang 1977
G. †Similoconcha Zhang 1977
+
G. Sinonucula Xu 1985
G. †Skyphoconcha Liu and Gu 1988
+
Skyphoconcha beichuanensis Liu and Gu 1988
G. †Trigonucula Ichikawa 1949
+
Subg. †Trigonucula (Gonionucula) Hautmann et al. 2011
+
Trigonucula (Gonionucula) aciloides Hautmann et al. 2011
Trigonucula goniocostata Hautmann 2001
Trigonucula sakawana Ichikawa 1949
Invalid names: Nuculinae Gray 1824 [empty], Nuculominae Maxwell 1988 [empty], Palaeonuculinae Carter 2001 [empty]
Fm. †Praenuculidae McAlester 1968
+
G. †Arcodonta Cope 1999
+
Arcodonta regularis Cope 1999
G. †Bicrenucula Zhang 1984
+
Bicrenucula elegans Zhang 1984
Subfm. †Concavodontinae Sanchez 1999
+
G. †Concavodonta Babin 1972
+
Concavodonta ovalis Sanchez 1999
G. †Emiliodonta Sánchez 2010
+
Emiliodonta cuerdai Sanchez 1999
Invalid names: Emiliania Sanchez 1999 [replaced]
G. †Hemiconcavodonta Sanchez 1999
+
Hemiconcavodonta minuta Sanchez 1999
G. †Costaledopsis Sanchez 1990
G. †Fidera Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
+
Fidera maryae Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
G. †Habonucula Singh and Kanjilal 1977
G. †Homilodonta Cope 1997
+
Homilodonta filistriata Ulrich 1894
Homilodonta subtruncata Portlock 1843
G. †Ledopsis Beushausen 1884
+
Ledopsis robusta Beushausen 1895
G. †Nuculodonta Liljedahl 1983
+
Nuculodonta gotlandica Liljedahl 1983
G. †Palaeoconcha Miller 1889
+
Palaeoconcha faberi Miller 1889
Palaeoconcha ohioensis Bassler 1915
Palaeoconcha samenoha Kobayashi 1934
Palaeoconcha subsymmetrica Kobayashi 1934
G. †Palaeoconchiella Vologdin 1955
G. †Paulinea Cope 1996
G. †Pensarnia Cope 1996
G. †Praenucula Pfab 1934
+
Praenucula abrupta Kříž and Steinová 2009
Praenucula albertina Ulrich 1894
Praenucula applanans Barrande 1881
+
Invalid names: Praenucula sharpei Babin and Gutiérrez-Marco 1991 [synonym]
Praenucula bohemica Barrande 1881
+
Invalid names: Ctenodonta protensa Pfab 1934 [synonym]
Praenucula costae Sharpe 1853
Praenucula dispar Barrande 1881
+
Invalid names: Praenucula expansa Pfab 1934 [synonym]
Praenucula faba Liljedahl 1994
Praenucula menapiensis Hicks 1873
Subfm. †Praenuculinae McAlister 1969
+
G. †Cuyopsis Sanchez 1999
+
Cuyopsis symmetricus Sanchez 1999
G. †Trigonoconcha Sanchez 1999
+
Trigonoconcha acuta Sanchez 1999
G. †Villicumia Sanchez 1999
+
Villicumia canteraensis Sanchez 1999
G. †Pseudoledopsis Maillieux 1937
G. †Pseudonucula Dickins 1989
+
G. †Similodonta Soot-Ryen 1964
+
Similodonta similis Ulrich 1892
Similodonta spjeldnaesi Soot-Ryen and Soot-Ryen 1960
G. †Smilodonta Soot-Ryen 1964
G. †Synek Barrande 1881
+
Synek antiquus Barrande 1881
G. †Tironucula Morris and Fortey 1976
+
Tironucula jugata Morris and Fortey 1976
Invalid names: Palaeoconchidae Miller 1889 [empty]
G. †Paleostraba Liljedahl 1984
G. †Phestioides Pojeta et al. 1986
Superfm. Pristiglomoidea Sanders and Allen 1973
+
Fm. Pristiglomidae Sanders and Allen 1973
+
G. Pseudoglomus Dall 1898
+
Pseudoglomus fragilis Bernard 1989
G. †Pseudoleda Sanchez et al. 1995
G. †Pseudonuculana Pojeta et al. 1986
G. †Scyphoconcha Liu and Gu 1988
G. †Zechania Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
Invalid names: Nuculacea Gray 1824 [empty], Phaseoloidea Scarlato and Starobogatov 1971 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: slow-movingo
Life habit: infaunalo
Diet: deposit feedero
Vision: blindc
Comments: ECOSPACE CODE: 523.o
Created: 2004-02-28 11:48:11
Modified: 2009-10-10 17:24:25
Source: o = order, c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Warendian to the top of the Holocene or 485.40000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 478.6 Ma

Collections (3961 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Warendian485.4 - 478.6Australia (Northern Territory) Deceptrix sp. A (77768)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7France (Montagne Noire) Synek thorali (174460)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7France (Languedoc-Roussillon) Synek antiquus (101706) Synek thorali (167672)
Moridunian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (Wales) Ctenodonta menapiensis (89324) Paulinea parva, Pensarnia laeviformis (87601)
Whitlandian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (Wales) Praenucula menapiensis (3713 3714 166752)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Morocco Praenucula sp. (20979 56608)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0United Kingdom (Wales) Praenucula sp. (426)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0France (Ille-et-Vilaine) Synek antiquus (20852 20860)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0France (Montagne Noire) Nucula sp. (20831) Synek sp. (20826 20828)
Floian477.7 - 470.0France (Montagne Noire) Synek sp. (20820 20827)
Rangerian471.8 - 468.1USA (Nevada) Deceptrix sp. (297 104452 104453)
Fennian471.8 - 466.0France (Montagne Noire) Synek sp. (20825)
Whiterockian - Blackriveran471.8 - 449.5USA (Minnesota) Deceptrix sp. (23547)
Dapingian470.0 - 467.3China Similodonta sp. (232225)
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (Kentucky) Deceptrix sp., Palaeoconcha sp. (10745)
Middle Ordovician - Late/Upper Ordovician470.0 - 443.4USA (Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa) Similodonta sp. (23553)
Llanvirnian - Dobrotivian468.1 - 457.5Spain (Zaragoza) Praenucula sp. (21091)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4Australia (Northern Territory) Inaequidens campbelli (79235) Sthenodonta eastii (77523 79127 79129 79131 79136 79158 79176 79177 79178 79183 79184 79185 79187 79188 79189 79190 79191 79192 79193 79196 79197 79198 79231 79232 79234 79244 79310) Sthenodonta jelli (79137) Sthenodonta passmoreae (79179 79312 79314 79315 79318)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4Morocco (Anti-Atlas) Praenucula sp. (186254)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4Australia (Queensland) Sthenodonta passmoreae (77521 77760 79125)