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Entiminae

Insecta - Coleoptera - Curculionidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1823Entiminae Schoenherr
1826Brachyderinae Schoenherr
1837Brachycerus exilis Germar figs. Pl 11
1847Sitona attavina Heer p. 182 figs. Pl 6, fig 11
1856Phytonomus firmus Heer p. 23 figs. Pl 1, fig 14
1865Naupactus crassirostris Heer p. 375 fig. 245
1865Sitona atavina Heer p. 375 fig. 248
1866Sitones venustulus von Heyden and von Heyden p. 147 figs. Pl 23, fig 10
1866Tychius manderstjernai von Heyden and von Heyden p. 150 figs. Pl 24, fig 5
1870Bagous atavus Oustalet p. 76 figs. Pl 1, fig 11
1874Phytonomus firmus Oustalet p. 282 figs. Pl 6, fig 7
1893Sitona exitiorum Scudder p. 67 figs. Pl 4, fig 13
1909Syntomostylus fortis Cockerell p. 447 fig. 1
1913Sitones exitiorum Wickham
1923Laccopygus rhenanus Meunier p. 606 fig. 1
1935Lachnopus robustus Théobald p. 78 figs. Pl 5, fig 20
1937Argoptochus incertus Theobald p. 123 figs. Pl X fig 10
1937Brachyderinae Theobald p. 124
1937Sciaphilus nigriscens Theobald p. 124 figs. Pl X fig 11
1937Strophosomus marcelini Theobald p. 124 figs. Pl II fig 7
1953Brachyderinae Voss p. 127
1971Brachyderinae Zherikhin p. 205
2011Entiminae Bouchard et al. p. 603
2012Entiminae Legalov p. 692
2015Entiminae Legalov p. 1491
2015Tychius manderstjernai Legalov p. 1491
2015Sitona attavina Legalov p. 1492
2015Sitona venustulus Legalov p. 1492
2015Syntomostylus fortis Legalov p. 1498
2015Entiminae Legalov and Bukejs p. 25
2016Entiminae Legalov p. 64
2017Entiminae Poinar et al. p. 88
2018Entiminae Legalov p. 300
2018Entiminae Shin et al.
2019Entiminae Legalov p. 518

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
Pancrustacea
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
Cercofilata
classInsecta
Dicondylia
Paranotalia
RankNameAuthor
subclassPterygota()
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923
Holometabola
Aparaglossata
Coleopterida
orderColeoptera
suborderPolyphagaEmery 1886
infraorderCucujiformiaLameere 1938
Phytophaga
superfamilyCurculionoidea
familyCurculionidae()
subfamilyEntiminaeSchoenherr 1823
subfamilyEntiminaeSchoenherr 1823

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Campanian to the top of the Holocene or 83.50000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 70.6 Ma

Collections (191 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Chile Dorotheus guidensis (155287)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0France (Auvergne) Hipporhinus ventricosus (113685)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8China (Liaoning) Hypomeces fushunensis (124530)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Colorado) Entimus primordialis (121146) Epicaerus saxatilis, Epicaerus effossus, Epicaerus exanimis, Eudiagogus terrosus, Ophryastes petrarum, Ophryastes grandis, Exomias obdurefactus, Phyxelis excissus, Phyxelis evigoratus, Phyxelis eradicatus, Otiorhynchus subteractus, Neoptocus sp., Scythropus subterraneus, Sitona paginarum, Coniatus refractus, Cryptorhynchus durus (114681) Scythropus abacus (152141)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Epicaerus effossus (121395) Epicaerus saxatilis, Epicaerus exanimis, Phyxelis dilapsus, Scythropus subterraneus, Sitona fodinarum, Sitona paginarum, Limalophus compositus, Limalophus contractus, Lepyrus evictus (152136) Epicaerus saxatilis, Scythropus subterraneus (122092) Otiorhynchus perditus, Epicaerus saxatilis, Epicaerus effossus, Epicaerus exanimis, Ophryastes compactus, Eudiagogus terrosus (121322) Otiorhynchus perditus, Eudiagogus saxatilis, Eudiagogus exanimis, Eudiagogus effossus (121306) Syntomostylus fortis (122743) Tanymecus seculorum, Sitona fodinarum (122090)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Utah) Coniatus refractus (116369) Epicaerus effossus, Epicaerus exanimis, Ophryastes sp., Phyxelis evigoratus, Phyxelis eradicatus, Artipus receptus, Scythropus subterraneus, Limalophus compositus (152137) Epicaerus exanimis, Eudiagogus terrosus, Ophryastes petrarum, Neoptocus sp. (152138) Primocentron wickhami (149637)
MP 1148.6 - 40.4Germany (Hessen) Palaeocneorhinus messelensis (140814) Palaeocrassirhinus messelensis (140816 140817 140818 140819) Palaeocrassirhinus rugosithorax (140815)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Sitonites egregius (114060)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Colorado) Pseudophaops perditus, Eudiagogus vossi (194197)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Denmark Otiorrhynchus pellucidipes, Phyllobius sobrinus, Phyllobius cephalotes (123762)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Primorskiy) Hyperites nadezhkini (123794)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Poland Archaeosciaphilus marshalli, Sucinophyllobius viridis (120813)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Kaliningrad) Archaeocallirhopalus alekseevi (152022) Arostropsis groehni (110735) Palaeophelypera kuscheli, Archaeocallirhopalus larssoni, Archaeocallirhopalus alekseevi, Succinalophus attenboroughi (134456) Paonaupactus sitonioides, Polydrosus scheelei (123771) Protonaupactus microphthalmus, Polydrosus archaetypus (122591)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France Argoptochus incertus, Strophosomus marcelini, Sciaphilus nigriscens, Sitona margarum (113709)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Ukraine Arostropsis perkovskyi (200779)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Cyphus florissantensis, Geralophus antiquarius, Geralophus occultus, Geralophus saxuosus, Geralophus fossicius, Geralophus repositus, Geralophus lassatus, Geralophus pumiceus, Geralophus retritus, Hormorus saxorum, Trigonoscuta inventa, Lachnopus recuperatus, Evopes veneratus, Evopes occubatus, Omileus evanidus, Eudomus robustus, Eudomus pinguis, Eucryptus sectus, Sitona exitiorum, Centron moricollis, Geralophus discessus, Laccopygus nilesii (106384) Cyphus subterraneus (129630) Geralophus antiquarius (106380) Geralophus antiquarius, Geralophus fossicius, Geralophus repositus, Geralophus lassatus, Tenillus firmus (152139) Geralophus antiquarius, Geralophus lassatus, Geralophus pumiceus, Evopes veneratus, Sitones exitiorum (113749) Geralophus antiquarius, Geralophus repositus, Geralophus lassatus (106379) Geralophus antiquarius, Geralophus saxuosus, Geralophus fossicius, Geralophus repositus, Geralophus lassatus, Geralophus retritus, Pandeleteinus nudus, Evopes veneratus (124624) Geralophus fossicius (127219) Geralophus fossicius, Geralophus lassatus, Geralophus retritus (106382) Geralophus occultus (34966) Geralophus repositus, Geralophus lassatus (122975) Paussopsis secunda, Ophryastes championi, Geralophus antiquarius, Geralophus occultus, Geralophus scudderi, Geralophus saxuosus, Geralophus fossicius, Geralophus repositus, Geralophus lassatus, Geralophus pumiceus (106381)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Czech Republic Thylacites rugosus (138883)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Geralophus occultus, Geralophus fossicius, Geralophus lassatus, Evopes occubatus, Eudomus robustus, Eudomus pinguis (122093)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France Cleonus asperulus (121474) Lema pulchella (121478)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Germany Sitona margarum, Sitona lata, Cleonus sexsulcatus (122407)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1France (Auvergne) Bagous atavus (127630)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03France (Puy-de-Dome) Hipporhinus heeri (155205) Phyllobius sp., Cleonus sexsulcatus, Hipporhinus heeri (155204)
MP 3028.4 - 23.03Germany Brachymycterus curculionoides (162049) Brachymycterus curculionoides, Rhinocyllus improlus, Tychius manderstjernai (123945) Sitones venustulus, Eurychirus induratus (154946)
MP 3028.4 - 23.03Germany (Nordrhein-Westfalen) Laccopygus rhenanus (138696) Varus ignotus (142560)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03France (Bouches-Du-Rhone) Brachyderes longipes (113712) Brachyderes longipes, Hipporhinus heeri, Cleonus marcelli, Hipporhinus reynesii, Brachyderes aquisextanus, Sitones margarum, Hipporhinus heerii (122501) Brachyderes longipes, Hipporhinus heeri, Hipporhinus heerii (122488) Cleonus asperulus, Brachyderes longipes, Hipporhinus heeri, Cleonus marcelli, Hipporhinus reynesii, Brachyderes aquisextanus, Sitones margarum, Hipporhinus heerii (122487) Cleonus asperulus, Brachyderes longipes, Phytonomus annosus, Hipporhinus heerii (123944) Cleonus asperulus, Hipporhinus heerii (152493) Hipporhinus brevis (147347) Hipporhinus heeri (138838) Hipporhinus heerii (122489 123943 152494 152495) Hipporhinus schaumii, Hipporhinus heerii (122876) Phytonomus firmus, Sitona sp. (122877) Sitona margarum, Brachycerus exilis, Hipporhinus heerii (113682)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03France Cleonus asperulus, Sitona margarum, Brachyderes longipes, Hipporhinus heeri, Cleonus marcelli (122535) Desmidophorus punctulatus, Desmidophorus tuberculatus, Hipporhinus matheroni, Hipporhinus fertonii, Hipporhinus similis, Hipporhinus intermedius, Hipporhinus marioni, Hipporhinus regularis, Desmidophorus thaisi (113614) Sitona margarum, Hipporhinus heeri (122536)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Dominican Republic Compsus poinari (174416) Diaprepes squamula (122982) Promecops tumidirostris, Brachycamacus gyrommatus, Lachnopus serraticrus, Apodrosus tinctocorpus, Apodrosus canalinasus, Promecops divarichela (122472) Scelianoma compacta (123708) Tropirhinus palpebratus, Diaprepes anticus (122473)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Germany (Wurttemberg) Otiorrhynchus boettingensis (113752)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Pristorhynchus ellipticus (113689) Sitona atavina, Naupactus crassirostris (117252) Sitona attavina, Lixus rugicollis (115304)
Pannonian11.608 - 7.246Romania Megarhynchaenus schalowae (160008)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Russian Federation Hypera nigrirostres, Hypera sp., Lepidophorus lineaticollis (153434) Hypera sp., Lepidophorus lineaticollis, Hypera nigrirostris (113713)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333USA (Alaska) Vitavitus thulius (123352)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy Entimini indet., Protainophthalmus asperulus, Rhytidoderes sexsulcatus, Lepropus sp. (162051)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Russian Federation Vitavitus thulius (153127)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588France Lachnopus robustus (138769) Sitona sp., Polydrosus arvernicus (113996)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Portugal Laparocerus wollastoni (176316)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Greenland Cyriophthalmus variegatus (160108 160143 160153) Hypera sp., Cyriophthalmus variegatus, Sitona ovipennis (160144) Phyllobius sp., Cyriophthalmus variegatus (160109)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Russian Federation Phyllobius spp., Lepidophorus lineaticollis, Vitavitus thulius, Hypera ornata (163069) Vitavitus thulius, Hypera ornata (163089)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Alaska) Vitavitus thulius (20277)
Ionian0.781 - 0.126Canada (Yukon) Hypera diversipunctata (161444)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom Otiorhynchus sp. (168264) Otiorhynchus sp., Phyllobius sp. (168266) Phyllobius sp., Hypera sp., Polydrusus sp., Otiorhynchus ovatus, Sitona flavescens, Trachyphloeus sp. (168265) Phyllobius sp., Otiorhynchus ovatus (168269 168270) Phyllobius sp., Polydrusus sp., Otiorhynchus ovatus (168268) Sitona sp., Phyllobius sp., Hypera sp., Polydrusus sp., Otiorhynchus ovatus, Strophosoma faber, Sitona flavescens, Trachyphloeus sp. (168267)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom (Warwickshire) Otiorhynchus ovatus (169388 169389 169391 169393) Otiorhynchus sp. (169390) Sitona sp. (169397) Sitona sp., Otiorhynchus ovatus (169392)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Russian Federation Hypera ornata (163090) Phyllobius sp., Hypera ornata (163094 163095 163096) Phyllobius sp., Sitona borealis (163093) Phyllobius spp. (163100) Phyllobius spp., Hypera ornata (163099) Phyllobius spp., Phyllobius sp. (163097 163098)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Russian Federation Hypera ornata (163102 163104) Phyllobius sp. (173202 173203 173206 173209 173212 173213 173215) Phyllobius sp., Sitona borealis (173210 173211) Phyllobius sp., Sitona borealis, Hypera ornata (173208 173216) Phyllobius spp. (153437 153440 163103 163107 163109 163110 173201) Phyllobius spp., Hypera ornata (153435 153436 153439 163101 163105) Phyllobius spp., Phyllobius virideaeris, Hypera ornata (153442) Phyllobius spp., Phyllobius virideaeris, Sitona borealis, Hypera ornata (153443) Phyllobius spp., Sitona borealis, Hypera ornata (153438) Phyllobius spp., Vitavitus thulius, Phyllobius virideaeris, Hypera ornata (153446) Phyllobius virideaeris, Hypera ornata (153441) Phyllobius virideaeris, Sitona borealis, Hypera ornata (153444) Sitona borealis, Hypera ornata (153445 173214)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117United Kingdom (England) Hypera suspiciosa (164905) Otiorhynchus nodosus (164918) Otiorhynchus nodosus, Otiorhynchus ovatus (164912) Otiorhynchus ovatus (164914 164915 164916 164919) Sitona sp., Otiorhynchus ovatus (164921)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Washington) Lepesoma sp. (169369) Lepidophorus alternatus (169362 169366 169368 169372 169378 169380) Lepidophorus alternatus, Trichalophus didymus (169373 169376) Sitona sp. (157092 167662) Trichalophus didymus (169379)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Wisconsin) Sitona sp. (169406)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Peru Otiorhynchinae indet. (71346)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Ukraine Otiorrhynchus blanduloides, Otiorrhynchus uhligii, Hypera praecomata, Hypera glacialis, Sitona ovipennis, Donus nidensis, Otiorrhynchus morio (153476)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Canada (Ontario) Loricera lutosa (122182)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117United Kingdom (Worcestershire) Sitona spp., Otiorrhynchus arcticus, Otiorrhynchus ligneus, Sitona lepidus, Phytonomus nigrirostris (163075) Sitona spp., Phyllobius spp., Otiorrhynchus arcticus, Otiorrhynchus ligneus, Otiorrhynchus rugifrons, Sitona lepidus, Phytonomus dauci (163070)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Canada (Yukon) Lepidophorus lineaticollis, Vitavitus thulius (160070)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Canada (Alberta) Lepidophorus lineaticollis, Vitavitus thulius (160071)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0New Zealand Catoptes binodis (175901)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Colombia (Santander) Cydianerus eukrinus (168002)