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Halecomorphi

Actinopteri -

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1872Halecomorphi Cope
1887Halecomorphi Cope p. 1018
1891Halecomorphi Cope p. 1
1963Halecomorphi Jordan p. 615
1989Halecomorphi Hall and Wolberg
2000Halecomorphi Brito p. 750
2006Halecomorphi Nelson p. 95
2007Halecomorphi Cavin et al.
2008Halecomorphi Alvarado-Ortega and Espinosa-Arrubarrena
2013Halecomorphi Machado et al.
2118Halecomorphi Carnevale and Godfrey p. 164

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
RankNameAuthor
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
HalecostomiRegan 1903
Halecomorphi(Cope 1872)
Halecomorphi(Cope 1872)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2004-08-17 14:52:40
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:42
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
Reference: Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Griesbachian to the top of the Late/Upper Cenomanian or 252.17000 to 93.50000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 251.3 Ma

Collections (128 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Madagascar (Atsimo-Andrefana) Thomasinotus sp., Parasemionotus labordei, Parasemionotus besairiei, Watsonulus eugnathoides (154183)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3India Watsonulus eugnathoides (181396)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Madagascar Broughia sp., Ospia sp., Watsonulus sp., Watsonia eugnathoides, Thomasinotus divisus, Parasemionotus labordei, Devillersia sp., Devillersia madagascariensis, Icarealcyon malagasium (153683) Icarealcyon malagasium (153677) Jacobulus novus, Thomasinotus divisus, Parasemionotus labordei, Watsonulus eugnathoides (153373) Lehmanotus markubai (153680) Piveteaunotus ifasiensis (153682) Stensionotus intercessus, Jacobulus novus, Parasemionotus labordei, Watsonulus eugnathoides (153378)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Madagascar (Diana) Parasemionotus labordei (153773) Watsonulus eugnathoides (117105)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Canada (Alberta) Albertonia sp. (154190)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Greenland Broughia perleididoides (112740) Ospia whitei, Broughia perleidoides (120896)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2China (Jiangsu) Jurongia fusiformis, Qingshania cercida, Suius brevis, Peia jurongensis, Stensionotus dongchangensis (117942)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Canada (British Columbia) Parasemionotidae indet., Albertonia cupidinia (90301)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2China (Anhui) Jurongia fusiformis, Qingshania cercida, Suius brevis (117945)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Canada (Alberta) Elonichthys cupidineus (122018)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Volgograd) Watsonulus sp. (27343)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Panxianichthys imparilis (88049)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Italy Eoeugnathus megalepis (122150) Semionotus gibbus, Nothosomus bellottii (149323)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Panxianichthys imparilis (158207 184170)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Slovenia Furo sp. (166628)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0China (Yunnan) Robustichthys luopingensis (156672) Robustichthys luopingensis, Subortichthys triassicus (156671)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain (Tarragona) Parasemionotus sp., Parasemionotus villaltai (109710)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain Allolepidotus nothosomoides (148736) Archaeosemionotus sp., Allolepidotus nothosomoides (148739) Archaeosemionotus sp., Eoeugnathus megalepis (148737) Archaeosemionotus sp., Eoeugnathus megalepis, Allolepidotus nothosomoides (148734 148735) Eoeugnathus megalepis (148738) Eoeugnathus sp. (149853) Eoeugnathus sp., Parasemionotus sp., Parasemionotus villaltai (149852)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Switzerland Archaeosemionotus sp. (153375 153376 153377)
Fassanian242.0 - 235.0Switzerland Eoeugnathus sp. (122066 180495 180510) Prosantichthys buergini, Eoeugnathus megalepis (117530)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0China (Guizhou) Asialepidotus shingyiensis (98691 192980) Asialepidotus shingyiensis, Xingyia gracilis (146380) Asialepidotus sp., Asialepidotus shingyiensis (98907) Guizhouella analilepida (146379)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Italy Allolepidotus bellottii, Furo trottii (116568) Allolepidotus nothosomoides (153406) Archaeosemionotus connectens (180690) Heterolepidotus egidiivenantii (153405) Semionotus balsami, Eugnathus hermesi, Heterolepidotus taramellii (153401) Semionotus inermis, Semionotus bellottii (153100)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Italy (Lecco) Allolepidotus nothosomoides, Allolepidotus bellottii, Archaeosemionotus connectens (120901)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Switzerland Allolepidotus bellottii (148423) Archaeosemionotus sp. (122020)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0China (Yunnan) Asialepidotus shingyiensis (129640 192977 192978 192979)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Austria Phaidrosoma lunzensis (118111)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Italy Pholidophorus cephalus, Eugnathus brachilepis, Notagogus incertus (153108)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Austria Heterolepidotus dorsalis, Heterolepidotus parvulus (122455)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Austria (Tirol) Pholidophorus dorsalis, Semionotus striatus, Pholidophorus cephalus (130601 130602)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Luxembourg Heterolepidotus sp. (67895)
Late/Upper Hettangian201.3 - 196.5France Heterolepidotus angulati (122726)
Planorbis201.3 - 196.5United Kingdom Pholidophorus hastingsiae, Lepidotus serrulatus (131892)
Planorbis201.3 - 196.5United Kingdom (England) Lepidotus serrulatus (122157) Pholidophorus hastingsiae, Lepidotus serrulatus (122158)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8United Kingdom Pholidophorus hastingsiae (132035)
Bucklandi196.5 - 189.6Italy Furo sp. (90673)
Early/Lower Sinemurian196.5 - 189.6United Kingdom (England) Eugnathus orthostomus, Eugnathus philpotae, Eugnathus minor, Heterolepidotus latus (122153) Osteorachis macrocephalus, Eugnathus orthostomus, Eugnathus philpotae, Eugnathus minor, Heterolepidotus latus, Isocolum granulatum, Eulepidotus sauroides (122155) Osteorachis macrocephalus, Eugnathus orthostomus, Eugnathus philpotae, Eugnathus minor, Lissolepis serratus, Eugnathus altus, Heterolepidotus latus, Eulepidotus sauroides (122154)
Early/Lower Sinemurian196.5 - 189.6United Kingdom Heterolepidotus grandis (153104)
Raricostatum196.5 - 189.6Portugal Furo orthostomus (127285)
Ibex189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Dorset) Heterolepidotus latus (159158)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0France (Ardennes) Eugnathidae indet. (149428)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0France Furo normandica (122732)
Laeviuscula171.6 - 167.7France Halecomorphi indet. (179497)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Morocco (Figuig) Ionoscopiformes indet. (176120 176122 176123)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1United Kingdom (England) Pholidophorus flesherii (131982)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Russian Federation (Krasnoyarsk) Sinamiidae indet. (61891)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Germany Ophiopsis attenuata, Ophiopsis tenuiserrata (131961)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1France Ophiopsis attenuata (131960)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Ophiopsis sp. (12816 39426 39427 39431)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Eastern Barvaria) Ophiopsis muensteri (187436)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Furo aldingeri, Furo microlepidotus, Furo praelongus, Furo sp., Ophiopsis procera (154138)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Bavaria) Callopterus sp. (132944)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Germany Ophiopsis procera, Ophiopsis aequalis (121197)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) Ophiopsis sp., Eugnathus sp., Ophiopsidae indet. (35262)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Poitou-Charentes) Ionoscopiformes indet. (164377)
Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Poland Halecomorphi indet. (140049)
Middle Berriasian - Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2Germany (Nordrhein-Westfalen) Callopterus sp. (45760)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Japan (Gifu) Sinamia sp. (50310)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8United Kingdom (England) Ophiopsis breviceps (131980) Ophiopsis penicillata, Ophiopsis dorsalis (131852)
Berriasian - Valanginian145.0 - 132.9China (Shandong) Sinamia zdanskyi (47070)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5China (Jilin) Sinamia sp. (197339)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Brazil (Pernambuco) Oshunia brevis (193050)
Late/Upper Valanginian140.2 - 136.4United Kingdom (England) Neorhombolepis sp. (96621)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Japan (Ishikawa) Sinamia sp. (32324 50357 50359)
Valanginian - Early/Lower Hauterivian139.8 - 130.0China (Nei Mongol) Sinamia sp. (46931)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0France (Poitou-Charentes) Ionoscopiformes indet. (142093)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Russian Federation (Krasnoyarsk) Sinamiidae indet. (53148)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Sinamia sp. (50469)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46Belgium (Sauerland) Callopterus insignis, Ophiopsis dorsalis, Ophiopsis sp. (22645)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Thailand (Sakhan Nakhan) Sinamiidae indet., Siamamia naga, Amiidae indet. (79489)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Russian Federation (Kemerovo) Sinamiidae indet. (39680)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Sinamia sp. (67611)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0USA (Texas) Ophiopsis sp. (14408)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0China (Heilongjiang) Sinamia sp. (144917)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Thailand (Ubon Ratchathani) Sinamiidae indet. (52346)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0Brazil (Pernacumbo) Oshunia brevis (165422)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Brazil (Ceará) Placidichthys bidorsalis (124310)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Mexico (Puebla) Quetzalichthys perrilliatae, Teoichthys kallistos (80283)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Brazil (Ceará) Oshunia brevis (92290)
Middle Albian - Late/Upper Albian109.0 - 99.6Mexico (Puebla) Teoichthys brevipina (134809)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Kyrgyzstan (Osh) Furo sp. (92400)
Middle Cenomanian - Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Spain (Asturias) Ionoscopiformes indet. (98396)