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Tachyglossus aculeatus (short-beaked echidna)

Mammalia - Monotremata - Tachyglossidae

Taxonomy
Myrmecophaga aculeatus was named by Shaw (1792). It is extant. It is the type species of Tachyglossus.

It was recombined as Tachyglossus aculeatus by Steudel and Beattie (1993) and Augee et al. (2006).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1792Myrmecophaga aculeata Shaw
1792Myrmecophaga aculeatus Shaw
1802Ornithorhynchus hystrix Home
1808Echidna breviaculeata Tiedemann
1811Tachyglossus aculeata Illiger p. 114
1836Echidna australis Lesson
1838Echidna hystrix Gray p. 335
1894Echidna aculeata Lydekker p. 241
1991Tachyglossus aculeata Griffiths et al. p. 90
1993Tachyglossus aculeatus Steudel and Beattie
2006Tachyglossus aculeatus Augee et al. p. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
AustralosphenidaLuo et al. 2001
orderMonotremataBonaparte 1838
familyTachyglossidaeGill 1872
genusTachyglossus
speciesaculeatus(Shaw 1792)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmean

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialuc
Diet: insectivoref
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-06-08 12:11:09
Source: f = family, c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Luo et al. 2003, Nowak 1991, Carroll 1988, Hopson 1973, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Pleistocene to the top of the Holocene or 0.12600 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 0.0117 Ma

Collections (6 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) Tachyglossus aculeatus (136159 136430)
Quaternary2.588 - 0.0Australia (New South Wales) Tachyglossus aculeatus (181307)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) Tachyglossus aculeatus (136075)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) Tachyglossus aculeatus (182957)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (Queensland) Tachyglossus aculeatus (21688)