Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Included Taxa
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Rattus rattus (black rat)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Muridae

Taxonomy
Mus rattus was named by Linnaeus (1758). It is extant.

It was recombined as Epimys rattus by Thomas (1911); it was recombined as Rattus rattus by Fischer de Waldheim (1803), Hollister (1916), Dào (1967) and Worthy (1997).

Subspecies
Sister species lacking formal opinion data

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Mus rattus Linnaeus p. 61
1803Rattus rattus Fischer de Waldheim p. 122
1911Epimys rattus Thomas p. 147
1916Rattus rattus Hollister p. 126
1967Rattus rattus Dào p. 123
1997Rattus rattus Worthy p. 113

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
RankNameAuthor
Theriamorpha(Rowe 1993)
Theriiformes()
Trechnotheria
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTheria
Eutheria()
Placentalia
Boreoeutheria
EuarchontogliresMurphy et al. 2001
GliriformesWyss and Meng 1996
Glires()
Simplicidentata()
orderRodentiaBowdich 1821
infraorderMyodontaSchaub 1958
superfamilyMuroideaIlliger 1811
Eumuroida
familyMuridaeIlliger 1811
subfamilyMurinae
genusRattusFischer 1803
speciesrattus()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Rattus rattus Linnaeus 1758 [black rat]
show all | hide all
Rattus rattus sladeni Anderson 1879
show all | hide all
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmean

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingg
Diet: herbivoref
Diet 2: insectivoref
Reproduction: viviparoussubc
Created: 2012-05-15 12:53:50
Modified: 2012-05-14 21:53:50
Source: g = genus, f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Samuels and Van Valkenburgh 2008, Ji et al. 2002, Lillegraven 1979, Nowak 1991, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Middle Pleistocene to the top of the Holocene or 0.77400 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 0.129 Ma

Collections (26 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0China (Jiangsu) Rattus rattus (37064)
Middle Pleistocene0.774 - 0.129China (Guangdong) Rattus rattus (120834)
Middle Pleistocene0.774 - 0.129Greece (Chios) Rattus rattus (204077)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.774 - 0.0117Kenya Rattus rattus (22276)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.774 - 0.0117China (Guangdong) Rattus rattus (13293)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.129 - 0.0117Australia (New South Wales) Rattus rattus (181897)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.129 - 0.0117Israel Rattus rattus (225667)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Netherlands Antilles (Bonaire) Rattus rattus (176042)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Kenya Rattus rattus (21933)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa (N. Transraal) Rattus rattus (21693)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0France (Corse) Rattus rattus (215378)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Madagascar (Beanka) Rattus rattus (205190 205193)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0China (Guangdong) Rattus rattus (40229)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Panama Rattus rattus (21691)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0New Zealand Rattus rattus (195150)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0New Zealand (South Island) Rattus rattus (215392)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman) Rattus rattus (144134)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Northern Mariana Islands Rattus rattus (194625 194630 194648)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Ecuador (Galapagos) Rattus rattus (190844 190845 190846 190847)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Cote D'Ivoire Rattus rattus (21692)