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Cardiomorphi

Bivalvia

Taxonomy
Cardiomorphi was named by Ferussac (1822). It is extant.

It was assigned to Heteroconchia by Carter et al. (2011).

Subtaxa
Sister taxa
Cardioni, Carditioni

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1822Cardiomorphi Ferussac
2011Cardiomorphi Carter et al. p. 13

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Gray 1854)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Cardiomorphi Ferussac 1822
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Unr. Cardioni Ferussac 1822
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Unr. Cardiidia Ferussac 1822
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Unr. Cardiata Ferussac 1822
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Superor. Cardiiformii Ferussac 1822
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Or. Cardiida Ferussac 1822
Or. †Hippuritida Newell 1965 [rudist]
Or. †Megalodontida Starobogatov 1992
Or. †Modiomorphida Newell 1969
Superor. Pholadiformii Gray 1854
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Or. Pholadida Gray 1854
Superfm. †Grammysioidea Miller 1877
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Fm. †Grammysiidae Miller 1877
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G. †Arenigomya Cope 1996
G. †Asketomorpha Hoare et al. 1989
G. †Cercomyopsis Meek 1871
G. †Cimitaria Hall and Whitfield 1869
G. †Cuneamya Hall and Whitfield 1875
G. †Ectogrammysia Hoare et al. 1989
G. †Fuchsella Dahmer 1942
G. †Glyptoconcha Zhang and Pojeta 1986
G. †Grammysia de Verneuil 1847
Subfm. †Grammysiinae Miller 1877
G. †Leinzia
G. †Sphenotus Hall 1884
G. †Zaidiomysia Guo 1988
Invalid names: Cuneamyinae Morris et al. 1991 [empty], Protomyidae Pomel 1853 [synonym]
Fm. †Sanguinolitidae Miller 1877
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Subfm. †Alulinae Mailleux 1937
G. †Leptodomus M'Coy 1844
G. †Palaeocorbula Reed 1932
Subfm. †Paleodorinae Carter 2011
Subfm. †Pholadellinae Miller 1877
Subfm. †Sanguinolitinae Miller 1877
G. †Sueroa Gonzalez 2006
Subfm. †Undulomyinae Astafieva-Urbajtis 1973
Subfm. †Vacunellinae Astafieva-Urbajtis 1973
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Invalid names: Myoniinae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [synonym]
G. †Verchanogrammysia Muromtseva 1984
Invalid names: Elymellidae Ulrich 1894 [synonym]
Unr. Poromyata Ridewood 1903
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Or. Pandorida Stewart 1930
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Superfm. Clavagelloidea d'Orbigny 1844
Superfm. Pandoroidea Rafinesque 1815
Or. Pholadomyida Newell 1965
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G. †Arcticlam Marincovich, Jr. 1993
G. †Argyromya
G. †Dyasma
Superfm. †Edmondioidea King 1850
G. †Farrazia
G. †Gissaromya Tschepikova 1971
G. †Indomya
G. †Obrimia
Superfm. Pholadomyoidea King 1844
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Invalid names: Pholadomyacea Gray 1847 [replaced]
Invalid names: Ceratomyoidea Arkell 1934 [empty], Clavagellina Newell 1965 [empty], Myochamoidea Bronn 1862 [empty], Pholadomyina Newell 1965 [empty]
Or. Poromyida Ridewood 1903
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Superfm. Cuspidarioidea Dall 1886
Superfm. Parilimyoidea Morton 1981
Superfm. Poromyoidea Dall 1886
Superfm. Verticordioidea Stoliczka 1871
Or. Thraciida Carter 2011
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Superfm. Thracioidea Stoliczka 1870
Unr. Solenata Dall 1889
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Or. Hiatellida Carter 2011
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Superfm. Hiatelloidea Gray 1824
Or. Solenida Dall 1889
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Superfm. †Orthonotoidea Miller 1877
Superfm. Solenoidea Lamarck 1809
Unr. Lucinidia Gray 1854
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Superfm. †Babinkoidea Horny 1960
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Fm. †Babinkidae Horny 1960
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G. †Babinka Barrande 1881
Fm. †Coxiconchiidae Babin 1977
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G. †Coxiconchia Babin 1966
Or. Lucinida Stoliczka 1871
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Superfm. Lucinoidea Fleming 1828
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Fm. Lucinidae Fleming 1828
Fm. †Mactromyidae Cox 1929
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Invalid names: Unicardiidae Fischer 1887 [replaced]
Invalid names: Lucinacea Fleming 1828 [replaced], Paracyclidae Johnston 1993 [empty]
Superfm. Thyasiroidea Dall 1900
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Fm. Thyasiridae Dall 1901
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Invalid names: Cryptodontidae Dall 1895 [synonym]
Invalid names: Astartida Scarlato and Starobogatov 1971 [synonym], Donacoidea Fleming 1828 [empty], Kellioidea Forbes and Hanley 1848 [empty], Mactromyoidea Cox 1929 [empty], Pisidioidea Gray 1857 [empty]
Unr. Carditioni Dall 1889
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Or. †Actinodontida Douvillé 1912
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Superfm. †Amnigenioidea Khalfin 1948
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Fm. †Amnigeniidae Khalfin 1948
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G. †Amnigenia Hall 1885
G. †Taimyria Lutkevich 1951
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Invalid names: Taimyria [objective synonym]
Fm. †Zadimerodiidae Guo 1988
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G. †Mangbuina Guo 1988
G. †Zadimerodia Guo 1988
Invalid names: Montanariidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [empty]
Superfm. †Anodontopsoidea Miller 1889
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Fm. †Cycloconchidae Ulrich 1884
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G. †Actinodonta Philipps 1848
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Invalid names: Davidia Hicks 1873 [synonym]
G. †Carminodonta Cope 1996
G. †Celtoconcha Cope 1996
G. †Copidens Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
Subfm. †Cycloconchinae Ulrich 1894
G. †Famatinadonta Sánchez 2001
G. †Fasciculodonta Fang and Cope 2004
G. †Fortowensia Cope 1996
G. †Poladonta Sánchez et al. 2003
Subfm. †Taselasmodinae Fang and Cope 2008
Fm. †Intihuarellidae Sanchez and Vaccari 2003
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G. †Cienagomya Sánchez 2005
G. †Intihuarella Sanchez and Vaccari 2003
Fm. †Redoniidae Babin 1966
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G. †Dulcineaia Babin and Gutiérrez-Marco 1991
G. †Eoredonia Sánchez 2008
G. †Moridunia Cope 1996
G. †Pseudoredonia Sánchez and Benedetto 2007
G. †Yunnanoredonia Fang and Cope 2004
Invalid names: Actinodontidae Davies 1933 [empty], Anodontopsidae Miller 1889 [empty], Baidiostracidae Fang and Cope 2008 [empty]
Superfm. †Nyassoidea Hall 1885
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Fm. †Nyassidae Hall 1885
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G. †Nyassa Hall and Whitfield 1869
Superfm. †Oriocrassatelloidea Boyd and Newell 1968
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Fm. †Crassatellopsidae Carter 2011
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G. †Crassatellopsis Beushausen 1895
Fm. †Oriocrassatellidae Boyd and Newell 1968
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G. †Oriocrassatella Etheridge Jr. 1907
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Invalid names: Procrassatella Yakovlev 1928 [synonym]
Superfm. †Palaeomuteloidea Lahusen 1897
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Fm. †Palaeomutelidae Weir 1967
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G. †Neonuculites Liang 1982
G. †Palaeomutela Amalitsky 1892
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Invalid names: Hinganodon Liang 1982 [synonym], Rectodontia Tschernyschew 1943 [synonym], Solonodon Liang 1982 [synonym]
Invalid names: Actinodontoidea Douvillé 1912 [empty], Cycloconchoidea Ulrich 1884 [empty]
Or. Carditida Dall 1889
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Fm. †Archaeocardiidae Khalfin 1940
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G. †Archaeocardium Khalfin 1940
Superfm. Crassatelloidea Férussac 1822
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Fm. †Aenigmoconchidae Betekhtina 1968
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G. †Aenigmoconcha Benedictova 1950
Fm. Astartidae d'Orbigny 1844
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G. †Alleinacin Squires and Ritterbush 1981
G. †Astartella Hall 1858
Subfm. Astartinae d'Orbigny 1844
G. †Astartoides Wen and Lan 1976
G. †Astartopsis de Loriol 1891
G. †Balantioselena Speden 1962
G. Digitaria Wood 1853
G. †Ensio Cox 1961
Subfm. †Eriphylinae Chavan 1952
G. †Flattopia Waterhouse 1987
G. Goodallia Turton 1822
G. †Lirotarte
G. †Lyapinella Zakharov 1970
G. †Middalya Dickins 1956
G. †Nargunella Talent 1963
G. †Neocrassina Fischer 1887
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Invalid names: Crassinella Bayle 1878 [replaced]
Subfm. †Opinae Chavan 1952
G. †Oxyeurax Gardner and Campbell 2007
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Invalid names: Oxyloma Gardner and Campbell 2002 [replaced]
G. †Permartella Yancey 1985
Subfm. †Pinzonellinae Beurlen 1954
G. †Praeconia Stoliczka 1871
G. †Pressastarte Zakharov 1970
G. †Radiastarte Chen and Liu 1976
G. †Taxocardia Olsson and Harbison 1953
Subfm. †Terraiinae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979
G. Woodia Linnaeus 1758
Invalid names: Astartellinae Boyd and Newell 1968 [empty], Crassinidae Gray 1840 [replaced], Trigonopinae Gardner and Campbell 2002 [empty]
Fm. Cardiniidae Zittel 1881
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G. †Arctocardinia Kurushin 1998
G. †Cardiniopsis Stanton 1895
G. †Isopristes Nicol and Allen 1953
G. †Minepharus Tokuyama 1958
G. †Nidarica
G. †Pseudastarte Cossmann 1921
G. Tellidorella Berry 1963
G. †Torastarte Marwick 1953
Fm. Carditidae Fleming 1820
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G. †Ainicardita Popov 1983
G. Cardiocardita Anton 1839
G. Cardita Bruguière 1792
G. Carditamera Conrad 1838
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Invalid names: Byssomera [synonym]
Subfm. Carditamerinae Chavan 1969
Subfm. Carditesinae Chavan 1969
Subfm. Carditinae Fleming 1820
G. Coanicardita Pérez and Giachetti 2020
G. Crassicardia Conrad 1838
G. Cyclocardia Conrad 1867
G. Glans Mühfeld 1811
G. Hippocampocardia Pérez and Giachetti 2020
G. Lunulicardita Popov 1983
Subfm. Miodomeridinae Chavan 1969
G. Miodontiscus Dall 1903
G. †Neovenericor Rossi de García et al. 1980
G. Oesterheldia Pérez and Giachetti 2020
G. Pleuromeris Conrad 1867
G. †Schizocardita Körner 1937
Subfm. Thecaliinae Dall 1903
Subfm. Venericardiinae Chavan 1969
G. †Vetericardiella Chavan 1969
Invalid names: Venericardinae Chavan 1969 [empty]
Fm. Condylocardiidae Bernard 1896
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Subfm. Carditellinae Kuroda et al. 1971
Subfm. Condylocardiinae Bernard 1896
Subfm. Cuninae Chavan 1969
G. Erycinella Conrad 1845
Invalid names: Carditellidae Kuroda et al. 1971 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. Crassatellidae Férussac 1822
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G. †Anthonya Gabb 1864
Subfm. Crassatellinae Férussac 1822
G. Eucrassatella Iredale 1924
G. †Incatina Devries 2019
G. †Pachythaerus Conrad 1869
Fm. Ptychomyinae Keen 1969
Subfm. Scambulinae Chavan 1952
G. Spissatella Finlay 1926
Invalid names: Crassatellitidae Dall 1895 [synonym]
Fm. †Hippopodiidae Cox 1969
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G. †Hippopodium Sowerby 1819
Fm. †Myophoricardiidae Chavan 1967
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G. †Myophoricardium von Wöhrmann 1889
G. †Myophoriopis von Wöhrmann 1889
G. †Pseudocorbula Philippi 1898
G. †Sementiconcha Hautmann et al. 2013
Fm. †Eodonidae Carter et al. 2000
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G. †Eodon Miller 1877
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Eodon bellastriatus Conrad 1842
Eodon tremulus de Ryckholt 1855
Fm. Lymnocardiidae Stoliczka 1870
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Subfm. †Didacninae Ebersin 1962
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G. Didacna Eichwald 1838
G. †Eupatorina Akhvlediani 1970
G. †Prosodacnomya Ebersin 1959
Invalid names: Condylocardioidea Bernard 1897 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilec
Life habit: infaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 11:33:36
Modified: 2010-02-12 03:59:35
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Whitlandian to the top of the Holocene or 478.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 477.7 Ma

Collections (21650 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Paleozoic - Triassic541.0 - 201.3Chile (Ovalle) Permophoridae indet. (222433)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Argentina Ucumaris conradoi, Redoniidae indet., Eoredonia orientalis, Intihuarella simplicidentata (66258)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7France (Montagne Noire) Babinka prima (20819)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Sichuan) Modiolopsis sp. (5418)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan and Hubei) Modiolopsis sp. (7719)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Guizhou) Modiolopsis sp. (5279)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan) Modiolopsis sp. (7712)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Argentina (Jujuy) Coxiconchia babini, Cienagomya bidentata (57210)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (YunNan) Modiolopsis sp., Cypricardinia sp. (7733 7736)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Morocco (Anti-Atlas) Babinka sp., Coxiconcha sp., Redonia sp. (166727)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4USA (New York) Colpomya sp., Endodesma sp. (332)
Moridunian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (Wales) Arenigomya carinata, Goniophora extensa, Modiolopsis sp. A, Modiolopsis sp. B, Parallelodus dyfedensis, Moridunia simplicidens, Carminodonta crossi, Celtoconcha foveata, Fortowensia grandis (87601) Modiolopsis ramseyensis, Modiolopsis cambriensis, Davidia ornata, Davidia plana, Modiolopsis homfrayi (89324)
Moridunian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (England) Actinodonta sp. (3682)
Whitlandian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (Wales) Actinodonta ramseyensis (3713 3714 166752)
Arenig - Floian478.6 - 470.0China (Yunnan) Taselasmodum deccusatum (200941)
Cassinian478.6 - 468.1USA (Missouri) Ischyrodonta dakei, Modiolopsis convexa (75553) Modiolopsis convexa (75554)
Dawan478.6 - 468.1China (Hunan and Hubei) Modiolopsis sp. (7717)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Morocco Babinka prima (56612) Redonia michelae (20979 56608)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina Cosmogoniophora sp. (8777) Redonia sp., Catamarcaia sp. (8783 8875) Redonia suriensis, Catamarcaia chaschuilensis (210685)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina (La Rioja) Colpomya elongata (49049) Colpomya sp. (169615) Redonia riojana (169614) Redonia riojana, Famatinadonta gonzaloi (49050) Redonia suriensis, Colpomya sp., Catamarcaia chaschuilensis (169613)