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Carditida

Bivalvia - Carditida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1889Carditoida Dall
2006Carditoida Bieler and Mikkelsen p. 231
2009Carditoida Nevesskaja
2010Carditida Bouchet et al.
2011Carditida Carter et al. p. 13

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
RankNameAuthor
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Gray 1854)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CarditioniDall 1889
orderCarditida(Dall 1889)
orderCarditida(Dall 1889)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Or. Carditida Dall 1889
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Fm. †Archaeocardiidae Khalfin 1940
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G. †Archaeocardium Khalfin 1940
Superfm. Crassatelloidea Férussac 1822
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Fm. †Aenigmoconchidae Betekhtina 1968
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G. †Aenigmoconcha Benedictova 1950
Fm. Astartidae d'Orbigny 1844
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G. †Alleinacin Squires and Ritterbush 1981
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Alleinacin sulcata Packard 1922
G. †Astartella Hall 1858
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Astartella adenticulata Yakovlev 1903
Astartella ambiensis Waagen 1881
Astartella aueri Boyd and Newell 1968
Astartella cavernata Chronic 1949
Astartella clinata Hoare 2007
Astartella compacta Girty 1915
Astartella concentrica Conrad 1842
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Invalid names: Edmondia concentrica McChesney 1859 [synonym]
Astartella consimilis Reed 1944
Astartella gemmifera Termier and Termier 1959
Astartella gurleyi White 1890
Astartella illinoiensis Worthen 1884
Astartella meridionalis Thomas 1928
Astartella minuta Zhang 1977
Astartella multicostata Dembskaja 1972
Astartella nasuta Girty 1908
Astartella obliqua Dickins 1963
Astartella omolonica Muromtseva 1984
Astartella permocarbonica Tschernyschew 1885
Astartella pindensis Reed 1936
Astartella progenetrix Waagen 1881
Astartella pusilla Harrington 1955
Astartella quadrata Liu 1976
Astartella qubuensis Chen 1982
Astartella raricostata Dembskaja 1972
Astartella simulans Reed 1936
Astartella stefaniae Hautmann 2015
Astartella subquadrata Girty 1909
Astartella symmetrica Chen et al. 1974
Astartella toyomensis Nakazawa and Newell 1968
Astartella varica McChesney 1860
Astartella vera Hall 1858
Subfm. Astartinae d'Orbigny 1844
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G. Astarte Sowerby 1816
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Subg. †Astarte (Ashtarotha) Dall 1903
Subg. Astarte (Astarte) Sowerby 1816
Subg. †Astarte (Digitariopsis) Chavan 1952
Subg. †Astarte (Eriphylopsis) Meek 1876
Subg. †Astarte (Neocrassina) Fischer 1887
Subg. †Astarte (Trautscholdia) Cox and Arkell 1948
Astarte acerba Hanna 1924
Astarte adkinsi Stoyanow 1949
Astarte altissima Cox 1935
Astarte amygdaloides Lundgren 1895
Astarte andicola Cox 1949
Astarte appressa Gabb 1870
Astarte arctica Gray 1824
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Invalid names: Astarte broweri Meek 1923 [synonym], Astarte loxia Dall 1903 [synonym], Astarte rollandi Bernardi 1859 [synonym]
Astarte awensis Woods 1911
Astarte bayi Lundgren 1895
Astarte biplicata Stefanini 1939
Astarte blanowicensis Roemer 1870
Astarte borealis Chemnitz 1784
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Invalid names: Astarte fabula Reeve 1855 [synonym], Astarte leffingwelli Dall 1920 [synonym]
Astarte bronni Krauss 1850
Astarte brumpti Basse 1930
Astarte calvertensis Glenn 1904
Astarte castrana Glenn 1904
Astarte claytonrayi Ward 1992
Astarte cobhamensis Ward 1992
Astarte compacta Carpenter 1864
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Invalid names: Astarte polaris Dall 1903 [synonym], Astarte willetti Dall 1917 [synonym]
Astarte compressa Montague 1808
Astarte concentrica Conrad 1834
Astarte consobrina Chapuis and Dewalque 1853
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Invalid names: Astarte heberti Terquem and Piette 1865 [synonym], Astarte repelini de Brun and Vedel 1919 [synonym]
Astarte corrugata Stanton 1895
Astarte coxi Jaboli 1959
Astarte crebrilirata Wood 1850
Astarte crenata Gray 1824
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Invalid names: Astarte quadrans Gould 1841 [synonym], Astarte semisulcata Moller 1842 [synonym], Astarte subaequilatera Sowerby 1854 [synonym]
Astarte cuneiformis Conrad 1840
Astarte dancalensis Diaz-Romero 1931
Astarte digitaria Linnaeus 1767
Astarte distans Conrad 1862
Astarte durangensis Imlay 1940
Astarte earllergyi Anderson 1958
Astarte elliptica Brown 1827
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Invalid names: Astarte alaskensis Dall 1903 [synonym]
Astarte excurrens Wood 1850
Astarte gracilis Golfuss 1837
Astarte guthriensis Newton 1906
Astarte hartzi Lundgren 1895
Astarte heriensis Fischer 1969
Astarte huralensis Stefanini 1939
Astarte ignekensis Imlay 1961
Astarte incerta Wood 1850
Astarte incrassata Brocchi 1814
Astarte iwayai Ichikawa 1954
Astarte jugosa Forbes 1846
Astarte longirostris Schafhaeutl 1853
Astarte marylandica Clark 1895
Astarte meeki Stanton 1899
Astarte menthifontis Dockery 1982
Astarte minima d'Ossat 1900
Astarte minor Lea 1833
Astarte minutissima Lea 1833
Astarte monroensis Meyer 1897
Astarte montagui Dillwyn 1817
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Invalid names: Astarte warhami Hancock 1846 [synonym], Nicania banksii Leach 1819 [synonym], Nicania striata Leach 1819 [synonym], Tridonta soror Dall 1903 [synonym]
Astarte mundorffi Richards and Harbison 1947
Astarte mutabilis Wood 1840
Astarte neuseana Harris 1919
Astarte nigeriensis Schneegans 1943
Astarte obovata Sowerby 1822
Astarte obruta Conrad 1834
Astarte onslowensis Kellum 1926
Astarte oolitharum Cossmann 1925
Astarte parilis Conrad 1854
Astarte parva Wood 1840
Astarte parvula Wood 1840
Astarte perplana Conrad 1840
Astarte persipulla Repin 2008
Astarte pisiformis Sowerby 1840
Astarte planilamella Dockery 1982
Astarte planissima Forbes 1846
Astarte portana McLearn 1945
Astarte praeobliqua Parona 1890
Astarte protracta Meyer 1886
Astarte pygmaea Golfuss 1837
Astarte rappahannockensis Gardner 1943
Astarte saemanni de Loriol 1936
Astarte scotica Maton and Rackett 1807
Astarte scrivenori Newton 1906
Astarte sergipensis Maury 1936
Astarte similis Munster 1840
Astarte spitiensis Stoliczka 1866
Astarte squamula d'Archiac 1843
Astarte stefanini Basse 1930
Astarte subnana Böhm 1891
Astarte subsimilis Böhm 1891
Astarte subvoltzii Chen 1982
Astarte sulcata Da Costa 1778
Astarte symmetrica Conrad 1834
Astarte tecticosta von Koenen 1897
Astarte tellinoides Conrad 1833
Astarte thisphila Glenn 1904
Astarte thomasii Conrad 1855
Astarte thompsonii Damon 1860
Astarte triangularis Montague 1803
Astarte triangulata Meyer 1886
Astarte triangulatoides Harris 1919
Astarte tuscana Gabb 1864
Astarte undata Gould 1841
Astarte unglina Conrad 1833
Astarte venatorum Wilckens 1907
Astarte ventricosa Meek 1864
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Invalid names: Astarte aomoriensis Nomura and Hatai 1935 [synonym], Astarte bennettii Dall 1903 [synonym]
Astarte wandeli Lundgren 1895
Astarte wiltoni Morris and Lycett 1855
Invalid names: Crassina Lamarck 1818 [synonym]
G. †Astartopis von Wöhrmann 1889
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G. †Coelastarte Boehm 1893
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Coelastarte excavata Sowerby 1819
Coelastarte fuersichi Aberhan 2007
Coelastarte rzehaki Boehm 1883
G. Gonilia Stoliczka 1871
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Subg. †Gonilia (Ensio) Cox 1961
G. †Hemipelex Gardner and Campbell 2007
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Hemipelex latifalcata Gardner and Campbell 2002
Invalid names: Hemimenia Gardner and Campbell 2002 [replaced]
G. †Megapraeconia Chavan 1952
G. †Nicaniella Chavan 1945
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Subg. †Nicaniella (Nicaniella) Nicaniella 1945
Subg. †Nicaniella (Trautscholdia) Cox and Arkell 1948
Nicaniella communis Zittel and Goubert 1861
Nicaniella incae Jaworski 1922
G. †Notoastarte Gardner and Campbell 2002
G. †Prorokia Böhm 1883
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Prorokia sibylla d'Orbigny 1850
G. †Seendia Casey 1961
G. †Sita
G. †Yabea
G. †Astartoides Wen and Lan 1976
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Astartoides gamgbaensis Wen and Lan 1976
G. †Astartopsis de Loriol 1891
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Astartopsis elongata de Loriol 1891
G. †Balantioselena Speden 1962
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Balantioselena gairi Speden 1962
G. Digitaria Wood 1853
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Digitaria beyschlagi Kautsky 1925
Digitaria burdigalensis Cossmann and Peyrot 1912
Digitaria digitaria Linnaeus 1758
Digitaria forbesi Wood 1874
G. †Ensio Cox 1961
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Ensio agassizii Lycett 1850
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Invalid names: Astarte divaricata Etheridge 1875 [synonym]
Ensio eastonii Vogel 1899
Subfm. †Eriphylinae Chavan 1952
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G. †Amphiaraus Vokes 1946
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G. †Astartemya Stephenson 1941
G. †Crassatellina Meek 1871
G. †Eriphyla Gabb 1864
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Subg. †Eriphyla (Eriphyla) Gabb 1864
Subg. †Eriphyla (Miyakoella) Hayami 1965
Eriphyla agrioensis Weaver 1931
Eriphyla argentina Burckh and Weaver 1907
Eriphyla forbesiana Stoliczka 1870
Eriphyla lapidis Packard 1922
Eriphyla lenticularis Gabb 1864
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Invalid names: Dozyia lenticularis Goldfuss 1840 [synonym]
Eriphyla ovoides Packard 1922
Eriphyla umbonata Gabb 1864
Eriphyla veatchii Gabb 1864
G. †Freiastarte Chavan 1952
G. †Herzogina Chavan 1950
G. †Flattopia Waterhouse 1987
G. Goodallia Turton 1822
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Astarte (Goodallia) trigonella von Koenen 1897
Subg. †Goodallia (Goodallia) Turton 1822
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Goodallia australindica Kendrick and Vartak 2007
Goodallia salebrosa Kendrick and Vartak 2007
G. †Lirotarte
G. †Lyapinella Zakharov 1970
G. †Middalya Dickins 1956
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Middalya johnstonei Dickins 1956
G. †Nargunella Talent 1963
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Nargunella nitida Talent 1963
G. †Neocrassina Fischer 1887
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Neocrassina californica Stanton 1895
Neocrassina elegans Sowerby 1816
Neocrassina gueuxi d'Orbigny 1850
Neocrassina obliqua Deshayes 1830
Invalid names: Crassinella Bayle 1878 [replaced]
Subfm. †Opinae Chavan 1952
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G. †Coelopis Munier-Chalmas 1887
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Subg. †Coelopis (Coelopis) Munier-Chalmas 1887
Subg. †Coelopis (Cryptocoelopis) Bittner 1895
Coelopis langrunensis Bigot 1894
Coelopis lunulata Sowerby 1819
Coelopis tebagaensis Termier and Termier 1959
G. †Heteropis
G. †Opis Defrance 1824
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Subg. †Opis (Coelopis) Munier-Chalmas 1887
Subg. †Opis (Hesperopis) Squires and Saul 2009
Subg. †Opis (Protopis) Kittl 1903
Subg. †Opis (Trigonopis) Munier-Chalmas 1887
Opis affinis Laube 1865
Opis barnensis Stoppani 1865
Opis bifrons Stoppani 1857
Opis bigoti Cossmann 1899
Opis californica Stanton 1895
Opis cardissoides Lamarck 1819
Opis cloacina Quenstedt 1858
Opis corallina Damon 1860
Opis gortanii Feruglio 1936
Opis hoeninghausii Klipstein 1843
Opis ladina Bittner 1895
Opis laubei Bittner 1895
Opis neocomiensis d'Orbigny 1843
Opis shastalis Anderson 1938
Opis virginalis Waring 1917
G. †Opisoma Stoliczka 1871
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Opisoma excavatum Boehm 1884
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Invalid names: Opisoma hipponyx Boehm 1884 [synonym], Opisoma rex Dubar 1948 [synonym], Opisoma timorensis Krumbeck 1923 [synonym]
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Invalid names: Prosocoelodon Karczewski 1992 [synonym]
G. †Seebachia Holub and Neumayr 1882
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Subg. †Seebachia (Eoseebachia) Fürsich et al. 2000
G. †Trigonastarte Bigot 1885
G. †Trigonopis Fischer 1887
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Trigonopis morgani Trechmann 1923
G. †Oxyeurax Gardner and Campbell 2007
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Oxyeurax laticostata Gardner and Campbell 2002
Oxyeurax trapezoidalis Stanton 1895
Invalid names: Oxyloma Gardner and Campbell 2002 [replaced]
G. †Permartella Yancey 1985
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Permartella quadrata Yancey 1985
Subfm. †Pinzonellinae Beurlen 1954
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G. †Pinzonella Cowper Reed 1932
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Pinzonella illusa Cowper Reed 1932
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Invalid names: Pinzonella similis Cowper Reed 1932 [synonym], Pinzonella trigona Mendes 1944 [synonym]
Pinzonella neotropica Cowper Reed 1932
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Invalid names: Pinzonellopis occidentalis Cowper Reed 1932 [synonym]
Invalid names: Pinzonellopis Mendes 1944 [synonym]
G. †Praeconia Stoliczka 1871
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Praeconia matura Hautmann 2001
Praeconia rhomboidalis Phillips 1829
Praeconia seguini Cossmann 1900
Praeconia terminalis Roemer 1842
G. †Pressastarte Zakharov 1970
G. †Radiastarte Chen and Liu 1976
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Radiastarte yizhangensis Chen and Liu 1976
G. †Taxocardia Olsson and Harbison 1953
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Taxocardia floridana Olsson and Harbison 1953
Subfm. †Terraiinae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979
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G. †Terraia Cox 1934
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Terraia aequilateralis Mendes 1952
Terraia altissima Holdhaus 1918
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Invalid names: Isocyprina reducta Cowper Reed 1929 [synonym], Solenomorpha intermedia Holdhaus 1919 [synonym]
Terraia angusta Reed 1935
Terraia bipleura Reed 1929
Terraia curvata Reed 1929
Terraia decarinata Guerrini et al. 2020
Terraia falconeri Cox 1934
Terraia martialis Reed 1929
Subfm. †Terrainae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979
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G. †Astartellopsis Beurlen 1954
G. Woodia Linnaeus 1758
Invalid names: Astartellinae Boyd and Newell 1968 [empty], Crassinidae Gray 1840 [replaced], Trigonopinae Gardner and Campbell 2002 [empty]
Fm. Cardiniidae Zittel 1881
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G. †Arctocardinia Kurushin 1998
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Arctocardinia parva Kurushin 1992
G. †Cardinia Agassiz 1841
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Cardinia andium Giebel 1861
Cardinia concinna Sowerby 1819
Cardinia gibbosum Meek 1864
Cardinia gleimi Smith 1927
Cardinia hybrida Sowerby 1817
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Invalid names: Cardinia amygdala Agassiz 1843 [synonym], Cardinia morisi Terquem 1855 [synonym], Pachyodon cuneatus Stutchbury 1842 [synonym]
Cardinia indigirkaensis Kiparisova 1947
Cardinia listeri Sowerby 1817
Cardinia ponderosa Gabb 1870
Cardinia rugosa Parona 1890
Cardinia similis Agassiz 1845
Cardinia toriyamai Hayami 1958
G. †Cardiniopsis Stanton 1895
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Cardiniopsis unioides Stanton 1895
G. †Isopristes Nicol and Allen 1953
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Isopristes crassus Nicol and Allen 1953
G. †Minepharus Tokuyama 1958
G. †Nidarica
G. †Pseudastarte Cossmann 1921
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Pseudastarte emarginata Cossmann 1921
Pseudastarte exigua Terquem 1855
G. Tellidorella Berry 1963
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Tellidorella interlacinia Dockery 1982
Tellidorella mclellani Hanna 1927
G. †Torastarte Marwick 1953
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Torastarte bensoni Marwick 1953
Fm. Carditidae Fleming 1820
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G. †Ainicardita Popov 1983
G. Cardiocardita Anton 1839
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Cardiocardita ajar Bruguiére 1792
Cardiocardita inaequalis Philippi 1887
G. Cardita Bruguière 1792
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Subg. †Cardita (Actinobolus) Mörch 1853
Subg. †Cardita (Bryssomera) Olsson 1961
Subg. Cardita (Cardita) Bruguiére 1792
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Cardita (Cardita) gabrielensis Clark and Durham 1946
Cardita alata Tate 1886
Cardita alticosta Gabb 1869
Cardita analis Philippi 1836
Cardita aoteana Finlay 1927
Cardita arduini Brongniart 1823
Cardita avicularia Lamarck 1805
Cardita barroneti Munier-Chalmas 1881
Cardita beaumonti d'Archiac and Haime 1854
Cardita belviderensis Cragin 1894
Cardita beneckei Bittner 1895
Cardita berjadinensis Hodson 1927
Cardita bilineata Conrad 1848
Cardita caribbeanensis Olsson 1922
Cardita chamaeformis Sowerby 1825
Cardita compta Tate 1886
Cardita corbis Philippi 1836
Cardita cordellai Bittner 1892
Cardita costaenodulosis Newton 1922
Cardita crassicosta Lamarck 1819
Cardita cuneata Cossmann 1882
Cardita decusata Münster 1841
Cardita delicatula Tate 1886
Cardita dupini d'Orbigny 1843
Cardita excrescens Pritchard 1903
Cardita granigera Guembel 1861
Cardita guembeli Pichler 1875
Cardita hilli Willett 1944
Cardita jenkinsi Smith 1927
Cardita kalimnae Pritchard 1903
Cardita katsumatai Nagao 1928
Cardita kondoi Nagao 1928
Cardita luerae Stoppani 1865
Cardita manteia Maury 1924
Cardita marwicki Laws 1944
Cardita minuta Winckler 1861
Cardita multiradiata Emmrich 1853
Cardita muricata Sowerby 1832
Cardita murrayana Tate 1886
Cardita nicaisei Coquand 1862
Cardita northcrofti Marwick 1928
Cardita orbicularis Forbes 1846
Cardita orbicularis Sowerby 1825
Cardita pichleri Bittner 1895
Cardita platycostata Johnston 1880
Cardita protracta Conrad 1843
Cardita pusilla Hislop 1859
Cardita reginae Oppenheim 1908
Cardita scalaris Sowerby 1825
Cardita senilis Lamarck 1805
Cardita shepardi Dall 1915
Cardita solida Tate 1887
Cardita sphaericula von Koenen 1897
Cardita spinosa Winckler 1861
Cardita spinulosa Tate 1886
Cardita striata Forbes 1846
Cardita subrotunda Conrad 1848
Cardita talegii Stoppani 1865
Cardita tetrica Conrad 1854
Cardita tricolor Sowerby 1833
Cardita trigonalis Tate 1886
Cardita triparticostata Newton 1922
Cardita unica Kensley and Pether 1986
Cardita variabilis Hislop 1859
Cardita variegata Bruguière 1792
Cardita vigintinaria Conrad 1848
Cardita viligensis Kiparisova 1966
Carditia excavata Deshayes 1854
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Invalid names: Carditia tasmanica Tenison-Woods 1876 [synonym]
G. Carditamera Conrad 1838
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Carditamera aculeata Conrad 1863
Carditamera affinis Sowerby 1823
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Invalid names: Cardita californica Deshayes 1854 [synonym], Cardita volucris Reeve 1843 [synonym]
Carditamera arata Conrad 1832
Carditamera aspera Lamarck 1805
Carditamera catharia Dall 1903
Carditamera matima Olsson 1922
Carditamera plata Ihering 1907
Carditamera radiata Sowerby 1833
Carditamera tegea Dall 1903
Carditamera vaughani Dall 1903
Carditamera virginiae Maury 1912
Carditamera williamsi Dockery 1997
Invalid names: Byssomera [synonym]
Subfm. Carditamerinae Chavan 1969
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G. †Fenestricardita Casey 1961
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G. †Izumicardia Ichikawa 1963
G. †Tutcheria Cox 1946
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Tutcheria aalensis Cox 1946
Tutcheria cingulata Goldfuss 1836
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Invalid names: Anisocardia ambergensis Rollier 1913 [synonym], Anisocardia quenstedti Rollier 1913 [synonym], Cardita consimilis Tate 1875 [synonym], Cardita dorni Kuhn 1936 [synonym], Cardium heberti Bistram 1903 [synonym], Cardium liasianum Jekelius 1915 [synonym], Cardium quadratum Deshayes 1857 [synonym], Cardium rhomboidale Monke 1888 [synonym]
Tutcheria densestriata Koerner 1937
Tutcheria heberti Terquem 1855
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Invalid names: Cardium terquemi Martin 1860 [synonym]
Tutcheria itoi Hayami 1969
Tutcheria slatteri Cox 1946
Tutcheria submulticostata d'Orbigny 1850
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Invalid names: Cardita liasina Moore 1867 [synonym]
Subfm. Carditesinae Chavan 1969
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G. †Paraglans Chavan 1941
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Paraglans calcitrapoides Lamarck 1805
G. †Pseudocardia Conrad 1866
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Invalid names: Vetericardia Conrad 1868 [synonym]
Subfm. Carditinae Fleming 1820
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G. Beguina Röding 1798
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Subg. Beguina (Jesonia) Gray
Subg. Beguina (Mytilicardita) Herrmannsen 1847
G. Cardites Link 1807
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Cardites antiquata Linnaeus 1758
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Invalid names: Cardita cuvieri Broderip 1832 [synonym]
Cardites ovalis Rosenberg et al. 2006
G. †Maghrebella Freneix 1972
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Maghrebella forgemoli Coquand 1862
G. Strophocardia Olsson 1961
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G. Coanicardita Pérez and Giachetti 2020
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+
Invalid names: Cardita longini Baily 1945 [synonym]
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Invalid names: Cardita monilicosta Gabb 1861 [synonym]
G. Crassicardia Conrad 1838
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Crassicardia crassidens Broderip and Sowerby 1829
G. Cyclocardia Conrad 1867
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Cardita (Cyclocardia) steinkei Clark and Durham 1946
Subg. Cyclocardia (Vimentum) Iredale 1925
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Vimentum calva Tate 1887
Cyclocardia akagii Kanehara 1937
Cyclocardia castor Dall 1909
Cyclocardia castrana Glenn 1904
Cyclocardia christiei Marwick 1929
Cyclocardia dodairensis Hatai and Nisiyama 1952
Cyclocardia hannai Tegland 1933
Cyclocardia hannibali Clark 1925
Cyclocardia kurilensis Savisky 1981
Cyclocardia mesembria Stilwell and Zinsmeister 1992
Cyclocardia moniligena Hickman 2015
Cyclocardia pseutella Marwick 1929
Cyclocardia spurca Sowerby 1833
Cyclocardia subtenta Conrad 1849
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Invalid names: Venericardia chehalisensis Weaver 1912 [synonym]
Cyclocardia terryi Olsson 1922
Cyclocardia tokunagai Yokoyama 1924
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Invalid names: Cardita volckmanni Philippi 1887 [synonym]
Cyclocardia yoshidai Nagao 1928
Cyclocardia zuliana Hodson 1929
Venericardia (Cyclocardia) harukii Oyama and Mizuno 1958
Venericardia (Cyclocardia) yokoyamai Oyama and Mizuno 1958
G. Glans Mühfeld 1811
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Subg. Glans (Centrocardita) Sacco 1899
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Subg. Glans (Glans) Mühfeld 1811
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Glans (Glans) intermedia Brocchi 1814
Glans carpenteri Lamy 1922
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Invalid names: Cardita subquadrata Conrad 1848 [synonym], Glans minuscula Grant and Gale 1931 [synonym], Glans subquadrata Carpenter 1864 [synonym]
Glans gracilicostata Tenison Woods 1877
Glans polynema Tate 1886
Glans rovereti Vredenburg 1928
Glans scabrosa Tate 1886
Glans tasmanica Tate 1886
Glans weaveri Dickerson 1917
G. Hippocampocardia Pérez and Giachetti 2020
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G. Lunulicardita Popov 1983
Subfm. Miodomeridinae Chavan 1969
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G. Miodontiscus Dall 1903
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Miodontiscus prolongatus Carpenter 1864
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Invalid names: Miodontiscus meridionalis Dall 1916 [synonym], Venericardia nakamurai Yokoyama 1923 [synonym], Venericardia yatesi Arnold 1907 [synonym]
G. †Neovenericor Rossi de García et al. 1980
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Neovenericor austroplata Gardner and Bowles 1939
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Invalid names: Venericardia (Venericor) austroplata Gardner and Bowles 1939 [synonym], Venericardia austroplata Gardner and Bowles 1936 [synonym], Venericor abasolensis Camacho and Fernández 1956 [synonym], Venericor austroplata Gardner and Bowles 1939 [synonym], Venericor wichmanni Camacho and Fernández 1956 [synonym]
Neovenericor carrerensis Griffin 1991
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Invalid names: Venericardia carrerensis Griffin 1991 [synonym], Venericardia leanzai Hünicken 1955 [synonym]
Neovenericor paranensis Borchert 1901
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Invalid names: Cardita paranensis Borchert 1901 [synonym], Venericardia crassicosta Borchert 1901 [synonym]
G. Oesterheldia Pérez and Giachetti 2020
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Oesterheldia cannada Ihering 1907
Oesterheldia dalek Pérez and del Río 2017
G. †Schizocardita Körner 1937
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Schizocardita cristata Körner 1937
Subfm. Thecaliinae Dall 1903
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G. Milneria Dall 1871
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Milneria kelseyi Dall 1916
Milneria minima Dall 1871
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Invalid names: Trapezium halioticola Dall 1871 [synonym]
G. Thecalia Adams and Adams 1857
Subfm. Venericardiinae Chavan 1969
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G. †Glyptoactis Stewart 1930
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Subg. †Glyptoactis (Claibornicardia) Stenzel and Krause 1957
Subg. †Glyptoactis (Fasciculicardia) Maxwell 1969
Subg. †Glyptoactis (Glyptoactis) Stewart 1930
Glyptoactis alticostata Conrad 1833
Venericardia (Glyptoactis) aversa Pilsbry and Johnson 1917
Venericardia (Glyptoactis) carmenensis Clark and Durham 1946
Venericardia (Glyptoactis) mutabilis d'Archaic and Haime 1954
G. †Malarossia Berezovsky 1999
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Malarossia neos Berezovsky 1999
G. Megacardita Sacco 1899
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Megacardita ponderosa Suter 1913
+
Invalid names: Venericardia caelebs Marwick 1929 [synonym]
G. Purpurocardia Maxwell 1969
+
Purpurocardia beata Marwick 1928
Purpurocardia fyfei Finlay and Marwick 1937
Purpurocardia haskelli Fleming 1950
Purpurocardia lillei Fleming 1943
Purpurocardia penerectangularis Bartrum and Powell 1928
+
Invalid names: Cardita difficilis Deshayes 1854 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Venericardia martini Marwick 1928 [replaced]
Purpurocardia urutiensis Marwick 1926
G. †Trapezicardita Casey 1961
G. Venericardia Lamarck 1801
+
Cardita (Venericardia) laurae Brongniart 1823
Subg. †Venericardia (Clairbornicardia) Stenzel and E. K. 1957
Subg. †Venericardia (Leuroactis) Stewart 1930
Subg. †Venericardia (Pacificor) Verástegui 1953
Subg. †Venericardia (Rotundicardia) Heaslip 1968
Subg. †Venericardia (Venericardia) Lamarck 1801
Subg. †Venericardia (Venericor) Stewart 1930
Venericardia aizyensis Deshayes 1860
Venericardia ameghinorum Ihering 1907
Venericardia ameliae Peron 1928
Venericardia angusticosta Adegoke 1977
Venericardia barroneti Munier-Chalmas 1881
Venericardia bistrovi Pronina 1969
Venericardia bonificae Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983
Venericardia brassica Maury 1925
Venericardia buruca Boehm 1906
Venericardia camachoi Rossi de Garcia and Levy 1959
Venericardia capricornis Darragh and Kendrick 2010
Venericardia complanata Deshayes 1825
Venericardia complexicosta Aldrich and Meyer 1919
Venericardia costagranosa Adegoke 1977
Venericardia crossensis Reyment 1955
Venericardia eoa Plummer 1933
Venericardia ewekoroensis Adegoke 1977
Venericardia gulielmi Gardner and Bowles 1939
Venericardia hornii Gabb 1864
Venericardia imbricata Lamarck 1801
Venericardia inflatior Meyer 1885
Venericardia ionensis Waring 1914
Venericardia isaurae Maury 1924
Venericardia jaquinoti d'Orbigny 1843
+
Invalid names: Cardita hanguensis Cox 1930 [synonym]
Venericardia juneri Cox 1952
Venericardia koerti Oppenheim 1915
Venericardia maudensis Pritchard 1895
Venericardia minuta Leymerie 1846
Venericardia nodifera Kellum 1926
Venericardia olga Mansfield 1939
Venericardia perimetra Maury 1924
Venericardia philotima Maury 1924
Venericardia praecisa Dall 1903
Venericardia rosii Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983
Venericardia semiinflata Cossmann and Pissarro 1927
Venericardia simillina Olsson 1930
Venericardia simplex Dall 1903
Venericardia soriensis Eames 1951
Venericardia tabligboensis Oppenheim 1915
Venericardia thaleia Maury 1924
Venericardia togoensis Oppenheim 1915
Venericardia tokudai Takeda 1953
Venericardia waynensis Mansfield 1940
G. Verticipronus Hedley 1904
+
Verticipronus strips Laws 1936
G. †Vetericardiella Chavan 1969
+
Vetericardiella benedeni Mueller 1859
Invalid names: Venericardinae Chavan 1969 [empty]
Fm. Condylocardiidae Bernard 1896
+
Subfm. Carditellinae Kuroda et al. 1971
+
G. Carditella Smith 1881
+
Subg. †Carditella (Carditella) Smith 1881
Subg. †Carditella (Carditellona) Iredale 1936
Carditella aldrichi Harris 1919
Carditella pitufina Pérez 2019
Carditella regularis Pritchard 1901
Carditella semen Reeve 1843
+
Invalid names: Carditella pygmaeum Philippi 1860 [synonym]
Subfm. Condylocardiinae Bernard 1896
+
G. †Austrocardiella Middelfart 2002
+
Austrocardiella pouli Middelfart 2002
G. Benthocardiella Powell 1930
+
Benthocardiella burtonae Middelfart 2002
Benthocardiella darwinensis Middelfart 2002
G. Condylocardia Bernard 1897
+
+
Invalid names: Condylocardia panamensis Olsson 1942 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Radiocondyla adelaideana Cotton 1938 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Radiocondyla jacksonensis Laseron 1953 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Radiocondyla acuta Cotton 1931 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Radiocondyla arizela Iredale 1936 [synonym]
Condylocardia torquata Marwick 1928
Invalid names: Hippella Morch 1861 [replaced]
G. Condylocuna Iredale 1936
+
Condylocuna annieae Middelfart 2002
Condylocuna jimbecki Middelfart 2002
Condylocuna projecta Hedley 1906
Condylocuna tricosa Middelfart 2002
Condylocuna trifoliata Hedley 1906
G. Cunanax Iredale 1936
+
Cunanax compressa Hedley 1908
Cunanax crassidentata Cotton 1930
Cunanax pisum Hedley 1908
+
Invalid names: Condylocuna moringa Laseron 1953 [synonym]
Cunanax subradiata Tate 1889
+
Invalid names: Condylocardia porrecta Hedley 1906 [synonym], Radiocondyla ampla Laseron 1953 [synonym], Radiocondyla rotunda Laseron 1953 [synonym]
G. †Glibertia
G. †Isodontocardia Middelfart 2002
+
Isodontocardia microcardia Middelfart 2002
G. Micromeris Conrad 1866
+
Subg. †Micromeris (Mesocuna) Laseron 1953
Micromeris radiata Tate 1886
Micromeris rugosa Tate 1886
G. †Particondyla Laseron 1953
G. Radiocondyla Iredale 1936
Subfm. Cuninae Chavan 1969
+
G. †Crassacuna Middelfart 2002
+
Crassacuna crassisculpta Middelfart 2002
Crassacuna pusilla Lynge 1909
G. Cuna Hedley 1902
+
Cuna aquaedulcensis Kensley 1977
Cuna astartoides Harris 1919
Cuna concentrica Hedley 1902
Cuna cuneata Laseron 1953
Cuna delta Tate 1900
Cuna deltoides Middelfart 2002
Cuna libbyae Middelfart 2002
Cuna littoralis Laseron 1953
Cuna microconcentrica Middelfart 2002
Cuna multilamella Tate 1887
Cuna navicula Middelfart 2002
Cuna polita Tate 1887
Cuna praeclava Hedley 1909
+
Invalid names: Cuna capillacea Hedley 1909 [synonym], Micromeris (Mesocuna) capillacea Hedley 1909 [synonym]
Cuna ramus Middelfart 2002
Cuna saza Laseron 1953
Cuna solida Cotton 1931
Cuna texana Stephenson 1941
Cuna vitrea Laseron 1953
G. Hamacuna Cotton 1931
+
Hamacuna hamata Cotton 1931
G. †Mimicuna Middelfart 2002
+
Mimicuna cuniformis Middelfart 2002
G. †Ovacuna Laseron 1953
+
Subg. †Ovacuna (Ovacuna) Laseron 1953
G. †Propecuna Cotton 1931
+
Subg. †Propecuna (Propecuna) Cotton 1931
Propecuna subovata Cotton 1931
G. Saltocuna Iredale 1936
+
Saltocuna particula Hedley 1902
G. Volupicuna Iredale 1936
G. †Westaustrocuna Middelfart 2002
+
Westaustrocuna albanyensis Middelfart 2002
Westaustrocuna keegani Middelfart 2002
G. Erycinella Conrad 1845
+
Erycinella ovalis Conrad 1845
Invalid names: Carditellidae Kuroda et al. 1971 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. Crassatellidae Férussac 1822
+
G. †Anthonya Gabb 1864
+
Anthonya cultriformis Gabb 1864
Anthonya jarai Lazo and Damborenea 2011
Anthonya mifunensis Tamura 1977
Subfm. Crassatellinae Férussac 1822
+
G. Bathytormus Stewart 1930
+
Bathytormus alaeformis Conrad 1830
+
Invalid names: Crassatella declivis Heilprin 1880 [synonym], Crassatellites capricranium Rogers and Rogers 1839 [synonym]
Bathytormus flexurus Conrad 1854
Bathytormus pteropsis Conrad 1860
Crassatella (Bathytormus) schmidlini Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983
Invalid names: Bathytormus sinus Harris 1951 [nomen dubium]
G. †Crassatella Lamarck 1799
+
Subg. Crassatella (Crassatella) Lamarck 1799
Crassatella aquiana Clark 1895
+
Invalid names: Crassatella halei Harris 1897 [synonym], Crassatella sepulcollis Harris 1896 [synonym]
Crassatella arcacea Roemer 1841
Crassatella austriaca Zittel 1863
Crassatella baudeti Coquand 1862
Crassatella bosquetiana d'Orbigny 1850
Crassatella branneri Waring 1914
Crassatella carcarensis Michelotti 1847
Crassatella carolinensis Conrad 1875
Crassatella caudata Gabb 1877
Crassatella chargensis Quaas 1902
Crassatella chiesai Baroni 1946
Crassatella claytonensis Dickerson 1914
Crassatella collina Conrad 1857
Crassatella compacta Gabb 1869
Crassatella compressa Lamarck 1806
Crassatella corrugata Tate 1886
Crassatella cowlitzensis Weaver 1912
Crassatella cygnea Chemnitz 1782
+
Invalid names: Crassatella gibba Lamarck 1801 [synonym], Crassatella turgida Lamarck 1805 [synonym]
Crassatella dalli Weaver 1916
Crassatella dennanti Tate 1886
Crassatella dennati Tate 1886
Crassatella densus Dall 1900
Crassatella desioi Baroni 1946
Crassatella desmaresti Deshayes 1866
Crassatella desvauxi Coquand 1862
Crassatella elongata Anderson 1958
Crassatella eutawcolens Harris 1919
Crassatella evansii Hall and Meek 1855
Crassatella flexura Conrad 1854
Crassatella fusca Yokoyama 1911
Crassatella gamma Popenoe 1937
Crassatella haughtoni Rennie 1930
Crassatella hodgei Stephenson 1923
+
Invalid names: Crassatellites roodensis Stephenson 1923 [synonym]
Crassatella kalitensis Oppenheim 1901
Crassatella lillisi Dickerson 1916
Crassatella lincolnensis Weaver 1916
Crassatella lomana Cooper 1894
Crassatella longior Ihering 1897
Crassatella macrodonta Sowerby 1835
+
Invalid names: Crassatella sulcifera Zittel 1865 [synonym]
Crassatella manzourensis Aboul Ela et al. 1991
Crassatella marrotiana d'Orbigny 1844
Crassatella meganosensis Clark and Woodford 1927
Crassatella mercedensis Anderson 1958
Crassatella merriami Weaver 1916
Crassatella mulates Hanna 1927
Crassatella neorhynchus Olsson 1931
Crassatella numidica Munier-Chalmas 1881
Crassatella oenana Gümbel 1861
Crassatella patagonica Ihering 1907
Crassatella pedroi Devries 2016
Crassatella perrini Dickerson 1917
Crassatella plumbea Chemnitz 1824
Crassatella portelli Devries 2016
Crassatella radiata Sowerby 1825
Crassatella rafaeli Devries 2016
Crassatella rhomboidea Conrad 1846
Crassatella rothii Fraas 1872
+
Invalid names: Crassatella matercula Mayer-Eymar 1896 [synonym], Crassatella wanneri Pervinquière 1912 [synonym], Crassatella zitteli Wanner 1902 [synonym]
Crassatella saulae Dailey and Popenoe 1966
Crassatella scutellaria Deshayes 1824
Crassatella stewartvillensis Dickerson 1914
Crassatella stillwaterensis Weaver and Palmer 1922
Crassatella studleyi Dickerson 1914
Crassatella sulcata Solander 1866
Crassatella symmetrica Weijden 1943
Crassatella texalta Harris 1895
Crassatella trapaquara Harris 1895
Crassatella tumidula Whitfield 1865
Crassatella unioides Stanton 1896
Crassatella uvasana Conrad 1855
+
Invalid names: Astarte semidentata Cooper 1894 [synonym], Crassatella alta Conrad 1855 [synonym], Crassatella grandis Gabb 1864 [synonym], Crassatellites grandis Gabb 1864 [synonym]
Crassatella vadosa Morton 1834
+
Invalid names: Crassatella lintea Conrad 1860 [synonym], Crassatella ripleyana Conrad 1858 [synonym], Crassatella subplana Conrad 1853 [synonym], Crassatellites carolinana Stephenson 1927 [synonym], Uddenia fragilis Harbison 1945 [synonym]
Crassatella weaveri Clark 1938
Crassatella willcoxi Brown and Pilsbry 1912
Crassatellites neusensis Stephenson 1923
Invalid names: Crassatellites Krueger 1823 [synonym]
G. Crassatina Kobelt 1881
+
Subg. Crassatina (Chattonia) Marwick 1929
G. Kalolophus Devries 2016
+
+
Invalid names: Crassatella digueti Lamy 1917 [synonym], Crassatella undulata Say 1824 [synonym]
G. †Marvacrassatella Ward and Blackwelder 1987
+
Marvacrassatella kauffmani Ward and Blackwelder 1987
Marvacrassatella melina Conrad 1832
Marvacrassatella surryensis Mansfield 1929
Marvacrassatella urbannensis Mansfield 1929
G. Salaputium Iredale 1924
+
Salaputium abbreviata Tate 1886
Salaputium lamellata Tate 1886
Salaputium woodi Koenen 1865
G. Talabrica Iredale 1924
G. †Tilicrassatella Devries 2016
+
Tilicrassatella ponderosa Philippi 1887
Tilicrassatella torrens Devries 2016
G. †Uddenia Stephenson 1941
G. Eucrassatella Iredale 1924
+
+
+
Invalid names: Crassatella gibbsii Tuomey and Holmes 1856 [synonym]
Subg. Eucrassatella (Hybolophus) Stewart 1930
+
Hybolophus disenum Devries 2016
Hybolophus fluctuatus Carpenter 1864
+
Invalid names: Crassatellites lomitensis Oldroyd 1924 [synonym]
Hybolophus gibbosus Sowerby 1832
+
Invalid names: Crassatellites rudis Li 1930 [synonym], Eucrassinella aequitorialis Cruz 1980 [synonym], Eucrassinella manabiensis Cruz 1980 [synonym]
Hybolophus granti Wiedey 1928
Hybolophus maleficae Devries 2016
Hybolophus nelsoni Grzybowski 1899
+
Invalid names: Crassatellites charanensis Woods 1922 [synonym], Crassatellites pizarroi Hanna and Israelsky 1925 [synonym]
Hybolophus subgibbosa Hanna 1926
Hybolophus terrestris Devries 2016
Eucrassatella ampla Zittel 1863
+
Invalid names: Eucrassatella attenuata Hutton 1873 [synonym]
Eucrassatella aphrodina Tenison Woods 1876
Eucrassatella eupontica Darragh 1965
Eucrassatella kingicoloides Pritchard 1903
Eucrassatella marshalli Powell 1931
Eucrassatella maudensis Pritchard 1903
Eucrassatella oblonga Tenison Woods 1876
Eucrassatella pulchra Reeve 1842
Eucrassatella rostrata Lamarck 1805
Eucrassatella scopalveus Finlay 1926
+
Invalid names: Eucrassatella concisa Finlay 1926 [synonym]
Eucrassatella wilckensi Median and Rinaldi 1978
G. †Incatina Devries 2019
+
Incatina collinsae Devries 2019
G. †Pachythaerus Conrad 1869
+
Pachythaerus vindinnensis d'Orbigny 1844
Fm. Ptychomyinae Keen 1969
+
G. †Ptychomya
+
Ptychomya densicostata Nagao 1934
Ptychomya stantoni Cragin 1905
Subfm. Scambulinae Chavan 1952
+
G. Crassinella Guppy 1874
+
Crassinella acutus Dall 1903
Crassinella clementia Pilsbry and Olsson 1941
Crassinella guppyi Dall 1896
Crassinella haylocki Pilsbry and Olsson 1941
Crassinella johnsoni Ward and Blackwelder 1987
Crassinella midiensis Olsson 1922
Crassinella minor Lea 1833
+
Invalid names: Crassinella branneri Arnold 1903 [synonym], Crassinella mexicana Pilsbry and Lowe 1932 [synonym], Crassinella quintinensis Manger 1934 [synonym]
Crassinella variablis Dockery 1982
Crassinella varians Carpenter 1857
Crassinella xena Woodring 1925
G. †Mediraon Vokes 1946
G. †Remondia Gabb 1869
+
Remondia furcata Gabb 1869
Remondia oregonensis Anderson 1958
Remondia shastensis Anderson 1958
G. †Scambula Conrad 1869
+
Scambula perplana Conrad 1869
+
Invalid names: Scambula widmeri Richards 1962 [synonym]
G. †Stearnsia White 1887
+
Stearnsia robinsi White 1887
G. Spissatella Finlay 1926
+
Spissatella australis Hutton 1873
Spissatella lyellii Sowerby 1846
Spissatella media Marwick 1926
Spissatella trailli Hutton 1873
Invalid names: Crassatellitidae Dall 1895 [synonym]
Fm. †Hippopodiidae Cox 1969
+
G. †Hippopodium Sowerby 1819
+
Hippopodium ponderosum Sowerby 1819
Fm. †Myophoricardiidae Chavan 1967
+
G. †Myophoricardium von Wöhrmann 1889
+
Myophoricardium lineatum von Wöhrmann 1889
Myophoricardium sublineatum Krumbeck 1914
G. †Myophoriopis von Wöhrmann 1889
+
Myophoriopis carinata Bittner 1895
Myophoriopis gregaroides Philippi 1898
Myophoriopis intermedia Bittner 1901
Myophoriopis kittlii Bittner 1895
Myophoriopis latedorsata Krumbeck 1914
Myophoriopis lineata Munster 1837
Myophoriopis moermani Krumbeck 1914
Myophoriopis rosthorni Boué 1835
Myophoriopsis kraffti Diener 1903
G. †Pseudocorbula Philippi 1898
+
Pseudocorbula gregaria Münster 1838
Pseudocorbula gregaroides Philippi 1898
Pseudocorbula incrassata Münster 1863
Pseudocorbula sandbergeri Philippi 1898
G. †Sementiconcha Hautmann et al. 2013
+
Sementiconcha recuperator Hautmann et al. 2013
Fm. †Eodonidae Carter et al. 2000
hide
G. †Eodon Miller 1877
+
Eodon bellastriatus Conrad 1842
Eodon tremulus de Ryckholt 1855
Fm. Lymnocardiidae Stoliczka 1870
hide
Subfm. †Didacninae Ebersin 1962
+
G. Didacna Eichwald 1838
+
Didacna cristata Bogachev 1932
Didacna ebersini Fedorov 1953
Didacna emendata Popov 1983
Didacna subcatillus Andrusov 1910
Didacna subcrassa Pravoslavlev 1939
Didacna subpyramidata Pravoslavlev 1939
Didacna trigonoides Pallas 1771
G. †Eupatorina Akhvlediani 1970
G. †Prosodacnomya Ebersin 1959
Invalid names: Condylocardioidea Bernard 1897 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilec
Life habit: infaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 11:33:36
Modified: 2010-02-12 03:59:35
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Lochkovian to the top of the Holocene or 419.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 410.8 Ma

Collections (6992 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Poland Astarte sp. (23019)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Australia (Victoria) Nargunella nitida (75698 75699)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany Crassatelloidea indet. (74300)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Australia (New South Wales) Nargunella comptorae (35557 35558)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Germany (Eifel) Prosocoelus indet. (24695)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3New Zealand Nargunella nitida (40522 40525)
Late/Upper Emsian402.5 - 391.9Luxembourg Prosocoelus consobrinus (232220 233203)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Vietnam Archaeocardium sp. (83321)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Pennsylvania) Cypricardella bellastriata (9888 9908 9915 9925)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2USA (New York) Cypricardella bellastriata (10321 10328 10337 10382 10413 233184)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2USA (Pennsylvannia) Cypricardella bellastriata (233186)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2USA (California) Astartella sp. (214521)
Carboniferous358.9 - 298.9USA (Arizona) Nucula illinoisensis (124253)
Carboniferous358.9 - 298.9USA (Oklahoma) Astartella sp. (163 172)
Visean346.7 - 330.9Belgium Eodon tremulus (42743)
Visean346.7 - 330.9USA (California) Astartella sp. (143605)
Chesterian - Brigantian335.5 - 330.9USA (Ohio) Astartella clinata (85363)
Chesterian335.5 - 323.2USA (Wyoming) Astartella sp. (5714)
Late/Upper Mississippian330.9 - 323.2USA (California) Astartella sp. (143613 143621 143625)
Serpukhovian330.9 - 323.2USA (Arkansas) Astartella concentrica (5517 5518)