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Bivalvia -

Cardioni was named by Ferussac (1822). It is extant.

It was assigned to Cardiomorphi by Carter et al. (2011).

Sister taxa
Cardiidia, Lucinidia

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1822Cardioni Ferussac
2011Cardioni Carter et al. p. 14

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EubilateriaAx 1987
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Cox 1960)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilec
Life habit: infaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 11:33:36
Modified: 2010-02-12 03:59:35
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Whitlandian to the top of the Holocene or 478.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 477.7 Ma

Collections (16989 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (YunNan) Modiolopsis sp. (7733 7736)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Guizhou) Modiolopsis sp. (5279)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7France (Montagne Noire) Babinka prima (20819)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Argentina (Jujuy) Coxiconchia babini (57210)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Argentina Ucumaris conradoi (66258)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan and Hubei) Modiolopsis sp. (7719)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Sichuan) Modiolopsis sp. (5418)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan) Modiolopsis sp. (7712)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Morocco (Anti-Atlas) Babinka sp., Coxiconcha sp., Redonia sp. (166727)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4USA (New York) Colpomya sp., Endodesma sp. (332)
Moridunian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (England) Actinodonta sp. (3682)
Moridunian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (Wales) Actinodonta ramseyensis (3713 3714 166752) Carminodonta crossi, Celtoconcha foveata, Goniophora extensa, Eurymya sp., Fortowensia grandis, Modiolopsis sp. A, Modiolopsis sp. B, Moridunia simplicidens, Arenigomya carinata, Parallelodus dyfedensis (87601) Davidia ornata, Davidia plana, Modiolopsis ramseyensis, Modiolopsis homfrayi, Modiolopsis cambriensis (89324)
Whitlandian478.6 - 471.8France (Hérault) Coxiconcha giraudi, Redonia michelae (157403)
Cassinian478.6 - 468.1USA (Missouri) Ischyrodonta dakei, Modiolopsis convexa (75553) Modiolopsis convexa (75554)
Dawan478.6 - 468.1China (Hunan and Hubei) Modiolopsis sp. (7717)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina Cosmogoniophora sp. (8777) Redonia sp. (8783 8875)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0France (Ille-et-Vilaine) Actinodonta sp. (20860) Actinodonta sp., Hippomya sp., Modiolopsis sp., Redonia sp. (20852)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina (Jujuy) Ucumaropsis lermaensis (57212)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina (Salta) Ucumaropsis lermaensis (57211)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (YunNan) Modiolopsis sp. (7732)