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Cardioni

Bivalvia

Taxonomy
Cardioni was named by Ferussac (1822). It is extant.

It was assigned to Cardiomorphi by Carter et al. (2011).

Subtaxa
Sister taxa
Cardiidia, Lucinidia

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1822Cardioni Ferussac
2011Cardioni Carter et al. p. 14

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Gray 1854)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Cardioni Ferussac 1822
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Unr. Cardiidia Ferussac 1822
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Unr. Cardiata Ferussac 1822
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Superor. Cardiiformii Ferussac 1822
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Or. Cardiida Ferussac 1822
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Subor. †Anthracosiidina Silantiev and Carter 2011
Subor. Cardiidina Ferussac 1822
Subor. Gastrochaenidina Morretes 1949
Superfm. †Kalenteroidea Marwick 1953
Subor. Leptonidina Dall 1889
Or. †Hippuritida Newell 1965 [rudist]
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G. †Gloassamyophorous Masse et al. 1984
G. †Hatayin
Superfm. †Hippuritacea Gray 1848 [rudist]
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Invalid names: Hippuritoidea Gray 1848 [replaced]
Subor. Hippuritina Newell 1965
Subor. †Radiolitidina Skelton 2013
Subor. †Requieniidina Skelton 2013
Invalid names: Archaeochionelasmus Kočí et al. 2017 [nomen dubium], Archaeochionelasmus nekvasilovae Kočí et al. 2017 [nomen dubium], Rousseliinae MacGillavry 1937 [empty]
Or. †Megalodontida Starobogatov 1992
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Superfm. †Mecynodontoidea Haffer 1959
Superfm. †Megalodontoidea Morris 1853
Or. †Modiomorphida Newell 1969
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G. †Brahcylyrodesma Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
G. †Caspiconcha Kelly 2000
Superfm. †Cycloconchacea Ulrich 1884
Superfm. †Modiomorphoidea Miller 1877
Superor. Pholadiformii Gray 1854
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Or. Pholadida Gray 1854
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Superfm. Myoidea Lamarck 1809
Superfm. Pholadoidea Lamarck 1809
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Invalid names: Pholadacea Lamarck 1809 [replaced]
Superfm. †Pleuromyoidea Dall 1900
Superfm. †Grammysioidea Miller 1877
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Fm. †Grammysiidae Miller 1877
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Andinodesma radicostata Rehfeld and Mehl 1989
G. †Arenigomya Cope 1996
G. †Asketomorpha Hoare et al. 1989
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Asketomorpha grandis Hoare et al. 1989
G. †Cercomyopsis Meek 1871
G. †Cimitaria Hall and Whitfield 1869
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Cimitaria guangxiensis Zhang 1977
Cimitaria liscina Kříž 2008
G. †Cuneamya Hall and Whitfield 1875
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Cuneamya elliptica Miller 1881
Cuneamya miamiensis Hall and Whitfield 1875
Cuneamya neglecta Hall and Whitfield 1875
Cuneamya scapha Hall and Whitfield 1875
G. †Ectogrammysia Hoare et al. 1989
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Ectogrammysia crassatis Hoare et al. 1989
Ectogrammysia hannibalensis Shumard and Swallow 1858
Ectogrammysia prolata Hoare 1993
G. †Fuchsella Dahmer 1942
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Fuchsella amygdalina Sowerby 1827
G. †Glyptoconcha Zhang and Pojeta 1986
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Glyptoconcha elegans Zhang and Pojeta 1986
G. †Grammysia de Verneuil 1847
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Subg. †Grammysia (Grammysioidea) Williams 1916
Grammysia arcuata Conrad 1841
Grammysia minor Walcott 1884
Subfm. †Grammysiinae Miller 1877
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G. †Cardiomorpha de Koninck 1844
G. †Grammysioidea Williams 1916
G. †Prothyris Meek 1871
G. †Sedgwickia McCoy 1844
G. †Leinzia
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Leinzia curta Beurlen 1954
G. †Sphenotus Hall 1884
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Sphenotus aeolus Hall and Whitfield 1869
Sphenotus altidorsatus Easton 1962
Sphenotus branneri Girty 1910
Sphenotus cataractes Reed 1944
Sphenotus cherokeense Snider 1915
Sphenotus dubius Girty 1910
Sphenotus gibsonense Snider 1915
Sphenotus hicksii Whidborne 1896
Sphenotus meslerianus Girty 1910
Sphenotus monroensis Worthen 1884
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Invalid names: Sanguinolites acutiliratus Croneis 1930 [synonym], Sphenotus vulgaris Croneis 1930 [synonym]
Sphenotus oklahomense Snider 1915
Sphenotus pisinnus Hoare et al. 1989
Sphenotus quadriplicatum Snider 1915
Sphenotus solenoides Hall 1870
Sphenotus tentoriolus Chronic 1949
Sphenotus tiogensis McAlester 1962
G. †Zaidiomysia Guo 1988
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Invalid names: Cuneamyinae Morris et al. 1991 [empty], Protomyidae Pomel 1853 [synonym]
Fm. †Sanguinolitidae Miller 1877
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Subfm. †Alulinae Mailleux 1937
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G. †Alula Girty 1912
G. †Leptodomus M'Coy 1844
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Leptodomus duplicicosta Etheridge Jr. 1898
Leptodomus fragilis M'Coy 1844
Leptodomus semisulcata Sowerby 1839
G. †Palaeocorbula Reed 1932
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Palaeocorbula dubia Reed 1944
Subfm. †Paleodorinae Carter 2011
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G. †Paleodora Fleming 1957
Subfm. †Pholadellinae Miller 1877
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G. †Pholadella Hall 1869
Subfm. †Sanguinolitinae Miller 1877
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G. †Gilbertsonia Morris et al. 1991
G. †Grammysiopsis Chernyschev 1950
G. †Myofossa
G. †Praeundulomya Dickins 1957
G. †Sanguinolites M'Coy 1844
G. †Siphogrammysia Chernychev 1950
G. †Sueroa Gonzalez 2006
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Sueroa chubutensis González 1969
Subfm. †Undulomyinae Astafieva-Urbajtis 1973
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G. †Dyasmya Morris et al. 1991
G. †Undulomya Fletcher 1946
G. †Wilkingia Wilson 1959
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Invalid names: Allorismiella Astafieva-Urbaitis 1962 [synonym], Dulunomya Astafieva-Urbatis and Dickins 1984 [synonym], Tellinomorpha [synonym]
Subfm. †Vacunellinae Astafieva-Urbajtis 1973
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G. †Cunavella Astafieva-Urbajtis 1990
G. †Myonia Dana 1847
G. †Pachymyonia Dun 1932
G. †Praemyonia Astafieva-Urbajtis 1988
G. †Vacunella Waterhouse 1965
Invalid names: Myoniinae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [synonym]
G. †Verchanogrammysia Muromtseva 1984
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Verchanogrammysia saphronovi Muromtseva 1984
Invalid names: Elymellidae Ulrich 1894 [synonym]
Unr. Poromyata Ridewood 1903
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Or. Pandorida Stewart 1930
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Superfm. Clavagelloidea d'Orbigny 1844
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Fm. Clavagellidae d'Orbigny 1843
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Invalid names: Aspergillidae Gray 1858 [replaced], Humphreyiidae Gray 1858 [synonym]
Invalid names: Penicillidae Gray 1858 [empty]
Superfm. Pandoroidea Rafinesque 1815
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Fm. Laternulidae Hedley 1918
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Invalid names: Anatinidae Gray 1840 [replaced]
Fm. Lyonsiidae Fischer 1887
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Invalid names: Spinolyonsiellidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1983 [synonym]
Fm. Pandoridae Rafinesque 1815
Invalid names: Adelosiphonia Dall 1895 [invalid subgroup]
Or. Pholadomyida Newell 1965
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G. †Arcticlam Marincovich, Jr. 1993
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Arcticlam nanseni Marincovich, Jr. 1993
G. †Argyromya
G. †Dyasma
Superfm. †Edmondioidea King 1850
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Fm. †Edmondiidae King 1850
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Invalid names: Allorismatidae Beurlen 1954 [synonym]
Fm. †Megadesmidae Vokes 1967
Fm. †Pachydomidae Fischer 1887
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Invalid names: Ferraziidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [synonym]
G. †Farrazia
G. †Gissaromya Tschepikova 1971
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Gissaromya abramovi Repin 2008
G. †Indomya
G. †Obrimia
Superfm. Pholadomyoidea King 1844
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G. †Aksumya Kiel 2018
G. †Barcoona
Fm. †Chaenomyidae Waterhouse 1966
Fm. †Margaritariidae Vokes 1964
Fm. Pholadomyidae King 1844
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Invalid names: Arcomyidae Fischer 1887 [synonym]
G. †Sphenolium Miller 1889
Fm. †Ucumariidae Sanchez and Vaccari 2003
Invalid names: Arenigomyidae Carter 2011 [empty], Pholadomyacea Gray 1847 [replaced]
Invalid names: Ceratomyoidea Arkell 1934 [empty], Clavagellina Newell 1965 [empty], Myochamoidea Bronn 1862 [empty], Pholadomyina Newell 1965 [empty]
Or. Poromyida Ridewood 1903
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Superfm. Cuspidarioidea Dall 1886
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Fm. Cuspidariidae Dall 1886
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Invalid names: Myoneridae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1983 [synonym]
Fm. Protocuspidariidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1983
Fm. Spheniopsidae Gardner 1928
Invalid names: Halonymphidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1983 [empty]
Superfm. Parilimyoidea Morton 1981
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Fm. Parilimyidae Morton 1982
Superfm. Poromyoidea Dall 1886
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Fm. Poromyidae Dall 1886
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Invalid names: Dermatomyidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1983 [synonym], Neaeroporomyidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1983 [synonym], Perlaporomyidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1983 [synonym]
Invalid names: Cetoconchidae Ridewood 1903 [empty]
Superfm. Verticordioidea Stoliczka 1871
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Fm. Verticordiidae Stoliczka 1871
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Invalid names: Dallicordiidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1983 [synonym], Policordiidae Scarlato 1981 [synonym]
Invalid names: Euciroidae Dall 1895 [empty], Lyonsiellidae Dall 1895 [empty]
Or. Thraciida Carter 2011
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Superfm. Thracioidea Stoliczka 1870
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Fm. †Burmesiidae Healey 1908
Fm. Cleidothaeridae Hedley 1918
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Invalid names: Chamostreidae Stoliczka 1870 [replaced]
Fm. Myochamidae Carpenter 1861
Fm. Periplomatidae Dall 1895
Fm. Thraciidae Stoliczka 1870
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Invalid names: Osteodematidae Deshayes 1830 [replaced], Osteodesmatidae Couthouy 1839 [synonym]
Unr. Solenata Dall 1889
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Or. Hiatellida Carter 2011
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Superfm. Hiatelloidea Gray 1824
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Fm. Hiatellidae Gray 1824
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Invalid names: Glycimeridae Bronn 1849 [synonym], Pholeobiidae Leach 1852 [synonym], Saxicavidae Swainson 1835 [synonym]
Fm. Saxicavellidae Scott 1994
Or. Solenida Dall 1889
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Superfm. †Orthonotoidea Miller 1877
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Fm. †Konduriidae Sanchez 2007
Fm. †Orthonotidae Miller 1877
Fm. †Prothyridae Miller 1889
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Invalid names: Citothyrisidae Hajkr et al. 1974 [synonym]
Fm. †Solenomorphidae Cockerell 1915
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Invalid names: Solenopsidae Neumayr 1891 [replaced]
Superfm. Solenoidea Lamarck 1809
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Fm. Pharidae Adams and A. 1858
Fm. Solenidae Lamarck 1809
Unr. Lucinidia Gray 1854
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Superfm. †Babinkoidea Horny 1960
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Fm. †Babinkidae Horny 1960
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G. †Babinka Barrande 1881
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Babinka oelandensis Soot-Ryen 1969
Babinka prima Barrande 1881
Fm. †Coxiconchiidae Babin 1977
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G. †Coxiconchia Babin 1966
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Coxiconchia babini Sánchez 2005
Coxiconchia britannica Rouault 1851
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Invalid names: Coxiconchia pellicoi de Verneuil and Barrande 1856 [synonym]
Coxiconchia sellaensis Sánchez and Babin 2005
Or. Lucinida Stoliczka 1871
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Superfm. Lucinoidea Fleming 1828
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Fm. Lucinidae Fleming 1828
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G. Afrolucina von Cosel 2006
G. Anodontia Link 1807
G. †Armimiltha Olsson and Harbison 1953
G. †Austriella Tenison-Woods 1881
G. Barbierella Chavan 1938
G. Bretskya Glover and Taylor 2007
G. †Bulacanites Kase and Aguilar 2006
G. Cardiolucina Sacco 1901
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Invalid names: Bellucina Dall 1901 [synonym]
G. Cavilinga Chavan 1937
G. Chavania Glover and Taylor 2007
G. Codakia Scopoli 1777
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Invalid names: Lentillaria Glover and Taylor 2007 [synonym], Pexocodakia Iredale 1930 [synonym]
G. †Cryptolucina Saul et al. 1996
G. Ctena Mörch 1860
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Invalid names: Jagonia Recluz 1869 [synonym]
G. †Dilora Marwick 1948
G. †Discoloripes Wellnhofer 1964
G. Discolucina Glover and Taylor 2007
G. Divalinga Chavan 1951
G. Divaricella Martens 1880
Subfm. †Divaricellinae Gilbert 1967
G. Epicodakia Iredale 1930
G. Falsolucinoma von Cosel 2006
G. Ferrocina Glover and Taylor 2007
G. Fimbria Mühlfeldt 1811
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Invalid names: Corbis Cuvier 1817 [replaced]
Subfm. Fimbriinae Nicol 1950
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Invalid names: Corbinae Stoliczka 1870 [replaced]
G. Funafutia Glover and Taylor 2001
G. †Gigantocyclus Termier and Termier 1977
G. Gonimyrtea Marwick 1929
G. Graecina von Cosel 2006
G. †Illionia Billings 1874
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Invalid names: Prolucina Dall 1896 [synonym]
G. Joellina von Cosel 2006
G. Lamylucina von Cosel 2006
G. Lepidolucina Glover and Taylor 2007
G. †Lepilucina Olsson 1964
G. Leucosphaera Taylor and Glover 2005
G. Liralucina Glover and Taylor 2007
Subfm. Lucininae Fleming 1828
G. Lucinoma Dall 1901
G. Maorithyas Fleming 1950
G. †Meganodontia Bouchet and Cosel 2004
G. Megaxinus Brugnone 1880
G. Miltha Adams and Adams 1857
Subfm. Milthinae Chavan 1969
G. †Milthona Marwick 1931
G. Myrtea Turton 1822
Subfm. Myrteinae Chavan 1969
G. Myrtina Glover and Taylor 2007
G. †Nipponothracia Kanie and Sakai 1997
G. Notomyrtea Iredale 1924
G. †Nymphalucina Speden 1970
G. †Palaeolucina Chao 1907
G. Parvidontia Glover and Taylor 2007
G. Parvilucina Dall 1901
G. †Phenacocyclas La Rocque 1950
G. Pillucina Pilsbry 1921
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Invalid names: Sydlorina Iredale 1930 [synonym]
G. †Pseudomiltha Fischer 1887
G. †Pteromyrtea Finlay 1926
G. Radiolucina Britton 1972
G. †Sinbadiella Hautmann and Nützel 2005
G. Solelucina Glover and Taylor 2007
G. †Superlucina Taylor and Glover 2009
G. †Tehamatea Kiel 2013
G. Tinalucina von Cosel 2006
G. Wallucina Iredale 1930
Invalid names: Codakiinae Korobkov 1954 [empty], Ilioniinae Fleming 1828 [empty], Phacoides joannis Dall 1905 [nomen nudum]
Fm. †Mactromyidae Cox 1929
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G. †Bathycorbis Iredale 1930
G. †Clisocolus Gabb 1869
G. †Cordiula Meyer 1887
G. †Eolucina Ding 1982
G. †Linetia Chavan 1959
G. †Mactromya Agassiz 1843
G. †Mactromyopsis Chavan 1905
G. †Montanaria Spriesterbach 1909
G. †Paracyclas Hall 1843
G. †Sexta Stephenson 1953
G. †Thetironia Stoliczka 1870
G. †Thetis Sowerby 1826
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Invalid names: Fimbriella Stoliczka 1871 [objective synonym]
G. †Unicardium d'Orbigny 1850
Invalid names: Unicardiidae Fischer 1887 [replaced]
Invalid names: Lucinacea Fleming 1828 [replaced], Paracyclidae Johnston 1993 [empty]
Superfm. Thyasiroidea Dall 1900
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Fm. Thyasiridae Dall 1901
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G. Adontorhina Berry 1947
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Invalid names: Axinopsis Sars 1878 [replaced]
G. Axinulus Verrill and Bush 1898
G. Axinus Sowerby 1821
G. Conchocele Gabb 1866
G. †Cretaxinus Hryniewicz et al. 2014
G. †Eothyasira Karapunar et al. 2020
G. Genaxinus Iredale 1930
G. Leptaxinus Verrill 1898
G. Parathyasira Iredale 1930
G. Rhacothyas Åström and Oliver 2017
G. †Storthodon Giebel 1856
G. Tauraxinus Sacco 1901
G. Thyasira Lamarck 1818
Invalid names: Axinopsidinae Frank Bernard 1983 [empty], Cryptodontidae Dall 1895 [synonym], Thyasirinae Dall 1900 [empty]
Invalid names: Astartida Scarlato and Starobogatov 1971 [synonym], Donacoidea Fleming 1828 [empty], Kellioidea Forbes and Hanley 1848 [empty], Mactromyoidea Cox 1929 [empty], Pisidioidea Gray 1857 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilec
Life habit: infaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 11:33:36
Modified: 2010-02-12 03:59:35
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Moridunian to the top of the Holocene or 478.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 477.7 Ma

Collections (20065 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Paleozoic - Triassic541.0 - 201.3Chile (Ovalle) Permophoridae indet. (222433)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan and Hubei) Modiolopsis sp. (7719)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Argentina Ucumaris conradoi (66258)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Sichuan) Modiolopsis sp. (5418)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7France (Montagne Noire) Babinka prima (20819)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan) Modiolopsis sp. (7712)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Guizhou) Modiolopsis sp. (5279)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Argentina (Jujuy) Coxiconchia babini (57210)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (YunNan) Modiolopsis sp., Cypricardinia sp. (7733 7736)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Morocco (Anti-Atlas) Babinka sp., Coxiconcha sp., Redonia sp. (166727)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4USA (New York) Colpomya sp., Endodesma sp. (332)
Moridunian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (Wales) Arenigomya carinata, Goniophora extensa, Modiolopsis sp. A, Modiolopsis sp. B, Parallelodus dyfedensis (87601)
Cassinian478.6 - 468.1USA (Missouri) Ischyrodonta dakei, Modiolopsis convexa (75553) Modiolopsis convexa (75554)
Dawan478.6 - 468.1China (Hunan and Hubei) Modiolopsis sp. (7717)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina Cosmogoniophora sp. (8777) Redonia sp. (8783 8875) Redonia suriensis (210685)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina (La Rioja) Colpomya elongata (49049) Colpomya sp. (169615) Redonia riojana (49050 169614) Redonia suriensis, Colpomya sp. (169613)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Morocco Babinka prima (56612) Redonia michelae (20979 56608)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0France (Ille-et-Vilaine) Hippomya salteri (20860) Redonia boblayei, Hippomya sp., Modiolopsis caillaudi (20852)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina (Salta) Ucumaropsis lermaensis (57211)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (YunNan) Cypricardinia sp. (7735) Modiolopsis sp., Cypricardinia sp. (7732)