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Cardiata

Bivalvia

Taxonomy
Cardiata was named by Ferussac (1822). It is extant.

It was assigned to Cardiidia by Carter et al. (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1822Cardiata Ferussac
2011Cardiata Carter et al. p. 14

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
RankNameAuthor
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Gray 1854)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardiidiaFerussac 1822
CardiataFerussac 1822
CardiataFerussac 1822

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Cardiata Ferussac 1822
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Superor. Cardiiformii Ferussac 1822
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Or. Cardiida Ferussac 1822
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Subor. †Anthracosiidina Silantiev and Carter 2011
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Superfm. †Anthracosioidea Amalizky 1892
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Fm. †Anthracosiidae Amalizky 1892
Fm. †Carbonicolidae Cox 1932
Fm. †Ferganoconchidae Martinson 1956
Fm. †Shaanxiconchidae Liu 1980
Fm. Sinomyidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979
G. †Yananoconcha Yu and Zhang 1980
Superfm. †Opokielloidea Kanev 1983
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Fm. †Opokiellidae Kanev 1983
Superfm. †Palaeanodontoidea Modell 1964
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Invalid names: Palaeanodontidae Modell 1964 [empty]
Superfm. †Prilukielloidea Starobogatov 1970
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Fm. †Prilukiellidae Starabogatov 1970
Fm. †Senderzoniellidae Betekhtina et al. 1987
Subor. Cardiidina Ferussac 1822
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Unr. Cardioidei Ferussac 1822
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Superfm. Cardioidea Lamarck 1809
Superfm. Tellinoidea Blainville 1814
Fm. †Palaeocarditidae Chavan 1969
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G. †Carditomantea Quenstedt 1929
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Invalid names: Cardiomantea [objective synonym]
G. †Palaeocardita Conrad 1867
G. †Pseudopis Cox 1946
Unr. Veneroidei Gray 1854
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G. †Aliodonax
G. †Aphaea
G. †Bungoella
Superfm. Carditacea Fleming 1820
Superfm. †Chlamydoconchacea Dall 1884
Superfm. Corbiculoidea Gray 1847
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Invalid names: Corbiculacea Gray 1847 [replaced]
G. †Cryptocoelopis Bittner 1895
G. †Cypricardella Hall 1856
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Invalid names: Microdon Conrad 1842 [replaced], Microdonella Oehlert 1881 [synonym]
Unr. Dreissenoitei Moore 1952
G. †Ergenica
G. †Farisia
G. †Hubeiconcha Wang 1993
Superfm. Leptonoidea Gray 1847
G. †Leuroactis Stewart 1930
G. Loxoglypta Dall et al. 1939
G. Luniulicardia Gray 1853
G. †Mancosinodia Kadolsky 1988
G. †Nilobia
G. †Nipponomarcia Ikebe 1941
G. †Olssonella Glibert and Van de Poel 1967
G. †Osoinia
G. †Paraarctica Motasi and Moisescu 1974
G. †Pseudopermorphus Ciriacks 1963
G. †Rochella
G. Tentidonox Iredale 1930
G. †Tivellina Cossmann 1886
Superfm. Tridacnoidea Lamarck 1819
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Invalid names: Tridacnacea Lamarck 1819 [replaced]
G. †Urbnisia
Unr. Veneroitei Gray 1854
Invalid names: Arcticina Newell 1965 [empty], Corbuloidea Lamarck 1818 [empty], Cyrenoidoidea Adams and Adams 1857 [empty], Kellielloidea Fischer 1887 [empty], Lucinina Dall 1889 [empty], Scrobicularioidea Scarlato and Starobogatov 1856 [empty]
Subor. Gastrochaenidina Morretes 1949
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Superfm. Gastrochaenoidea Gray 1840
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Fm. Gastrochaenidae Gray 1840
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Invalid names: Chaenidae Gray 1858 [objective synonym], Rocellariidae Ridewood 1903 [synonym]
Superfm. †Kalenteroidea Marwick 1953
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Fm. †Kalenteridae Marwick 1953
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G. †Celtoides Newell 1957
G. †Curionia Ronchetti and Allasinaz 1965
Subfm. †Healeyinae Hautmann 2008
G. †Kalentera Marwick 1953
Subfm. †Kalenterinae Marwick 1953
G. †Myoconcha Sowerby 1824
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Invalid names: Heterostrea Jaworski 1913 [synonym], Labayophorus Licharew 1939 [synonym]
Subfm. †Myoconchinae Newell 1957
G. †Permophorus Chavan 1954
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Invalid names: Pleurophorus King 1844 [replaced]
G. †Pseudomyoconcha Rossi et al. 1966
G. †Pseudopermophorus Ciriacks 1963
G. †Rimmyjimina Chronic 1952
G. †Terzileria Kiel 2018
G. †Triaphorus Marwick 1953
Invalid names: Permophoridae van de Poel 1959 [replaced], Pleurophorina Licharew 1925 [nomen dubium]
Invalid names: Myoconchidae Newell 1957 [empty]
Subor. Leptonidina Dall 1889
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Superfm. Cyamioidea Philippi 1845
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Fm. Cyamiidae Philippi 1845
Fm. Galatheavalvidae Knudsen 1970
Fm. Neoleptonidae Thiele 1934
Fm. Sportellidae Dall 1899
Invalid names: Basterotiidae Cossmann 1909 [empty], Perrierinidae Marwick 1927 [empty]
Superfm. Galeommatoidea Gray 1840
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Fm. Galeommatidae Gray 1840
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Invalid names: Cyamionematidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [synonym], Ephippodontidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [synonym], Vasconiellidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [synonym]
Fm. Lasaeidae Gray 1842
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Invalid names: Scacchiidae Récluz 1869 [synonym]
Fm. Leptonidae Gray 1847
Invalid names: Ephippiodontidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [empty]
Or. †Hippuritida Newell 1965 [rudist]
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G. †Gloassamyophorous Masse et al. 1984
G. †Hatayin
Superfm. †Hippuritacea Gray 1848 [rudist]
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G. †Anodontopleura Felix 1891
G. †Cryptaulia Pocta 1889
G. †Palus Palmer 1928
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Palus corrugatus Palmer 1928
Invalid names: Hippuritoidea Gray 1848 [replaced]
Subor. Hippuritina Newell 1965
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Invalid names: Caprotinoidea Gray 1848 [empty], Lapeirousioidea Kuehn 1932 [empty], Monopleuroidea Munier-Chalmas 1873 [empty]
Subor. †Radiolitidina Skelton 2013
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Superfm. Caprinoidea d’Orbigny 1850
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Fm. †Antillocaprinidae MacGillavry 1937
Fm. †Caprinidae d'Orbigny 1850
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Invalid names: Rethidae Yanin 1989 [synonym]
Fm. †Caprinuloideidae Damestoy 1971
Fm. †Ichthyosarcolitidae Douvillé 1887
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Invalid names: Caprinellidae Gill 1871 [synonym]
Invalid names: Ichtyosarcolidae Douvillé 1887 [empty]
Superfm. †Radiolitoidea Gray 1848
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Fm. †Caprinulidae Yanin 1989
Fm. †Caprotinidae Gray 1848
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Invalid names: Gyropleuridae Paquier 1905 [synonym], Heterocaprinidae Munier-Chalmas 1873 [synonym], Horiopleuridae Yanin 1989 [synonym]
Fm. †Diceratidae Dall 1895
Fm. †Hippuritidae Gray 1848
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Invalid names: Batolitidae Yanin 1989 [synonym], Pironaeidae Yanin 1989 [synonym]
Fm. †Monopleuridae Munier-Chalmas 1873
Fm. †Plagioptychidae Douvillé 1888
Fm. †Polyconitidae MacGillavry 1937
Fm. †Radiolitidae Gray 1848
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Invalid names: Chiapasellidae Alencaster 1971 [synonym], Duraniidae Yanin 1989 [synonym], Osculigeridae Yanin 1989 [synonym]
G. †Rousselia Douvillé 1898
Fm. †Trechmannellidae Cox 1934
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Invalid names: Anomoptychidae Vokes 1967 [synonym], Dictyoptychidae Skelton 1993 [synonym]
Subor. †Requieniidina Skelton 2013
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Superfm. †Requienioidea Douvillé 1914
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Fm. †Epidiceratidae Rengarten 1950
Fm. †Requieniidae Douvillé 1914
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Invalid names: Bayleiidae Munier-Chalmas 1873 [synonym]
Invalid names: Archaeochionelasmus Kočí et al. 2017 [nomen dubium], Archaeochionelasmus nekvasilovae Kočí et al. 2017 [nomen dubium], Rousseliinae MacGillavry 1937 [empty]
Or. †Megalodontida Starobogatov 1992
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Superfm. †Mecynodontoidea Haffer 1959
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Fm. †Beichuaniidae Liu and Gu 1988
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G. †Beichuania Liu and Gu 1988
Fm. †Congeriomorphidae Saul 1976
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G. †Congeriomorpha Stoyanow 1948
Fm. †Mecynodontidae Haffer 1959
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G. †Ganxiella Liu and Gu 1988
G. †Mecynodon
Fm. †Plethocardiidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979
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Invalid names: Prosocoelidae Karczewski 1992 [empty]
Superfm. †Megalodontoidea Morris 1853
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Fm. †Ceratomyopsidae Cox 1964
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G. †Ceratomyopsis Cossmann 1915
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Invalid names: Ceromyopsis de Loriol 1897 [replaced]
G. †Tellurimya Cox 1964
Fm. †Dicerocardiidae Kutassy 1934
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G. †Carinocardia Termier and Verriez 1974
G. †Cornucardia Koken 1913
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Invalid names: Craspedodon Bittner 1901 [replaced]
G. †Dicerocardium Stoppani 1856
G. †Physocardia Wöhrmann 1894
G. †Platycardia Beringer 1949
G. †Praedicerocardium Friesenbichler et al. 2019
G. †Pseudisocardia Douvillé 1912
G. †Rostrocardia Freneix 1972
Fm. †Megalodontidae Morris 1853
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G. †Ampezzania Allasinaz and Zardini 1977
G. †Conchodon Stoppani 1865
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Invalid names: Lycodus Schafhäutl 1863 [replaced]
G. †Cumularia
G. †Megalodon Sowerby 1827
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Invalid names: Megalomus Hall 1852 [synonym]
G. †Neomegalodon Guembel 1864
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Invalid names: Gemmellarodus di Stefano 1912 [synonym], Rossiodus Allasinaz 1965 [synonym]
G. †Pachyrisma Morris and Lycett 1850
G. †Paramegalodus Cox 1969
G. †Pomarangina Diener 1908
G. †Protodiceras Böhm 1892
G. †Quemocuomegalodon Yao et al. 2003
G. †Rhaetomegalodon Végh-Neubrandt 1969
G. †Triadomegalodon Vegh-Neubrandt 1974
Fm. †Wallowaconchidae Yancey and Stanley 1999
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G. †Wallowaconcha Yancey and Stanley 1999
Invalid names: Pachyrismatidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [empty]
Or. †Modiomorphida Newell 1969
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G. †Brahcylyrodesma Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
G. †Caspiconcha Kelly 2000
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Caspiconcha rubani Kiel et al. 2010
Superfm. †Cycloconchacea Ulrich 1884
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Fm. †Allodesmatidae Dall 1895
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G. †Allodesma Ulrich 1894
G. †Anodontopsis McCoy 1851
G. †Ischyrodonta Ulrich 1890
G. †Orthodontiscus Meek 1871
Fm. †Carydiidae Haffer 1959
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G. †Carydium Beushausen 1895
Invalid names: Lamellodontidae Vogel 1962 [empty]
Superfm. †Modiomorphoidea Miller 1877
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Fm. †Cypricardiniidae Ulrich 1894
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G. †Cypricardinia Hall 1860
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Invalid names: Newsomella Foerste 1909 [synonym]
Fm. †Modiomorphidae Miller 1877
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G. †Aristerella Ulrich 1894
G. †Ataviaconcha Hryniewicz et al. 2017
Subfm. †Butovicellinae Kríž 1965
G. †Byssodesma Isberg 1934
G. †Corallidomus Whitfield 1895
G. †Cymatonota Ulrich 1893
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Invalid names: Chaenodomus Ulrich 1894 [synonym], Endodesma Ulrich 1894 [synonym], Physetomya Ulrich 1893 [synonym], Psiloconcha Ulrich 1894 [synonym]
G. †Dceruska Barrande 1881
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Invalid names: Filiola [synonym]
G. †Glossites Hall 1885
G. †Goniophoriopsis Zhang 1977
G. †Guerangeria Oehlert 1880
G. †Hippomya Salter 1864
G. †Janicula Kříž 2008
G. †Liromytilus La Rocque 1950
G. †Megambonia Hall 1859
Subfm. †Modiolopsinae Liljedahl 1994
Subfm. †Modiomorphinae Miller 1877
G. †Modiophorus Fang and Morris 1997
G. †Naiadopsis Mendes 1952
G. †Neofordilla Krasilova 1977
G. †Orthodesma Hall and Whitfield 1875
G. †Parallelodus Branson 1909
G. †Pholadomorpha Foerste 1914
G. †Phorinoplax Johnson 1993
G. †Plicatomorpha Krasilova 1979
G. †Procarinaria Perner 1911
G. †Prolobella Ulrich 1894
G. †Pyanomya Miller 1881
G. †Redonia Rouault 1851
G. †Saffordia Ulrich 1894
G. †Semicorallidomus Isberg 1934
G. †Spathella Hall 1885
G. †Sphenotomorpha Williams and Berger 1916
G. †Tylophora Dahmer 1936
G. †Whiteavesia Ulrich 1893
Invalid names: Hippomyidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979 [synonym], Joannininae Carter 2011 [empty], Palanatinidae Miller 1877 [synonym]
Fm. †Palaeopharidae Marwick 1953
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G. †Palaeopharus Kitti 1907
Fm. †Tusayanidae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979
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G. †Tusayana Stoyanow 1948
Invalid names: Coxiconchidae Babin 1977 [empty], Hippopodiumidae Cox 1969 [empty]
Superor. Pholadiformii Gray 1854
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Or. Pholadida Gray 1854
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Superfm. Myoidea Lamarck 1809
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Fm. Corbulidae Lamarck 1818
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G. †Aloides Muhlfeld 1811
G. Anticorbula Dall 1898
G. †Antiquicorbula Hautmann 2001
G. Bicorbula Fischer 1887
G. †Bothrocorbula Gabb 1873
Subfm. †Caestocorbulinae Vokes 1945
G. Caryocorbula Gardner 1926
G. †Concentricavalva Wesselingh 2006
G. †Coquandia
G. Corbula Bruguière 1789
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Invalid names: Aloidis Megerle 1811 [synonym]
Subfm. †Corbulamellinae Vokes 1945
Subfm. Corbulinae Lamarck 1818
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Invalid names: Potamocorbulinae Habe 1977 [synonym]
G. †Cuneocorbula Cossmann 1886
G. †Cuspicorbula Olsson 1928
Fm. Erodoninae Winckworth 1932
G. †Exallocorbula Nemésio et al. 2006
G. †Ficusocorbula Korobkov 1954
G. Hexacorbula Olsson 1932
G. Juliacorbula Olsson 1953
Subfm. †Lentidiinae Vokes 1945
G. †Lhasanella Yin and Grant-Mackie 2005
G. Ostomya Conrad 1874
Subfm. †Pachydontinae Vokes 1945
G. †Pachyrotunda Wesselingh 2006
G. Panamicorbula Pilsbry 1932
G. †Pulsidis
G. †Rostrocorbula Harper et al. 2002
Invalid names: Aloididae Thiele 1935 [synonym], Caryocorbulinae Gardner 1926 [empty], Lentidinae De Cristofori and Jan 1832 [empty]
Fm. Myidae Lamarck 1809 [softshell clam]
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G. Cryptomya Conrad 1848
G. Mya Linnaeus 1758
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Invalid names: Hiatula [objective synonym]
G. Platyodon Conrad 1837
G. Sphenia Turton 1822
G. Tugonia RŽcluz 1846
G. †Venatomya Iredale 1930
Invalid names: Cryptomyinae Habe 1977 [empty], Myinae Lamarck 1809 [empty], Spheniinae Frank Bernard 1983 [empty]
Fm. †Pleurodesmatidae Cossmann 1909
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Fm. †Raetomyidae Newton 1919
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G. †Amotapas Olsson 1930
G. †Amotapus Olsson 1928
G. †Raetomya Newton 1919
Invalid names: Amotapidae Olsson 1928 [synonym]
Invalid names: Megadesmatidae Fischer 1887 [empty], Myacidae Glenn 1904 [empty], Rhaetomyidae Newton 1919 [empty]
Superfm. Pholadoidea Lamarck 1809
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Fm. Pholadidae Lamarck 1809
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G. Cyrtopleura Tryon 1862
G. Dactylina Gray
G. Diplothyra Tryon 1862
Subfm. Jouannetiinae Tryon 1862
G. Lignopholas Turner 1955
G. Martesia Sowerby 1824
Subfm. Martesiinae Grant 1931
G. †Opertochasma Stephenson 1953
Subfm. Pholadinae Lamarck 1809
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Invalid names: Zirfaeinae Gray 1851 [synonym]
G. †Teredina
Subfm. Xylophaginae Purchon 1941
G. †Zirphaea Gray 1840
Invalid names: Hypogaeidae Rafinesque 1815 [synonym], Martesinae Grant and Gale 1931 [empty]
Fm. Teredinidae Rafinesque 1815
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Subfm. Kuphinae Tryon 1862
G. †Terebrimya Stephenson 1953
Subfm. Teredininae Rafinesque 1815
G. Teredo Linnaeus 1758
G. Teredothyra Bartsch 1921
G. †Turnus Gabb 1864
G. Xylotrya Blainville 1828
Invalid names: Teredolithus Bartsch 1930 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. Xylophagaidae Purchon 1941
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G. Xylophaga Turton 1822
Invalid names: Pholadacea Lamarck 1809 [replaced]
Superfm. †Pleuromyoidea Dall 1900
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Fm. †Ceratomyidae Arkell 1934
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G. †Ceratomya Sandberger 1864
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Invalid names: Ceromya Agassiz 1842 [replaced]
G. †Gresslya Agassiz 1843
G. †Makoiamya Grant-Mackie 2013
Subfm. †Myopholadinae Cox 1964
G. †Ochotomya Polubotko 1966
G. †Pholadomyocardia Szajnocha 1889
G. †Pteromya Moore 1861
Invalid names: Ceratomyinae Arkell 1934 [empty]
Fm. †Pleuromyidae Dall 1900
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G. †Pleuromya Meek 1873
Invalid names: Pseudomya Röder 1882 [invalid subgroup]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilec
Life habit: infaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 11:33:36
Modified: 2010-02-12 03:59:35
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Moridunian to the top of the Holocene or 478.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 477.7 Ma

Collections (17096 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Paleozoic - Triassic541.0 - 201.3Chile (Ovalle) Permophoridae indet. (222433)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (YunNan) Modiolopsis sp., Cypricardinia sp. (7733 7736)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan) Modiolopsis sp. (7712)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Guizhou) Modiolopsis sp. (5279)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan and Hubei) Modiolopsis sp. (7719)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Sichuan) Modiolopsis sp. (5418)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Morocco (Anti-Atlas) Redonia sp. (166727)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4USA (New York) Colpomya sp., Endodesma sp. (332)
Moridunian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (Wales) Modiolopsis sp. A, Modiolopsis sp. B, Parallelodus dyfedensis, Goniophora extensa (87601)
Cassinian478.6 - 468.1USA (Missouri) Modiolopsis convexa (75554) Modiolopsis convexa, Ischyrodonta dakei (75553)
Dawan478.6 - 468.1China (Hunan and Hubei) Modiolopsis sp. (7717)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (Yunnan) Cypricardinia sp. (5432)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0France (Montagne Noire) Redonia sp. (20821 20826 20828 20831)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Bolivia (Tarija) Redonia riojana (57172 57173)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0France (Ille-et-Vilaine) Hippomya salteri (20860) Modiolopsis caillaudi, Hippomya sp., Redonia boblayei (20852)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (YunNan) Cypricardinia sp. (7735) Modiolopsis sp., Cypricardinia sp. (7732)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina (La Rioja) Colpomya elongata (49049) Colpomya sp. (169615) Colpomya sp., Redonia suriensis (169613) Redonia riojana (49050 169614)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina Cosmogoniophora sp. (8777) Redonia sp. (8783 8875) Redonia suriensis (210685)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Morocco Redonia michelae (20979 56608)
Klabava478.6 - 466.0France (Montagne Noire) Modiolopsis sp., Cymatonota sp., Redonia sp. (20824)