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Cardiida

Bivalvia - Cardiida

Taxonomy
Cardiida was named by Ferussac (1822). It is extant.

It was assigned to Cardiiformii by Carter et al. (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1822Cardiida Ferussac
2011Cardiida Carter et al. p. 15

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
RankNameAuthor
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Cox 1960)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardiidiaFerussac 1822
CardiataFerussac 1822
superorderCardiiformiiFerussac 1822
orderCardiidaFerussac 1822
orderCardiidaFerussac 1822

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilec
Life habit: infaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 11:33:36
Modified: 2010-02-12 03:59:35
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Vormsi to the top of the Holocene or 452.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 445.6 Ma

Collections (10671 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Katian453.0 - 445.2Sweden (Dalarna) Cypricardites kallholniensis, Cypricardites suecicus, Cypricardites mobergi, Cypricardites bidens (124939)
Vormsi452.0 - 445.6Estonia (Hiiumaa) Glauconome plumula (153965)
Porkuni445.6 - 443.7Estonia Glauconome plumula (167591)
Porkuni445.6 - 443.7Estonia (Lääne-Viru) Cardium pygmaeum (87313)
Hirnantian445.2 - 443.4Sweden Glauconome plumula (164285)
Ludlow - Pridoli427.4 - 419.2Algeria Isocardia insocialis (27209)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Germany (Eifel) Prosocoelus indet. (24695)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Canada (Quebec) Modiella sp. (608)
Middle Devonian393.3 - 382.7USA (New York) Modiella pygmaea (91226 91236 91245)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Pennsylvania) Modiella pygmaea (9888) Modiella sp. (627)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (New York) Modiella pygmaea (9028 9356 9357 9358 9359 9361 9364 9381 9395 9397 9398 9500 9503 9504 9507 9508 9509 9510 9511 9512 9597 9598 10459 10461 89659 89707 89734 89747 89751 89879 89883 89884 89886 89927 96210 96211 96212 96213 111330)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7United Kingdom (England) Spathella munda (38422 38427)
Carboniferous358.9 - 298.9USA (California) Permophorus sp. (588)
Visean346.7 - 330.9China (Guizhou) Neocypricardinia sinensis (59843)
Jiusian345.3 - 339.4China (Guangdong) Neocypricardinia simplex (55694 55698 55700)
Meramecian345.0 - 336.0Canada (Alberta) Pleurophorus subplanus, Pleurophorus spp. (62396)
Asbian339.4 - 336.0Australia (New South Wales) Pullastra striatocostata (133349)
Chesterian339.4 - 318.1USA (Wyoming) Permophorus sp. (585)
Serpukhovian330.9 - 323.2USA (California) Permophorus sp. (587)
Serpukhovian330.9 - 323.2USA (Montana) Pleurophorus sp. (5623 5650)