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Cardioidei

Bivalvia - Cardiida

Taxonomy
Cardioidei was named by Ferussac (1822). It is extant.

It was assigned to Cardiidina by Carter et al. (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1822Cardioidei Ferussac
2011Cardioidei Carter et al. p. 15

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
RankNameAuthor
infraclassHeteroconchia(Cox 1960)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardiidiaFerussac 1822
CardiataFerussac 1822
superorderCardiiformiiFerussac 1822
orderCardiidaFerussac 1822
suborderCardiidinaFerussac 1822
CardioideiFerussac 1822
CardioideiFerussac 1822

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilec
Life habit: infaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 11:33:36
Modified: 2010-02-12 03:59:35
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Porkuni to the top of the Holocene or 445.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 443.7 Ma

Collections (6278 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Porkuni445.6 - 443.7Estonia (Lääne-Viru) Cardium pygmaeum (87313)
Serpukhovian330.9 - 323.2USA (Oklahoma) Solen gardneri (5611)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2Ukraine ( Chelyabinsk) Cardium ouralicum (155681)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom (England) Psammobia subpapyracea (130765)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom Tellina dunelmensis (130870)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Hessen) Tancredia beneckei, Tellina sp. (38545)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany Tellina sp. (66078)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Qinghai) Tellina qilianshanensis (101024 101044)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Slovakia Cardium victoriae (44353)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (nevada) Septocardia sp. (32766 32767 32768 32769 32771 32773 32774 32776 32792 32793 32795 32797 32799 32810 32811)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Myanmar (Tenasserim) Protocardia sp. (44825)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Laos Protocardia contusa (44800)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Japan (Kochi) Sakawanella triadica (40471)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Nevada) Septocardia sp. (32512 32514 32519 32520 32521 32523 32526 32527 32532 32533 32535 32541 32667 32670 32725 32728 32742 32752 32753 32756 32757 32759 32761 32762)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5China (Xizang) Cardium sp. (85521)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Alaska) Protocardia sp. (112287 112288)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Mexico (Sonora) Septocardia sp. (41020)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy Cardita crenata (137429) Palaeocardita crenata (34692 69661 69662 69669 69674 69677 69679 69684 69685 69686 69687 69688)
Tuvalian232.0 - 221.5Canada (British Columbia) Septocardia sp. (49650)
Tuvalian232.0 - 221.5USA (Nevada) Septocardia sp. (32540 32731)