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Synonymy list
YearName and author
2004Embryophyta Crane et al.

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If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
No ecological data are available

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Ludlow to the top of the Holocene or 427.40000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 423.0 Ma

Collections (5562 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Silurian443.4 - 419.2Norway (Svalbard) Leiotriletes parvus, Granulatisporites muninensis, Emphanisporites minutus (20839)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0Australia (Victoria) Zosterophyllales indet. (20754)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Xinjiang) Junggaria spinosa (10931)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Kazakhstan (North of Lake Balkash) Cooksonella sp. (53659) Cooksonella sp., Cooksonella sphaerica (53656)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2United Kingdom (England) Emphanisporites micrornatus, Emphanisporites neglectus (10706)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Kazakhstan (N of Lake Balkash) Cooksonella sp. (53609)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8France (Finistere) Emphanisporites epicautus (6160) Emphanisporites micronatus (6162)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3France (Lys Valley) Psilophyton goldschmidtii, Psilophyton sp., Dawsonites arcuatus (28038) Psilophyton princeps, Psilophyton sp., Dawsonites arcuatus, Dawsonites minor (28207)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Canada (Quebec) Psilophyton dawsonii (21266)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Norway (Sor-Trondelag) Psilophyton arcuatum (21194 21195) Psilophyton burnotense, Psilophyton arcuatum (21190)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Antarctica Psilophytopsida indet. (35559)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Canada (New Brunswick) Psilophyton charientos (26439) Psilophyton coniculum (26526) Psilophyton crenulatum, Emphanisporites erraticus, Emphanisporites schultzii (26536) Psilophyton indet. (26424 26650 26660) Psilophyton princeps (26656 29334) Psilophyton sp. (24146)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3China (Sichuan) Psilophyton sp. (10907)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3USA (Wyoming) Psilophyton wyomingense, Emphanisporites micrornatus, Emphanisporites rotatus (26179) Psilophyton wyomingense, Psilophyton sp. (10626)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3United Kingdom (Wales) Perotrilites microbaculatus, Emphanisporites micrornatus (25242)
Early/Lower Devonian - Middle Devonian419.2 - 382.7Belgium (Namur) Psilophyton princeps, Psilophyton goldschmidtii, Dawsonites arcuatus (23562)
Early/Lower Devonian - Middle Devonian419.2 - 382.7USA (Alaska) Psilophyton sp. (111863)
Early/Lower Devonian - Middle Devonian419.2 - 382.7Belgium (Liege) Psilophyton burnotense, Psilophyton crenulatum, Psilophyton forbesii, Psilophyton genseliae, Psilophyton parvulum, Dawsonites arcuatus (24038) Psilophyton genseliae (24043) Psilophyton goldschmidtii (23565 23569) Psilophyton goldschmidtii, Dawsonites sp. (23564) Psilophyton parvulum (24056)
Early/Lower Devonian - Middle Devonian419.2 - 382.7Belgium (Hainuit) Psilophyton goldschmidtii, Psilophyton princeps, Psilophyton burnotense (23536)
Early/Lower Devonian - Middle Devonian419.2 - 382.7United Kingdom (Scotland) Dawsonites roskiliensis (10692 10695)