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Cymatosaurus

Reptilia - Sauropterygia

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1878Eurysaurus Gaudry
1894Cymatosaurus Fritsch
1902Proneusticosaurus Volz
1965Cymatosaurus Young p. 355
1988Cymatosaurus Carroll
1988Eurysaurus Carroll
1988Proneusticosaurus Carroll
1991Cymatosaurus Storrs p. 134
1994Cymatosaurus erytheus Huene p. 193 figs. 1a-c
1994Cymatosaurus Rieppel p. 10 fig. 1
1997Cymatosaurus Rieppel pp. 3-4
1998Cymatosaurus Rieppel and Wernburg p. 578
2000Cymatosaurus Rieppel
2001Cymatosaurus O'Keefe p. 19 fig. 20
2002Cymatosaurus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Eurysaurus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Proneusticosaurus Sepkoski, Jr.
2014Cymatosaurus Sander et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
orderSauropterygia
orderEosauropterygia
suborderPistosauroideaBaur 1887
genusCymatosaurusFritsch 1894

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
O. Rieppel and R. Wernburg 1998"Eosauropterygians with a moderately depressed skull; snout constricted; postorbital skull distinctly elongated; occiput deeply concave; supraoccipital vertically oriented and in loose connection with the dermatocranium; distinctly reduced nasals that may or may not enter the external naris; frontals paired; posterolateral procceses of frontals closely approach the upper temporal fossa and may enter its anteromedial margin; parietals incompletely or completely fused; jugal enters posterior margin of the orbit and remains excluded from upper temporal arch; quadratojugal absent."