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Ardeadactylus longicollum

Reptilia -

Taxonomy
Pterodactylus longicollum was named by Meyer (1854). Its type specimen is SMNS 56603 (neotype) and is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Nusplingen quarry, which is in a Kimmeridgian open shallow subtidal lime mudstone in the Nusplingen Limestone Formation of Germany.

It was recombined as Ardeadactylus longicollum by Bennett (2013) and Andres et al. (2014).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1854Pterodactylus longicollum Meyer
1858Pterodactylus vulturinus Wagner
1886Pterodactylus longicollis Winkler p. 198
1890Pterodactylus longicollum Zittel p. 792
1890Pterodactylus vulturinus Zittel p. 792
2013Ardeadactylus longicollum Bennett fig. 11
2014Ardeadactylus longicollum Andres et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
RankNameAuthor
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
PterosauromorphaPadian 1997
Pterosauria(Kaup 1834)
suborderPterodactyloideaPlieninger 1901
genusArdeadactylus
specieslongicollum(Meyer 1854)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
S. C. Bennett 2013Upper Jurassic pterodactyloid with elongate skull, a slender and elongated rostrum and the superior margin of the anterior skull markedly concave; tooth number ~15 teeth per jaw side in mature adults; teeth strong, gently curving, and somewhat anteriorly inclined; posterior teeth equivalent in size to anterior teeth; tooth row length ~50% of jaw length, and upper tooth row not extending under the naso-antorbital fenestra. Cervical vertebrae 3-7 elongate, and neck relatively longer that in Cycnorhamphus, Ctenochasma, and Aurorazhdarcho (shared with Pterodactylus). In known specimens WP2 is 65–71 % of WP1 length, and WP1-4 lengths exhibit a concave upward curve in modified Nopcsa curves.