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Gymnolaemata

Gymnolaemata

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1856Gymnolaemata Allman
1953Gymnolaemata Bassler p. G31
1983Gymnolaemata Boardman et al. p. 11
1987Gymnolaemata Boardman and Cheetham p. 507
1994Gymnolaemata Gordon et al.
1997Gymnolaemata Lee et al.
1998Gymnolaemata Zrzavy et al.
2002Gymnolaemata Sepkoski
2003Gymnolaemata Schmidt
2007Gymnolaemata Guha and Gipikrishna p. 804
2007Gymnolaemata Guha and Gopikrishna p. 122
2019Gymnolaemata López-Gappa and Pérez p. 424

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
RankNameAuthor
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBryozoaEhrenberg 1831
classGymnolaemataAllman 1856
classGymnolaemataAllman 1856

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Cl. Gymnolaemata Allman 1856
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Or. Cheilostomata Busk 1859
+
Fm. †Adeonellidae Busk 1884
+
Subor. Anasca Levinsen 1909
+
Fm. †Bicellariellidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. Beania Johnston 1840
+
Beania diademata Cheetham 1972
G. Bicellariella Levinsen 1909
G. Bicellarina Levinsen 1909
G. Calyptozoum Harmer 1926
G. Cornucopina Levinsen 1909
G. Corynoporella Hincks 1888
G. Dimetopia Busk 1852
G. Dimorphozoum Levinsen 1909
G. Erymophora Hastings 1943
G. Klugella Hastings 1943
G. Petalostegus Levinson 1909
Unr. Cellularina Smitt 1867
+
Fm. Beaniidae Canu and Bassler 1927
+
G. Chaunosia Busk 1867
G. Diachoris Busk 1852
G. Stolonella Hincks 1883
+
G. Epistomia Fleming 1828
Unr. Coilostega Levinsen 1902
+
Fm. Alysidiidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. Alysidium Busk 1852
G. Catenicula O'Donoghue 1924
Fm. †Calpensiidae Canu and Basler 1923
+
Fm. Cothurnicellidae Bassler 1935
+
Unr. Cribrimorpha Lang 1916
+
Fm. †Andrioporidae Lang 1916
+
G. †Acolopora Lang 1916
G. †Aeolopora
G. †Hybopora Lang 1916
G. †Kankopora Lang 1916
G. †Lecythoglena Marsson 1887
G. †Nannopora
Fm. †Ctenoporidae Lang 1916
+
G. †Ctenopora
Fm. †Disheloporidae Lang 1916
+
Fm. †Lagynoporidae Lang 1916
+
G. †Canupora
Fm. †Myagroporidae Lang 1916
+
Fm. †Otoporidae Lang 1916
+
G. †Anotopora
Fm. †Pelmatoporidae Lang 1916
+
Subfm. †Castanoporinae Lang 1916
Subfm. †Diacanthoporinae Lang 1922
Subfm. †Francoporinae Lang 1916
Subfm. Kelestominae Lang 1922
Subfm. †Opisthornithoporinae Lang 1916
Subfm. †Pelmatoporinae Lang 1916
Subfm. †Pnictoporinae Lang 1922
Subfm. Tricephaloporinae Lang 1922
Fm. †Rhacheoporidae Lang 1916
+
G. †Geisopora
Fm. †Taractoporidae Lang 1916
+
Fm. †Thoracoporidae Lang 1916
+
Invalid names: Calpidoporidae Lang 1916 [empty]
Fm. Farciminariidae Busk 1852
+
G. Columnella Levinsen 1914
G. Didymozoum Harmer 1923
G. Farciminaria Busk 1852
G. Farciminellopsis Silen 1952
G. Farciminellum Harmer 1926
G. Kenella Levinsen 1909
Unr. Inovicellata Jullien 1888
+
Fm. Aeteidae Smitt 1867
+
Unr. Malacostega Levinsen 1902
+
Fm. Hincksinidae Canu and Bassler 1927
+
G. Cauloramphus Norman 1903
G. †Glenelgia Brown 1958
G. †Ogivalina
G. Pseudolepralia Silen 1942
Unr. Pseudostega Levinsen 1909
+
Fm. Membranicellariidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. †Dictuonia
G. Membranicellaria Levinsen 1909
G. †Omoiosia Canu and Bassler 1927
Unr. Scrupariina Silen 1941
+
Fm. Labiostomellidae Silen 1942
+
G. Labiostomella Silen 1942
Fm. †Scrupariidae Busk 1852
+
G. Brettia Dyster 1858
Fm. †Scrupocellariidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. Amastigia Busk 1852
G. Bugulopsis Verrill 1880
G. Cabereopsis Hasenbank 1932
G. Craspedozoum MacGillivray 1886
+
Craspedozoum elongatum Canu and Bassler 1935
G. Hoplitella Levinsen 1909
G. Jubella Jullien 1882
G. Maplestonia MacGillivray 1885
G. †Menipea Lamouroux 1812
+
Menipea biaviculata Maplestone 1900
Menipea innocua Waters 1882
Menipea retroversa Maplestone 1900
G. Monartron Canu and Bassler 1929
G. Notoplites Harmer 1923
G. Plicopora MacGillivray 1895
G. Rhabdozoum Hincks 1882
G. Tricellaria Fleming 1828
Invalid names: Opesiulidae Jullien 1888 [empty]
Subor. Ascophorina Levinsen 1909
+
Fm. †Kleidionellidae Vigneaux 1949
+
Invalid names: Didymoselloidea Brown 1952 [empty], Mamilloporoidea Canu and Bassler 1927 [empty]
G. †Atacama
Fm. †Batoporidae Neviani 1901
+
G. †Bicornifera Lindenberg 1965
G. †Boreasina
Fm. †Buffonellodidae Gordon and d'Hondt 1997
+
+
Buffonellodes baculina Canu and Bassler 1935
G. †Calvina
Fm. †Catenicellidae Busk 1852
+
G. Calpidium Busk 1852
G. †Catenicella de Blainville 1830
+
Catenicella cribriformis Waters 1881
Catenicella tenuis MacGillivray 1895
G. Catenicellopsis Wilson 1880
G. Costaticella Maplestone 1899
G. Cribicellina Canu and Bassler 1927
G. †Digenopora Maplestone 1899
G. †Ditaxipora MacGillivray 1895
+
Ditaxipora internodia Waters 1881
G. Orthoscuticella Wass and Yoo 1975
+
Pterocella alata Wyville Thomson 1858
+
Subg. †Strophipora (Microstomaria) MacGillivray 1895
Subg. †Strophipora (Stenostomaria) MacGillivray 1895
+
Stenostomaria solida Waters 1881
Subg. Strophipora (Strophipora) Bassler 1953
Strophipora harveyi Wyville Thomson 1858
G. Vittaticella Maplestone 1901
+
Vittaticella enormis Maplestone 1898
Vittaticella gracilenta MacGillivray 1885
Vittaticella grandis Maplestone 1898
Vittaticella hannafordi MacGillivray 1869
Vittaticella insignis MacGillivray 1895
Invalid names: Caloporella MacGillivray 1895 [replaced]
Fm. †Chiplonkarinidae Taylor and Gordon 2007
+
G. †Basslerinella Taylor and McKinney 2006
G. †Chiplonkarina Taylor and Badve 1995
+
Chiplonkarina bifoliata Taylor and Gordon 2007
Chiplonkarina preeceorum Taylor and Gordon 2007
G. †Heteroconopeum Voigt 1983
G. †Jablonskipora Martha and Taylor 2017
+
Jablonskipora kidwellae Martha and Taylor 2017
G. †Zimmerella Taylor 2008
Fm. †Chlidoniidae Busk 1884
+
G. †Chlidonia Lamouroux 1824
Fm. †Chlidoniopsidae Harmer 1957
+
G. †Cillia
Fm. †Cryptosulidae Vigneaux 1949
+
G. Cryptosula Canu and Bassler 1925
+
Fm. †Cyclicoporidae Hincks 1884
+
G. Aptonella Canu and Bassler 1928
+
Houzeauina rakhadiae Guha and Gopikrishna 2007
G. Kymella Canu and Bassler 1917
G. †Magnea
Fm. †Didymosellidae Brown 1952
+
G. †Bimicroporella Canu 1904
+
Bimicroporella watersi Brown 1958
+
Didymosella clypeata Canu and Bassler 1935
Didymosella larvalis MacGillivray 1869
Didymosella porosa Stoliczka 1865
Fm. †Escharellidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. †Neolagenipora Vigneaux 1949
+
Invalid names: Phylactellipora [objective synonym]
Fm. †Escharinidae Tilbrook 2006
+
+
Bactridium ellipticum Reuss 1848
Invalid names: Hippozeugosella [synonym]
G. †Bryopesanser Tilbrook 2006
+
Bryopesanser bragai Di Martino and Taylor 2015
Bryopesanser sanfilippoae Di Martino and Taylor 2015
+
Escharina dutertrei Audouin 1828
Escharina masoni Brown 1952
Escharina nitidissima Maplestone 1902
Escharina waiparaensis Brown 1952
Invalid names: Mastigophorella [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Mastigophora Hincks 1880 [objective synonym]
Fm. Exochellidae Bassler 1935
+
+
Bathosella biavicularia Guha and Gopikrishna 2007
Bathosella bulbosa Canu and Bassler 1935
Bathosella laticella Canu and Bassler 1935
G. †Flustrella d'Orbigny 1852
Subor. Flustrina Smitt 1868
+
Superfm. Buguloidea Gray 1848
+
Fm. †Bugulidae Gray 1848
+
G. Bugula Oken 1815
G. Bugularia Levinsen 1909
G. †Bugulella Verrill 1879
G. Camptoplites Harmer 1923
G. Caulibugula Verrill 1900
G. Dendrobeania Levinsen 1909
G. Euoplozoum Harmer 1923
G. Eupaxis Hasenbank 1932
G. Halophila Gray 1843
G. Himantozoum Harmer 1923
G. Kinetoskias Daniellsen 1868
G. Watersia Levinsen 1909
Fm. †Candidae D'Orbigny 1851
+
G. Canda Lamouroux 1816
G. Emma Gray 1843
G. Scrupocellaria van Beneden 1845
Superfm. Calloporoidea Norman 1903
+
Fm. †Antroporidae Vigneaux 1949
+
G. Antropora Norman 1903
+
Invalid names: Dacryonella [synonym], Membrendoecium [synonym]
G. Parantropora Tilbrook 1998
Fm. Bryopastoridae d'Hondt and Gordon 1999
+
G. †Cladobryopastor Gordon and Taylor 2015
G. †Pseudothyracella Labracherie 1975
Fm. Calloporidae Norman 1903
+
G. †Acanthoporidra Davis 1934
G. Amphiblestrum Gray 1848
G. Aplousina Canu and Bassler 1927
G. Bidenkapia Osburn 1950
G. Callopora Gray 1848
G. Copidozoum Harmer 1926
G. Crassimarginatella Canu 1900
+
Invalid names: Grammella [objective synonym]
G. †Cymulopora Winston and Hakansson 1986
G. †Dionella
G. †Distelopora Lang 1915
G. Doryporella Norman 1903
+
Invalid names: Ellisinidra [synonym]
G. †Foratella Canu 1900
G. Foveolaria Busk 1884
G. †Gilbertopora Ostrovsky and Taylor 2004
G. Larnacicus Norman 1903
G. †Marginaria Röemer 1841
G. †Marssonopora Lang 1914
G. Membraniporidra Canu and Bassler 1917
G. Onychoblestrum Gordon 1984
G. †Planicellaria d'Orbigny 1851
G. Pyriporoides Hayward and Thorpe 1989
G. Reptoporina d'Orbigny 1852
G. Retevirgula Brown 1948
G. †Tumaiella Gordon and Taylor 2015
G. †Tylopora
G. †Tyloporella Voigt 1989
G. †Undistelopora Ostrovsky and Taylor 2004
G. Valdemunitella Canu 1900
G. †Wilbertopora Cheetham 1954
Invalid names: Alderinidae Canu and Bassler 1927 [synonym]
Fm. †Chaperiidae Jullien 1888
+
G. †Aluis López-Gappa and Pérez 2019
G. Bryopastor Gordon 1982
G. Chaperia Jullien 1881
G. †Chaperiopsis Uttley 1949
G. Patsyella Brown 1948
Fm. Foveolariidae Gordon and Winston 2005
+
G. Dactylostega Hayward and Cook 1983
Fm. Hiantoporidae Gregory 1893
+
Fm. Pyrisinellidae Di Martino and Taylor 2012
+
G. †Megapora Hincks 1877
G. †Pyrisinella Di Martino and Taylor 2012
G. †Spinisinella Di Martino and Taylor 2012
Invalid names: Heliodomidae Vigneaux 1949 [empty]
Superfm. Cribrilinoidea Hincks 1879
+
Fm. Cribrilinidae Hincks 1880
+
G. Acanthocella Canu and Bassler 1917
G. Anaskopora Wass 1975
G. †Antoniettella Di Martino and Taylor 2012
G. †Argopora Lang 1916
G. †Calpidopora Lang 1916
G. †Corbulipora MacGillivray 1895
G. †Costula
G. Cribralaria Silen 1942
G. Cribrilaria Canu and Bassler 1928
G. Figularia Jullien 1886
G. Filaguria Moyano 1991
+
Invalid names: Graptopora Lang 1916 [replaced]
G. Hayamiellina Grischenko and Gordon 2004
G. Jolietina Jullien 1886
G. Jullienula Bassler 1953
G. †Lepralina
+
Invalid names: Semiescharipora d'Orbigny 1853 [synonym]
G. †Mumiella
G. †Otopora
G. †Pachydera
G. †Reptescharella d'Orbigny 1853
G. †Rhabdopora Lang 1916
Superfm. Flustroidea Fleming 1828
+
Fm. †Flustridae Fleming 1828
+
G. Carbasea Gray 1848
G. Chartella Gray 1848
G. †Flustra
G. Gontarella Grischenko et al. 2002
G. Hincksina Norman 1903
G. Retiflustra Levinsen 1909
G. Sarsiflustra Jullien 1903
G. Spiralaria Busk 1861
G. Terminoflustra Silen 1942
Superfm. Microporoidea Gray 1848
+
Fm. †Aspidostomatidae Jullien 1888
+
G. Aspidostoma Hincks 1881
+
Invalid names: Macroporina [synonym]
G. †Melychocella Gordon and Taylor 1999
Invalid names: Macroporidae Uttley 1949 [synonym]
+
Fm. †Coscinopleuridae Canu 1913
+
Fm. †Lunulitidae Lagaaij 1952
+
G. †Luganella Kvachko 1995
G. †Lunulites Lamarck 1816
+
Invalid names: Reptolunites [synonym]
G. †Oligotresium Gabb and Horn 1862
G. †Pavolunulites d'Orbigny 1852
Fm. Microporidae Hincks 1880
+
G. Andreella Jullien 1888
G. Caleschara MacGillivray 1880
G. †Cupularia Canu and Bassler
G. Micropora Gray 1848
G. Mollia Lamouroux 1821
G. †Monsella
G. †Nematoporella Canu and Bassler 1927
G. †Rimosocella Cheetham 1960
G. †Selenariopsis Maplestone 1913
Fm. Onychocellidae Jullien 1882
+
G. †Aechmella Canu and Bassler 1917
G. Chondriovelum Hayward and Thorpe 1988
G. †Collura
G. †Distefanella Cipolla 1922
G. †Ehrhardina Martha and Taylor 2016
G. †Euritina
G. Floridina Jullien 1881
G. †Inversaria von Hagenow 1851
G. †Ogiva Jullien 1881
G. Onychocella Jullien 1882
+
Invalid names: Reptocelleporaria D'Orbigny [synonym]
G. †Reptolunulites d'Orbigny 1852
G. †Rhebasia
G. Smittipora Jullien 1882
+
Invalid names: Diplopholeous [synonym], Rectonychocella [synonym], Velumella [synonym]
Superfm. Monoporelloidea Hincks 1882
+
Fm. Monoporellidae Hincks 1882
+
Superfm. Thalamoporelloidea Levinsen 1902
+
Fm. Steginoporellidae Hincks 1884
+
G. Labioporella Harmer 1926
G. †Reniporella Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
G. Steginoporella Smitt 1873
Infraor. Umbonulomorpha Gordon 1989
+
Superfm. Arachnopusioidea Jullien 1888
+
Fm. Arachnopusiidae Jullien 1888
Fm. †Exechonellidae Harmer 1957
Superfm. Lepralielloidea Vigneaux 1949
+
Fm. †Bryocryptellidae Vigneaux 1949
G. †Eoporella Brezina et al. 2021
Fm. Jaculinidae Zabala 1986
Fm. †Lepraliellidae Vigneaux 1949
Fm. †Romancheinidae Jullien 1888
Invalid names: Batoporoidea Neviani 1900 [empty]
Fm. †Gemelliporellidae Vigneaux 1949
+
G. †Geminella
+
Subg. Helix (Epiphragmophora) Doering 1875
+
Helix catillus Martin 1793
Helix newberryana Binney 1858
Fm. †Hincksiporidae Powell 1968
+
Fm. Hippopodinidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. †Archoporella Guha and Gopikrishna 2005
+
Archoporella capsulata Guha and Gopikrishna 2005
Archoporella discidiata Guha and Gopikrishna 2005
Archoporella sepultica Guha and Gopikrishna 2005
G. Hippopodina Levinsen 1909
+
Hippopodina inaequalis Brown 1952
Hippopodina indicata Di Martino and Taylor 2015
Hippopodina pulcherrima Canu and Bassler 1928
Hippopodina stephensi Cheetham 1962
Hippopodina vibraculifera Canu and Bassler 1917
+
Saevitella renemai Di Martino and Taylor 2015
G. Thornelya Harmer 1957
Fm. †Hippoporidridae Vigneaux 1949
+
G. Hippoporidra Canu and Bassler 1927
+
Hippoporidra calcarea Smitt 1873
Hippoporidra edax Busk 1859
G. †Odontoporella Hejjas 1894
+
Invalid names: Hippopodinella [synonym]
G. Scorpiodinipora Balavoine 1959
+
Scorpiodinipora costulata Canu and Bassler 1929
Fm. †Hippothoidae Busk 1859
+
G. Harmeria Norman 1903
+
Hippothoa distans MacGillivray 1869
Hippothoa hyalina Linnaeus 1767
G. †Kunradina Voigt 1981
+
Kunradina bicincta Voigt 1981
G. †Stictostega Shaw 1967
+
Stictostega durhami Shaw 1967
G. †Hopora
G. †Kronothoa
G. †Kylonisa
+
+
Lepralia bairnsdalei Waters 1882
Lepralia bisinuata Maplestone 1901
Lepralia bistata Waters 1887
Lepralia cleidostoma Smitt 1873
Lepralia maculata Ulrich and Bassler 1904
Lepralia marylandica Ulrich and Bassler 1904
Lepralia montifera Ulrich and Bassler 1904
Lepralia orimagna Brown 1958
Lepralia otakauensis Brown 1952
Lepralia reversa Ulrich and Bassler 1904
Lepralia ringens Busk 1856
Lepralia rotunda Waters 1881
Lepralia urceolata Hutton 1873
Lepralia vellicata Hutton 1873
Fm. †Lunulariidae Levinsen 1909
+
Fm. †Mamilloporidae Canu and Bassler 1927
+
G. Anoteropora Canu and Bassler 1927
+
Anoteropora magnicapitata Canu and Bassler 1927
Anoteropora persimplex Neviani 1895
Anoteropora rajnathi Tewari et al. 1958
G. Ascosia Jullien 1882
G. Fedora Jullien 1882
G. Fedorella Silen 1947
G. †Prattia d'Archiac 1850
+
Prattia glandulosa d'Archiac 1850
G. †Marquetta
Subor. Membraniporina Ortmann 1890
+
Superfm. Membraniporoidea Busk 1852
+
Fm. Electridae D'Orbigny 1851
+
G. Aspidelectra Levinsen 1909
G. †Charixa
G. Conopeum Gray 1848
G. Electra Lamouroux 1816
G. †Haplostoechios Dick et al. 2014
G. †Herpetopora Lang 1914
G. †Heterooecium Hincks 1892
G. Pyripora d'Orbigny 1852
+
Invalid names: Rhammatopora [synonym]
G. †Spinicharixa Taylor 1986
G. Tendra Nordman 1839
G. †Tretosina
Invalid names: Electrinidae d'Orbigny 1851 [synonym]
Fm. Membraniporidae Busk 1854
+
G. †Adenifera
G. Biflustra d'Orbigny 1852
G. Desmacystis Osburn 1950
G. Exostesia Brown 1948
G. Gregarinidra Barrosa 1949
G. Heliodoma Calvet 1907
G. Membranipora Blainville 1834
+
Invalid names: Membraniporina [synonym]
G. †Nitscheina Canu 1900
+
Invalid names: Pseudostega Brydone 1918 [replaced]
G. †Quadricellaria d'Orbigny 1841
G. †Tamanicella Viskova and Koromyslova 2012
+
Invalid names: Heteractis [synonym]
Invalid names: Cupuladriidae Lagaaij 1952 [synonym]
Fm. †Metrarabdotosidae Vigneaux 1949
+
+
Metrarabdotos canui Buge and Galopim de Carvalho 1963
Metrarabdotos elegans Buge and Galopim de Carvalho 1963
G. †Mosathoa
Subor. Neocheilostomina d'Hondt 1985
+
Superfm. †Adeonoidea Busk 1884
+
Fm. †Adeonidae Busk 1884
+
G. Adeonellopsis MacGillivray 1886
G. Bracebridgia MacGillivray 1886
G. †Calvetina
G. Cyclostomella Ortmann 1889
G. Kubaninella Grischenko and Mawatari 2002
G. Trigonopora Maplestone 1902
Invalid names: Inversiulidae Vigneaux 1949 [synonym]
Fm. †Diedroporidae Gordon and Taylor 2015
+
G. †Diedropora Gordon and Taylor 2015
Infraor. Ascophorina Levinsen 1909
+
G. †Basyaylella Zagorsek and Gordon 2013
+
Basyaylella elsae Zagorsek and Gordon 2013
Fm. †Bifaxariidae Busk 1884
+
G. Bifaxaria Busk 1884
Superfm. Catenicelloidea Busk 1852
+
Fm. †Concatenellidae Bock and Cook 1996
Fm. Eurystomellidae Levinsen 1909
Fm. Conescharellinidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. †Bipora Whitelegge 1887
G. Conescharellina d'Orbigny 1852
G. †Crucescharellina Silen 1947
Fm. Crepidacanthidae Levinsen 1909
+
Fm. Euthyrisellidae Bassler 1953
+
G. Euthyrisella Bassler 1836
G. Neoeuthyris Bretnall 1921
G. Pleurotoichus Levinsen 1909
G. Urceolipora MacGillivray 1881
Fm. Euthyroididae Levinsen 1909
+
G. Euthyroides Harmer 1903
Fm. †Fusicellariidae Canu 1900
+
Superfm. Hippothooidea Busk 1859
+
Fm. Chorizoporidae Vigneaux 1949
Fm. Trypostegidae Gordon et al. 2005
Fm. Lekythoporidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. †Catadysis Canu and Bassler 1927
G. †Orthoporidra Canu and Bassler 1927
G. †Poeccilopora MacGillivray 1886
G. †Turritigera Busk 1884
Unr. Lepraliomorpha Gordon 1989
+
Superfm. Smittinoidea Levinsen 1909
Fm. †Mucronellidae Levinson 1902
+
G. Malleatia Jullien 1903
G. †Smittinella Canu and Bassler 1934
Fm. Myriozoidae Smitt 1867
+
G. †Myriozoella Levinsen 1909
Fm. †Nephroporidae Marsson 1887
+
Fm. Onchoporidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. Calwellia Wyville Thomson 1858
G. Ichthyaria Busk 1884
G. Onchopora Busk 1852
G. Onchoporella Busk 1884
G. Onchoporoides Ortmann 1890
Fm. Parmulariidae Maplestone 1912
+
Fm. Petraliidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. Discopora Lamarck 1816
G. Hippopetraliella Stach 1939
G. †Orbiculipora Guha and Gopikrishna 2005
G. Pachycleithonia Canu and Bassler 1930
G. Petralia MacGillivray 1869
G. Petraliella Canu and Bassler 1927
G. Robertsonidra Osburn 1952
G. Utinga Marcus 1949
Fm. Phylactellidae Canu and Bassler 1917
+
G. †Hemiphylactella Vigneaux 1949
G. Nimba Jullien 1903
G. Nimbella Jullien 1903
G. Psilopsella Canu and Bassler 1927
G. Tremachia Jullien 1882
Fm. Phylactelliporidae Bassler 1953
+
G. †Phylactellina Stach 1936
G. †Pleuromucrum Vigneaux 1949
Fm. †Platyglenidae Marsson 1887
+
Fm. †Prostomariidae MacGillivray 1895
+
Fm. Reteporidae Smitt 1868
+
G. †Bulbipora MacGillivray 1895
G. Diplonotos Canu and Bassler 1930
G. Hippellozoon Canu and Bassler 1917
G. Iodictyum Harmer 1933
G. Lepraliella Levinsen 1917
G. Plagiopora MacGillivray 1895
G. Psileschara Busk 1860
G. Triphyllozoon Canu and Sequeiros 1917
G. †Uniretepora d'Orbigny 1849
Fm. †Sertellidae Jullien 1903
+
G. Reteporellina Harmer 1933
Fm. †Spiroporinidae Harmer 1957
+
G. †Spiroporina Stoliczka 1865
+
Invalid names: Haswellia [objective synonym]
G. Tessaradoma Norman 1869
Fm. Stomachetosellidae Canu and Bassler 1917
+
G. Cigclisula Canu and Bassler 1927
G. Diastosula Canu and Bassler 1927
G. †Metradolium Canu and Bassler 1920
G. Pachyegis Osburn 1952
G. Posterula Jullien 1903
G. Ragionula Canu and Bassler 1927
Fm. Tetraplariidae Harmer 1957
+
G. Tetraplaria Tenison-Woods 1879
+
Invalid names: Bigemellaria MacGillivray 1895 [synonym]
+
G. Siphonicytara Busk 1884
G. †Tubucella
G. Tubucellaria d'Orbigny 1852
Invalid names: Acanthostega Levinsen 1902 [empty], Celleporariidae Harmer 1957 [empty], Cleidochasmatidae Cheetham and Sandberg 1964 [empty], Hippothoomorpha Gordon 1989 [empty]
Superfm. Cellarioidea Fleming 1828
+
Fm. †Cellariidae Hincks 1880
+
G. †Acerinucleus Brown 1958
G. Atelestozoum Harmer 1926
G. Cellaria Ellis and Solander 1786
+
Invalid names: Farcimia Fleming 1828 [synonym], Melicerita Jullien 1888 [synonym], Salicornaria Schweigger 1819 [synonym]
G. Cryptostomaria Canu and Bassler 1927
G. †Erinella
G. Euginoma Jullien 1882
G. Larvapora Moyano 1970
G. Melicerita Milne-Edwards 1836
G. Pseudocellaria Livingstone 1928
G. Smitticellaria Gordon and Taylor 1999
G. Syringotrema Harmer 1926
Superfm. Celleporoidea Johnston 1838
+
Fm. Celleporidae Busk 1852
+
G. †Acanthionella Canu and Bassler 1917
G. Aulopocella Maplestone 1903
G. Buskea Heller 1867
G. Cellepora Linnaeus 1767
G. Celleporina Gray 1848
+
Invalid names: Schismopora [synonym]
G. Harmerella Lagaaij 1952
G. Palmicellaria Alder 1864
G. †Palmiscenea Bishop and Hayward 1989
G. Predanophora Tilbrook 2006
G. Tegminula Jullien 1882
G. Turbicellepora Ryland 1963
Fm. Colatooeciidae Winston 2005
+
Fm. †Phidoloporidae Gabb and Horn 1862
+
G. Lifuella Gordon and d'Hondt 1997
G. †Plesiocleidochasma Soule and Chaney 1991
G. †Reteporella Busk 1884
+
Invalid names: Retepora [synonym], Sertella Jullien and Calvet 1903 [synonym]
G. Rhynchozoon Hincks 1895
G. Schedocleidochasma Soule et al. 1991
Superfm. Schizoporelloidea Jullien 1883
+
Fm. Cheiloporinidae Bassler 1936
+
G. Cheiloporina Canu and Bassler 1923
G. Diploecium Kirkpatrick 1888
G. Enantiosula Canu and Bassler 1930
G. Hagiosynodos Bishop and Hayward 1989
G. Pollaploecium Maplestone 1909
G. Veleroa Osburn 1952
Fm. †Eminooeciidae Hayward and Thorpe 1988
+
G. †Macrocamera Gordon and d'Hondt 1997
Fm. Gigantoporidae Bassler 1935
+
G. Cylindroporella Hincks 1877
+
Invalid names: Galeopsis Jullien 1903 [synonym]
G. Semihaswellia Canu and Bassler 1917
+
Invalid names: Tremotoichos Canu and Bassler 1917 [synonym]
G. †Illusiopora Gordon and Taylor 2015
+
Illusiopora bifax Gordon and Taylor 2015
Illusiopora recta Gordon and Taylor 2015
Fm. †Lacernidae Jullien 1888
+
G. Arthropoma Levinsen 1909
Fm. Lanceoporidae Harmer 1957
+
G. Calyptotheca Harmer 1957
G. Emballotheca Levinsen 1909
Fm. †Margarettidae Harmer 1957
+
+
G. Calloporina Neviani 1895
G. Microporella Hincks 1877
G. Stephanopora Kirkpatrick 1888
Fm. Myriaporidae Gray 1841
+
G. Myriapora de Blainville 1830
G. †Ostrovskia Zagorsek and Gordon 2013
+
Ostrovskia triforamina Zagorsek and Gordon 2013
Fm. Petraliellidae Harmer 1957
+
G. Mucropetraliella Stach 1936
Fm. †Porinidae D'Orbigny 1852
+
+
Invalid names: Acropora Reuss 1869 [replaced]
G. †Rotiporina Brydone 1930
Invalid names: Acroporidae Canu 1913 [replaced]
Fm. Schizoporellidae Jullien 1883
+
G. †Chiastosella Canu and Bassler 1934
G. †Multiporina d'Orbigny 1852
+
Invalid names: Stephanosella [synonym]
G. Schizoporella Hincks 1877
G. †Sphenella
G. †Stellatopora Livingstone 1929
G. †Therenia David and Pouyet 1978
Invalid names: Exochellinae Bassler 1935 [empty], Hippoporae Canu and Bassler 1917 [empty], Microporellae Canu and Bassler 1917 [empty], Schizoporellae Canu and Bassler 1917 [empty]
Fm. Vicidae Gordon 1988
+
G. Vix Gordon 1988
Invalid names: Actisecidae Harmer 1957 [empty]
Superfm. Siphonicytaroidea Harmer 1957
+
Fm. Siphonicytaridae Harmer 1957
+
G. †Tubitrabecularia Canu and Bassler 1934
Fm. †Orbituliporidae Canu and Bassler 1923
+
G. †Bicupularia Reuss 1864
G. Stichopora Haeckel 1882
+
Stichoporina parvicapitata Canu and Bassler 1935
Fm. †Otionellidae Bock and Cook 1998
+
+
Otionella circumdata Canu and Bassler 1935
Otionella grandipora Stach 1935
Otionella tuberosa Canu 1917
G. Otionellina Bock and Cook 1998
+
Otionellina cupola Tenison-Woods 1880
Otionellina exigua Tenison-Woods 1880
Fm. †Pasytheidae Davis 1934
+
+
Invalid names: Gemellaria [synonym], Notamia [synonym]
G. Gamellipora Smitt 1872
+
Petaloconchus varians d'Orbigny 1839
Fm. †Poricellariidae Harmer 1926
+
G. †Porometra
Fm. †Quadricellariidae Gordon 1984
+
G. Nellia Busk 1852
+
Nellia kutchensis Tewari and Srivastava 1967
Nellia narayani Guha and Gopikrishna 2005
Nellia quadrangularis Tewari and Srivastava 1967
Nellia tenella Lamarck 1816
+
Invalid names: Nellia oculata Busk 1852 [synonym]
Nellia walasaraensis Guha and Gopikrishna 2005
Fm. †Savignyellidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. Euteleia Marcus 1938
G. Halysisis Norman 1909
G. Huxleya Dyster 1858
Fm. †Sclerodomidae Levinsen 1909
+
G. Sclerodomus Levinsen 1909
G. Systenopora Waters 1904
Fm. †Scorioporidae Gordon 2002
+
Fm. †Setosellidae Levinsen 1909
+
+
Invalid names: Entomaria [synonym]
G. †Setosinella Canu and Bassler 1933
+
Setosinella orbiculata Canu and Bassler 1920
Setosinella perfluxa Di Martino and Taylor 2012
Setosinella prolifica Canu and Bassler 1933
G. †Skylonia
G. †Sylonika
Fm. †Tessaradomidae Jullien 1903
+
G. †Pachythecella Bassler 1934
+
Pachythecella armata Canu and Bassler 1935
Pachythecella unifasciata Canu and Bassler 1935
Invalid names: Pachytheca Canu 1913 [replaced]
G. †Sendinopora Di Martino and Taylor 2015
+
Sendinopora prima Di Martino and Taylor 2015
Fm. †Teuchoporidae Neviani 1895
+
G. Phylactella Hincks 1880
+
Phylactella chapmani Canu and Bassler 1935
Invalid names: Alysidota Busk 1856 [synonym]
Fm. †Thalamoporellidae Levinsen 1902
+
G. Opaeophora Brown 1948
+
Opaeophora lepida Hincks 1881
Invalid names: Foraminella Levinsen 1909 [replaced]
G. Thairopora MacGillivray 1882
G. Thalamoporella Hincks 1887
+
Thalamoporella arabiensis Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella archiaci Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella domifera Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella dorothea Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella elongata Canu and Bassler 1935
Thalamoporella gracilis Maplestone 1900
Thalamoporella kachchhensis Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella kharinadiensis Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella minuta Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella reniformis Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella rhombifera Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella setosa Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella tewarii Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella transversa Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella vinjhanensis Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella voigti Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
Thalamoporella wynnei Guha and Gopikrishna 2004
G. †Woodipora
G. †Tornipora Jürgensen 1971
Fm. Umbonulidae Canu 1904
+
+
Umbonula bicuspis Hincks 1883
Umbonula macrocheila Reuss 1848
Invalid names: Colletosia [synonym]
Fm. Vinculariidae Busk 1852
+
+
Vincularia anceps Brown 1952
Vincularia berningi Di Martino and Taylor 2014
Vincularia gigantea Canu and Bassler 1935
Vincularia manchanui Di Martino and Taylor 2014
Vincularia megastoma Eichwald 1860
Vincularia ramwaraensis Guha and Gopikrishna 2005
Vincularia semarai Di Martino and Taylor 2014
Vincularia tjaki Di Martino and Taylor 2014
Invalid names: Heterocella [synonym]
G. †Wawalia
Invalid names: Calescharidae Cook and Bock 2001 [empty], Malacostegina Levinsen 1902 [empty]
Or. Cheilostomatida Busk 1852
+
Invalid names: Selenariidae Busk 1854 [empty]
Or. Ctenostomata Busk 1852
+
Fm. Arachnidiidae Hincks 1880
+
G. Arachnidium Hincks 1859
+
G. †Simplicidium Todd et al. 1997
+
Simplicidium brandesi Voigt 1968
Simplicidium smithii Phillips 1829
Fm. †Ascodictyidae Miller 1889
+
G. †Bascomella Morningstar 1922
+
Invalid names: Bascomella Morningstar 1922 [synonym]
+
Cardiarachnidium bantai Taylor 1990
Subor. Carnosa Gray 1841
+
Fm. Alcyonidiidae Johnston 1849
+
G. Alcyonidium Lamarck 1821
Fm. Flustrellidridae Bassler 1953
+
G. Flustrellidra Bassler 1953
Invalid names: Halcyonella Hincks 1880 [synonym]
+
Cookobryozoon cretacea Taylor and Gordon 2007
Subor. Euctenostomata Jebram 1973
+
Fm. Terebriporidae d'Orbigny 1847
+
G. †Haimeina
Fm. †Ropalonariidae Nickles and Bassler 1900
+
G. †Ropalonaria Ulrich 1879
Subor. Stolonifera Ehlers 1876
+
Fm. Buskiidae Hincks 1880
+
Fm. Immergentiidae Silén 1946
+
Fm. Penetrantiidae Silen 1946
+
Subor. Vesicularina Johnson 1847
+
Fm. Vesiculariidae Hincks 1880
+
+
Amathia rissoana Roux 1830
G. Vesicularia Thompson 1830
Fm. †Vinellidae Ulrich and Bassler 1904
+
G. †Condranema Bassler 1952
+
Condranema magna Condra and Elias 1944
Condranema parvula Condra and Elias 1944
Invalid names: Condranema Bassler 1952 [synonym]
G. †Heteronema Ulrich and Bassler 1904
+
Heteronema capillare Ulrich and Bassler 1904
G. †Marcusodictyon Bassler 1952
+
Marcusodictyon priscum Bassler 1911
Marcusodictyon rete Eisenack 1968
Invalid names: Marcusodictyon Bassler 1952 [synonym]
G. †Vinella Ulrich 1890
+
Vinella cretacea Voigt 1924
Vinella repens Ulrich 1890
G. †Vinelloidea Canu 1913
G. †Voigtella
Invalid names: Paludicellea Allman 1856 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitec
Composition 2: aragonitec
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: stationaryp
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalp
Diet: suspension feederp
Vision: blindc
Created: 2007-09-18 02:38:08
Modified: 2010-02-11 02:11:32
Source: c = class, p = phylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Nesnidal et al. 2013, Kiessling 2004, Smith et al. 2006

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Pakerort to the top of the Holocene or 485.40000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 484.5 Ma

Collections (983 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7Czech Republic Marcusodictyon exspectans (192830)
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7USA (Vermont) Heteronema sp. (277)
Pakerort485.4 - 484.5Estonia Heteronema priscum (167470)
Pakerort485.4 - 484.5Estonia (Harju) Marcusodictyon priscum (191667)
Varangu485.4 - 484.5Sweden (Västerbotten) Marcusodictyon priscum (191675)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Estonia (Harju) Marcusodictyon priscum (191186)
Oretanian468.0 - 459.0Spain (Toledo) Condranema sp. (20898)
Late/Upper Ordovician458.4 - 443.8USA (Ohio) Arthropoma sp. (397)
Johvi453.0 - 449.9Estonia (Ida-Viru) Vinella repens (167473)
Rakvere451.8 - 450.5Estonia (Lääne-Virumaa) Vinella repens (155682)
Edenian451.0 - 450.2USA (Ohio) Arthropoma sp. (383 384 385 386)
Edenian451.0 - 450.2USA (Pennsylvania) Vinella sp. (34895)
Maysvillian450.2 - 449.6USA (Ohio) Arthropoma sp. (387 388 391)
Maysvillian - Ashgill450.2 - 443.7USA (Ohio) Arthropoma sp. (389) Heteronema sp., Vinella sp., Arthropoma sp. (390)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Ohio) Arthropoma sp. (367) Ropalonaria sp. (368 72804 72870 72873 72874 73038 73121)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Indiana) Ropalonaria sp. (72428)
Richmondian - Ashgill449.6 - 443.7USA (Ohio) Ropalonaria sp. (392 393)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Canada (Manitoba) Argopora manitobensis (2970 2973 2974 2987 3020 3027 3028 3029 3033)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4USA (New York) Ropalonaria sp. (462)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4Canada (Anticosti) Vinella multiradiata (229057)