Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Included Taxa
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Smittoidea

Gymnolaemata - Cheilostomata - Smittinidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1953Smittoidea Bassler p. 209
1994Smittoidea Gordon et al.
1997Smittoidea Lee et al.
2000Smittoidea Pouyet
2002Smittoidea Sepkoski
2003Smittoidea Schmidt
2006Smittoidea Berning p. 78
2006Smittoidea Bock
2015Smittoidea Di Martino and Taylor

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBryozoaEhrenberg 1831
RankNameAuthor
classGymnolaemataAllman 1856
orderCheilostomataBusk 1859
suborderNeocheilostominad'Hondt 1985
infraorderAscophorina(Levinsen 1909)
Lepraliomorpha(Gordon 1989)
superfamilySmittinoideaLevinsen 1909
familySmittinidaeLevinsen 1909
genusSmittoidea

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

show all | hide all
Smittoidea crepidula Brown 1952
Smittoidea pacifica Soule and Soule 1973
Smittoidea reticulata MacGillivray 1842
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitef
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yeso
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Reproduction: oviparouso
Brooding: yeso
Created: 2008-02-26 06:28:28
Modified: 2008-02-26 08:28:28
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class, uc = unranked clade
References: Nesnidal et al. 2013, Smith et al. 2006

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Priabonian to the top of the Middle Pleistocene or 38.00000 to 0.12600 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 33.9 Ma

Collections (14 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9New Zealand (North Otago) S. sp. 1, S. sp. 2 (172816)
Otaian21.7 - 19.0New Zealand (West Coast) S. crepidula (172797)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Indonesia S. pacifica (173651)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Spain S. reticulata (177480 177482) S. sp. (178465)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Morocco S. reticulata (34724)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Portugal S. sp. (152330)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Spain S. reticulata (177489 177491)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Panama (Bocas) S. maleposita (79772)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Greece S. reticulata (71243)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Costa Rica (Limon) S. pacifica (79844)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Greenland S. sp. (75200)