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Gymnolaemata - Cheilostomata - Smittinidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1953Smittoidea Bassler p. 209
1994Smittoidea Gordon et al.
1997Smittoidea Lee et al.
2000Smittoidea Pouyet
2002Smittoidea Sepkoski
2003Smittoidea Schmidt
2006Smittoidea Berning p. 78
2006Smittoidea Bock
2015Smittoidea Di Martino and Taylor

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EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumBryozoaEhrenberg 1831
classGymnolaemataAllman 1856
orderCheilostomataBusk 1859
suborderNeocheilostominad'Hondt 1985
infraorderAscophorina(Levinsen 1909)
Lepraliomorpha(Gordon 1989)
superfamilySmittinoideaLevinsen 1909
familySmittinidaeLevinsen 1909

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

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Smittoidea crepidula Brown 1952
Smittoidea pacifica Soule and Soule 1973
Smittoidea reticulata MacGillivray 1842
No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitef
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yeso
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Reproduction: oviparouso
Brooding: yeso
Created: 2008-02-26 06:28:28
Modified: 2008-02-26 08:28:28
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class, uc = unranked clade
References: Nesnidal et al. 2013, Smith et al. 2006

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Priabonian to the top of the Middle Pleistocene or 38.00000 to 0.12600 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 33.9 Ma

Collections (14 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9New Zealand (North Otago) S. sp. 1, S. sp. 2 (172816)
Otaian21.7 - 19.0New Zealand (West Coast) S. crepidula (172797)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Indonesia S. pacifica (173651)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Spain S. reticulata (177480 177482) S. sp. (178465)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Morocco S. reticulata (34724)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Portugal S. sp. (152330)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Spain S. reticulata (177489 177491)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Panama (Bocas) S. maleposita (79772)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Greece S. reticulata (71243)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Costa Rica (Limon) S. pacifica (79844)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Greenland S. sp. (75200)