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Lingularia

Lingulata - Lingulida - Lingulidae

Taxonomy
Lingularia was named by Biernat and Emig (1993) [Sepkoski's age data: Tr Olen K Sant Sepkoski's reference number: 1064].

It was assigned to Lingulida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Lingulidae by Williams et al. (2000), Peng and Shi (2008) and Holmer and Bengtson (2009).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1993Lingularia Biernat and Emig
2000Lingularia Williams et al. p. 36
2002Lingularia Sepkoski, Jr.
2008Lingularia Peng and Shi p. 149
2009Lingularia Holmer and Bengtson p. 257

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
RankNameAuthor
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumLinguliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classLingulataGorjansky and Popov 1985
orderLingulidaWaagen 1885
superfamilyLinguloideaMenke 1828
familyLingulidaeGray 1840
genusLingulariaBiernat and Emig 1993

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
valve height35.923.708.007.002.25

Composition: phosphatico
Locomotion: facultatively mobilef
Attached: yeso
Life habit: infaunalf
Diet: suspension feederf
Vision: blindc
Created: 2009-09-21 10:53:03
Modified: 2009-10-11 12:19:50
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Bambach et al. 2007

Age range: base of the Wuchiapingian to the top of the Late/Upper Turonian or 259.90000 to 89.30000 Ma

Collections (230 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Canada (Alberta) Lingula sp. (112838)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige) L. smirnovae (161081)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guizhou) Lingula sp. (98029 151131) L. sp. (180415)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Sichuan) Lingula borealis, Lingula tenuissima (149120) Lingula sp. (149121)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Chongqing) Lingula sp. (94989 149276)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17Pakistan (Punjab) Lingula borealis (41559 41562) Lingula sp. (41564)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Italy L. borealis (161083)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3China (Guangxi) Lingula sp. (121137)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Hungary L. borealis (161084)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3China (Shaanxi) Lingula sp. (150461)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige) Lingula sp. (44652 44653)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Guizhou) Lingula borealis (172216) Lingula sp. (112008 112109 112110 112111 151122 151139 151140 151142 151148) Lingula tenuissima (108180 151136 151137 151138 151141 151143 151144 151145 151146 151147) L. sp. (101333 140340 204565 204566)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Greenland Lingula borealis (48115 112725 112730 112740 118489 118510 118525)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Sichuan) Lingula borealis (95608 149118) Lingula sp. (73839 89357 149119) Lingula tenuissima (89363)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3USA (Wyoming) Lingula borealis (150709)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Italy (Trentino) L. sp. (166095 169491) L. spp. (197808 197885)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Pakistan Lingula borealis (95275 95276 110933)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Yunnan) Lingula borealis (63512 112118) Lingula sp. (112119 112121 112122) Sinolingularia yini (85128)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Russian Federation Lingula borealis (90202 90203 90205 127949)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Jiangsu) Sinolingularia yini (85126)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Hubei) Lingula borealis (149221) Lingula sp. (149219) L. sp. (204855)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Guangxi) Lingula sp. (149201 149202 149203) Lingula tenuissima (121129) Lingula tenuissima, Lingula sp. (121128)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Italy Lingula sp. (44451 74942 74944 104956 104958) L. tenuissima (165006 165007 165008 165012 165013 165015 165016 165105 165107) L. yini (161082)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Zhejiang) Sinolingularia yini (85130)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Chongqing) Lingula borealis (117515) Lingula sp. (148534 148535 148536 148537 156865 156886) Lingula tenuissima (149135 149150)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3USA (Montana) Lingula borealis (44491 150714 150715 150716 150717 150718 150719 150720 150723) Lingula borealis, Lingula sp. (44492) Lingula sp. (44494 44495 44496 44497 44499 105393)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige) Lingula sp. (44651)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Russian Federation Lingula sp. (61960)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Bosnia and Herzegovina Lingula tenuissima (128176)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Iran Lingula sp. (118360 118361)
Induan252.17 - 251.2China (Sichuan) Lingula tenuissima (123650)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2Russian Federation (Primorsky Krai) Lingula borealis, Lingula tenuissima (202918) Lingula tenuissima (202937 202940)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2Jordan Lingula tenuissima (202321)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2Italy (Trento) Lingula tenuissima (202258)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2USA (Utah) Lingula sp. (44500 44501 44504) L. borealis (156014 156103 156104 156105 156106)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Italy L. borealis (161085) L. polaris (161086)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige) Lingula sp. (44821)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Russian Federation (Primorye) Lingula borealis (47218 47276)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Hungary L. sp. (177411)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2Russian Federation L. sp. (99908 99909 99911 99912 99918 99919)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Idaho) Lingula sp. (33319) L. borealis (202145)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Utah) Lingula sp. (44608) L. borealis (156079)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2Hungary L. sp. (177427)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2Japan Lingula sp. (113889)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation Lingula borealis (61959) Lingula polaris (124642) Lingula sp. (124536)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Siberia) Lingula sp. (72354 72358 72360)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Kazakhstan Lingula sp. (72329)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0France (Bas-Rhin) Lingula tenuissima (140639 203355 206486 206491 206495 206496 206498)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0Hungary (Mecsek) L. spp. (197107 197110)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0France (Moselle) Lingula tenuissima (140641 206487 206489 206490 206492 206493 206497 206499 206500 206501)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany Lingula tenuissima (46345)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Thailand Lingula tenuissima (44807)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Austria Lingula tenuissima (128178)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Hessen) Lingula tenuissima (38545 44357 66083)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Lingula polaris (108186)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Russian Federation Lingula polaris (127950 127951 127952 127953 127954) Lingula sp. (124672)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Japan (Shikoku) L. sp. (206937)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Russian Federation Lingula polaris (135833)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Hungary Lingula tenuissima (199876)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Tunisia L. sp. (203922)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Hungary Lingula tenuissima (40617)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0Germany Lingula tenuissima (46355)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Russian Federation Lingula sp. (124544)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain (Valencia) L. smirnovae (44338)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany Lingula tenuissima (46348 46353)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain (Cuenca) L. smirnovae (44337) L. sp. (195711)
Fassanian242.0 - 235.0Tunisia L. sp. (203923 203924 203925)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Germany Lingula tenuissima (46347 46349 46352 206009 206033 206036)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Jordan (Janoobiah) Lingula tenuissima (201987)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Austria (Tyrol) Lingula tenuissima (202331)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Austria Lingula tenuissima (206002)
Tuvalian232.0 - 221.5Austria (Tyrol) Lingula tenuissima (203207)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Svalbard and Jan Mayen L. similis (163967)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Svalbard and Jan Mayen L. similis (47064 163970 163972 163974)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Brazil L. notialis (90490)