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Actinopteri

Actinopteri -

Taxonomy
Actinopteri was named by Cope (1871). It is extant.

It was reranked as the superorder Actinopterygia by Cope (1887); it was reranked as the superorder Actinopteri by Hay (1902); it was reranked as the infraclass Actinopteri by Grande et al. (2002) and Grande and Hilton (2006); it was reranked as the class Actinopteri by Betancur-R et al. (2013).

It was assigned to Teleostomi by Cope (1887); to Teleostomi by Hay (1902); to Pisces by Cope (1871) and Jordan (1963); to Actinopterygii by CartanyĆ” (1999); to Actinopterygii by Grande et al. (2002) and Grande and Hilton (2006); and to Actinopterygii by Betancur-R et al. (2013).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1871Actinopteri Cope p. 449
1887Actinopterygia Cope p. 1017
1902Actinopteri Hay p. 364
1963Actinopteri Jordan p. 611
1999Actinopteri CartanyĆ” p. 540
2002Actinopteri Grande et al.
2006Actinopteri Grande and Hilton p. 5
2013Actinopteri Betancur-R. et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
RankNameAuthor
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
classActinopteri()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2004-08-17 14:52:40
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:42
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
Reference: Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Cassinian to the top of the Holocene or 478.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 468.1 Ma

Collections (3667 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cassinian478.6 - 468.1United Kingdom (Scotland) Incertae indet. (75589)
Late/Upper Givetian - Early/Lower Frasnian388.1 - 382.4Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia) Moythomasia nitida, Moythomasia lineata (197071)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Arizona) Incertae sedis (22756)
Givetian - Early/Lower Frasnian387.7 - 382.4Belgium Incertae sedis (22904)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Australia (Western Australia) Moythomasia durgaringa (170988 197263)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Russian Federation Palaeoniscidae indet. (90343)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Latvia (Koknese) Aldingeria perforata (197072)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Australia (Western Australia) Moythomasia durgaringa (136090)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Canada (Quebec) Cheirolepis canadensis (179176)
Kinderhookian360.7 - 353.8USA (Indiana) Rhadinichthys sp. (6730)
Tournaisian358.9 - 346.7Ireland Acrolepis sp. (76515)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2United Kingdom Acrolepis hopkinsi, Chirodus pesranae (132729) Rhadinichthys elegantulus, Rhadinichthys angustulus, Phanerosteon mirabile, Elonichthys pulcherrimus, Elonichthys serratus, Holurus parki (140941)
Arundian345.0 - 342.8United Kingdom (Scotland) Canobius ramseyi, Paramesolepis tuberculata, Paramesolepis rhombus, Rhadinichthys tuberculatus, Rhadinichthys fusiformis, Rhadinichthys formosus, Rhadinichthys canobiensis, Styracopterus fulcratus, Mesopoma politum, Mesopoma crassum, Mesopoma macrocephallum, Canobius elegantulus, Cycloptychius concentricus, Rhadinichthys macconochii, Phanerosteon mirabile, Elonichthys pulcherrimus, Elonichthys serratus, Acrolepis ortholepis, Holurus parki, Platysomus superbus, Mesopoma pulchellum (90682)
Holkerian - Asbian342.8 - 336.0United Kingdom (Scotland) Rhadinichthys ornatissimus, Rhadinichthys carinatus, Rhadinichthys brevis (140937)
Asbian339.4 - 336.0USA (Iowa) Palaeoniscoidei indet. (68318)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1USA (Montana) Cyranorhis bergeraci (116658) Wendyichthys dicksoni (116655 116656 116659 116660 116762 116763) Wendyichthys dicksoni, Cyranorhis bergeraci (90681 116764) Wendyichthys dicksoni, Wendyichthys lautreci, Cyranorhis bergeraci (116654)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1United Kingdom (England) Elonichthys sp. (8255 8256 8257) Palaeoniscidae indet. (8424 8443 8444 8453 8454 8456 8612) Rhadinichthys sp., Palaeoniscidae indet. (8428)
Pendleian326.4 - 318.1United Kingdom (Scotland) Frederichthys musadentatus (195565) Frederichthys musadentatus, Mesopoma carricki (195566)
Pendleian - Yeadonian326.4 - 314.6United Kingdom (England) Acrolepis sp. (41198 41221 41224 41225 41259)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2United Kingdom (England) Gyrolepis rankinii, Platysomus parvulus (132670)