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Isoptera (termite)

Insecta - Blattodea

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1832Isoptera Brullé p. 66
1956Isopteridae Haupt p. 28
1968Isoptera Sharov
1989Isoptera Zhang p. 137
1992Isoptera Carpenter p. 137
2006Caatingatermes Martins-Neto et al. p. 127
2006Caatingatermes megacephalus Martins-Neto et al. p. 128 figs. Pl 1B; text-figs 1A-C
2006Araripetermes nativa Martins-Neto et al. p. 129 figs. Pl 1B,C; text-figs 1D-G
2006Nordestinatermes obesa Martins-Neto et al. p. 130 figs. Pl 1A, figs 1H,I
2007Nordestinatermes obesa Bechly p. 258 fig. 11.26d
2007Araripetermes nativa Bechly p. 260 fig. 11.26a
2007Caatingatermes Bechly p. 260
2007Caatingatermes megacephalus Bechly p. 260 fig. 11.26b
2009Isoptera Engel et al.
2010Isoptera Kluge p. 24
2013Isoptera Krishna et al.
2019Isoptera Evangelista et al.

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EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923
PolyneopteraMartynov 1938
superorderDictyopteraLatreille 1829
orderBlattodea(Latreille 1810)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Kimmeridgian to the top of the Holocene or 157.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 145.0 Ma

Collections (177 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Isoptera indet. (93138)
Late/Upper Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0United Kingdom (Surrey) Valditermes brenanae (74972)
Early/Lower Barremian130.0 - 125.45Spain Meiatermes bertrani (104052 123437 161433) Valditermes sp. (152684)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45Lebanon (Jabal Loubnane) Isoptera indet. 2, Isoptera indet. 3, Isoptera indet. 4, Lebanotermes veltzae (122471)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45Lebanon Melqartitermes myrrheus (122359)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Russian Federation (Chita) Mastotermes nepropadyom, Santonitermes transbaikalicus (105968)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Russian Federation (Buryatia) Baissatermes lapideus (105969)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Mongolia Valditermes acutipennis (103273 103657)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 112.03Brazil (Ceará) Cratomastotermes wolfschwenningeri, Nordestinatermes araripena, Cretatermes pereirai, Mariconitermes talicei, Cratokalotermes santanensis, Cretarhinotermes novaolindense, Meiatermes hariolus (122557) Cretatermes pereirai, Mariconitermes talicei, Cretatermes araripena (125511) Meiatermes araripena, Cratomastotermes wolfschwenningeri, Mariconitermes talicei, Cratokalotermes santanensis (140371) Meiatermes araripena, Cratomastotermes wolfschwenningeri, Mariconitermes talicei, Meiatermes hariolus (122352) Meiatermes araripena, Mariconitermes talicei (122922) Nordestinatermes obesa, Caatingatermes megacephalus, Araripetermes nativa (104659)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 112.03China (Beijing Shi) Jitermes tsaii, Yanjingtermes giganteus, Yongdingia opipara, Huaxiatermes huangi, Asiatermes reticulatus, Mesotermes incompletus, Mesotermes latus (106965)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Jordan Ardatermes hudaludi (124847)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Spain Isoptera indet. (109438)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Spain (Aragón) Aragonitermes teruelensis (91626)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6France Isoptera indet. 1, Santonitermes chloeae, Syagriotermes salomeae (122469)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Spain (Álava) Morazatermes krishnai, Cantabritermes simplex, Ithytermes montoyai (108769)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) Cretatermes carpenteri (119438)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5France Isoptera indet. 1 (122470) Isoptera indet., Lutetiatermes sp., Lutetiatermes prisca, Mastotermitidae indet. (123019)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar (Kachin) Kalotermes burmensis (104053)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar Anisotermes xiai, Mastotermes monostichus (165561) Anisotermes xiai, Pabuonqed eulna (167760) Dharmatermes avernalis, Tanytermes anawrahtai, Proelectrotermes holmgreni, Euisoptera indet., Gigantotermes rex (111688) Euisoptera indet., Krishnatermes sp., Krishnatermes yoddha (123113) Euisoptera indet., Krishnatermes yoddha (147614) Mylacrotermes cordatus (123116) Pabuonqed eulna (161726 184414) Termopsis swinhoei, Hodotermes tristis, Archeorhinotermes rossi (123020)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (New Jersey) Carinatermes nascimbeni (110895)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8France Termitotron vendeense (164386)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) Isoptera indet. (122390)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Isoptera indet. (109025)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2France (Auvergne) Neotermes grassei (113685) Termopsis piacentinii (120351)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Belgium Termes rutoti (151684)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Australia (Queensland) Blattotermes neoxenus (154073)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Oise) Kalotermitidae indet., Mastotermitidae indet. (68174)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Gujarat) Rhinotermitidae indet., Parastylotermes krishnai, Prostylotermes kamboja, Nanotermes isaacae, Zophotermes sp., Zophotermes ashoki (124463)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Tennessee) Mastotermes wheeleri (117258)
MP 755.8 - 48.6France (Oise) Mastotermes minutus, Electrotermes flecki (123850)
MP 1148.6 - 40.4Germany (Hessen) Isoptera indet. (120798)
MP 1348.6 - 40.4Germany (Eifel) Mastotermes krishnorum (135640)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Mississippi) Isoptera indet. (157347)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Mastotermes bournemouthensis (127644)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Termes sp. (155693)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Brazil (Minas Gerais) Spargotermes costalimai (154945)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Denmark Electrotermes affinis, Proelectrotermes berendti (123762)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9United Kingdom (England) Isoptera indet., Sisyra disrupta (123959) Isoptera indet., Termitidae sp.A (123960) Reticulitermes sp., Mastotermes anglicus, Mastotermes batheri (21976)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Gard) Kalotermitidae indet. J (144529)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Poland Termes bremii, Electrotermes affinis (120811) Termes bremii, Termes affinis, Termes berendtii, Termes deciduus, Termes gracilicornis, Termes antiquus (109625)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Kaliningrad) Electrotermes affinis (124205) Hemerobites antiquus, Termes girardi, Termes obscurus (147349) Idanotermes desioculus, Heterotermes eocenicus (124370) Leucotermes robustus, Calotermes affinis, Leucotermes antiquus (140221) Proelectrotermes berendti (123927 124073) Reticulitermes minimus (147652) Termes fossile (147350) Termopsis bremii, Garmitermes succineus, Termopsis ukapirmasi, Reticulitermes antiquus (123493) Termopsis bremii, Reticulitermes antiquus, Archotermopsis tornquisti, Electrotermes girardi, Reticulitermes minimus (123771)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation Termes bremii (117249)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Parotermes fodinae (106381) Parotermes insignis, Parotermes hagenii, Parotermes fodinae, Hodotermes coloradensis, Eutermes fossarum, Eutermes meadii (106384) Parotermes scudderi (106379)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Germany Termopsis gracilipennis (122407)
MP 2133.9 - 28.4Czech Republic Isoptera indet. (91467)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Brazil (Minas Gerais) Aiuruocatermes piovezanae (156168)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1France (Alpes-de-Haute) Kalotermitidae indet. I (114016)
Whitneyan33.3 - 30.8USA (Montana) Ulmeriella rubiensis, Prokalotermes alderensis (120623)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03USA (Colorado) Reticulitermes creedei (121977)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03France (Bouches-du-Rhone) Mastotermes sp., Mastotermes picardi (113989)
MP 3028.4 - 23.03Germany Calotermes rhenanus (123945)
MP 3028.4 - 23.03Germany (Nordrhein-Westfalen) Ulmeriella bauckhorni (138696)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Kazakhstan (Saisan) Ulmeriella cockerelli, Diatermes sibiricus (114018)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Ethiopia Chilgatermes diamatensis (145193)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03France (Bouches-Du-Rhone) Mastotermes sp., Blattotermes massiliensis, Mastotermes gallica, Paleotermopsis oligocenicus, Ulmeriella aquisextana (122501) Oligokalotermes fischeri (127415) Termes siruguei (122489) Termitidae indet. (122487)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia) Eotermes grandaeva, Ulmeriella bauckhorni, Calotermes rhenanus, Termes holmgreni, Termes aethiops, Termes blandus, Termes concinnus, Termes contractulus, Termes adustus, Termes atomus, Calotermes rottensis, Calotermes sophiae (122010)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Turkey Termitidae indet. A (123307)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44New Zealand Kalotermitidae indet., Stolotermes kupe, Waipiatatermes matatoka, Taieritermes krishnai, Otagotermes novazealandicus, Pterotermopsis fouldenica (50035)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Germany Kalotermes sp., Ulmeriella martynovi (123872)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Ethiopia Mastotermes aethiopicus (169321)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mexico Heterotermes sp., Coptotermes sp., Calcaritermes sp. (21977) Mastotermes sp. (146607)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97USA (California) Parastylotermes frazieri (152010)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mexico (Chiapas) Coptotermes sucineus (124469) Coptotermes sucineus, Heterotermes primaevus, Incisitermes krishnai, Kalotermes nigritus (124623) Coptotermes sucineus, Mastotermes electromexicus (138882) Coptotermes sucineus, Mastotermes electromexicus, Calcaritermes vetus (138881) Dolichorhinotermes apopnus (124928) Heterotermes primaevus (140313) Mastotermes electromexicus (124467 140209 140210 140218 140478) Mastotermes electromexicus, Calcaritermes vetus (140212) Mastotermes sp. (151418) Nasutitermes electrinus (106432 124470 140369) Nasutitermes sp. (123456)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Spain (Castellon) Ulmeriella sp. (140796)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97China (Shandong) Kalotermes nigellus, Kalotermes fossus (138945) Kalotermes nisus (138946) Kalotermes shandongianus (128552)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Dominican Republic Constrictotermes electroconstrictus (123422) Coptotermes priscus, Mastotermes electrodominicus, Coptotermes hirsutus, Coptotermes paleodominicanus, Anoplotermes bohio, Anoplotermes cacique, Anoplotermes carib, Anoplotermes maboya, Anoplotermes naboria, Anoplotermes nitaino, Anoplotermes quisqueya, Anoplotermes taino, Amitermes lucidus, Microcerotermes insulanus, Microcerotermes setosus, Termes primitivus, Atlantitermes antillea, Atlantitermes caribea, Atlantitermes magnoculus, Nasutitermes amplioculatus, Nasutitermes incisus, Nasutitermes magnocellus, Nasutitermes medioculatus, Nasutitermes pilosus, Nasutitermes seminudus, Subulitermes insularis, Subulitermes hispaniola, Nasutitermes rotundicephalus, Parvitermes longinasus, Caribitermes hispaniola, Velocitermes bulbus, Constrictotermes electroconstrictus, Nasutitermes electronasutus, Cryptotermes glaesarius, Cryptotermes yamini, Glyptotermes grimaldii, Glyptotermes paleoliberatus, Incisitermes peritus (122982) Mastotermes electrodominicus, Dolichorhinotermes dominicanus (124282)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (California) Cryptotermes ryshkoffi (144521) Cryptotermes sp., Parastylotermes sp., Gnathotermes sp. (106431) Parastylotermes calico (144523) Reticulitermes laurae (144525) Reticulitermes laurae, Gnathamitermes rousei, Reticulitermes tibialis (144524) Reticulitermes sp. (144522)
MN 320.0 - 16.9Czech Republic Ulmeriella bauckhorni (150934)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Idaho) Eotermes sp. (97616)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Washington) Stylotermes washingtonensis (140652) Ulmeriella latahensis (146100)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Calotermes roseni, Calotermes frischi, Calotermes assmuthi, Leucotermes dofleini, Rhinotermites dzierzoni, Rhinotermites kuehni, Rhinotermites wasmanni, Termes scheuthlei, Metatermites statzi, Eutermes nickeli, Eutermes sachtlebini, Termes drabatyi, Termes korschefskyi, Termes scheeri, Termes schleipi, Termes stitzi, Termes weismanni (127614) Mastotermites stuttgartensis, Eutermes nickeli, Termes scheeri (155661) Miotermes randeckensis, Eutermes fraasi (109058) Termes scheuthlei, Termes hauffi (155659)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Austria (Steiermark) Euisoptera indet. (156994)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Termes hartungi, Termes buchii (117252) Termes insignis (113689) Termes spectabilis (117248)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Croatia Mastotermes vetustus, Mastotermes minor (113698) Termes haidingeri (117247) Termes obscurus, Termes croaticus (117250) Termes pristinus (113693) Termes pristinus, Pliotermes hungaricus (156758) Termes procerus, Termes pristinus, Mastotermes croaticus (117246)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Romania Termopsis mallaszi, Termopsis transsylvanica (156755)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Austria Gyatermes styriensis (105962)
Vallesian11.608 - 8.7Spain Ulmeriella sp. (114010)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Poland Termopsis heerii (138936)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Japan Hodotermopsis iwatensis (152333) Rhinotermitidae indet. (152335) Stolotermes amanoi (152334) Ulmeriella shizukuishiensis (152332) Ulmeriella uemurai (142138)
Late/Upper Miocene - Pliocene11.608 - 2.588Chad Hodotermitidae indet. (24181)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333France (Ardèche) Calotermes sp. (172761) Isoptera indet. (157321) Kalotermitidae indet. F, Kalotermitidae indet. G, Reticulitermes sp., Termitidae indet., Ulmeriella pliocenica, Francotermes bauzilensis (113893) Kalotermitidae indet., Ulmeriella martynovi, Macrotermes scheuthlei, Francotermes bauzilensis, Reticulitermes hartungi (156164)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333France (Ardeche) Kalotermitidae indet. A, Kalotermitidae indet. B, Ulmeriella sp. (122194)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy (Tuscany) Calotermes bosniaskii (113751)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Japan (Nagano) Gyatermes naganoensis (170161)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333France (Cantal) Kalotermitidae indet. C, Kalotermitidae indet. D, Kalotermitidae indet. E, Ulmeriella sp. (122195)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy Kalotermitidae indet. H (157195)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy (Piedmont) Ulmeriella sp., Rhinotermes miocenicus (113998)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Chad Hodotermitidae indet. (59839)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Tanzania (Eastern Drift Valley) Termitidae indet. (32050)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Germany (Niedersachsen) Ulmeriella willershausensis, Reticulitermes pliozaenicus, Ulmeriella strausi (109196)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806France (Cantal) Termitidae indet. B (157197)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Benin Calotermes resinatus, Eutermes handlirschi (150373)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Tanzania Calotermes batheri, Calotermes erythrops, Termes amicus, Mirotermes resinatus, Microcerotermes latinotus (150372) Termes debilis (117251) Termes diaphanus, Termes punctatus (150374) Termes pusillus (123418) Termes sp. (123991)