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Desmodus draculae

Mammalia - Chiroptera - Phyllostomidae

Discussion

Holotype: MUSB 152-85 PB, Skull, mandible, skelletal parts.

Collected by Omar J. Linares, 10-18 April 1965

Etymology: The species epithet of this largest known chiropteran vampire comemorates Count Dracula, the greatest human vampire of folklore.

Taxonomy
Desmodus draculae was named by Morgan et al. (1988). Its type specimen is MUSB 152-85 PB, a partial skeleton, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Cueva del Guácharo, Caripe, which is in a Pleistocene terrestrial horizon in Venezuela.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1988Desmodus draculae Morgan et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
orderChiropteraBlumenbach 1779
familyPhyllostomidaeGray 1825
subfamilyDesmodontinae(Bonaparte 1845)
genusDesmodusWied-Neuwied 1826
speciesdraculae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
G. S. Morgan et al. 1988A Desmodus larger than any other known form (greates length of skull more than 31 mm vs. 27.4 maximum for D. strocki, length of humerus 51 mm vs. 47.5 maximum for D. stocki), but skull more slender and delicate. Mandible with ventral border straight in lateral aspect and with pockets behind incisors virtually non-existent
Measurements
partNmean
Braincase height114.8
Coronoid height19.40

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: volanto
Diet: omnivoref
Reproduction: viviparouso
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-06-08 12:11:09
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Simmons et al. 2008, Nowak 1991, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range: base of the Early/Lower Pleistocene to the top of the Holocene or 2.58800 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (2 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Venezuela (Monagas) Desmodus draculae (type locality: 145874)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Brazil (Bahia) Desmodus draculae (71313)