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Lingularia borealis

Lingulata - Lingulida - Lingulidae

Taxonomy
Lingula borealis was named by Bittner (1899). Its type specimen is CGM 221/103, a shell, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Paris Bay, Russkiy Island, which is in a Griesbachian marine horizon in the Russian Federation.

It was recombined as Lingularia borealis by Hofmann (2013), Posenato et al. (2014) and He et al. (2019).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1899Lingula borealis Bittner
1942Lingula borealis Newell and Kummel
1965Lingula borealis Dagys p. 10 figs. Pl 1,figs 1-4
1970Lingula borealis Rowell p. 113 figs. Pl 1, figs 1-10
1980Lingula borealis Liao figs. Pl 1, fig 1
1993Lingularia similis Biemat and Emig
2009Lingularia similis Holmer and Bengtson p. 257
2009Lingula borealis Popov p. 174 figs. 146.5-146.6
2013Lingularia borealis Hofmann p. 572 fig. 15A
2013Lingula borealis Hofmann et al. p. 868 fig. 8.24
2014Lingularia borealis Posenato et al. p. 378 figs. 3g-k
2019Lingularia borealis He et al. p. 214 figs. 9.78a-h, 9.79a

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
RankNameAuthor
subphylumLinguliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classLingulataGorjansky and Popov 1985
orderLingulidaWaagen 1885
superfamilyLinguloideaMenke 1828
familyLingulidaeGray 1840
genusLingulariaBiernat and Emig 1993
speciesborealis()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
valve height27.487.008.007.500.707

Composition: phosphatico
Locomotion: facultatively mobilef
Attached: yeso
Life habit: infaunalf
Diet: suspension feederf
Vision: blindc
Created: 2009-09-21 10:53:03
Modified: 2009-10-11 12:19:50
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Bambach et al. 2007

Age range: base of the Changhsingian to the top of the Berriasian or 254.17000 to 139.80000 Ma

Collections (54 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Sichuan) Lingula borealis (149120)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17Pakistan (Punjab) Lingula borealis (41559 41562)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Hungary Lingularia borealis (161084)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Italy Lingularia borealis (161083)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Guizhou) Lingula borealis (172216)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Sichuan) Lingula borealis (95608 149118)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3USA (Wyoming) Lingula borealis (150709)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Yunnan) Lingula borealis (63512 112118)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Hubei) Lingula borealis (149221)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3China (Chongqing) Lingula borealis (117515)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3USA (Montana) Lingula borealis (44491 44492 150714 150715 150716 150717 150718 150719 150720 150723)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Greenland Lingula borealis (48115 112725 112730 112740 118489 118510 118525)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Pakistan Lingula borealis (95275 95276 110933)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3Russian Federation Lingula borealis (90202 90203 90205 type locality: 127949)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2Russian Federation (Primorsky Krai) Lingula borealis (202918)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2USA (Utah) Lingularia borealis (156014 156103 156104 156105 156106)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Italy Lingularia borealis (161085)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Russian Federation (Primorye) Lingula borealis (47218 47276)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Idaho) Lingularia borealis (202145)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Utah) Lingularia borealis (156079)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation Lingula borealis (61959)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Svalbard and Jan Mayen Lingularia similis (163967)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Svalbard and Jan Mayen Lingularia similis (47064 163970 163972 163974)