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Pholidostrophia

Strophomenata - Strophomenida - Strophodontidae

Taxonomy
Pholidostrophia was named by Hall and Clarke (1892).

It was assigned to Pholidostrophidae by Jin and Chatterton (1997); to Strophodontidae by Williams et al. (2000); and to Strophomenida by Sepkoski (2002).

Species lacking formal opinion data

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1892Pholidostrophia Hall and Clarke
1997Pholidostrophia Jin and Chatterton
2000Pholidostrophia Williams et al. p. 297
2002Pholidostrophia Sepkoski, Jr.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
RankNameAuthor
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classStrophomenataWilliams et al 1996
orderStrophomenidaOpik 1934
superfamilyStrophomenoideaKing 1846
familyStrophodontidaeCaster 1939
genusPholidostrophiaHall and Clarke 1892

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitep
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 10 to < 100g
Adult width: 10 to < 100g
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10g
Folds: noneg
Ribbing: noneg
Spines: noneg
Internal reinforcement: noneg
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Comments: BODY SIZE: Data from Williams et al. (2000).g
Created: 2009-06-10 11:50:15
Modified: 2009-06-10 13:50:15
Source: g = genus, o = order, c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Hendy 2009

Age range: base of the Aeronian to the top of the Late/Upper Givetian or 440.80000 to 383.70000 Ma

Collections (114 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4United Kingdom (England) P. sp. (464)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4United Kingdom (Wales) P. sp. (465)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5United Kingdom (England) P. sp. (520)
Aeronian - Telychian440.8 - 433.4USA (Wisconsin) P. sp. (2846)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4Venezuela P. sp. (25070)
Sheinwoodian433.4 - 430.5Canada (Nunavut) Mesopholidostrophia lamellosa (26003)
Wenlock433.4 - 427.4Canada (Northwest Territories) P. lamellosa (26059)
Homerian430.5 - 427.4United Kingdom (England) P. sp. (23218 23285 23291 23293)
Homerian430.5 - 427.4United Kingdom (Wales) P. sp. (23287)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0Belarus P. sp. (23658)
Whitwellian426.2 - 425.4Canada (Northwest Territories) P. lamellosa (26042 26048)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0Australia (New South Wales) P. bendeninensis (25634)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Ukraine P. verrucosa (14152 23444)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Canada (Yukon) P. sp. (24932)
Siegen412.3 - 409.1USA (Nevada) P. sp. (164821)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6New Zealand P. sp. (77223 77224)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5China (Heilongjiang) P. sp. (25844)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3USA (Nevada) P. sp. (164691)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7USA (Maryland) P. sp. (611 613)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Canada (Ontario) P. nacrea (3845 3848)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Germany P. sp. (60132)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7USA (New York) P. nacrea (9615)
Eifelian - Givetian393.3 - 382.7USA (Indiana) P. sp. (5707)
Middle Devonian393.3 - 382.7USA (New York) P. nacrea (91217 91226 91227 91228 91229 91232 91233 91267 91268 91269 91270 91271 91272 91274)
Middle Devonian393.3 - 382.7USA (Indiana) P. iowaensis (11101)
Late/Upper Givetian388.1 - 383.7USA (Iowa) P. iowensis (35478 35480 35481)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Ohio) P. geniculata, P. nacrea (38457) P. gracilis, P. nacrea (38466) P. nacrea (38455 38459 38460 38463 38464 38465 38468)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Wisconsin) P. iowensis (96333)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Canada (Northwest Territories) P. sp. (626)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Iowa) P. iowensis (93842 93843 93844 93845 93846 93847)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (New York) P. nacrea (8716 8723 8813 8816 8817 8818 8819 8820 8822 8829 8830 8915 8916 8920 8925 8928 8929 8930 8932 8982 8987 8992 89672 94411 94432) P. ovata (96214) P. sp. (8760 8764 8765 8766 8767 8768 8769 8770 8779 8787 8793)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Michigan) P. geniculata, P. gracilis, P. nacrea, P. sp. (38475) P. gracilis, P. nacrea (38476) P. ovata (94446 96304) P. sp. (96293) P. sp. A (96308)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Russian Federation (Kemerovskaya Oblast) P. salairica (84384 84385)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Pennsylvania) P. pennsylvanica (9659) P. sp. (627)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (Missouri) P. iowensis (93849)