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Prosomapoda

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1886Synziphosurina Packard
1913Bunodomorpha Zittel and Eastman
1955Synziphosurina Størmer p. 14
1968Synziphosurida Bergström p. 502
1975Synziphosurida Bergström p. 303
2010Synziphosurina Krzemiński et al. p. 134
2013Prosomapoda Dunlop et al. p. 8
2013Prosomapoda Lamsdell p. 19
2020Prosomapoda Dunlop et al. p. 8

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
RankNameAuthor
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
Deuteropoda
subphylumChelicerataHeymons 1901
EuchelicerataWeygoldt and Paulus 1979
Prosomapoda
Prosomapoda

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Prosomapoda Lamsdell 2013
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G. †Anderella Moore et al. 2007
+
Anderella parva Moore et al. 2007
G. †Borchgrevinkium Novojilov 1958
+
Borchgrevinkium taimyrensis Novojilov 1959
G. †Camanchia Moore et al. 2011
+
Camanchia grovensis Moore et al. 2011
G. †Legrandella Eldredge 1974
+
Legrandella lombardii Eldredge 1974
Unr. Planaterga Lamsdell 2013
+
G. †Bembicosoma Laurie 1899
+
Bembicosoma pomphicus Laurie 1899
G. †Bunaia Clarke 1919
+
Bunaia heintzi Størmer 1934
G. †Bunodes Eichwald 1859
+
Bunodes lunula Eichwald 1854
+
Invalid names: Bunodes rugosus Eichwald 1854 [synonym], Exapinurus schrenki Nieszkowski 1859 [synonym]
Invalid names: Exapinurus Nieszkowski 1859 [synonym]
G. †Cyamocephalus Currie 1927
Unr. Dekatriata Lamsdell 2013
+
Or. †Chasmataspidida Caster and Brooks 1956
+
Fm. †Chasmataspididae Caster and Brooks 1956
+
G. †Chasmataspis Caster and Brooks 1956
Fm. †Diploaspididae Stormer 1972
+
G. †Achanarraspis Anderson et al. 2000
G. †Diploaspis Størmer 1972
G. †Dvulikiaspis Marshall et al. 2014
G. †Forfarella Dunlop et al. 1999
G. †Heteroaspis Størmer 1972
G. †Loganamaraspis Tetlie and Braddy 2004
G. †Nahlyostaspis Marshall et al. 2014
G. †Octoberaspis Dunlop 2002
G. †Skrytyaspis Marshall et al. 2014
G. †Kiaeria Stoermer 1934
+
Kiaeria limuloides Størmer 1934
Invalid names: Chasmataspidacea Caster and Brooks 1956 [empty], Diploaspidida Simonetta and Delle Cave 1978 [synonym], Heteroaspididae Størmer 1972 [empty]
Unr. Sclerophorata Kamenz et al. 2011
+
Cl. Arachnida Lamarck 1801
+
G. Aulonia Koch 1847
Subcl. Caulogastra Gall 1971
G. †Cretopilio Fritsch 1910
G. †Dinopilio Fritsch 1904
Unr. Haplocnemata Borner 1904
Or. Palpigradi Thorell 1888 [microwhip scorpion]
Unr. Pantetrapulmonata Shultz 2007
Or. Parasitiformes Reuter 1909
Or. †Phalangiotarbida Haase 1890 [phalangiotarbid]
+
Invalid names: Architarbida Petrunkevitch 1945 [synonym]
Unr. Poecilophysidea Pepato et al. 2010
Or. Ricinulei Thorell 1876 [hooded tickspider]
G. †Saccogulus Dunlop et al. 2006
Unr. Stomothecata Shultz 2007
Invalid names: Acari Leach 1817 [invalid subgroup], Acaromorpha Dubinin 1957 [invalid subgroup], Arthrolycosa tarda Frič 1912 [nomen dubium], Podurites Matthew 1895 [nomen dubium], Podurites saltator Matthew 1895 [nomen dubium], Pseudoscorpionida Latreille 1817 [empty]
Or. †Eurypterida Burmeister 1843 [eurypterid]
+
Subor. †Eurypterina Burmeister 1843
G. †Marsupipterus Caster and Kjellesvig-Waering 1955
G. †Parahughmilleria Kjellesvig-Waering 1961
Subor. †Stylonurina Diener 1924
+
Invalid names: Hibbertopterina Stoermer 1974 [synonym], Woodwardopterina Kjellesvig-Waering 1959 [synonym]
G. †Unionopterus Chernyshev 1948
Invalid names: Belinuropsis Matthew 1910 [nomen dubium], Belinuropsis wigudensis Matthew 1910 [nomen dubium], Cyrtoctenida Stoermer and Waterston 1968 [synonym], Eurypteracea Burmeister 1845 [empty], Eurypterella Matthew 1889 [nomen dubium], Eurypterella ornata Matthew 1889 [nomen dubium], Gigantostraca Haeckel 1896 [synonym], Stylonuracea Diener 1924 [invalid subgroup]
G. †Pseudoniscus Nieszkowski 1859
+
Invalid names: Neolimulus Woodward 1868 [synonym]
G. †Venustulus Moore 2005
+
Fm. †Weinberginidae Richter 1929
+
G. †Weinbergina Richter and Richter 1929
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Weinbergina opitzi Richter and Richter 1929
Cl. Xiphosura Latreille 1802
+
Fm. †Kasibelinuridae Pickett 1993
+
G. †Kasibelinurus Pickett 1993
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Kasibelinurus amicorum Pickett 1993
G. †Pickettia Bicknell et al. 2019
+
Pickettia carteri Eller 1940
Invalid names: Elleriidae Raymond 1944 [synonym]
G. †Lunataspis Rudkin et al. 2008
+
Lunataspis aurora Rudkin et al. 2008
G. †Maldybulakia Tesakov and Alekseev 1998
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Maldybulakia angusi Edgecombe 1998
Maldybulakia malcolmi Edgecombe 1998
Invalid names: Lophodesmus Tesakov and Alekseev 1992 [replaced]
G. †Micrichnus Abel 1926
+
Micrichnus scotti Abel 1926
Invalid names: Artiodactylus Abel 1935 [synonym]
G. †Patesia Bicknell and Smith 2021
+
Patesia randalli Beecher 1902
+
Invalid names: Belinurus alleganyensis Eller 1938 [synonym]
G. †Willwerathia Størmer 1969
Or. Xiphosurida Latreille 1802
+
Subor. †Belinurina Bergström 1975
+
Fm. †Belinuridae Zittel and Eastman 1913
+
G. †Alanops Racheboeuf et al. 2002
G. †Anacontium Raymond 1944
G. †Andersoniella Lamsdell 2020
G. †Belinurus Bronn 1839
+
Invalid names: Koenigiella Raymond 1944 [synonym], Macrobelinurus Lamsdell 2020 [synonym], Parabelinurus Lamsdell 2020 [synonym], Steropis Baily 1858 [synonym]
G. †Euproops Meek 1867
G. †Liomesaspis Raymond 1944
G. †Prestwichianella Woodward 1918
+
Invalid names: Prestwichia Woodward 1867 [replaced]
G. †Pringlia Raymond 1944
+
Invalid names: Palatinaspis Malz and Poschmann 1993 [synonym]
G. †Prolimulus Fritsch 1899
G. †Protolimulus Packard 1886
G. †Stilpnocephalus Selden et al. 2019
G. †Xiphosuroides Shpinev and Vasilenko 2018
Invalid names: Euproopidae Eller 1938 [synonym], Liomesaspididae Raymond 1944 [synonym]
Superfm. †Eolimulacea Bergström 1968
+
G. †Drabovaspis Chlupáč 1963
Fm. †Eolimulidae Bergström 1968
Invalid names: Belinuracea Zittel and Eastman 1913 [invalid subgroup], Euproopacea Eller 1938 [invalid subgroup]
Subor. Limulina Richter and Richter 1929
+
+
Bellinuroopsis rossicus Chernyshev 1933
Invalid names: Neobelinuropsis Eller 1938 [objective synonym]
Superfm. Limuloidea Leach 1819
+
Fm. †Austrolimulidae Riek 1955
+
Invalid names: Dubbolimulidae Pickett 1984 [synonym]
Fm. Limulidae Leach 1819 [horseshoe crab]
+
Invalid names: Heterolimulidae Vía Boada and Villalta 1966 [synonym], Mesolimulidae Størmer 1952 [synonym], Xiphosuridae Pocock 1902 [synonym]
G. †Shpineviolimulus Bicknell et al. 2020
G. †Valloisella Racheboeuf 1992
Fm. †Paleolimulidae Raymond 1944
+
G. †Moravurus Přibyl 1967
G. †Norilimulus Lamsdell 2020
G. †Paleolimulus Dunbar 1923
G. †Xaniopyramis Siveter and Selden 1987
Invalid names: Moravuridae Přibyl 1967 [synonym], Paleolimulus juresanensis Chernyshev 1933 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Rolfeiidae Selden and Siveter 1987
+
G. †Rolfeia Waterston 1985
Invalid names: Limulacea Leach 1819 [empty]
Invalid names: Bellinurina Zittel and Eastman 1913 [empty], Omoptilus Pruvost 1919 [nomen dubium], Omoptilus hispidus Pruvost 1919 [nomen dubium], Paleolimuloidea Anderson and Selden 1997 [empty]
Invalid names: Gnathopoda Straus-Durkheim 1829 [synonym], Merostomata Dana 1852 [synonym], Poecilopoda Claus 1868 [synonym], Xyphosures Latrielle 1802 [synonym]
Invalid names: Synziphosurina Packard 1886 [invalid subgroup]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2004-02-29 09:38:49
Modified: 2004-02-29 11:38:49
Source: p = phylum
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Cambrian to the top of the Holocene or 538.80000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 509.0 Ma

Collections (1188 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Cambrian538.8 - 509.0Sweden (Öland) Eolimulus alata (210576)
Franconian497.0 - 485.4USA (Idaho) Merostomata indet. (184601)
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7USA (Montana) Merostomata indet. (275)
Tulean480.8 - 474.9USA (Montana) Merostomata indet. (287)
Llanvirn468.0 - 458.4USA (Tennessee) Chasmataspis laurencii (37450)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4United Kingdom (Wales) Xiphosura indet. (230215)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4USA (Iowa) Pentecopterus decorahensis (225212)
Sarka466.0 - 466.0Czech Republic Archeolimulus sp. (3857)
Sandbian458.4 - 453.0United Kingdom (Wales) Brachyopterus stubblefieldi (206522)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (Virginia) Megalograptus alveolatus (204960)
Blackriveran457.3 - 449.6USA (New York) Eurypterida indet. (328)
Katian453.0 - 445.2USA (Ohio) Megalograptus ohioensis (204962) Megalograptus shideleri (204963) Megalograptus welchi (204994) Megalograptus williamsae (204993)
Katian453.0 - 445.2Turkey Paraeurypterus anatoliensis (184932)
Katian453.0 - 445.2Canada (Manitoba) Lunataspis aurora (216760 216761)
Katian453.0 - 445.2USA (New York) Echinognathus clevelandi (204767)
Edenian451.0 - 450.2USA (Pennsylvania) Megalograptus sp. (34895)
Richmondian - Ashgill449.6 - 443.7USA (Ohio) Megalograptus sp. (392 393)
Hirnantian445.2 - 443.4South Africa Onychopterella augusti (26994)
Silurian443.8 - 419.2USA (Pennsylvania) Nanahughmilleria clarkei, Parahughmilleria maria, Rhinocarcinosoma cicerops, Erettopterus globiceps, Hughmilleria shawangunk, Hardieopterus myops, Kiaeropterus otisius, Ruedemannipterus stylonuroides, Ctenopterus cestrotus (12763)
Silurian443.8 - 419.2USA (New York) Carcinosoma sp. (10455) Eurypterus remipes, Pterygotus sp. (10456) Nanahughmilleria prominens (13852) Waeringopterus apfeli (10454)