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Orthorhynchuloides

Rhynchonellata - Rhynchonellida - Orthorhynchulidae

Taxonomy
Orthorhynchuloides was named by Williams (1962) [Sepkoski's age data: O Cara-m Sepkoski's reference number: 1,538].

It was assigned to Rhynchonellida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Orthorhynchulidae by Williams (1962) and Williams et al. (2002).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1962Orthorhynchuloides Williams pp. 239 - 240
2002Orthorhynchuloides Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Orthorhynchuloides Williams et al. p. 1078

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Eutriploblastica
Neotriploblastica
Eucoelomata
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
RankNameAuthor
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderRhynchonellidaKuhn 1949
superfamilyRhynchotrematoideaSchuchert 1913
familyOrthorhynchulidaeCooper 1956
genusOrthorhynchuloides

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
A. Williams 1962Exterior - Elongately oval, strongly biconvex shells with a high dorsal fold and a deep ventral sulcus, truncated anteriorly so that the antero-median part of the pedicle valve projects dorsally like a tongue; radial ornamentation costate, with costae well defined posteriorly but tending to die out towards the margins of adult shells; hinge-line long and straight; ventral interarea well developed, strongly curved, anacline, delthyrium open with only flange-like traces of deltidial plates; dorsal interarea weak, anacline; shell substance impunctate.

Interior ofpedicle valve.--Teeth small, supported by long, slightly divergent dental lamellae, pedicle chamber well defined; muscle-field subrectangular, extending well beyond the dental lamellae although low extensions from them act as lateral boundaries, median lanceolate zone contained by a pair of faint ridges and presumably representing the adductor scar, anterior ends of diductor scars contained by a pair of narrow raised zones extending to the anterior margin along the sides of the sulcus and possibly representing the vascula media.

lnterior of brachial valve.--Crural bases subtriangular, flaring, concave ventrally and supported by a pair of plates convergent onto the median part of the valve floor to form a sessile cruralium; sockets small, delineated as concave areas lying lateral to the crural bases; muscle-field unknown.