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Rhynchonellata - Rhynchonellida - Pugnacidae

Parapugnax is a genus. It is not extant.

It was assigned to Rhynchonellida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Pugnacidae by Savage and Baxter (1995) and Williams et al. (2002).

Species lacking formal opinion data

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1995Parapugnax Savage and Baxter p. 1035
2002Parapugnax Sepkoski
2002Parapugnax Williams et al. p. 1171

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EubilateriaAx 1987
PanbrachiopodaCarlson and Cohen 2020
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderRhynchonellidaKuhn 1949
superfamilyPugnacoideaRzhonsnitskaia 1956
familyPugnacidaeRzonsnitzkaja 1956

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

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Parapugnax ovata Wang 1985
Parapugnax qabdoensis Wang 1985
No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitep
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 14:12:25
Modified: 2004-02-28 16:12:25
Source: o = order, c = class, p = phylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Nesnidal et al. 2013, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Early/Lower Emsian to the top of the Early/Lower Famennian or 409.10000 to 370.60000 Ma

Collections (13 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Lochkovian - Emsian419.2 - 393.3Austria (Carnic Alps) P. sp. (77909)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Australia (Queensland) P. sp. (39875)
Givetian - Frasnian387.7 - 372.2Russian Federation (Orenburgskaya Oblast) P. shubartauensis, P. altaicus, P. brecciae (83916) P. sp. (83915)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Russian Federation (Orenburgskaya Oblast) P. shubartauensis, P. altaicus, P. bjugata (83919) P. shubartauensis, P. altaicus, P. brecciae (83917) P. shubartauensis, P. altaicus, P. brecciae, P. bjugata (83918)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Poland P. brecciae (82907)
Late/Upper Givetian380.2 - 382.7Poland P. sp. (82940)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1USA (Alaska) P. schmidti (3102)
Early/Lower Famennian376.1 - 370.6Germany (Rhenish Massif) P. brecciae (5960)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9Germany (Wenden) P. sp. (645)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9USA (Nevada) P. bactrianense (5959)