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Porifera (sponge)

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1836Porifera Grant
2002Porifera Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Porifera Kiessling
2005Porifera Adl et al. p. 401 figs. Table 1

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phylumPoriferaGrant 1836
phylumPoriferaGrant 1836

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Locomotion: stationaryp
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalp
Diet: suspension feederp
Created: 2004-02-27 17:00:59
Modified: 2009-04-21 14:14:43
Source: p = phylum
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Ediacaran to the top of the Holocene or 635.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 541.0 Ma

Collections (6161 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Neoproterozoic1000.0 - 541.0China (Guizhou) Porifera indet. (97560 97561)
Ediacaran635.0 - 541.0Australia (South Australia) Coronacollina acula (89838) Coronacollina sp. (191905) Palaeophragmodictya reticulata (10490 10491 10492 10493 10494 10495) Palaeophragmodictya sp., Coronacollina acula (89836 191904) Palaeophragmodictya sp., Coronacollina sp. (191896)
Ediacaran635.0 - 541.0Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) Thectardis avalonensis (51741 89095 89111 89204)
Ediacaran635.0 - 541.0Russian Federation (Arkhangelsk) Palaeophragmodictya spinosa (191887 191889 191890)
Ediacaran635.0 - 541.0Russian Federation Palaeophragmodictya spinosa (191891)
Ediacaran635.0 - 541.0China (Guizhou) Eocyathispongia qiania (171365)
Ediacaran635.0 - 541.0Namibia Brooksella sp. (7910) Namapoikia rietoogensis (113370)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0China (Hunan) Calcihexactina sp. (97715) Hunanospongia delicata (97714)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0India Maldeotaina composita, Mussooriella kroli (63045)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0Russian Federation (Irkutsk) Protospongia sp. (99188 99190)
Meishucunian541.0 - 516.0China (Guizhou) Calcihexactina sp. (106508) Calcihexactina tranica (106514)
Meishucunian541.0 - 516.0China (Anhui) Gabelia sp., Protospongia sp., Choia striata, Protospongia gracilis, Diagoniella cyathiformis, Protospongia conica, Triticispongia diagonata, Lantianospongia palifera, Sanshapentella dapingi, Hyalosinica archaica, Solactiniella plumata, Choia utahensis (96370)
Meishucunian541.0 - 516.0China (Zhejiang) Calcihexactina sp. (108039)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Favilynthus contractus, Tumuliolynthus irregularis, Anaptyctocyathus sp., Erismacoscinus sp., Ethmocyathus lineatus, Flexanulus oosthuizeni, Polycoscinus scuratus, Polycoscinus papillatus, Thalamocyathus trachealis, Thalamocyathus sp., Spirocyathella cooperi (182205) Thalamocyathus trachealis, Mawsonicoscinus sigmoides, Syringocnema sp. (182203)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0China (Shaanxi) Hexactinellida indet. (86613)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0USA (Nevada) Archaeocyatha indet. (204025)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Spain (Aragon) Crumillospongia mureroensis (120550 120552)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0China (Yunnan) Choiaella radiatia, Choia ridley, Valospongia gigantis, Protospongia sp., Triticispongia diagonata, Hyalosinica sp., Choia carteri, Cystospongia globosa, Choia hindei, Saetaspongia densa, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Allantospongia mica, Choia utahensis, Wapkia grandis, Halichondrites elissa, Leptomitella conica, Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula, Quadrolaminiella diagonalis, Quadrolaminiella crassa, Ptilispongia maotianshanensis, Ischnspongia dendritica, Hamptonia chengjiangensis (156226)
Cambrian541.0 - 485.4USA (Georgia) Brooksella alternata (164675)
Cambrian541.0 - 485.4Norway (Ringsaker) Protospongia sp. (194127)