Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Included Taxa
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Tetrarhynchia

Rhynchonellata - Rhynchonellida - Tetrarhynchiidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1917Tetrarhynchia Buckman p. 41
2002Makridinirhynchia Sepkoski
2002Tetrarhynchia Sepkoski
2002Tetrarhynchia Williams et al. p. 1345

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
RankNameAuthor
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderRhynchonellidaKuhn 1949
superfamilyHemithiridoideaRzhonsnitskaya 1956
familyTetrarhynchiidaeAger 1965
subfamilyTetrarhynchiinaeAger 1965
genusTetrarhynchia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. †Tetrarhynchia Buckman 1917
show all | hide all
Tetrarhynchia inopinata Siblik 1999
Tetrarhynchia jakutica Dagys 1968
Tetrarhynchia ranina Suess 1860
Tetrarhynchia subconcinna Davidson 1852
hide
Invalid names: Rhynchonella fodinalis Tate 1876 [synonym]
Tetrarhynchia tetrahedra Sowerby 1812
hide
Invalid names: Terebratula media Sowerby 1812 [synonym]
Invalid names: Makridinirhynchia [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
shell height3911.96.0321.612.44.12

Composition: low Mg calcitep
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 14:12:25
Modified: 2004-02-28 16:12:25
Source: o = order, c = class, p = phylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Nesnidal et al. 2013

Age range: base of the Hettangian to the top of the Early/Lower Callovian or 201.30000 to 161.20000 Ma

Collections (221 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Hettangian201.3 - 199.3Austria Rhynchonella sp. (29115) T. inopinata (29054 29058)
Early/Lower Jurassic201.3 - 174.1United Kingdom (Scotland) T. tetrahedra (28849)
Early/Lower Jurassic201.3 - 174.1United Kingdom (England) T. subconcinna, T. tetrahedra (28848)
Sinemurian199.3 - 190.8Italy T. jonica, T. schopeni, T. dunrobinensis (23868 23871)
Sinemurian199.3 - 190.8Greenland T. sp. (162266)
Sinemurian - Early/Lower Pliensbachian199.3 - 183.0Turkey T. sp. (132596)
Early/Lower Sinemurian196.5 - 189.6Switzerland T. sp. (48131)
Oxynotum196.5 - 189.6Portugal T. dunrobinensis (159054) T. ranina (159055)
Oxynotum196.5 - 189.6United Kingdom (Scotland) Rhynchonella dunrobinensis (38094) T. dunrobinensis (159507)
Raricostatum196.5 - 189.6France T. dunrobinensis (159076 160878 160879)
Semicostatum196.5 - 189.6Canada (Alberta) T. dunrobinensis (133090)
Late/Upper Sinemurian - Early/Lower Pliensbachian196.5 - 183.0Bulgaria T. dunrobinensis (106900 106901)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7Greenland Rhynchonella sp. (161207 161208) T. sp. (161970 161973 161975 162113 162270 162283 162286)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7Chile T. tetrahedra (7429 7430)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7United Kingdom T. tetraedra (213641 213648 213649 213651 213654 213655)
Pliensbachian - Late/Upper Toarcian190.8 - 175.6Chile (Atacama) T. sp. (221803)
Pliensbachian - Toarcian190.8 - 174.1Chile (CopiapĆ³) T. sp. (223695)
Pliensbachian - Toarcian190.8 - 174.1Chile (Atacama) T. sp. (221834)
Pliensbachian - Toarcian190.8 - 174.1Chile (Coquimbo) T. sp. (221996 221998)
Davoei189.6 - 183.0France T. ranina (160211)
Davoei189.6 - 183.0Spain (Aragon) T. tetrahedra (146728 146730 146731)
Early/Lower Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Serbia and Montenegro Rostrirhynchia boeckhi, T. triplicate, T. tetraedra (73325) T. triplicata (73327)
Early/Lower Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Yorkshire) T. dunrobinensis (38095 38096)
Early/Lower Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0France T. ranina (140825)
Ibex189.6 - 183.0France T. ranina (140904 160056 160193 160196 160197 160880)
Ibex189.6 - 183.0Spain (Aragon) T. ranina (146712)
Ibex189.6 - 183.0Spain T. sp. 1 (160320)
Ibex - Davoei189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom T. dunrobinensis (218410)
Ibex - Davoei189.6 - 183.0Spain T. ranina (160308)
Jamesoni189.6 - 183.0France T. dunrobinensis, T. ranina (160029) T. ranina (140727 140903 156604 159971 159972 159973 159976 159978 159979 160022 160024 160025 160027 160032 160033 160049 160200 160206 160881 160885 160886 160887)
Jamesoni189.6 - 183.0Spain T. ranina (160889)
Jamesoni189.6 - 183.0Spain (Lerida) T. ranina (160888)
Jamesoni189.6 - 183.0Spain (Aragon) T. dunrobinensis (98399 98401 146662 146666 146667 146670 146673 146674 146675 146676 146677 146678 146679 146680 146681 146682 146683 146684 146685 146687 146691 146692 146693 146694 146695 146698) T. dunrobinensis, T. ranina (146669) T. ranina (98403 146659 146661 146665 146706 146707)
Jamesoni189.6 - 183.0Greenland T. sp. (161976 162111 162271 162272 162273 162280) T. sp., T. sp. B (161977)
Jamesoni - Ibex189.6 - 183.0France T. ranina (160882 160883 160884)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Spain T. tetrahedra (160466)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (England) T. sp. (38376) T. subconcinna, T. dumbletonensis, T. tetrahedra (28839 28842 28844) T. subconcinna, T. tetrahedra (28845 28847)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Gloucestershire) T. sp. (204119)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Chile T. tetrahedra (33655 33656 33657 33658 33660 33662 33665 33666 33883 33886 33887 33889 33890 35433 35436)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Serbia and Montenegro T. triplicata (73330)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Slovakia T. sp. (158485) T. tetraedra (158496)
Margaritatus189.6 - 183.0France T. dumbletonensis (160220 160893) T. tetrahedra (160767 160890)
Margaritatus189.6 - 183.0Spain T. tetrahedra (160339 160340 160891 160892)
Margaritatus189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Gloucestershire) T. tetrahedra (159206)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Warwickshire) T. tetrahedra (159204)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Somerset) Rhynchonella subconcinna (38098) T. subconcinna (38099)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Yorkshire) Rhynchonella fodinalis (38101) T. subconcinna (38100) T. tetrahedra (222161 222184)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0Slovakia T. subconcinna, T. tetraedra (158497)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (England) Rhynchonella dumbletonensis (38097) T. tetraedra (38093)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom T. tetrahedra (38105 218423 218424 218426)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0Spain T. tetrahedra (119145 119155)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0France T. dumbletonensis (124126 160222 160223 160242 160243 160248 160252) T. sp. 2 (160225)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Northamptonshire) Terebratula tetraedra (159205)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0Turkey T. sp. (119448)
Early/Lower Pliensbachian - Middle Aalenian189.6 - 171.6Chile (Coquimbo) T. sp. (221767)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Portugal T. subconcinna (25946 25955)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Spain (Teruel) T. subconcinna (211170 211172 211175)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0United Kingdom T. tetraedra (213658 213672 213675 213676 213677 213678 213679 213681 213684 213685 213686 213687)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Spain T. dumbletonensis (171315) T. subconcinna (25217 26141) T. tetrahedra (160463)
Tenuicostatum183.0 - 182.0France T. sp. 2 (160894)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1Chile (Coquimbo) T. sp. (222000 222001)
Bifrons182.0 - 175.6Russian Federation T. viluensis, T. jakutica (135597)
Middle Toarcian182.0 - 175.6Russian Federation T. viluensis (135594 135595 135596 135598)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2Uzbekistan T. spathica (91828)