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Cyclospira

Rhynchonellata - Atrypida - Cyclospiridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1893Cyclospira Hall and Clarke
1964Cyclospira Rõõmusoks
1970Cyclospira Macomber
1977Cyclospira Mitchell
1997Cyclospira Jin and Chatterton
2002Cyclorhynchia Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Cyclospira Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Cyclospira Williams et al. p. 1472
2005Cyclospira Zhan and Jin

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
RankNameAuthor
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderAtrypidaRzhonsnitskaya 1960
suborderLissatrypidinaCopper 1996
superfamilyProtozygoideaCopper 1986
familyCyclospiridaeSchuchert 1913
genusCyclospiraHall and Clarke 1893

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitep
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 1.0 to < 10g
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10g
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10g
Folds: minorg
Ribbing: noneg
Spines: noneg
Internal reinforcement: noneg
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Comments: BODY SIZE: Data from Williams et al (2002).g
Created: 2009-06-03 12:17:57
Modified: 2009-06-03 14:17:57
Source: g = genus, o = order, c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Hendy 2009

Age range: base of the Llanvirn to the top of the Pridoli or 466.00000 to 419.20000 Ma

Collections (104 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Llanvirn466.0 - 460.9China (QingHai) C. sp. (8683)
Ashbyan460.9 - 449.5USA (Alaska) C. elegantula (164853)
Blackriveran460.9 - 449.5USA (Oklahoma) C. parva (23895)
Caradoc460.9 - 449.5USA (Georgia) C. sp. (33103 33104 33105 33106 33107 33108 33109 33110)
Caradoc460.9 - 449.5USA (Virginia) C. sp. (326 327)
Caradocian460.9 - 449.5Canada (Ontario) C. sp. (64477 64479 64482)
Chatfieldian460.9 - 449.5USA (Virginia) C. quadrata (105205)
Chatfieldian - Edenian460.9 - 449.5Canada (Nunavut) C. schucherti, C. vokesi (24116)
Chatfieldian - Maysvillian460.9 - 449.5Canada (Nunavut) C. schucherti (192776)
Chatfieldian - Maysvillian460.9 - 449.5Canada (Northwest Territories) C. sp. (188774)
Edenian460.9 - 449.5USA (Minnesota) C. bisulcata (23280)
Edenian460.9 - 449.5Canada (Quebec) C. bisulcata (192340)
Edenian460.9 - 449.5USA (Illinois, Iowa) C. bisulcata (23807)
Edenian - Maysvillian460.9 - 449.5Canada (Nunavut) C. schucherti, C. vokesi (24120)
Edenian - Maysvillian460.9 - 449.5Canada (Ontario) C. bisulcata (26293 26294)
Rocklandian - Kirkfieldian460.9 - 449.5United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) C. sp., C. nana (89157)
Shermanian460.9 - 449.5Canada (Northwest Territories) C. sp. (25313 25314 25315 25316 25317 25318)
Shermanian460.9 - 449.5USA (Minnesota) C. bisulcata (23279)
Shermanian460.9 - 449.5USA (Illinois, Iowa) C. bisulcata (23802 23803 23804 23805 23806)
Edenian - Gamachian460.9 - 443.7Canada (Quebec) C. glansfagea (37790) C. minuscula (37791 37792)
Sandbian458.4 - 453.0China (Shaanxi) C. sp. (186306)
Longvillian457.5 - 455.8United Kingdom (Wales) C. sp. (43640)
Soudleyan - Marshbrookian457.5 - 452.0China (JiangSu) C. scanica (7943)
Soudleyan - Marshbrookian457.5 - 452.0United Kingdom (Wales) C. sp. (3370 3372 3373)
Eastonian456.1 - 449.5Australia (New South Wales) C. sp. (2754)
Cheneyan455.8 - 452.0United Kingdom (Scotland) Protozyga perplexa (164412)
Actonian - Onnian455.8 - 449.5Norway (Oslo) C. sp. (3253)
Rawtheyan455.8 - 445.6Belgium C. sp. (185305 185309 185310 185315 185316)
Rawtheyan455.8 - 445.6United Kingdom (Wales) C. sp. (8326 8327 8328 8366 8367 8370 192503)
Rawtheyan455.8 - 445.6United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (3667)
Rawtheyan - Pusgillian455.8 - 445.6USA (Alaska) C. orbus (164855)
Katian453.0 - 445.2China (Anhui) C. scanica (186337)
Nabala452.0 - 449.5Estonia C. levisulcata (161238 168647)
Harju452.0 - 443.7Sweden C. sp. (379)
Cautleyan449.5 - 445.6United Kingdom C. nana (163264) Protozyga perplexa (163262) Protozyga perplexa, C. nana (163263)
Cautleyan - Rawtheyan449.5 - 445.6United Kingdom (Wales) C. sp., Protozyga perplexa (8291)
Kralodvorian449.5 - 445.6Czech Republic (Praha) C. sp. (151985)
Kralodvorian449.5 - 445.6Italy (Sardinia) C. scanica (75890 185151)
Kralodvorian - Rawtheyan449.5 - 445.6Czech Republic C. sp. (3875 3879)
Pusgillian449.5 - 445.6Sweden C. sp. (2773)
Ashgill449.5 - 443.7China (Zhejiang) C. scanica (25864)
Ashgill449.5 - 443.7Canada (Quebec) C. sp. (11555 11556)
Ashgill449.5 - 443.7Canada (Québec) C. miniscula (24528)
Ashgill449.5 - 443.7Russian Federation (Taimyr) C. orbus (37638)
Ashgill449.5 - 443.7USA (Maine) C. scanica (185954)
Ashgillian449.5 - 443.7Canada (Québec) C. anticostiana (24584)
Ashgillian449.5 - 443.7China (Hubei) C. sp. (114989)
Ashgillian449.5 - 443.7China (Jiangxi) C. sp. (186247)
Ashgillian449.5 - 443.7Canada (Quebec) C. minuscula (76075)
Richmondian449.5 - 443.7Canada (Nunavut) C. vokesi (101984)
Richmondian449.5 - 443.7United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) Protozyga perplexa, C. nana (89260)
Richmondian449.5 - 443.7USA (Wyoming) C. anticostiana (13497 65239)
Hirnantian445.2 - 443.4United Kingdom (Wales) C. sp. (8384)
Hirnantian445.2 - 443.4United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (80657)
Rhuddanian443.4 - 440.8United Kingdom (Wales) C. sp. (8408)
Rhuddanian443.4 - 440.8United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (13806 13807)
Rhuddanian443.4 - 440.8Norway C. sp. (13850)
Rhuddanian - Aeronian443.4 - 438.5Norway C. sp. (14301)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5Canada (Northwest Territories) C. sp. (26027)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5Norway C. sp. (13849 14279)
Ludlow - Pridoli427.4 - 419.2China (Gansu) C. sp. (27757)