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Manespira

Rhynchonellata - Atrypida - Protozygidae

Taxonomy
Manespira was named by Copper (1986) [Sepkoski's age data: O Llde-u O Cara-m Sepkoski's reference number: 683].

It was assigned to Protozyginae by Copper (1986); to Protozygidae by Williams et al. (2002); and to Atrypida by Sepkoski (2002).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1986Manespira Copper pp. 839 - 840
2002Manespira Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Manespira Williams et al. p. 1472

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Eutriploblastica
Neotriploblastica
Eucoelomata
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
RankNameAuthor
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderAtrypidaRzhonsnitskaya 1960
suborderLissatrypidinaCopper 1996
superfamilyProtozygoideaCopper 1986
familyProtozygidaeCopper 1986
genusManespira

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
P. Copper 1986Small, ventribiconvex to biconvex. sometimes weakly ventrocarinate shells with smooth umbonal regions. smooth or corrugated anterior and lateral commissure, weakly sulcate. Small anacline to hypercline beak. Internally thin shelled. small dental cavities. Minute deltidial plates. delicate medially dim:u:d teeth; thin socket plates. laterally pointed crum curving dorsally into ascending lamellae. in turn giving rise anteriorly to a dorsal complete or incomplete jugum and ventrally into a revolution of one whorl or less. Median dorsal septum absent or faint.