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Vulpes kernensis

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Taxonomy
Vulpes kernensis was named by Tedford et al. (2009). Its type specimen is LACM 55215, a maxilla, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Kern River, which is in a Clarendonian terrestrial horizon in the Kern River Beds Formation of California.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2009Vulpes kernensis Tedford et al. p. 48 figs. 23A–D; appendix 3

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
RankNameAuthor
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
suborderCaniformiaKretzoi 1943
superfamilyCanoideaSimpson 1931
familyCanidaeFischer 1817
genusVulpesFrisch 1775
specieskernensis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. H. Tedford et al. 2009Differs from V. stenognathus in approximately 20%–25% smaller dentition, P3 and p4 anteroposteriorly shorter, and P4 protocone smaller; differs from V. macrotis and V. velox in P3 and p4 anteroposteriorly shorter and taller crowned relative to length, p4 weaker posterior cusplet, and M1 para- cone taller crowned relative to height of metacone. As in living species, the M1 parastyle is very reduced and the prepara- crista is not united with parastyle, and the m1 entoconid has a transverse cristid passing to the base of the hyperconid.