Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Temnocyon fingeruti

Mammalia - Carnivora - Amphicyonidae

Taxonomy
Temnocyon fingeruti was named by Hunt (2011). Its type specimen is NM 280/61, a skull, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Beardog: Lower Section (0 - 100 ft. level), which is in an Arikareean terrestrial sandstone in the John Day Formation of Oregon.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2011Temnocyon fingeruti Hunt, Jr. p. 45 figs. 16–19, 68

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
RankNameAuthor
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
suborderCaniformiaKretzoi 1943
familyAmphicyonidaeHaeckel 1886
subfamilyTemnocyoninae
genusTemnocyon
speciesfingeruti

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. M. Hunt 2011Wolf-sized species of Temno- cyon (basilar skull length ,25 cm), distin- guished from T. altigenis and T. subferox by much larger size, from T. macrogenys by smaller size; differs from similarly sized T. ferox by greater inflation of the frontal paranasal sinuses (relative to braincase width, table 7) and by different form and propor- tions of p4–m2 and M1–2 (tables 2, 3), including a more lingually extended M1–2 with less expansion of M1 protocone region (ratio A/B, table 6), a much larger M2 and m2, a longer m2 (ratio E/F), and by a more robust, wider p4. Temnocyon fingeruti differs from T. percussor in its much smaller M1 (in the upper dentition of T. percussor only M1 survives), more elongate m1–2, stronger m1 metaconid, and larger, rectangular m2 with vestigial metaconid and more developed paraconid, and by the p4/m1 ratio (0.78 in T. fingeruti vs. 0.84 in both T. percussor and T. ferox). Temnocyon fingeruti differs from T. altigenis, T. subferox, and probably T. ferox in P4 proportions (ratio C/D, table 6); P4 is not known in T. percussor and T. macrogenys.