Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Trigonotarbida

Xiphosura - Xiphosurida

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1873Termes buchi Goldenberg p. 12 figs. Pl 2, fig 9
1873Termes hageni Goldenberg p. 12 figs. Pl 2, fig 7b
1882Anthracomarti Karsch p. 560
1890Anthracomarti Haase p. 650
1893Anthracomartus woodruffi Scudder p. 9 figs. Pl I f
1895Eurymartus spinulosus Matthew p. 276 figs. Pl 2, fig 9
1895Eurymarti Matthew p. 277
1895Eurymartidae Matthew p. 277
1906Palaeodictyopteron hageni Handlirsch p. 62
1913Trigonomartus woodruffi Petrunkevitch p. 105 figs. Pl 9, fig 52
1913Palaeodictyopteron hageni von Schlechtendal p. 99 figs. Pl 1, fig 7; pl 8, fig 1
1919Palaeodictyopteron hageni Handlirsch p. 536
1924Eophrynus scharfi Scharf p. 433 fig. 95
1934Anthracomarti Guthörl
1934Anthracomartus buchi Guthörl
1945Anthracomarti Petrunkevitch p. 46
1949Trigonotarbi Petrunkevitch p. 235
1949Trigonomartus woodruffi Petrunkevitch p. 257
1953Anthracomartus buchi Petrunkevitch p. 68
1953Trigonomartus woodruffi Petrunkevitch p. 90
1953Elaverimartus Petrunkevitch p. 92
1953Elaverimartus pococki Petrunkevitch p. 92 figs. 96, 171
1996Trigonotarbida Dunlop
2003Trigonotarbida Brauckmann et al. p. 46
2007Trigonotarbida Shultz
2014Trigonotarbida Garwood and Dunlop p. 22
2016Trigonotarbida Poschmann et al. p. 36

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumChelicerataHeymons 1901
EuchelicerataWeygoldt and Paulus 1979
Prosomapoda
RankNameAuthor
classXiphosura()
orderXiphosuridaLatreille 1802
Planaterga
Dekatriata
SclerophorataKamenz et al. 2011
classArachnidaLamarck 1801
Pantetrapulmonata
orderTrigonotarbida()
orderTrigonotarbida()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Grouping: solitaryc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: nektobenthicc
Diet: carnivorec
Vision: limitedo
Created: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Source: o = order, c = class
References: Bambach et al. 2007, Jell and Adrain 2002, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range: base of the Pridoli to the top of the Artinskian or 423.00000 to 279.30000 Ma

Collections (108 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2United Kingdom (England) Trigonotarbida indet. (type locality: 11128)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8United Kingdom Arianrhoda bennetti (153478)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Germany Spinocharinus steinmeyeri, Archaeomartus levis (155760) Trigonotarbida indet. (152107)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6United Kingdom (Scotland) Palaeocharinus sp. (153498) Palaeocharinus sp., Palaeocharinoides hornei, Palaeocharinus rhyniensis, Palaeocharinus scourfieldi, Palaeocharinus calmani (172777) Palaeocharinus sp., Palaeocteniza crassipes (172778) Palaeocharinus tuberculatus (153492)
Pragian - Emsian410.8 - 393.3United Kingdom (Scotland) Palaeocharinoides sp., Palaeocharinus rhyniensis, Palaeocharinus kidstoni (10721)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany Alkenia mirabilis (155774) Archaeomartus levis, Alkenia mirabilis (155757) Trigonotarbus stoermeri (172343)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany (Alken) Alkenia mirabilis, Archaeomartus tuberculatus (27049)
Early/Lower Givetian388.1 - 383.7USA (New York) Gelasinotarbus fimbriunguis, Gilboarachne griersoni, Gelasinotarbus reticulatus, Gelasinotarbus bonamoae (153480)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (New York) Gelasinotarbus fimbriunguis, Gilboarachne griersoni, Gelasinotarbus reticulatus, Gelasinotarbus bonamoae (21172) Gilboarachne griersoni, Gelasinotarbus reticulatus, Gelasinotarbus bonamoae, Gelasinotarbus bifidus, Gelasinotarbus heptops, Aculeatarbus depressus (28246)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7USA (Pennsylvania) Gigantocharinus szatmaryi (35044)
Chadian345.3 - 345.0USA (Virginia) Trigonomartus whitei (155455)
Asbian339.4 - 336.0Germany Cryptomartus sp. (156764)
Brigantian336.0 - 326.4Germany Anthracomartus sp., Trigonomartus pustulatus (153594)
Brigantian - Serpukhovian336.0 - 323.2Canada (Nova Scotia) Anthracomartus sp. (155663)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1Czech Republic Euphrynus salmi (38971)
Alportian318.1 - 314.6Austria Aphantomartus pustulatus (153488)
Marsdenian318.1 - 314.6Germany (Ruhr) Eophrynus udus (155259) Trigonotarbus johnsoni (152121)
Morrowan318.1 - 314.6USA (Arkansas) Anthracomartus trilobitus (153485)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6United Kingdom Aphantomartus areolatus (141947 146813) Nemastomoides elaveris (146854)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6United Kingdom (Staffordshire) Anthracosiro woodwardi (155452)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais) Anthracomartus sp., Maiocercus orbicularis (155425) Aphantomartus areolatus (153494) Maiocercus orbicularis (155440)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6United Kingdom (Lancashire) Maiocercus orbicularis (153490)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6Germany Cryptomartus meyeri (155773)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6Canada (Nova Scotia) Anthracomartus triangularis (146858)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6Poland Architarbus silesiacus (153496) Trigonotarbus sp., Anthracomartus voelkelianus, Anthracomartus granulatus (146849)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6Belgium Anthracomartus denuiti (155639) Brachypyge carbonis (155637) Brachypyge orbicularis (155638) Trigonomartus dorlodoti (155635)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6Canada (New Brunswick) Eurymartus latus, Eurymartus spinulosus (114468) Eurymartus sp. (114467)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6United Kingdom (England) Cleptomartus plautus, Cryptomartus hindi (127287) Cryptomartus hindi (34905) Maiocercus celticus (34944)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95USA (Rhode Island) Anthracomartus woodruffi (112700)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais) Kreischeria geinitzi (153493)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6United Kingdom (Staffordshire) Anthracomartus hindi (125071) Anthracomartus hindi, Anthracomartus priesti (34908) Anthracomartus hindi, Anthracomartus priesti, Cleptomartus plautus (34910) Anthracomartus hindi, Anthracomartus priesti, Trigonotarbus johnsoni, Cleptomartus plautus (34907) Anthracomartus hindi, Trigonotarbus johnsoni, Cryptomartus hindi, Anthracomartus priesti (34935) Anthracosiro woodwardi, Anthracosiro fritschii, Trigonotarbus johnsoni, Cleptomartus plautus, Cryptomartus priesti (125238) Cryptomartus hindi, Cryptomartus priesti (155449) Eophrynus prestvicii (153486) Trigonotarbus johnsoni, Cleptomartus plautus, Cleptomartus planus, Cryptomartus priesti (34906)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6United Kingdom (Nottinghamshire) Anthracomartus sp. (153665)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6Belgium Anthracomartus volkelianus (155644) Brachypyge carbonis (155631)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais) Aphantomartus pococki (153495) Kreischeria thevenini (154641)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6United Kingdom (Durham) Anthracosiro latipes (153489) Anthracosiro woodwardi (155451) Anthracosiro woodwardi, Eophrynus varius (127286)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6United Kingdom Eophrynus carbonis (153491)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6United Kingdom (Wales) Eophrynus warei (172786)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6Germany Somaspidion hammapheron (155776)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6USA (West Virginia) Areomartus ovatus (146859)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6France Anthracosiro corsini (155645)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6United Kingdom (England) Anthracosiro sp., Anthracosiro woodwardi, Anthracosiro fritschii (127218) Aphantomartus areolatus, Anthracosiro fritschi, Pseudokreischeria pococki (105060) Curculioides prestvicii (122563)
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45Germany Anthracophrynus tuberculatus (138364 172344) Eophrynus waechteri (172763) Termes buchi (138349)
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45Belgium Brachypyge carbonis (123824) Trigonomartus villeti (123823)
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45Czech Republic (Central Bohemian) Anthracomartus minor, Anthracomartus affinis, Anthracomartus krejcii, Anthracomartus socius (126152)
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45Czech Republic Petrovicia proditoria (146850) Promygale janae (155304) Tynecotarbus tichaveki, Trigonotarbida indet. (152463)
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45Germany (Saarland) Termes hageni (122601)
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45Slovakia Anthracomartus voelkelianus (153479)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais) Kreischeria villeti (151697)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95France Anthracosiro elongatus (153153)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95United Kingdom Eophrynus jugatus (162731) Kreischeria verrucosa (69648)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Illinois) Anthracomartus pustulatus, Trigonotarbus carbonarius (21981) Pleophrynus ensifer (133734) Trigonomartus pustulatus (146857) Trigonotarbus schucherti, Trigonomartus pustulatus (112630)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95Czech Republic (Pilsen) Hemiphrynus longipes, Hemiphrynus hofmanni, Promygale bohemica, Promygale rotundata, Promygale elegans, Arthrolycosa salticoides, Arthrolycosa carcinoides, Brachylycosa kustae, Oomartus nyranensis (128574)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95Germany Kreischeria wiedei (35059)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (New Mexico) Pleophrynus hawesi (159023)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Kansas) Anthracomartus sp. (122495)
Stephanian306.95 - 298.9Germany Anthracomartus palatinus (138156)
Stephanian306.95 - 298.9Italy (Sardinia) Anthracomartidae indet. (153483)
Stephanian B304.8 - 303.4Czech Republic Cryptomartus radvanicensis (155303)
Stephanian B304.8 - 303.4France Trigonotarbus arnoldi (153610)
Stephanian C303.4 - 301.2France Aenigmatarbus rasteli (177540)
Stephanian C303.4 - 301.2Portugal Aphantomartus pustulatus (156371)
Stephanian C303.4 - 301.2Germany Cleptomartus ploetzensis (172340)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Germany (Thuringia) Brachylycosa manebachensis (172766) Eophrynus ilfeldicus, Eophrynus scharfi (155777)
Sakmarian - Artinskian295.5 - 279.3Germany Permotarbus schuberti (153497)