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Testudinoidea

Reptilia - Testudines

Taxonomy
Testudinoidea was named by Gray (1825) [incorrectly credited by someone (Whatley?) to Batsch 1788; incorrectly credited by Fitzinger 1826 (e.g., by Parmley et al. 2006); assigned to Gray 1825 under principle of coordination and originally named at family rank]. It is extant. It was considered monophyletic by Joyce (2007) and Danilov and Parham (2008).

It was assigned to Eucryptodira by Gaffney (1975); to Cryptoderinea by Joyce et al. (2004); to Durocryptodira by Danilov and Parham (2008); to Cryptodira by Joyce (2007) and Joyce and Lyson (2010); to Cryptodira by de Broin and de la Fuente (1993), Hervet (2003), Hervet (2006), Karl (2007) and Vremir (2013); to Cryptodira by Baur (1893), Estes (1964), Antunes and de Broin (1977), Carroll (1988), Takahashi et al. (2003), Hervet (2004), Claude et al. (2012), van Dijk et al. (2014), Garcia et al. (2016) and Pérez-García et al. (2017); and to Pantestudinoidea by Vlachos (2018).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1825Testudinoidea Gray
1868Emys petrolei Leidy p. 176
1871Emys latilabiatus Cope
1871Hadrianus allabiatus Cope p. 3
1871Hybemys arenarius Leidy p. 103
1872Emys latilabiatus Cope p. 3
1872Hadrianus allabiatus Cope p. 3
1872Notomorpha testudinea Cope p. 4
1873Emys euthnetus Cope
1873Emys latilabiatus Cope
1873Emys megaulax Cope
1873Emys pachylomus Cope
1873Emys testudineus Cope
1873Hadrianus allabiatus Cope
1873Testudo culbratus Cope
1873Testudo cultratus Cope
1873Testudo culbratus Cope p. 6
1873Emys petrolei Leidy
1873Hybemys arenarius Leidy
1875Emys latilabiatus Cope p. 36
1877Eupachemys obtusus Leidy
1878Hadrianus allabiatus Osborn et al.
1884Emys euthneta Cope
1884Emys latilabiatus Cope
1884Emys megaulax Cope
1884Emys testudinea Cope
1884Hadrianus allabiatus Cope
1889Emys euglypha Leidy
1893Testudinoidea Baur p. 675
1899Clemmys percrassus Cope
1902Clemmys percrassa Hay
1902Emys euglypha Hay
1902Emys euthneta Hay
1902Emys latilabiata Hay
1902Emys megaulax Hay
1902Emys petrolei Hay
1902Emys testudinea Hay
1902Eupachemys obtusa Hay
1902Hadrianus allabiatus Hay
1902Hybemys arenarius Hay
1903Clemmys hesperia Hay
1908Achilemys allabiata Hay
1908Echmatemys megaulax Hay
1916Testudo distans Hay
1916Trachemys delicata Hay
1916Trachemys nuchocarinata Hay
1921Testudo munda Hay p. 86 figs. Plate 3, figs. 1-8
1964Testudinoidea Estes p. 97
1975Testudinoidea Gaffney p. 429
1977Testudinoidea Antunes and de Broin
1979Chrysemys (Pseudemys) hibbardi Preston
1988Testudinoidea Carroll
1993Testudinoidea de Broin and de la Fuente p. 10
1995Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) percrassa Parris and Daeschler
1996Rhinoclemmys nicoyana Acuña-Mesen and Laurito-Mora
2003Testudinoidea Hervet
2003Testudinoidea Takahashi et al.
2004Testudinoidea Hervet
2004Testudinoidea Joyce et al.
2006Testudinoidea Hervet
2007Testudinoidea Joyce
2007Testudinoidea Karl p. 56
2008Testudinoidea Danilov and Parham
2010Testudinoidea Joyce and Lyson
2012Testudinoidea Claude et al.
2013Testudinoidea Vremir
2014Testudinoidea van Dijk et al.
2016Testudinoidea Garcia et al.
2017Testudinoidea Pérez-García et al.
2018Testudinoidea Vlachos

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
Pantestudinoidea
superfamilyTestudinoidea
superfamilyTestudinoidea

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available