Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Astrocystites

Edrioasteroidea - Edrioblastoida - Steganoblastidae

Taxonomy
Astrocystites was named by Whiteaves (1897) [Sepkoski's age data: O Cara-l O Ashg-l Sepkoski's reference number: 1121].

It was assigned to Steganoblastidae by Sprinkle (1982); and to Edrioasterida by Sepkoski (2002).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1897Astrocystites Whiteaves
1982Astrocystites Sprinkle pp. 307 - 308
2002Astrocystites Sepkoski, Jr.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
RankNameAuthor
classEdrioasteroideaBillings 1858
orderEdrioblastoidaFay 1962
orderPentacystidaJaeckel 1918
familySteganoblastidaeBather 1900
genusAstrocystitesWhiteaves 1897

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. Sprinkle 1982Echinozoans with bud-shaped theca having 5 basals, 5 radials, 5 parabolic deltoids, numerous interray plates below deltoids, and 5 small orals. Ambulacra elongate and U-shaped, extending down theca from central mouth on summit, bearing rows of pores for tube feet from closed water vascular system but no other plated appendages. Each ambulacrum formed by elongate limbs of two deltoid plates sutured together. Anus on side of theca below posterior deltoid, slit- or porelike hydropore in posterior deltoid with 1 or more small gonopores nearby. Plates ornamented with small pits, with deep grooves crossing sutures but not penetrating to thecal interior. Stem divided into pentameres, tapering distally, probably short.