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Blastoidea (blastoid)

Blastoidea

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1825Blastoidea Say
1967Blastoidea Beaver et al. p. S1
2002Blastoidea Sepkoski
2012Blastoidea Sumrall and Waters p. 970

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
RankNameAuthor
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumBlastozoa
classBlastoideaSay 1825
classBlastoideaSay 1825

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Cl. †Blastoidea Say 1825 [blastoid]
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Unr. †Coronoidea Brett et al. 1983
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Or. †Coronata Jaekel 1918
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Fm. †Stephanoblastidae Jaekel 1918
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G. †Paracystis Sjöberg 1915
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Paracystis ostrogothicus Sjöberg 1915
G. †Tormoblastus Jaekel 1927
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Tormoblastus bodae Jaekel 1927
Fm. †Stephanocrinidae Wachsmuth and Springer 1886
+
G. †Cupulocorona Donovan and Paul 1985
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Cupulocorona rugosa Donovan and Paul 1985
+
Invalid names: Cupulocorona digitalis Donovan and Paul 1985 [synonym]
G. †Mespilocystites Barrande 1877
+
Mespilocystites lemenni Gutiérrez-Marco et al. 1996
Mespilocystites tregarvanicus Chauvel and Le Menn 1973
G. †Stephanocrinus Conrad 1842
+
Stephanocrinus angulatus Conrad 1842
Stephanocrinus ramsbottomi Donovan and Paul 1985
Subcl. †Eublastoidea Bather 1899
+
Or. †Spiraculata Jaekel 1918
+
G. †Arcuoblastus Macurda 1977
+
Arcuoblastus shumardi Macurda 1977
G. †Costatoblastus Sprinkle and Gutschick 1967
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Costatoblastus sappingonensis Sprinkle and Gutschick 1967
G. †Deliablastus Ausich and Meyer 1988
+
Deliablastus cumberlandensis Ausich and Meyer 1988
Fm. †Diploblastidae Fay 1964
+
G. †Euryoblastus Ausich and Meyer 1988
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Euryoblastus veryi Ausich and Meyer 1988
G. †Gongyloblastus Macurda, Jr and Racheboeuf 1975
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Gongyloblastus armoricanus Macurda, Jr and Racheboeuf 1975
G. †Iranoblastus Flugel 1966
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Iranoblastus nodosus Flugel 1966
Fm. †Nucleocrinidae Bather 1899
+
G. †Elaeacrinus Roemer 1851
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Elaeacrinus verneuili Troost 1841
G. †Nucleocrinus Conrad 1842
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Nucleocrinus bosei Sumrall et al. 2009
Nucleocrinus elegans Conrad 1842
Nucleocrinus obovatus Barris 1883
G. †Placoblastus Fay 1961
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Placoblastus obovatus Barris 1883
Fm. †Orbitremitidae Bather 1899
+
G. †Doryblastus Fay 1961
G. †Ellipticoblastus Fay 1960
+
G. †Globoblastus Hambach 1903
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Globoblastus norwoodi Owen and Shumard 1850
G. †Houiblastus Lane 1997
G. †Monoschizoblastus Cline 1936
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Monoschizoblastus rofei Etheridge and Carpenter 1882
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Orbitremites norwoodi Owen and Shumard 1850
Fm. †Pentremitidae d'Orbigny 1851
+
G. †Ambolostoma Peck 1930
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Ambolostoma baileyi Peck 1930
G. †Belocrinus Munier-Chalmas 1881
G. †Cordyloblastus Fay 1961
G. †Pentremites Say 1820
+
Pentremites aridus Webster and Lane 1970
Pentremites conoideus Hall 1856
Pentremites cristalensis Macurder 1964
Pentremites elongatus Shumard 1855
Pentremites godoni Defrance 1819
Pentremites kirki Hambach 1903
Pentremites pentremites Hernon 1935
Pentremites pulchellus Ulrich 1917
Pentremites rusticus Hambach 1903
Pentremites stelliformis Owen and Shumard 1850
G. †Pentremoblastus Fay and Koenig 1963
+
Pentremoblastus conicus Fay and Koeing 1963
G. †Rhopaloblastus Wanner 1924
+
Rhopaloblastus belfordi Crockford and Brown 1940
Rhopaloblastus cuspidus Webster and Jell 1992
G. †Perittoblastus Ausich and Meyer 1988
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Perittoblastus liratus Ausich and Meyer 1988
G. †Pyramiblastus Macurda, Jr. 1964
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Pyramiblastus fusiformis Wachsmuth and Springer 1888
G. †Sinopetaloblastus Lane et al. 1997
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Sinopetaloblastus grabaui Waters et al. 2003
Sinopetaloblastus jinxingae Lane et al. 1997
G. †Tanaoblastus Fay 1961
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Tanaoblastus roemeri Shumard 1855
G. †Xyeleblastus Ausich and Meyer 1988
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Xyeleblastus magnificus Ausich and Meyer 1988
Or. †Fissiculata Jaekel 1918
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G. †Angulatoblastus Macurda, Jr. 1979
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Angulatoblastus triangularis Macurda, Jr. 1979
G. †Artuschisma Macurda 1983
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Artuschisma rossica Briemer and Macurda 1968
Fm. †Astrocrinidae Austin and Austin, Jr. 1843
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G. †Astrocrinus Morris 1843
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Astrocrinus benniei Etheridge 1878
Astrocrinus tetragonus Austin and Austin, Jr. 1843
Invalid names: Astrocrinites Conrad 1840 [synonym]
G. †Ceratoblastus Wanner 1940
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Ceratoblastus nanus Wanner 1940
Fm. †Brachyschismatidae Fay 1961
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G. †Brachyschisma Reimann 1945
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Brachyschisma corrugatum Reimann 1935
Brachyschisma oostheizeni Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
Fm. †Codasteridae Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1886
+
G. †Agmoblastus Fay 1961
+
Agmoblastus caddense Strimple and Mapes 1977
G. †Angioblastus Wanner 1931
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Angioblastus boliviensis Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
Angioblastus dotti Moore and Strimple 1942
Angioblastus ellesmerensis Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
Angioblastus miloradovitchi Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
Angioblastus variabilis Wanner 1931
Angioblastus wanneri Yakovlev 1926
G. †Anthoblastus Wanner 1924
+
Anthoblastus brouweri Wanner 1924
Anthoblastus stellifomis Wanner 1924
G. †Austroblastus McKellar 1969
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Austroblastus whitehousei McKellar 1969
G. †Codaster M'Coy 1849
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Codaster acutus M'Coy 1849
Codaster americanus Shumard 1858
Codaster pyramidatus Shumard 1858
Codaster robustus Rowley 1857
Codaster whitei Hall 1861
G. †Corrugatoblastus Sprinkle and Waters 2013
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Corrugatoblastus savilli Sprinkle and Waters 2013
G. †Indoblastus Wanner 1924
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Indoblastus granulatus Wanner 1924
Indoblastus weberi Wanner 1924
G. †Nannoblastus Wanner 1924
+
Nannoblastus cuspidatus Wanner 1924
Nannoblastus pyramidatus Wanner 1924
G. †Notoblastus Brown 1941
+
Notoblastus brevispinus Brown and Brown 1941
Notoblastus cornutus Mc Kellar 1969
Notoblastus oyensi Wanner 1940
Notoblastus stellaris Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
G. †Paracodaster Yakovlev 1940
G. †Peterotoblastus Wanner 1924
G. †Pterotoblastus Wanner 1924
+
Pterotoblastus decemcostis Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
Pterotoblastus ferrugineus Breimer and Macurda 1972
Pterotoblastus gracilis Wanner 1924
G. †Sagittoblastus Yakovlev 1937
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Sagittoblastus wanneri Yakovlev 1926
G. †Timoroblastus Wanner 1924
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Timoroblastus coronatus Wanner 1924
Timoroblastus weiensis Wanner 1940
G. †Dolichoblastus Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
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Dolichoblastus shirnanskii Breimer and Macurda 1972
G. †Kazachstanoblastus Arendt et al. 1968
G. †Leptoschisma Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
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Leptoschisma pentagonum Macurda 1983
G. †Mastoblastus Arendt et al. 1969
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Mastoblastus ornatus Arendt et al. 1968
Fm. †Neoschismatidae Wanner 1940
+
G. †Neoschisma Wanner 1924
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Neoschisma cornutum McKellar 1969
Neoschisma extensum Webster and Jell 1992
Neoschisma timorense Wanner 1940
Neoschisma verrucosum Wanner 1924
Fm. †Orophocrinidae Jaekel 1918
+
G. †Katoblastus Macurda, Jr. 1967
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Katoblastus konincki Macurda, Jr. 1967
Katoblastus puzos Von Munster 1843
G. †Orophocrinus von Seebach 1865
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Orophocrinus catactus Rowley 1900
Orophocrinus celticus Macurda Jr. 1965
Orophocrinus conicus Wachsmuth and Springer 1888
Orophocrinus gracilis Meek and Worthern 1870
Orophocrinus orbignyanus de Koninck 1842
Orophocrinus praelongus Bailey 1886
Orophocrinus saltensis Macurda Jr. 1965
Orophocrinus stelliformis Owen and Shumard 1850
Orophocrinus versus Cumberland 1826
Orophocrinus verus Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
G. †Pentablastus Sieverts-Doreck 1951
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Pentablastus supracarbonicus Breimer and Macurda 1972
G. †Pachyblastus Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
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Pachyblastus dicki Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
Fm. †Phaenoschismatidae Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1886
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G. †Caryoblastus Breimer et al. 1968
G. †Cryptoschisma Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1886
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Cryptoschisma schultzii d'Archaic and Verneuil 1845
G. †Decaschisma Fay 1961
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Decaschisma lorae Dunbar 1920
Decaschisma pulchellus Miller and Dyer 1878
G. †Deltoschisma Fay 1961
G. †Dipteroblastus Wanner 1940
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Dipteroblastus permicus Wanner 1940
G. †Hadroblastus Fay 1962
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Hadroblastus benniei Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1886
Hadroblastus blain Miller and Gurley 1895
Hadroblastus breimeri Ausich and Meyer 1988
Hadroblastus hibernicus Macurda 1983
Hadroblastus whitei Hall 1861
G. †Heteroschisma Wachsmuth 1883
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Heteroschisma canadense Billings 1869
G. †Microblastus Eykeren 1942
G. †Nymphaeoblastus Von Peetz 1907
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Nymphaeoblastus miljukovi Von Peetz 1907
G. †Pentremitidea d'Orbigny 1950
+
Pentremitidea archiaci Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1882
Pentremitidea lusitanica Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1882
Pentremitidea pailleti De Verneuil 1844
Pentremitidea paillettei De Verneuil 1844
G. †Phaenoblastus Fay 1961
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Phaenoblastus caryophyllatus de Koninck and Le Hon 1854
Phaenoblastus caryophyllus de Konnick and Le Hon 1854
Phaenoblastus pecki Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
G. †Phaenoschisma Etheridge and Carpenter 1882
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Phaenoschisma acutum Sowerby 1836
Phaenoschisma caryophyllatus de Koninck and Le Hon 1854
Phaenoschisma chouteaui Macurda 1964
Phaenoschisma gracillimum Rowley and Hare 1891
Phaenoschisma laeviculum Rowley 1900
Phaenoschisma parvum Macurda 1983
Phaenoschisma pecki Macurda 1964
Phaenoschisma saharae Briemer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
G. †Pleuroschisma Reimann 1945
+
+
Invalid names: Pleuroschisma hibbardi Reimann 1945 [synonym], Pleuroschisma ontario Reimann 1945 [synonym]
Pleuroschisma verneuili Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1882
G. †Polydeltoideus Reimann and Fay 1961
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Polydeltoideus enodatus Riemann and Fay 1961
Polydeltoideus plasovae Prokop 1962
G. †Sphaeroschisma Wanner 1924
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G. †Sphagoblastus Jell 1983
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Sphagoblastus adectus Jell 1983
G. †Sundablastus Wanner 1924
G. †Thaumatoblastus Wanner 1924
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G. †Tympanoblastus Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
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Tympanoblastus pousirewskii Stuckenberg 1875
G. †Xenoblastus Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
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Xenoblastus decussatus Shumard 1858
Or. †Granatocrinida Bather 1900
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Fm. †Granatocrinidae Fay 1961
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G. †Carpenteroblastus Rowley 1901
G. †Cribroblastus Hambach 1903
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Cribroblastus cornutus Meek and Worthen 1861
G. †Cryptoblastus Etherridge, Jr. and Carpender 1886
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Cryptoblastus granulosus Meek and Worthen 1865
Cryptoblastus melo Owen and Shand 1850
Cryptoblastus pisum Cline 1937
Cryptoblastus rowleyi Cline 1937
Cryptoblastus shumardi Meek and Worthern 1866
G. †Decemoblastus Macurda 1977
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Cribroblastus melonoides Meek and Worthen 1869
Decemoblastus melonoides Meek and Worthen 1869
G. †Dentiblastus Macurda, Jr 1964
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Dentiblastus macurdai Ausich and Meyer 1988
Dentiblastus sirius Macurda, Jr 1964
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Granatocrinus cornutus Meek and Worthen 1861
Granatocrinus glaaber Meek and Worthen 1869
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Invalid names: Granatocrinus cidariformis Troost 1849 [synonym], Orbitremites oppelti Rowley 1902 [synonym]
Granatocrinus pisum Meek and Worthen 1869
Invalid names: Granatocrinites Troost 1849 [synonym]
G. †Heteroblastus Etheridge, Jr. and Carperter 1886
G. †Mesoblastus Etheridge Jr and Carpenter 1886
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Mesoblastus angulatus Sowerby 1828
Mesoblastus crenulatus Roemer 1851
Mesoblastus elongatus Cumberland 1826
G. †Monadoblastus Fay 1961
+
G. †Poroblastus Fay 1961
+
Poroblastus granulosus Meek and Worthen 1865
G. †Ptychoblastus Fay 1960
Fm. †Schizoblastidae Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1886
+
G. †Acentrotremites Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1883
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Acentrotremites ellipticus Breimer and Macurda, Jr. 1972
G. †Auloblastus Beaver 1961
+
Auloblastus clinei Beaver 1961
G. †Deltoblastus Fay 1961
+
Deltoblastus batheri Wanner 1924
Deltoblastus permicus Wanner 1924
G. †Hydroblastus Sumrall et al. 2009
+
Hydroblastus hendyi Sumrall et al. 2009
G. †Lophoblastus Rowley 1901
+
Lophoblastus neglectus Meek and Worthen 1869
G. †Orbiblastus Macurda 1965
+
Orbiblastus hoskyni Macurda 1965
G. †Pinguiblastus Waters et al. 2011
+
G. †Schizoblastus Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1882
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Schizoblastus sayi Shumard 1855
G. †Strongyloblastus Fay 1962
+
G. †Macurdablastus Broadhead 1984
+
Macurdablastus uniplicatus Broadhead 1984
Or. †Pentremitida Matsumoto 1929
+
Fm. †Hyperoblastidae Fay 1964
+
G. †Calycoblastus Wanner 1924
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Calycoblastus tricavatus Wanner 1924
Calycoblastus tricavatus Wanner 1924
G. †Devonoblastus Reimann 1935
+
Devonoblastus whiteavesi Riemann 1935
G. †Eleutherocrinus Shumard and Yandell 1856
+
Eleutherocrinus cassedayi Shumard and Yandell 1856
G. †Hyperoblastus Fay 1961
+
Hyperoblastus emuhaensis Waters et al. 2003
Hyperoblastus goldringae Reimann 1935
G. †Petaloblastus Fay 1961
+
Petaloblastus ovalis Goldfuss 1829
Or. †Troosticrinida Bather 1900
+
Fm. †Troosticrinidae Bather 1899
+
G. †Diploblastus Fay 1961
+
Diploblastus diploblastus Feldman 1987
Diploblastus glaber Meek and Worthen 1869
G. †Metablastus Etheridge, Jr. and Carpenter 1886
+
Metablastus wachsmuthi Gurley 1884
Metablastus wortheni Hall 1858
G. †Schizotremites Reimann 1945
G. †Tricoelocrinus Meek and Worthen 1868
+
Tricoelocrinus woodmani Meek and Worthen 1868
G. †Troosticrinus Shumard 1866
+
Troosticrinus reinwardti Troost 1835
G. †Zygocrinus Bronn 1848
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitep
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: stationaryc
Attached: yesc
Life habit: intermediate-level epifaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Low-intermediate level tiering according to Bottjer & Ausich (1986); placed in intermediate-level epifaunal tier.c
Created: 2004-02-28 15:52:18
Modified: 2010-02-09 11:56:54
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan 1992, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Letna to the top of the Griesbachian or 460.90000 to 250.50000 Ma

Collections (420 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (Kentucky) Macurdablastus uniplicatus (124619)
Oretanian468.0 - 459.0Portugal Mespilocystites sp. (21013)
Letna - Harnagian460.9 - 457.2Czech Republic Mespilocystites bohemicus (3861)
Dobrotivian459.0 - 457.9Spain (Guadalajara) Mespilocystites lemenni (194904)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (Tennessee) Macurdablastus sp. (193695)
Berounian - Vinice457.9 - 455.8Spain (Zaragoza) Mespilocystites lemenni (196921)
Berounian457.9 - 449.8Spain (Zaragoza) Mespilocystites lemenni (196901)
Berounian457.9 - 449.8Czech Republic Mespilocystites bohemicus (197259)
Berounian - Cautleyan457.9 - 448.8Spain (Sevilla) Mespilocystites sp. (20928)
Vinice - Late/Upper Ordovician457.5 - 443.8Czech Republic Mespilocystites sp. (3863)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Australia (New South Wales) Calycoblastus sp. (42680)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Indonesia Angioblastus variabilis, Pterotoblastus brevialatus, Pterotoblastus gracilis, Nannoblastus pyramidatus, Ceratoblastus nanus (230530) Deltoblastus delta, Schizoblastus permicus, Deltoblastus batheri (118268) Timoroblastus constrictus (230537)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3Indonesia Corrugatoblastus savilli (152123 152124) Deltoblastus sp., Corrugatoblastus savilli (152122)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Australia (Western Australia) Thaumatoblastus sp. (120601)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Australia (Queensland) Fissiculata indet. 1, Fissiculata indet. 2, Austroblastus whitehousei, Neoschisma cornutum, Rhopaloblastus belfordi (101561)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Thailand (Trang) Blastoidea indet. (40870 40895)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Australia (New South Wales) Blastoidea indet. (120243 150828) Tricoelocrinus belfordi (150826 150827)
Roadian - Wordian272.3 - 264.28Australia (New South Wales) Notoblastus brevispinus (230519)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Zhejiang) Blastoidea indet. (60533)
Griesbachian251.902 - 250.5China (Zhejiang) Blastoidea indet. (105221)