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Parasitiformes

Arachnida - Parasitiformes

Taxonomy
Parasitiformes was named by Reuter (1909). It is extant.

It was reranked as the order Parasitiformes by Dunlop et al. (2013) and Garwood and Dunlop (2014).

It was assigned to Acari by Dunlop et al. (2013); and to Arachnida by Garwood and Dunlop (2014).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2013Parasitiformes Dunlop et al. p. 57
2014Parasitiformes Garwood and Dunlop p. 21

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
Deuteropoda
subphylumChelicerataHeymons 1901
RankNameAuthor
EuchelicerataWeygoldt and Paulus 1979
Prosomapoda
Planaterga
Dekatriata
SclerophorataKamenz et al. 2011
classArachnidaLamarck 1801
orderParasitiformes(Reuter 1909)
orderParasitiformes(Reuter 1909)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Or. Parasitiformes Reuter 1909
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Subor. Ixodida Leach 1815 [tick]
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Fm. †Deinocrotonidae Peñalver et al. 2017
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G. †Deinocroton Peñalver et al. 2017
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Deinocroton draculi Peñalver et al. 2017
Superfm. Ixodoidea Banks 1907
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Fm. Argasidae Koch 1844 [soft tick]
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G. Carios Latreille 1796
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Carios jerseyi Klompen and Grimaldi 2001
G. Ornithodoros Koch 1844
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Ornithodoros antiquus Poinar 1995
Fm. Ixodidae Banks 1907 [hard tick]
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G. †Compluriscutula Poinar and Buckley 2008
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Compluriscutula vetulum Poinar and Buckley 2008
G. †Cornupalpatum Poinar and Brown 2003
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Cornupalpatum burmanicum Poinar and Brown 2003
G. Ixodes Latreille 1795
Subor. Mesostigmata Canestrini 1891
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Infraor. Monogynaspida Camin and Gorirossi 1955
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Unr. Gamasina Kramer 1881
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Unr. Dermanyssiae Evans and Till 1979
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Superfm. Ascoidea Voigts and Oudemans 1905
Superfm. Dermanyssoidea Kolenati 1859
Unr. Epicriiae Vitzthum 1938
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Superfm. Zerconoidea Berlese 1892
Unr. †Parasitiae Reuter 1909
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Superfm. Parasitoidea Oudemans 1901
Unr. Microgyniina Tragardh 1942
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Invalid names: Microgynioidea Tragardh 1942 [empty]
Unr. Uropodina Kramer 1881 [tortoise mite]
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Unr. Uropodiae Kramer 1881
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Superfm. Uropodoidea Kramer 1881
Infraor. Sejida Kramer 1885
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Superfm. Sejoidea Berlese 1885
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Fm. Sejidae Berlese 1885
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G. Sejus Koch 1836
Infraor. Trigynaspida Camin and Gorirossi 1955
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Unr. Antennophorina Berlese 1882
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Superfm. Paramegistoidea Tragardh 1946
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Invalid names: Paramegistidae Tragardh 1946 [empty]
Invalid names: Gamasida Leach 1815 [synonym]
Subor. Opilioacarida Zachvatkin 1952
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Superfm. Opilioacaroidea Vitzthum 1931
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Fm. Opilioacaridae Vitzthum 1932
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G. Opilioacarus With 1902
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Opilioacarus aenigmus Dunlop et al. 2010
G. Paracarus Chamberlin and Mulaik 1942
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Paracarus pristinus Dunlop et al. 2004
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Grouping: solitaryc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Source: c = class
Reference: Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Turonian to the top of the Holocene or 93.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 93.5 Ma

Collections (15 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar (Kachin) Compluriscutula vetulum (123429) Cornupalpatum burmanicum (104053 123113)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar Deinocroton draculi (147614)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (New Jersey) Carios jerseyi (29008)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Poland Aclerogamasus stenocornis (120813) Sejus bdelloides (109625)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Kaliningrad) Opilioacarus aenigmus, Paracarus pristinus, Myrmozercon sp. (124318) Uroobovella sp. (110735) Uroobovella sp., Microgynioidea indet., Ascidae indet. (147612)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mexico Paramegistidae indet. (21977)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97New Zealand (Otago) Gamasina indet. (191650)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Dominican Republic Ornithodoros antiquus (138330)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (New Mexico) Paleozercon cavernicolus (163778)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Antarctica Ixodidae indet. (177151)