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Ichthyosauria (ichthyosaur)

Reptilia -

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1835Ichthyosauria de Blainville
1862Ichthyosaurus strombecki Meyer
1873Ichthyosaurus polaris Hulke p. 3
1883Ichthyosaurus polyptychodon Koken
1883Rachitrema Sauvage p. 5
1883Rachitrema pellati Sauvage p. 5 figs. Pl. VI:4, VII:2-5, IX:5-6
1890Ichthyosauria Zittel p. 449
1890Rachitrema Zittel p. 722
1903Ichthyosauria Osborn p. 276
1904Ichthyosauria Osborn p. 113
1908Cymbospondylus polaris Merriam p. 149
1910Ichthyosauri Jaekel p. 334
1910Pessosaurus Wiman
1910Pessosaurus polaris Wiman
1916Pessosaurus suevicus Huene
1916Pachygonosaurus von Huene
1922Macropterygius Huene
1937Ichthyosauria Roxo p. 43
1939Stenopterygius grandis Cabrera p. 497 figs. 1-3
1939Sphaerodontes Torre and Cuervo
1946Ichthysauria Kuhn p. 59
1948Macropterygius incognitus Rusconi p. 148
1954Ichthyosauria Huene p. 14
1967Macropterygius Appleby p. 137
1988Pessosaurus Carroll
1996Sphaerodontes caroli Iturralde-Vinent and Norell
1997Pachygonosaurus robustus Maisch and Matzke
1998Ichthyosauria Motani et al. p. 255
1999Ichthyosauria Motani fig. 1
2000Ichthyosauria Maisch and Matzke p. 93
2000Ichthyosauria Sander
2002Ichthyosauria Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Macropterygius Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Pessosaurus Sepkoski, Jr.
2017Ichthyosauria Moon

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Ichthyosauromorpha
Ichthyosauriformes
Ichthyopterygia(Owen 1840)
Eoichthyosauria
Ichthyosauria(de Blainville 1835)
Ichthyosauria(de Blainville 1835)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. W. Maisch and A. T. Matzke 2000"Elongate premaxillary rostrum, naris displaced posteriorly, close
to orbit, upper temporal fenestra of ichthyosaurian type (with very considerable contribution of supratemporal) present, ectopterygoid absent, thoracal ribs articulate exclusively with the centrum, hyperphalangy of manus and pes present, fibula immobile relative to femur."