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Serikodiastida

Arachnida

Taxonomy
Serikodiastida was named by Garwood and Dunlop (2014). It is extant.

It was assigned to Tetrapulmonata by Garwood and Dunlop (2014).

Sister taxa
Araneae, Araneida, Uraraneida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2014Serikodiastida Garwood and Dunlop p. 23

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
Deuteropoda
subphylumChelicerataHeymons 1901
EuchelicerataWeygoldt and Paulus 1979
RankNameAuthor
Prosomapoda
Planaterga
Dekatriata
SclerophorataKamenz et al. 2011
classArachnidaLamarck 1801
Pantetrapulmonata
subclassTetrapulmonataSchultz 1990
Serikodiastida
Serikodiastida

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Serikodiastida Garwood and Dunlop 2014
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Or. Araneae Clerck 1757 [spider]
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G. †Amphiclotho Gourret 1887
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Amphiclotho breviuscula Gourret 1887
G. †Amphithomisus Gourret 1887
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Amphithomisus barbatus Gourret 1887
G. †Araneaovoius Dunlop and Braddy 2011
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Araneaovoius columbiae Scudder 1878
G. †Argyrarachne Selden 1999
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Argyrarachne solitus Selden 1999
G. †Atocatle Feldmann et al. 1998
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Atocatle ranulfoi Feldmann et al. 1998
G. †Cercidiella Gourret 1887
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Cercidiella aquisextana Gourret 1887
G. †Clubionella Gourret 1887
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Clubionella antiqua Gourret 1887
G. †Eresoides Gourret 1887
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Eresoides orbicularis Gourret 1887
G. †Herselioides Gourret 1887
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Subor. Mesothelae
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Fm. †Arthrolycosidae Fritsch 1904
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G. †Arthrolycosa Harger 1874
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Arthrolycosa antiqua Harger 1874
Arthrolycosa wolterbeeki Dunlop 2023
G. †Protolycosa Roemer 1866
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Protolycosa cebennensis Laurentiaux-Vieira and Laurentiaux 1963
Protolycosa danielsi Petrunkevitch 1913
Protolycosa suazoi Selden 2021
Fm. †Arthromygalidae Petrunkevitch 1923
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G. †Arthromygale Petrunkevitch 1923
G. †Geralycosa Kušta 1889
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Geralycosa fricii Kušta 1889
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Invalid names: Arthrolycosa beecheri Fritsch 1904 [synonym], Arthrolycosa fortis Fritsch 1904 [synonym]
Fm. †Burmathelidae Wunderlich 2017
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G. †Burmathele Wunderlich 2017
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Burmathele biseriata Wunderlich 2017
Fm. †Cretaceothelidae Wunderlich 2017
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G. †Cretaceothele Wunderlich 2015
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Cretaceothele lata Wunderlich 2015
G. †Eolycosa Kušta 1886
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Eolycosa lorenzi Kušta 1886
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Invalid names: Scudderia carbonaria Kušta 1889 [synonym]
Invalid names: Kustaria Petrunkevitch 1953 [synonym], Scudderia Kušta 1889 [synonym]
Fm. †Eomesothelidae Wunderlich 2019
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G. †Eomesothele Wunderlich 2019
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Eomesothele noninclinata Wunderlich 2019
G. †Intermesothele Wunderlich 2019
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Intermesothele pulcher Wunderlich 2019
Fm. †Palaeothelidae Selden 2021
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G. †Palaeothele Selden 2000
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Palaeothele onoi Selden 2021
Invalid names: Eothele Selden 1996 [replaced]
Fm. †Parvithelidae Wunderlich 2017
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G. †Parvithele Wunderlich 2017
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Parvithele muelleri Wunderlich 2017
Parvithele spinipes Wunderlich 2017
G. †Pulvillothele Wunderlich 2017
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Pulvillothele haupti Wunderlich 2017
Invalid names: Liphistiidae Thorell 1869 [empty]
G. Mygale Latreille 1802
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Mygale ambigua Gourret 1887
G. †Opisthophylax Menge 1856
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Opisthophylax exarata Menge 1856
Subor. Opisthothelae Pocock 1892
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Infraor. Araneomorphae Smith 1902
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G. †Elvina Thorell 1870
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Elvina antiqua Von Heyden 1859
Unr. Entelegynae Simon 1893
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Fm. Agelenidae Koch 1837
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Invalid names: Inceptoridae Petrunkevitch 1942 [synonym]
Superfm. Araneoidea Simon 1895
Fm. Cybaeidae Simon 1898
Fm. Deinopidae Koch 1850 [net-casting spider]
Fm. Dictynidae Pickard-Cambridge 1871
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Invalid names: Argyronetidae Menge 1869 [synonym], Arthrodictynidae Petrunkevitch 1942 [synonym]
Unr. Dionycha Petrunkevitch 1928
Fm. †Eotibiaapophysidae Wunderlich 2018
Fm. Hahniidae Bertkau 1878
Superfm. Lycosoidea Sundevall 1833
Superfm. Nicodamoidea Simon 1897
Superfm. Oecobioidea Blackwall 1862
G. †Palaeoperenethis Selden and Penney 2009
Fm. Sparassidae Bertkau 1872
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Invalid names: Eusparassidae Järvi 1912 [synonym]
Fm. Titanoecidae Lehtinen 1967
Fm. Toxopidae Hickman 1940
Fm. Uloboridae Thorell 1869 [hackled orb-weaver]
Superfm. Zodarioidea Thorell 1881
Fm. Zoropsidae Bertkau 1882
Invalid names: Amaurobiidae Thorell 1870 [empty], Deinopoidea Koch 1850 [invalid subgroup], Desidae Pocock 1895 [empty], Dictynoidea Pickard-Cambridge 1871 [invalid subgroup], Eresoidea Koch 1851 [invalid subgroup], Gnaphosoidea Simon 1893 [invalid subgroup], Orbiculariae Walckanear 1802 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. Filistatidae Ausserer 1867 [crevice weaver]
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Subfm. Prithinae Gray 1995
Fm. †Gigarachnidae Jiang and Li 2020
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G. †Gigarachne Jiang and Li 2020
Fm. Leptonetidae Simon 1890 [leptonetid spider]
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G. †Eoleptoneta Wunderlich 1991
Subfm. Leptonetinae Simon 1890
G. †Oligoleptoneta Wunderlich 2004
Superfm. Leptonetoidea Simon 1890
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Tr. †Biapophysini Wunderlich 2015
Fm. †Praeterleptonetidae Wunderlich 2008
Fm. †Protoaraneoididae Wunderlich 2018
Fm. Telemidae Fage 1913 [long-legged cave spider]
Fm. †Megasetidae Wunderlich 2021
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G. †Megasetae Wunderlich 2021
Fm. †Mongolarachnidae Selden et al. 2013
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Subfm. †Mongolarachninae Selden et al. 2013
Superfm. Palpimanoidea Forster and Platnick 1984
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Fm. Archaeidae Koch and Berendt 1854
G. †Caestaranea Selden et al. 2019
G. †Jurarchaea Eskov 1987
Fm. †Lagonomegopidae Eskov and Wunderlich 1995
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Invalid names: Grandoculidae Penney 2011 [synonym]
Fm. Mecysmaucheniidae Simon 1895
Fm. †Micropalpimanidae Wunderlich 2008
G. †Onychopalpus Selden et al. 2019
Fm. Palpimanidae Thorell 1870
Fm. †Planarchaeidae Wunderlich 2017
G. †Seppo Selden and Dunlop 2014
G. †Sinaranea Selden et al. 2008
Fm. †Spatiatoridae Petrunkevitch 1942
Fm. †Vetiatoridae Wunderlich 2015
Invalid names: Huttoniidae Simon 1893 [empty]
Fm. †Pilosarachnidae Jiang and Li 2020
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G. †Pilosarachne Jiang and Li 2020
Unr. Synspermiata Michalik and Ramírez 2014
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Fm. Caponiidae Simon 1890
Superfm. Dysderoidea Bristowe 1938
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Invalid names: Segestrioidea Simon 1893 [synonym]
G. †Eoplectreurys Selden and Huang 2010
G. †Montsecarachne Selden 2014
Fm. Pacullidae Simon 1894
Fm. Pholcidae Koch 1851 [daddy long-legs spider]
Unr. Pholcomorpha Wunderlich 2020
Fm. Plectreuridae Simon 1893 [plectreurid spider]
Superfm. Scytodoidea Blackwall 1864
Fm. Tetrablemmidae Cambridge 1873 [armored spider]
Invalid names: Scytodes hani Wunderlich 2012 [nomen dubium]
G. †Taubaracna Martine et al. 2023
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Taubaracna maculosa Martine et al. 2023
G. †Triassaraneus Selden 1999
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Invalid names: Araneoclada Platnick 1977 [invalid subgroup], Haplogynae Simon 1893 [invalid subgroup]
G. †Eoatypus McCook 1888
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Eoatypus woodwardii McCook 1888
Infraor. Mygalomorphae Pocock 1892
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G. †Ambiortiphagus Eskov and Zonshtein 1990
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Ambiortiphagus ponomarenkoi Eskov and Zonshtein 1990
Superfm. Atypoidea Thorell 1870
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Fm. Antrodiaetidae Gertsch 1940 [folding trapdoor spider]
Fm. Atypidae Thorell 1870 [purse web spider]
Fm. Mecicobothriidae Holmberg 1882 [dwarf tarantula]
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Invalid names: Hexuridae Simon 1889 [synonym]
Superfm. Avicularioidea Simon 1874
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Fm. Barychelidae Simon 1889 [trapdoor baboon spider]
G. †Cretamygale Selden 2002
Fm. Ctenizidae Thorell 1887 [cork-lid trapdoor spider]
Fm. Cyrtaucheniidae Simon 1892 [wafer trapdoor spider]
Fm. Dipluridae Simon 1889 [funnel-web tarantula]
Fm. †Fossilcalcaridae Wunderlich 2015
Fm. Halonoproctidae Pocock 1901
Fm. Hexathelidae Simon 1892 [venomous funnel-web tarantula]
Fm. Macrothelidae Simon 1892
Fm. Microstigmatidae Roewer 1942
Fm. Nemesiidae Simon 1892
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Invalid names: Pycnothelidae Chamberlin 1917 [synonym]
G. †Rosamygale Selden and Gall 1992
Fm. Theraphosidae Thorell 1870 [tarantula]
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Invalid names: Aviculariidae Simon 1870 [synonym]
Invalid names: Migidae Simon 1892 [empty]
G. †Cretohexura Eskov and Zonshtein 1990
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Cretohexura coylei Eskov and Zonshtein 1990
G. †Cretomegahexura Eskov and Zonshtein 1990
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Cretomegahexura platnicki Eskov and Zonshtein 1990
G. †Friularachne Dalla Vecchia and Selden 2013
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Friularachne rigoi Dalla Vecchia and Selden 2013
Unr. Rastelloidina Raven 1985
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Invalid names: Idiopidae Simon 1892 [empty]
G. †Palaranea Frič 1873
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Invalid names: Arthrolycosa palaranea Fritsch 1904 [objective synonym]
G. †Paralycosa Dunlop and Jekel 2009
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Paralycosa attiformis Gourret 1887
Invalid names: Protolycosa Gourret 1887 [replaced]
G. †Prodysdera Gourret 1887
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Prodysdera intermedia Gourret 1887
G. †Protochersis Gourret 1887
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Protochersis spinosus Gourret 1887
G. †Protolachesis Gourret 1887
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Protolachesis annulata Gourret 1887
G. †Pseudothomisus Gourret 1887
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G. †Pyritaranea Fritsch 1899
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Pyritaranea tubifera Fritsch 1899
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Invalid names: Eopholcus pedatus Fritsch 1904 [synonym]
Invalid names: Eopholcus Fritsch 1904 [synonym]
G. †Schellenbergia Heer 1864
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G. †Timeropus Thorell 1891
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Timeropus hersiliformis Gourret 1887
Invalid names: Lycosoides Gourret 1887 [replaced]
Invalid names: Amaurobius faustus Koch and Berendt 1854 [nomen dubium], Amaurobius rimosus Koch and Berendt 1854 [nomen dubium], Amaurobius spinimanus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Anatone Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Anatone marginata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Anatone spinipes Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Archaea incomta Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Archaea sphinx Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Athera Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Athera exilis Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Auximus fossilis Petrunkevitch 1950 [nomen dubium], Auximus succini Petrunkevitch 1942 [nomen dubium], Clubiona eseri Heer 1864 [nomen nudum], Clubiona latifrons Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Clythia Koch and Berendt 1854 [nomen dubium], Clythia alma Koch and Berendt 1854 [nomen dubium], Clythia gracilenta Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Clythia leptocarena Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Corynitoides Dunlop and Jekel 2009 [nomen dubium], Corynitoides spinosa Menge 1854 [nomen dubium], Corynitoides undulata Menge 1854 [nomen dubium], Dielacata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Dielacata superba Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Drassus oblongus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Dysdera glabrata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Dysdera hippopodium Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Dysdera scobiculata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Eocryphoeca distincta Petrunkevitch 1950 [nomen dubium], Eocryphoeca fossilis Petrunkevitch 1942 [nomen dubium], Eometa aberrans Petrunkevitch 1958 [nomen dubium], Eometa robusta Petrunkevitch 1958 [nomen dubium], Epeira eogena Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Epeiridion Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Epeiridion femoratum Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Erithus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Erithus applanatus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Ero coronata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Ero exculpta Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Ero quadripunctata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Ero setulosa Koch and Berendt 1854 [nomen dubium], Eyukselus Özdikmen 2007 [nomen nudum], Eyukselus argutus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Eyukselus felinus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Eyukselus griseus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Eyukselus latifrons Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Eyukselus pumilus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Heteromma intersecta Menge 1856 [nomen nudum], Idmonia Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Idmonia virginea Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Laterigradae Thorell [empty], Melanophora lepida Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Melanophora nitida Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Memoratrix Petrunkevitch 1942 [nomen dubium], Memoratrix rydei Petrunkevitch 1942 [nomen dubium], Micaria ovata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Micaria squamata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Micaria tenuis Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Micryphantes globulus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Micryphantes turritus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Miropholcus Petrunkevitch 1942 [nomen dubium], Miropholcus heteropus Petrunkevitch 1942 [nomen dubium], Mizalia truncata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Ocypete angustifrons Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Ocypete marginata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Onca Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Onca lepida Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Onca pumila Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Perturbator Petrunkevitch 1971 [nomen dubium], Perturbator corniger Petrunkevitch 1971 [nomen dubium], Phalangopus Menge 1854 [nomen dubium], Phalangopus subtilis Menge 1854 [nomen dubium], Philodromus griseus Menge 1856 [nomen nudum], Philodromus redrogradus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Philodromus reptans Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Pyritaraneidae Petrunkevitch 1953 [invalid subgroup], Pythonissa bipunctata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Pythonissa discophora Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Pythonissa glabra Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Pythonissa villosa Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Retitelariae Thorell [empty], Saltigradae Latreille [empty], Segestria exarata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Segestria undulata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Siga Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Siga crinita Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Spheconia Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Spheconia brevipes Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Syphax hirtus Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Thomisus matutinus Menge 1856 [nomen nudum], Thyelia pectinata Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Thyelia spinosa Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Tubitelariae Thorell [empty], Zilla cornumana Menge 1854 [nomen nudum], Zilla spinipalpa Menge 1854 [nomen nudum]
Or. Araneida Clerck 1757
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Subor. †Chimerarachnida Wunderlich 2018
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Fm. †Chimerarachnidae Wunderlich 2019
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G. †Chimerarachne Wang et al. 2018
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Chimerarachne yingi Wang et al. 2018
G. †Parachimerarachne Wunderlich 2022
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G. †Idmonarachne Garwood et al. 2016
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Idmonarachne brasieri Garwood et al. 2016
Or. †Uraraneida Selden and Shear 2008 [spider]
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G. †Attercopus Selden and Shear 1991
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Attercopus fimbriunguis Shear et al. 1987
Fm. †Permarachnidae Eskov and Selden 2005
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G. †Permarachne Eskov and Selden 2005
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Permarachne novokshonovi Eskov and Selden 2005
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Grouping: solitaryc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Source: c = class
Reference: Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Givetian to the top of the Holocene or 387.70000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 383.7 Ma

Collections (345 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Givetian388.1 - 383.7USA (New York) Attercopus fimbriungus (28295)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (New York) Attercopus fimbriunguis (28246)
Westphalian A318.7 - 316.9Poland Protolycosa anthracophila (147006)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Czech Republic (Central Bohemian) Scudderia carbonaria, Eolycosa lorenzi, Arthrolycosa fortis, Arthrolycosa beecheri, Geralycosa fritschi (126152)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Czech Republic (Pilsen) Eopholcus pedatus, Pyritaranea tubifera (128574)
Westphalian C314.6 - 309.8Russian Federation Arthrolycosa sp. B (149705)
Westphalian C314.6 - 309.8Czech Republic Palaranea borassifoliae (148208)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5USA (Illinois) Arthrolycosa danielsi (146857) Palaeothele onoi, Arthrolycosa antiqua (112630)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5United Kingdom (Somerset) Arthrolycosa sp. (216068)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5Germany (Lower Saxony) Arthrolycosa wolterbeeki (231871)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (New Mexico) Protolycosa suazoi (219795)
Kasimovian - Gzhelian307.0 - 298.9Russian Federation Arthrolycosa sp. A (102503)
Stephanian A305.1 - 301.5France Protolycosa cebennensis (147000)
Stephanian B301.5 - 301.0France Eothele montceauensis (34902) Eothele montceauensis, Idmonarachne brasieri (122490)
Cisuralian298.9 - 273.01Kazakhstan (Almaty) Araneae indet. (149706)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation Permarachne novokshonovi (122856)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation (Kirov) Arthrolycosa sp. (105058)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0France (Bas-Rhin) Araneida indet. (206505) Rosamygale grauvogeli (97620)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0France (Moselle) Araneida indet. (206487 206490)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0France Rosamygale grauvogeli (106916 107681 107683)