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Marsupialia (marsupial)


Marsupialia was named by Illiger (1811). It is extant.

It was reranked as the family Marsupialia by Illiger (1811) and Bonaparte (1850); it was reranked as the order Marsupialia by Huxley (1880), Flower (1883), Cope (1889), Flower and Lydekker (1891), Hay (1902), Lambe (1908), Gregory (1910), Hay (1930), Olson (1966), McKenna (1975), Clemens (1979), Lillegraven and McKenna (1986), Cifelli (1993), Springer et al. (1994), McKenna and Bell (1997), Kirsch and Mayer (1998) and Kielan-Jaworowska et al. (2004); it was synonymized subjectively with Metatheria by Gadow (1898); it was reranked as the superorder Marsupialia by Marshall (1974), Hooker (1986), Brammall and Archer (1997), Gillespie et al. (2016) and Engelman et al. (2017); it was reranked as the infraclass Marsupialia by Kramarz et al. (2010) and Vianey-Liaud et al. (2014); it was reranked as the unranked clade Marsupialia by Gardiner (1982), Rowe (1988), Luo et al. (2003), Goin et al. (2007), Sánchez-Villagra et al. (2007), Davis (2007), Beck et al. (2008), Horovitz et al. (2009), Ladaveze and Muizon (2010), Luo et al. (2011), Oliveira and Goin (2011), Wilson et al. (2016) and Velazco et al. (2022).

It was assigned to Pollicata by Illiger (1811); to Ovovivipara by Bonaparte (1850); to Didelphia by Cope (1889); to Metatheria by Huxley (1880), Flower (1883) and Flower and Lydekker (1891); to Didelphia by Hay (1902); to Didelphia by Hay (1930); to Theria by Olson (1966); to Tribosphenida by McKenna (1975); to Metatheria by Hooker (1986); to Marsupionta by Kirsch and Mayer (1998); to Metatheria by Horovitz et al. (2009) and Ladaveze and Muizon (2010); to Marsupialiformes by Wilson et al. (2016); to Mammalia by Owen (1859), Lambe (1908), Marshall (1974), Brammall and Archer (1997), Kramarz et al. (2010), Vianey-Liaud et al. (2014) and Gillespie et al. (2016); to Metatheria by Gregory (1910), Clemens (1979), Lillegraven and McKenna (1986), Cifelli (1993), Springer et al. (1994), McKenna and Bell (1997), Luo et al. (2003), Kielan-Jaworowska et al. (2004), Goin et al. (2007), Sánchez-Villagra et al. (2007), Davis (2007), Beck et al. (2008), Luo et al. (2011), Oliveira and Goin (2011) and Engelman et al. (2017); and to Theria by Gardiner (1982), Rowe (1988) and Velazco et al. (2022).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1811Pollicata Illiger p. 65
1811Marsupialia Illiger p. 75
1811Salientia Illiger p. 79
1821Ferae Gray p. 307
1825Ferae Gray p. 339
1837Marsupiata Richardson p. 149
1838Didelpha Bonaparte p. 8
1850Marsupialia Bonaparte p. 1
1859Marsupialia Owen p. 161
1880Marsupialia Huxley p. 658
1883Marsupialia Flower p. 184
1889Marsupialia Cope p. 874
1891Marsupialia Flower and Lydekker p. 88
1897Pharsophorus tenuis Ameghino
1902Odontomysopidae Ameghino p. 35
1902Odontomysops Ameghino p. 35
1902Odontomysops spiniferus Ameghino p. 35
1902Promysops primarius Ameghino p. 36
1902Ideodelphys Ameghino p. 43
1902Ideodelphys microscopicus Ameghino p. 43
1902Marsupialia Hay p. 563
1908Marsupialia Lambe
1910Marsupialia Gregory p. 464
1914Notogale tenuis Loomis
1930Marsupialia Hay p. 386
1948Odontomysops Simpson
1948Odontomysops spiniferus Simpson
1966Marsupialia Olson p. 302
1973Marsupiata Lundelius and Turnbull p. 15
1974Marsupialia Marshall p. 66
1975Marsupialia McKenna p. 40
1979Marsupialia Clemens p. 193
1982Marsupialia Gardiner p. 229
1982Marsupiata Lundelius and Turnbull p. 2
1984Metadelphia Archer p. 786
1986Marsupialia Hooker p. 212
1986Marsupialia Lillegraven and McKenna p. 27
1987Cimolestes lucasi Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg
1988Marsupialia Rowe p. 245 figs. Figure 3
1993Marsupialia Cifelli p. 9415
1994Marsupialia Springer et al. p. 86
1997Marsupialia Brammall and Archer
1997Ideodelphys McKenna and Bell
1997Marsupialia McKenna and Bell
1998Marsupialia Kirsch and Mayer p. 1234
2003Marsupialia Luo et al. p. 1938
2004Marsupialia Kielan-Jaworowska et al. pp. 443, 448-449
2007Marsupialia Davis p. 218
2007Marsupialia Goin et al.
2007Marsupialia Sánchez-Villagra et al. p. 321
2008Marsupialia Beck et al. p. 750
2009Marsupialia Horovitz et al. p. 2
2010Marsupialia Kramarz et al.
2010Marsupialia Ladaveze and Muizon
2011Marsupialia Luo et al. p. 444
2011Marsupialia Oliveira and Goin
2014Marsupialia Vianey-Liaud et al. p. 576
2016Marsupialia Gillespie et al.
2016Marsupialia Wilson et al.
2017Marsupialia Engelman et al.
2022Marsupialia Velazco et al. figs. Fig. 1

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EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Infracl. Marsupialia Illiger 1811 [marsupial]
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Superor. Diprotodonta Owen 1866
Superfm. †Petauroidea Gill 1872
Fm. †Pilkipildridae Archer et al. 1987
G. †Dilgaringa Archer et al. 1987
G. †Djilgaringa Archer et al. 1987
Djilgaringa gillespiei Archer et al. 1987
Djilgaringa thompsoni Archer et al. 1987
G. †Pilkipildra Archer et al. 1987
Pilkipildra handi Archer et al. 1987
Pilkipildra taylori Archer et al. 1987
Invalid names: Thylacoleoidea Gill 1872 [empty]
G. †Wirunodon Goin and Candela 2004
Wirunodon chanku Goin and Candela 2004
No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialuc
Diet: insectivoreuc
Created: 2005-09-06 19:53:51
Modified: 2005-09-07 19:44:02
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Hopson 1973, Luo et al. 2003

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Turonian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 93.50000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 89.3 Ma

Collections (35 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Utah) Marsupialia indet. A, Marsupialia indet. B (14415)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Utah) Marsupialia indet. (14414)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Utah) Marsupialia indet. (75840)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Mexico) Marsupialia indet. (56616 56622)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Marsupialia indet. (68001 68002 68003 68006)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Montana) Marsupialia indet. (69161)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Marsupialia indet. (14610)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Marsupialia indet. (14515)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Marsupialia indet. (45099)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Antarctica Marsupialia indet. (100414)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Australia (Queensland) Marsupialia indet. (59088)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Spain (Lleida) Marsupialia sp. (142031)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Turkey (Ankara) Marsupialia indet. (84511)
Middle Eocene47.8 - 37.71Peru Marsupialia indet. (176141 176154)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Peru (Departamento de Ucayali) Wirunodon chanku (149523)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Australia (South Australia) Pilkipildra taylori (182109)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Australia (Tasmania) Petauroidea indet. (182968)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Australia (South Australia) Djilgaringa thompsonae (51413) Pilkipildra handae (51412) Pilkipildra handi (136534) Pilkipildra taylori (28194)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Peru (Loreto) Marsupialia indet. (176147)
MP 2928.4 - 23.03France (Aquitaine) Marsupialia indet. (37208)
Aquitanian - Burdigalian23.03 - 15.97Australia (Queensland) Djilgaringa sp. (183096)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62Australia (Queensland) Djilgaringa gillespiei (28420)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Australia (Queensland) Djilgaringa gillespiei (135647)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Brazil (Acre) Marsupialia indet. (67383)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Australia (Queensland) Petauroidea indet. (68775)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Uruguay (San José) Marsupialia indet. (113415)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.129 - 0.0117Venezuela (Zulia) Marsupialia indet. (63886)