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Pakicetidae

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Pakicetidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1990Pakicetinae Gingerich and Russell p. 18
1994Pakicetinae Fordyce and Barnes p. 428 figs. Table 1
1995Pakicetinae Fordyce et al. p. 379
1996Pakicetidae Thewissen et al. p. 70
1996Pakicetinae Thewissen et al. p. 70
1997Pakicetinae McKenna and Bell p. 370
1998Pakicetinae Rice
1998Pakicetidae Thewissen and Hussain p. 221
2001Pakicetidae Fordyce and de Muizon p. 176
2001Pakicetidae Thewissen et al. p. suppl.
2002Pakicetidae Rice p. 231 figs. Table 1
2003Pakicetidae Fordyce p. 156 figs. Figure 9.1
2003Pakicetidae Geisler and Sanders p. 27
2005Pakicetidae Boisserie et al.
2005Pakicetidae Gingerich p. 237 figs. Table 15.1
2007Pakicetidae Bianucci and Landini p. 45 figs. Table 2.1
2008Pakicetidae McLeod and Barnes p. 92
2009Pakicetidae Cooper et al. p. 1291
2009Pakicetidae Rice p. 235 figs. Table 1
2010Pakicetidae Uhen p. 199 figs. Figure 1
2012Pakicetidae Gingerich p. 313 figs. Figure 4
2015Pakicetidae Gao and Ni p. 156 figs. Table 1
2016Pakicetidae Marx et al. p. 98
2017Pakicetidae Berta p. 158

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
familyPakicetidae()
familyPakicetidae()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
L. N. Cooper et al. 2009Protocone lobe present on p4; M1 and M2 protocone tip anterior to valley on centrocrista; M1 75-85% labiolingually narrower than M2; p3 closely appressed to p4; p4 and lower molars low triangle-shaped in lateral view; single cusp on talonid.