Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Glyptorthis insculpta

Rhynchonellata - Orthida - Glyptorthidae

Taxonomy
Orthis insculpta was named by Hall (1847). Its type specimen is AMNH 30260, a shell, and it is a 3D body fossil. It is the type species of Glyptorthis.

It was recombined as Hebertella insculpta by Hall and Clarke (1882); it was recombined as Hebertella (Glyptorthis) insculpta by Ladd (1929); it was recombined as Glyptorthis insculpta by Foerste (1914), Foerste (1924), Howe (1966), Li and Copper (2006), Zuykov and Butts (2008), Rubel (2011), Wright and Stigall (2014) and Liljeroth et al. (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1882Hebertella insculpta Hall and Clarke figs. pl. 5a, fig. 13
1914Glyptorthis insculpta Foerste p. 257
1924Glyptorthis insculpta Foerste
1929Hebertella (Glyptorthis) insculpta Ladd p. 399
1966Glyptorthis insculpta Howe figs. pl. 28, fig. 21
2006Glyptorthis insculpta Li and Copper p. 11
2008Glyptorthis insculpta Zuykov and Butts figs. 1-6
2011Glyptorthis insculpta Rubel
2014Glyptorthis insculpta Wright and Stigall p. 896 fig. 2A–E
2017Glyptorthis insculpta Liljeroth et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Eutriploblastica
Neotriploblastica
Eucoelomata
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
RankNameAuthor
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderOrthidaSchuchert and Cooper 1932
suborderOrthidinaSchuchert and Cooper 1932
superfamilyOrthoideaWoodward 1852
familyGlyptorthidae(Schuchert and Cooper 1931)
genusGlyptorthisFoerste 1914
speciesinsculpta(Hall 1847)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
D. F. Wright and A. L. Stigall 2014Large (character 1, width 20.24–25.69 mm) species of Glyptorthis with a subquadrate outline and fine concentric ornamentation weakly to strongly lamellose. Costal density low to moderate (see Online Supplementary Material Tables 2 and 4, character 11); ventral muscle scars large with lateral and anterior deflections; narrowing near the teeth. Ventral diductor scars separated by a medial septum; adductor scars of variable width, widening towards the anterior. Dorsal cardinal area high (character 31, Online Supplementary Material Table 2), extending over the hinge line; umbonal angle less than 150˚.