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Neomonachus schauinslandi (Hawaiian monk seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Taxonomy
Phoca schauinslandi was named by Hermann (1779). It is extant.

It was recombined as Monachus (Monachus) schauinslandi by Friant (1947); it was recombined as Monachus schauinslandi by Scheffer and Rice (1963), Hendey (1972), Riedman (1990), Koretsky (2001), Deméré et al. (2003) and Cullen et al. (2014); it was recombined as Neomonachus schauinslandi by Scheel et al. (2014), Berta et al. (2018) and Kienle and Berta (2019).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1779Phoca schauinslandi Hermann
1947Monachus (Monachus) schauinslandi Friant p. 6
1963Monachus schauinslandi Scheffer and Rice p. 3
1972Monachus schauinslandi Hendey p. 100
1990Monachus schauinslandi Riedman p. 57 figs. Table 2
2001Monachus schauinslandi Koretsky p. 86
2003Monachus schauinslandi Deméré et al. p. 49 figs. Fig. 3.3
2014Monachus schauinslandi Cullen et al. p. 1471 figs. Figure 1
2014Neomonachus schauinslandi Scheel et al.
2018Neomonachus schauinslandi Berta et al. p. 210 figs. Fig. 4
2019Neomonachus schauinslandi Kienle and Berta

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
RankNameAuthor
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
Pinnipedimorpha
Pinnipedia()
familyPhocidae()
subfamilyMonachinae
genusNeomonachus
speciesschauinslandi(Hermann 1779)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteuc
Ontogeny: modification of partsuc
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: amphibiousuc
Diet: piscivoref
Diet 2: carnivoref
Reproduction: viviparousuc
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-06-08 12:11:09
Source: f = family, c = class, uc = unranked clade
References: Nowak 1991, Carreño and Cronin 1993, Hendy et al. 2009, Gingerich 2003

Age range: Holocene or 0.01170 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (5 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Hawaii) Monachus schauinslandi (168610) Neomonachus schauinslandi (190689 190690 190691 190692)