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Apiocrinites

Crinoidea - Millericrinida - Apiocrinitidae

Taxonomy
Apiocrinites was named by Miller (1821) [Sepkoski's age data: J Bath K Albi-l Sepkoski's reference number: 1066]. Its type is Encrinites parkinsoni. It is the type genus of Apiocrinitidae.

It was assigned to Apiocrinidae by Rasmussen (1961); to Millericrinida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Apiocrinitidae by Jäger (2010), Hess and Gale (2010), Hess and Messing (2011) and Hess (2012).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1821Apiocrinites Miller
1821Apiocrinus Miller
1961Apiocrinites Rasmussen p. 156
2002Apiocrinites Sepkoski
2004Apiocrinus Kiessling
2010Apiocrinites Hess and Gale p. 441
2010Apiocrinites Jäger p. 753
2011Apiocrinites Hess and Messing p. 166
2012Apiocrinites Hess p. 231 fig. 23e

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumBlastozoa
classCrinoideaMiller 1821
RankNameAuthor
subclassPentacrinoideaJaekel 1918
infraclassInadunata(Wachsmuth and Springer 1897)
Cladida(Moore and Laudon 1943)
Eucladida
infraorderArticulata(Miller 1821)
orderMillericrinidaSieverts-Doreck 1953
familyApiocrinitidaed'Orbigny 1840
genusApiocrinitesMiller 1821

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. †Apiocrinites Miller 1821
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Apiocrinites boissieri Pictet 1867
Apiocrinites gillieroni de Loriol 1877
Apiocrinites negevensis Ausich and Wislon 2012
Apiocrinites neocomiensis d'Orbigny 1850
Apiocrinites oosteri Loriol 1878
Apiocrinites parkinsoni von Schlotheim 1820
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Invalid names: Apiocrinites rotundus Miller 1821 [synonym]
Apiocrinites renevieri Loriol 1878
Apiocrinites roissyanus D'Orbigny 1887
Invalid names: Apiocrinus Miller 1821 [nomen vanum]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitec
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yessubc
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Created: 2004-02-28 17:12:34
Modified: 2004-02-28 19:12:34
Source: o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Aberhan 1992, Hendy et al. 2009, Kiessling 2004

Age range: base of the Bajocian to the top of the Late/Upper Cenomanian or 170.30000 to 93.50000 Ma

Collections (32 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bajocian170.3 - 168.3Saudi Arabia A. sp. (48105)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Saudi Arabia A. sp. (48485)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) A. sp. (225715)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Somalia Apiocrinus sp. (100381 100388)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Germany (Brandenburg) Apiocrinus flexuosus, Apiocrinus parkinsoni (32016)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Saudi Arabia A. sp. (47862 47875 47886 47898 47899)
Late/Upper Callovian164.7 - 161.2Israel A. negevensis (79303)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3United Kingdom (England) Apiocrinus sp. (2104 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110)
Oxfordian - Kimmeridgian163.5 - 152.1Ethiopia Apiocrinus roissyanus (94499)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France Apiocrinus sp. (13117)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France (Haut-Rhin) A. roissyanus (31894) Apiocrinus meriani (62062)
Early/Lower Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Poland A. sp. (85572)
Late/Upper Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Poland A. sp. (213408)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Portugal Apiocrinus sp. (64952 65673)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45France (Drôme) A. sp. (75576)
Early/Lower Aptian121.4 - 122.46Jamaica (Saint Catherine) A. sp. (213407)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0United Kingdom (England) A. gillieroni (161933)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6United Kingdom (England) A. oosteri (161956 161958)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Poland (Lesser Poland) A. sp. (224101)