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Crinoidea - Cyrtocrinida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1985Cyrtocrinida Jäger p. 78
1998Cyrtocrinida Ausich p. 17
2002Cyrtocrinida Sepkoski, Jr.
2017Cyrtocrinida Wright et al. p. 842

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subphylumCrinozoaMatsumoto 1929
classCrinoideaMiller 1821
subclassPentacrinoideaJaekel 1918
infraclassInadunata(Wachsmuth and Springer 1897)
Cladida(Moore and Laudon 1943)
infraorderArticulata(Miller 1821)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitec
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yessubc
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Created: 2004-02-28 16:27:36
Modified: 2004-02-28 18:27:36
Source: o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009, Aberhan et al. 2004, Aberhan 1992

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Lochkovian to the top of the Danian or 419.20000 to 61.60000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 410.8 Ma

Collections (30 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8USA (New York) Aspidocrinus sp. (26697 26851)
Raricostatum - Spinatum196.5 - 183.0Germany Eudesicrinus mayalis (162047)
Davoei189.6 - 183.0Germany Cyrtocrinida indet., Eudesicrinus mayalis (162031)
Ibex189.6 - 183.0Germany Cyrtocrinida indet. (41115)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian - Early/Lower Aalenian189.6 - 171.6France Eudesicrinus mayalis, Sacariacrinus amadei, Cotylederma docens, Cotylederma miliaris, Tetracrinus solidus (197653)
Callovian - Oxfordian166.1 - 157.3Ukraine Cyrtocrinus nutans, Eugeniacrinites caryophilites, Eugeniacrinites quenstedti, Pilocrinus moussoni (67868)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2France (Rhone-Alpes) Cyrtocrinus nutans, Eugeniacrinites dumortieri, Gammarocrinites compressus, Lonchocrinus sp., Phyllocrinus colloti (114540)
Early/Lower Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France Cyrtocrinida indet. (61719)
Middle Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France Tetracrinus moniliformis (163585)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Plicatocrinus fraasi (154138)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Austria Phyllocrinus belbekensis (151441)
Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2France Phyllocrinus malbosianus (91168)
Late/Upper Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Austria Phyllocrinus sp. (64831)
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0France Eugeniacrinites gevreysi, Hemicrinus astierianus (59653)
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0Spain Hemicrinus asterianus, Phyllocrinus oosteri, Sclerocrinus strambergensis (55528)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4Hungary Labiocrinus labiatus, Torynocrinus granulatus (66038) Labiocrinus minor, Torynocrinus hungaricus, Torynocrinus floriformis, Torynocrinus bellus, Torynocrinus compactus, Torynocrinus sulcatus (66030)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0United Kingdom (England) Torynocrinus canon, Torynocrinus globosus (161933) Torynocrinus sp. (1864)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6United Kingdom (England) Hemicrinus canon (161955)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Czech Republic Cyathidium depressum (90514 90515 90516 146401 146501)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands Cyathidium vlieksi (32161)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Danian70.6 - 61.6Netherlands (Limburg) Cyathidium vlieksi (32169)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Danian70.6 - 61.6Netherlands Cyathidium vlieksi (32160)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Austria (Niederösterreich) Cyathidium sp. (87002)