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Comatulida (Feather star)

Crinoidea - Comatulida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1908Comatulida Clark
1961Comatulida Rasmussen p. 249
1998Comatulida Ausich p. 17
2002Comatulida Sepkoski
2007Comatulida Shibata and Oji p. 400
2011Comatulida Hess and Messing p. 70
2017Comatulida Wright et al. p. 842

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumBlastozoa
classCrinoideaMiller 1821
RankNameAuthor
subclassPentacrinoideaJaekel 1918
infraclassInadunata(Wachsmuth and Springer 1897)
Cladida(Moore and Laudon 1943)
Eucladida
infraorderArticulata(Miller 1821)
orderComatulidaClark 1908
orderComatulidaClark 1908

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Or. Comatulida Clark 1908 [Feather star]
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Subor. Bourgueticrinina Sieverts-Doreck 1953
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Fm. Bathycrinidae Bather 1899
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Subfm. Bathycrininae Bather 1899
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G. Bathycrinus Thomson 1872
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Bathycrinus carpenterii Danielssen and Koren 1877
Bathycrinus endelmani Klikushin 1982
Bathycrinus gracilis Thomson 1872
Invalid names: Ilycrinus Danielssen and Koren 1877 [synonym], Paleobathycrinus Roux 1978 [nomen nudum]
G. Cingocrinus Mironov 2000
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Cingocrinus radicatus Mironov 2000
G. Discolocrinus Mironov 2008
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Discolocrinus thieli Mironov 2008
G. Monachocrinus Clark 1919
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Monachocrinus gallicus Rasmussen 1961
Monachocrinus regnelli Rasmussen 1961
G. Naumachocrinus Clark 1912
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Subfm. Caledonicrininae Mironov 2000
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G. Caledonicrinus Avocat and Roux 1990
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Caledonicrinus vaubani Avocat and Roux 1990
Invalid names: Rhizocrinidae Jaekel 1894 [synonym]
Fm. Bourgueticrinidae Loriol 1882
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G. †Bourgueticrinus Orbigny 1840
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Bourgueticrinus alabamensis De Loriol 1882
Bourgueticrinus baculatus Klikushin 1982
Bourgueticrinus bellus Klikushin 1975
Bourgueticrinus brydonei Rasmussen 1961
Bourgueticrinus crassus Klikushin 1975
Bourgueticrinus danicus Nielsen 1913
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Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus curvatus Nielsen 1913 [synonym]
Bourgueticrinus elegans Griffith and Brydone 1911
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Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus bacillus Griffith and Brydone 1911 [synonym]
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Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus milleri mCoy 1848 [synonym], Mesocrinus suedicus Carpenter 1881 [synonym]
Bourgueticrinus fischeri Geinitz 1872
Bourgueticrinus fritillus Griffith and Brydone 1911
Bourgueticrinus globularis Rasmussen 1961
Bourgueticrinus hagenowii Goldfuss 1840
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Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus bulbiformis Nielsen 1913 [synonym], Bourgueticrinus turris Nielsen 1913 [synonym], Bourgueticrinus verrucosus Nielsen 1913 [synonym]
Bourgueticrinus hureae Valette 1917
Bourgueticrinus maximus Valette 1917
Bourgueticrinus minutus Jaekel 1918
Bourgueticrinus naidini Klikushin 1981
Bourgueticrinus papilliformis Griffith and Brydone 1911
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Invalid names: Volvola lagenatis Valette 1917 [synonym]
Bourgueticrinus succinctus Klikushin 1982
Bourgueticrinus sulcatus Klikushin 1975
Bourgueticrinus tenuis Rasmussen 1961
Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus oosteri Loriol 1879 [nomen dubium], Conocrinus lamberti Valette 1917 [nomen dubium], Conocrinus welschi Valette 1917 [nomen dubium], Mesocrinus Carpenter 1881 [synonym], Metapiocrinus Jaekel 1918 [synonym], Volvola Valette 1917 [synonym]
G. Conocrinus Orbigny 1850
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Conocrinus elongatus Roux 1978
Conocrinus tauricus Klikushin 1982
Conocrinus thorenti d'Archaic 1846
Conocrinus veronensis Jaekel 1891
Invalid names: Rhizocrinus Sars [synonym], Tormocrinus Jaekel 1891 [synonym]
G. Democrinus Perrier 1883
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Democrinus braueri Doderlein 1912
Democrinus brevis Clark 1909
Democrinus chuni Doderlein 1907
Democrinus dubius Nielsen 1913
Democrinus gisleni Rasmussen 1961
Democrinus maximus Nielsen 1915
Democrinus parfaiti Perrier 1883
Democrinus simmsi Ciampaglio et al. 2007
G. †Dunnicrinus Moore 1967
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Dunnicrinus aequalis D'Orbigny 1841
Fm. Phrynocrinidae Clark 1907
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Subfm. Phrynocrininae Clark 1907
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G. Phrynocrinus Clark 1907
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Phrynocrinus nudus Clark 1907
Subfm. Porphyrocrininae Clark 1973
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G. Porphyrocrinus Gislen 1925
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Fm. Septocrinidae Mironov 2000
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G. Rouxicrinus Mironov and Pawson 2010
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Rouxicrinus vestitus Mironov and Pawson 2010
G. Septocrinus Mironov 2000
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G. Zeuctocrins Clark 1973
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Fm. Comatulidae d'Orbigny 1852 [crinoid]
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Subfm. Comatellinae Summers et al. 2014
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G. Alloeocomatella Messing 1995
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G. Davidaster Hoggett and Rowe 1988
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Davidaster rubiginosa Pourtales 1869
G. Nemaster Clark
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Nemaster gracilis Clark 1909
Subfm. Comatulinae Fleming 1828
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Tr. Capillasterini Clark 1909
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G. Capillaster Clark 1909
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Capillaster sentosa Carpenter 1888
Tr. Comasterini Clark 1908
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G. Anneissia Summers et al. 2014
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Anneissia bennetti Mueller 1841
Anneissia grandicalyx Carpenter 1882
Anneissia japonica Mueller 1841
Anneissia muelleri Rowe et al. 1986
Anneissia pinguis Clark 1909
Anneissia solaster Clark 1907
G. Cenolia Clark 1916
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Cenolia trichoptera Mueller 1846
Invalid names: Comanthoides Clark 1931 [synonym]
G. Clarkcomanthus Rowe et al. 1986
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Clarkcomanthus albinotus Rowe et al. 1986
Clarkcomanthus alternans Carpenter 1881
Clarkcomanthus exilis Rowe et al. 1986
Clarkcomanthus mirabilis Rose et al. 1986
Clarkcomanthus mirus Rowe et al. 1986
G. Comanthus Clark 1908
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Subg. Comanthus (Comantheria) Clark 1909
Subg. Comanthus (Vania) Gislen 1922
Comanthus delicata Clark 1909
Comanthus gisleni Rowe et al. 1986
Comanthus imbricata Rowe et al. 1986
Comanthus kumi Fujita and Obuchi 2012
Comanthus multiradiata Goldfuss 1891
Comanthus parvicirrus Mueller 1841
Comanthus suavia Rowe et al. 1986
Comanthus taviana Clark 1911
Comanthus wahlburgii Mueller 1843
Comanthus weberi Clark 1912
Invalid names: Bennettia Clark 1909 [synonym], Goldfussia Norman 1891 [synonym]
G. Comaster Agassiz 1836
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Comaster meyerensis Eagle 2009
Comaster multifidus Mueller 1841
Tr. Comatulini Fleming 1828
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G. Comactinia Clark 1909
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G. Comatula Lamarck 1806
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Subg. Comatula (Alecto) Mueller 1846
Subg. Comatula (Ophiocrinus) Semper 1868
Comatula imperialis Mueller 1841
Comatula indica Smith 1876
Comatula jacquinoti Mueller 1846
Comatula solaris Lamarck 1816
Comatula tenella Goldfuss 1831
Invalid names: Actinometra Carpenter 1881 [synonym]
Tr. Neocomatellini Summers et al. 2014
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G. Comatulella Clark 1911
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Invalid names: Alecto rosea Hess and Messing 2011 [synonym]
G. Neocomatella Clark 1909
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Neocomatella alata Pourtales 1878
Tr. Phanogeniini White and Messing 2001
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G. Aphanocomaster Messing 1995
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G. Comissia Clark 1909
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Comissia luetkeni Clark 1909
Invalid names: Leptonemaster Clark 1909 [synonym]
G. Phanogenia Loven 1866
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Phanogenia typica Loven 1866
G. †Sievertsella Radwańska 2003
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Sievertsella polonica Radwańska 1987
Invalid names: Sievertsia Radwanska 1987 [replaced]
Invalid names: Actinometridae Bather 1899 [synonym], Comasteridae Clark 1908 [synonym]
Subor. Comatulidina Clark 1908
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Superfm. Antedonoidea Norman 1865
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Fm. Antedonidae Norman 1865
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G. Adelometra Clark 1907
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Adelometra angustiradia Carpenter 1888
G. Anisometra John 1939
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Subfm. Antedoninae Norman 1865
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G. Andrometra Clark 1917
G. Annametra Clark 1936
G. Antedon de Freminville 1811
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Invalid names: Cintedon Munier-Chalmas 1891 [replaced], Compsometra Clark 1908 [synonym], Decacnemos Bronn 1825 [synonym], Ganymeda Gray 1834 [synonym], Hibernula Fleming 1828 [synonym], Kallispongia Wright 1877 [synonym], Phytocrinus de Blainville 1830 [synonym], Repometra Clark 1937 [synonym]
G. Argyrometra Clark 1917
G. Ctenantedon Meyer 1972
G. Dorometra Clark 1917
G. Euantedon Clark 1912
G. Eumetra Clark 1908
G. Iridometra Clark 1908
G. Mastigometra Clark 1908
G. †Palaeantedon Gislen 1924
G. Toxometra Clark 1911
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Invalid names: Monilimetra Clark 1938 [synonym]
G. Athrypsometra Messing and White 2001
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Athrypsometra mira Clark 1909
G. Balanometra Clark 1909
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Balanometra balanoides Carpenter 1888
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Invalid names: Perometra elongata Clark 1908 [synonym]
Subfm. Bathymetrinae Clark 1909
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G. Bathymetra Clark 1908
G. Boleometra Clark 1936
G. Fariometra Clark 1917
G. Hathrometra Clark 1908
G. Meteorometra Clark 1980
G. Nepiometra Clark 1917
G. Orthometra Clark 1917
G. Phrixometra Clark 1917
G. Retiometra Clark 1936
G. Thaumatometra Clark 1908
G. Tonrometra Clark 1917
G. Trichometra Clark 1908
G. Caryometra Clark 1936
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+
Invalid names: Antedon arcana Hartlaub 1912 [synonym], Psathyrometra acuta Clark 1934 [synonym]
G. Cyclometra Clark 1911
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G. Eometra Clark 1936
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Eometra antarctica Clark 1915
Subfm. Heliometrinae Clark 1909
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G. †Allionia Michelotti 1861
G. Anthometrina Eleaume et al.
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Invalid names: Anthometra Clark 1915 [replaced]
G. †Comatonia Clark 1916
G. Florometra Clark 1915
G. Heliometra Clark 1907
G. †Hertha Hagenow 1840
G. Promachocrinus Carpenter 1879
G. †Roiometra Clark 1944
G. Solanometra Clark 1911
Subfm. Isometrinae Clark 1917
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G. Isometra Clark 1908
G. Kempometra John 1938
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G. Leptometra Clark 1908
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Leptometra phalangium Mueller 1841
G. Microcomatula Clark 1931
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Subfm. Perometrinae Clark 1909
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G. Erythrometra Clark 1908
G. Hypalometra Clark 1908
G. Nanometra Clark 1907
G. Perometra Clark 1907
G. Poliometra Clark 1923
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Poliometra prolixa Sladen 1881
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Invalid names: Antedon hystrix Carpenter 1884 [synonym]
Subfm. Thysanometrinae Clark 1909
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G. Coccometra Clark 1908
G. Thysanometra Clark 1907
Invalid names: Palaeantedonidae Gislen 1924 [synonym]
Fm. Pentametrocrinidae Clark 1908
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G. Pentametrocrinus Clark 1908
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G. Thaumatocrinus Carpenter 1883
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Thaumatocrinus renovatus Carpenter 1883
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Invalid names: Promachocrinus abyssorum Carpenter 1888 [synonym]
Invalid names: Decametrocrinus Minckert 1905 [synonym]
Invalid names: Decametrocrinidae Minckert 1905 [synonym], Thaumatocrinidae Bather 1899 [synonym]
Fm. Zenometridae Clark 1909
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G. Psathyrometra Clark 1907
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+
Invalid names: Psathyrometra borealis Clark 1908 [synonym], Psathyrometra profundorum Clark 1908 [synonym]
G. Sarametra Clark 1917
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G. †Zenometra Clark 1907
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Zenometra columnaris Carpenter 1881
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Invalid names: Zenometra pyramidalis Clark 1908 [synonym]
Superfm. Atelecrinoidea Bather 1899 [crinoid]
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Fm. Atelecrinidae Bather 1899 [crinoid]
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G. Atelecrinus Carpenter 1881
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Atelecrinus balanoides Carpenter 1888
G. Sibogacrinus Clark 1967
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Fm. Atopocrinidae Messing 2011
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G. Atopocrinus Clark 1912
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Atopocrinus sibogae Clark 1912 [crinoid]
Infraor. Comatulidia Clark
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Invalid names: Comasteracea Clark 1908 [empty]
Fm. †Jaekelometridae Hess and Messing 2011
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G. †Jaekelometra Jagt 1999
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Jaekelometra belgica Jaekel 1902
Jaekelometra columnaris Gislen 1924
Jaekelometra concava Schlüter 1878
Jaekelometra faxensis Nielsen 1913
Jaekelometra gisleni Rasmussen 1961
Jaekelometra meijeri Rasmussen 1961
Superfm. Mariametroidea Rasmussen 1978
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Fm. Colobometridae Clark 1909
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G. Alisometra Clark 1947
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Alisometra owstoni Clark 1912
G. Analcidometra Clark 1911
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G. †Austrometra Clark 1916
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G. Basilometra Clark 1936
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Invalid names: Rhadinometra Gislen 1936 [synonym]
G. Cenometra Clark 1909
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Cenometra bella Hartlaub 1890
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Invalid names: Antedon abotti Clark 1907 [synonym]
Cenometra delicata Clark 1909
Cenometra insueta Clark 1909
G. Clarkometra Gislen 1922
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Clarkometra elegans Gislen 1922
G. Colobometra Clark 1909
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Subg. Colobometra (Prometra) Clark 1912
Colobometra perspinosa Carpenter 1881
G. Cotylometra Clark 1916
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G. Cyllometra Clark 1907
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Cyllometra manca Clark 1907
G. Decametra Clark 1911
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Decametra moebius Clark 1911
G. Embryometra Gislen 1938
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G. Epimetra Clark 1911
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Epimetra nympha Clark 1911
G. Gislenometra Clark 1947
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G. Iconometra Clark 1929
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G. Oligometra Clark 1908
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Oligometra serripinna Carpenter 1881
G. Oligometrides Clark 1913
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Oligometrides adeonae Lamarck 1816
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Invalid names: Antedon bidens Bell 1884 [synonym]
G. Petasometra Clark 1912
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Petasometra clarae Hartlaub 1890
G. Pontiometra Clark 1907
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Pontiometra andersoni Carpenter 1889
Fm. Eudiocrinidae Clark 1907
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G. Eudiocrinus Carpenter 1882
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Fm. Himerometridae Clark 1908
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G. Amphimetra Clark 1909
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Amphimetra milberti Mueller 1846
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Invalid names: Alecto tessellata Mueller 1846 [synonym]
G. Craspedometra Clark 1909
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Craspedometra acuticirra Carpenter 1882
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Invalid names: Antedon australis Carpenter 1882 [synonym], Antedon ludovici Carpenter 1882 [synonym], Antedon pinna Carpenter 1882 [synonym]
G. †Discometra Gislen 1924
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Discometra rhodanica Fontannes 1877
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Invalid names: Antedon meneghinianus Fontannes 1877 [synonym]
G. Heterometra Clark 1909
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+
Invalid names: Alecto horrida Clark 1908 [synonym], Antedon anceps Carpenter 1888 [synonym], Antedon clemens Carpenter 1888 [synonym]
G. Himerometra Clark 1907
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Himerometra acuta Clark 1908
Himerometra robustipinna Carpenter 1881
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Invalid names: Antedon crassipinna Hartlaub 1907 [synonym]
G. Homalometra Clark 1918
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Homalometra denticulata Carpenter 1888
Fm. Mariametridae Clark 1909
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G. Dichrometra Clark 1909
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+
Invalid names: Alecto elongata Mueller 1841 [synonym]
G. Lamprometra Clark 1913
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Lamprometra imparipinna Carpenter 1882
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Invalid names: Alecto palmata Mueller 1841 [synonym]
G. Liparometra Clark 1913
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G. Mariametra Clark 1909
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G. Oxymetra Clark 1909
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Oxymetra erinacea Hartlaub 1890
Invalid names: Selenemetra Clark 1911 [synonym]
G. Pelometra Clark 1941
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G. Stephanometra Clark 1909
+
+
Invalid names: Antedon flavomaculata Bell 1894 [synonym], Antedon marginata Carpenter 1888 [synonym], Antedon protectus Lutken 1879 [synonym]
Fm. Zygometridae Clark 1908
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G. †Catoptometra Clark 1908
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Catoptometra hartlaubi Clark 1907
G. †Zygometra Clark 1907
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Zygometra microdiscus Bell 1884
G. †Microcrinus Emmons 1858
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Microcrinus conoideus Emmons 1858
Superfm. Notocrinoidea Mortensen 1918
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Fm. Aporometridae Clark 1938
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G. Aporometra Clark 1938
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Fm. Notocrinidae Mortensen 1918
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G. †Glenotremites Goldfuss 1829
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Glenotremites loveni Carpenter 1880
Glenotremites paradoxus Goldfuss 1829
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Invalid names: Antedon chateleti Valette 1932 [synonym], Antedon essenensis Schlüter 1878 [synonym], Antedon lundgreni Carpenter 1880 [synonym], Antedon minutissimus Valette 1917 [synonym], Antedon perforata Carpenter 1880 [synonym], Antedon rugosa Carpenter 1880 [synonym], Antedon semiglobosus Schlüter 1878 [synonym], Antedon striata Carpenter 1880 [synonym], Comatula tetensi Wegner 1913 [synonym], Glenotremites adregularis Gislen 1925 [synonym], Glenotremites alternatus Gislen 1925 [synonym], Glenotremites batheri Gislen 1924 [synonym], Glenotremites excavatus Gislen 1925 [synonym], Glenotremites intermedius Gislen 1925 [synonym], Glenotremites parvistellatus Gislen 1925 [synonym], Sphaerometra senonica Gislen 1925 [synonym]
Glenotremites rotundus Carpenter 1880
+
Invalid names: Antedon incurva Carpenter 1880 [synonym]
Glenotremites tourtiae Schlüter 1878
Glenotremites valettei Gislen 1924
Invalid names: Glenocrinus d'Orbigny 1852 [nomen vanum], Sphaerometra Gislen 1924 [synonym]
G. †Loriolometra Jagt 1999
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Loriolometra retzii Lundgren 1875
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Invalid names: Antedon arnaudi Loriol 1894 [synonym], Antedon sulcatus Schlüter 1878 [synonym]
G. Notocrinus Mortenson 1917
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Notocrinus rasmusseni Meyer and Oji 1993
Notocrinus rasumsseni Meyer and Oji 1993
Notocrinus virilis Mortensen 1917
G. †Remesimetra Sieverts-Doreck 1958
+
Remesimetra discoidalis Gislen 1925
G. †Schlueterometra Rasmussen 1961
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Schlueterometra lettensis Schlüter 1878
Schlueterometra voigti Rasmussen 1961
G. †Semiometra Gislén 1924
+
Semiometra annulata Rasmussen 1961
Semiometra barremiensis Jäger 2010
Semiometra bohemica Gislen 1925
Semiometra courvillensis Valette 1917
Semiometra impressa Rasmussen 1961
+
Invalid names: Antedon astellatus Lehner 1937 [synonym]
Semiometra lenticularis Rasmussen 1961
Semiometra pusilla Fric 1910
Semiometra rosacea Geinitz 1871
Semiometra rowei Gislen 1924
Semiometra saskiae Jagt 1999
Semiometra scanica Gislen 1924
Semiometra stellata Gislen 1925
G. †Zelandimetra Eagle 2009
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Superfm. †Paracomatuloidea Hess 1951
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Fm. †Paracomatulidae Hess 1950
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G. †Paracomatula Hess 1950
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Paracomatula triadica Hagdorn and Campbell 1993
G. †Singillatimetra Hess 2012
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G. †Procomaster Simms 1988
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Superfm. †Solanocrinitoidea Jaekel 1918
+
Fm. †Decameridae Rasmussen 1978
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G. †Coelometra Rasmussen 1978
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Coelometra campichei Loriol 1879
G. †Decameros Orbigny 1850
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Decameros ricordeanus d'Orbigny 1850
G. †Pseudoantedon Valette 1933
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Pseudoantedon icaunensis Valette 1933
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Invalid names: Comatula (Ophiocrinus) hiselyi Loriol 1869 [synonym]
Fm. †Solanocrinitidae Jaekel 1918
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G. †Andymetra Hess 2012
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Andymetra galei Hess 2012
G. †Archaeometra Gislen 1924
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Archaeometra aspera Quenstedt 1858
G. †Comatulina Orbigny 1852
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Comatulina batalleri Astre 1925
Comatulina costata Goldfuss 1829
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Invalid names: Glenotremites infracretaceus Ooster 1871 [synonym]
Solanocrinites (Comatulina) janenschi Sieverts-Doreck 1958
G. †Pachyantedon Jaekel 1891
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Pachyantedon beyrichi Jaekel 1891
G. †Palaeocomaster Gislen 1924
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Palaeocomaster angelini Gislen 1924
Palaeocomaster guirandi de Loriol 1889
G. †Solanocrinites Goldfuss 1829
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Solanocrinites costatus de Loriol 1884
Invalid names: Milleria Goldfuss 1830 [synonym], Solacrinus Agassiz 1836 [nomen vanum]
Fm. †Thiolliericrinidae Clark 1908
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G. †Argoviacrinus Hess and Spichiger 2001
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Argoviacrinus rarissimus Hess and Spichiger 2001
G. †Burdigalocrinus Jaekel 1918
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Burdigalocrinus lorioli Jaekel 1918
G. †Conoideocrinus Klikushin 1987
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Conoideocrinus conoideus Klikushin 1987
G. †Heberticrinus Klikushin 1987
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Heberticrinus heberti de Loriol 1868
G. †Loriolicrinus Jaekel 1918
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Loriolicrinus insuetus de Loriol 1891
G. †Solonaerium Etallon 1862
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Solonaerium sigillatum Quenstedt 1876
G. †Thiolliericrinus Etallon 1859
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G. †Umbocrinus Klikushin 1987
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Umbocrinus umbonatus Klikushin 1987
Superfm. Tropiometroidea Clark 1908
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Fm. Asterometridae Gislen 1924
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G. Asterometra Clark 1907
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G. Pterometra Clark 1909
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G. Sinometra Yulin 1984
+
Fm. Calometridae Clark 1911
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G. Calometra Clark 1907
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Calometra callista Clark 1907
G. Gephyrometra Clark 1912
+
G. †Kiimetra Shibata and Oji 2007
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Kiimetra miocenica Shibata and Oji 2007
G. Neometra Clark 1912
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G. Pectinometra Clark 1912
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G. Reometra Clark 1934
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Reometra mariae Clark 1912
Invalid names: Oreometra Clark 1912 [replaced]
Fm. Charitometridae Clark 1909
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G. Charitometra Clark 1907
+
Charitometra incisa Carpenter 1888
G. Chlorometra Clark 1909
+
Chlorometra bocki Gislen 1922
Invalid names: Diodontometra Gislen 1922 [synonym]
G. Chondrometra Clark 1916
+
G. Crinometra Clark 1909
+
Crinometra brevipinna Pourtales 1868
G. Glyptometra Clark 1909
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Glyptometra distincta Carpenter 1888
Glyptometra tuberosa Carpenter 1888
Invalid names: Calyptometra Clark 1916 [synonym], Crossometra Clark 1916 [synonym], Pachylometra Clark 1909 [synonym]
G. Monachometra Clark 1916
+
Monachometra flexilis Carpenter 1888
Invalid names: Perissometra Clark 1916 [synonym]
G. Poecilometra Clark 1907
+
Poecilometra acoela Carpenter 1888
G. Strotometra Clark 1909
+
Fm. †Conometridae Gislén 1924
+
G. †Amphorometra Gislén 1924
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Amphorometra bellilensis Valette 1935
Amphorometra bruennichi Rosenkrantz 1945
Amphorometra brydonei Gislen 1924
Amphorometra conoidea Goldfuss 1839
+
Invalid names: Amphorometra alta Gislen 1925 [synonym]
Amphorometra parva Gislen 1925
Amphorometra pyropa Zahalka 1892
Amphorometra rugiana Gislen 1924
G. †Bruennichometra Rasmussen 1961
+
Bruennichometra danica Nielsen 1913
Bruennichometra granulata Nielsen 1913
G. †Conometra Gislen 1924
+
Conometra alticeps Philippi 1844
G. †Cypelometra Gislen 1924
+
Cypelometra iheringi de Loriol 1902
G. †Moanametra Eagle 2001
+
G. †Rautangaroa Baumiller and Fordyce 2018
+
Rautangaroa aotearoa Eagle 2007
G. †Vicetiametra Malarodo 1950
+
Vicetiametra albertinii Malaroda 1950
Fm. †Maorimetridae Eagle 2009
+
G. †Maorimetra Eagle 2009
+
Fm. †Pseudoconometridae Eagle 2001
+
G. †Pseudoconometra Eagle 2001
+
Fm. †Pterocomidae Rasmussen 1978
+
G. †Atuatucametra Jagt 1999
+
Atuatucametra annae Jagt 1999
G. †Comaturella Muenster 1838
+
Comaturella formosa Walther 1904
Comaturella pennata von Schlotheim 1820
+
Invalid names: Comatula pinnata Goldfuss 1831 [synonym], Comaturella wagneri Muenster 1839 [synonym]
Invalid names: Comatulithes von Schlotheim 1823 [replaced], Pterocoma Agassiz 1836 [replaced]
G. †Placometra Jagt 1999
+
Placometra laticirra Carpenter 1880
Placometra mortenseni Gislen 1924
Placometra scutata Gislen 1925
G. †Rhodanometra Manni et al. 1985
+
Rhodanometra lorioli Manni et al. 1985
Fm. Ptilometridae Clark 1914
+
G. Ptilometra Clark 1907
+
Ptilometra macronema Mueller 1841
Fm. †Thalassometridae Clark 1908
+
G. Aglaometra Clark 1913
+
Aglaometra valida Carpenter 1888
G. Cosmiometra Clark 1909
+
Cosmiometra aster Clark 1907
+
Invalid names: Thalassometra komachi Clark 1908 [synonym]
G. Crotalometra Clark 1909
+
G. Daidalometra Clark 1916
+
Daidalometra hana Clark 1907
G. Horaeometra Clark 1918
+
Horaeometra duplex Carpenter 1888
G. Koehlermetra Clark 1950
+
Koehlermetra porrecta Carpenter 1888
G. Leilametra Clark 1932
+
G. Lissometra Clark 1918
+
G. Oceanometra Clark 1916
+
G. Parametra Clark 1909
+
Parametra orion Clark 1907
G. Stenometra Clark 1909
+
G. Stiremetra Clark 1909
+
Stiremetra acutiradia Carpenter 1888
G. Stylometra Clark 1908
+
Stylometra spinifera Carpenter 1881
G. †Thalassometra Clark 1907
+
Fm. Tropiometridae Clark 1908
+
G. Tropiometra Clark 1907
+
Tropiometra carinata Lamarck 1816
Superfm. †Uintacrinoidea Zittel 1879
+
Fm. †Marsupitidae d'Orbigny 1852
+
G. †Marsupites Mantell 1821
+
Marsupites lamberti Besairie 1936
Marsupites testudinarius Schlotheim 1820
+
Invalid names: Marsupites americanus Springer 1911 [synonym], Marsupites laevigatus Forbes 1850 [synonym], Marsupites mantelli Bronn 1848 [synonym], Marsupites milleri Mantell 1822 [synonym], Marsupites ornatus Miller 1821 [synonym], Sitularia triangulariformis Cumberland 1826 [synonym]
Invalid names: Marsupiocrinites de Blainville 1830 [synonym], Sitularia Cumberland 1826 [synonym]
Fm. †Uintacrinidae Zittel 1879
+
G. †Uintacrinus Grinnell 1876
+
Uintacrinus anglicus Rasmussen 1961
Uintacrinus socialis Grinnell 1876
+
Invalid names: Uintacrinus westfalicus Schlüter 1878 [synonym]
Invalid names: Paracomatulacea Hess 1951 [empty]
Subor. Guillecrinina Mironov and Sorokina
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Fm. Guillecrinidae Mironov and Sorokina
+
G. Guillecrinus Roux 1985
+
G. Vityazicrinus Mironov and Sorokina 1998
+
Vityazicrinus petrachenkoi Mironov and Sorokina 1998
G. †Solanocrinus Goldfuss 1829
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calciteo
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: facultatively mobileo
Attached: yeso
Life habit: intermediate-level epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Facultatively mobile, attached, erect and surficial according to Bambach et al (2007).o
Created: 2004-02-28 16:07:27
Modified: 2009-10-08 14:29:07
Source: o = order, c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Aberhan 1992, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Otapirian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 205.60000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 201.6 Ma

Collections (172 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Otapirian205.6 - 201.6New Caledonia Paracomatula triadica (85115)
Falciferum183.0 - 182.0Germany Procomaster pentadactylus (139833)
Bajocian170.3 - 168.3Switzerland Paracomatula helvetica (83659)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) Singillatimetra inordinata, Palaeocomaster messingi, Solanocrinites voultensis, Andymetra galei (225715)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Germany (Brandenburg) Archaeometra sp. (32016)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2France Rhodanometra lorioli (58221)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2Switzerland Archaeometra scrobiculata (61717)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Germany (Lower Saxony) Solanocrinites costatus (23910)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France (Haut-Rhin) Solanocrinites costatus (31894) Solanocrinus gresslyi (62062)
Middle Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France Antedon aspera (163585)
Middle Oxfordian - Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Germany (Niedersachsen) Semiometra ithiensis (31437)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Portugal (Centro) Solanocrinites gaioensis (68220)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany Solanocrinites sp. (211294)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Solanocrinites sp., Comaturella formosa (154138)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8France Solanocrinites thiollieri (58209)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) Comaturella pinnata (35262)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Germany (Bavaria) Pterocoma pennata (58604)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Var) Pterocoma pennata (58575)
Early/Lower Berriasian145.0 - 140.2Ukraine Thiolliericrinidae indet., Heberticrinus irregularis, Heberticrinus heberti, Loriolicrinus laevis (69009)
Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2Ukraine Heberticrinus heberti (69003) Loriolicrinus laevis (69006) Thiolliericrinidae indet., Heberticrinus heberti, Umbocrinus umbonatus, Loriolicrinus asper, Loriolicrinus perforatus (69001) Thiolliericrinidae indet., Heberticrinus irregularis, Heberticrinus heberti, Burdigalocrinus maximus, Umbocrinus umbonatus, Loriolicrinus laevis (68998) Thiolliericrinidae indet., Thiolliericrinus belbekensis, Thiolliericrinus elongatus, Thiolliericrinus torosus, Heberticrinus irregularis, Heberticrinus heberti, Burdigalocrinus maximus, Umbocrinus umbonatus, Loriolicrinus asper, Loriolicrinus laevis, Loriolicrinus perforatus, Conoideocrinus conoideus (69000)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Ukraine (Crimea) Heberticrinus heberti (22962)
Early/Lower Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Ukraine Heberticrinus remesi (69008)
Late/Upper Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Poland Comatulida indet. (213408)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4Switzerland Comatula exilis (2256) Comatula hiselyi (2258)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45France (Drôme) Comatulina moosleitneri, Decameros ricordeanus, Semiometra barremiensis (75576)
Early/Lower Aptian121.4 - 122.46Spain Decameros sp. (84552)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0USA (Texas) Solanocrinites wertheimi, Semiometra minuta (37835)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6France Glenotremites loveni (71070)
Senonian - Paleocene100.5 - 56.0Netherlands (Limburg) Dunnicrinus aequalis (31455)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Poland (Lesser Poland) Bourgueticrinus sp. (224101)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco Comatulida indet. (127539)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5France Glenotremites paradoxus (59791)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8Czech Republic Bourgueticrinus sp. (58578)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Poland (Lesser Poland) Glenotremites paradoxus (224100)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Czech Republic Remesimetra discoidalis (146500) Remesimetra discoidalis, Semiometra impressa (146401 146501)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Czech Republic Bourgueticrinus sp. (99235)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3United Kingdom (England) Placometra conica, Placometra laticirra, Semiometra courvillensis, Glenotremites sp., Glenotremites paradoxus (71069)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6Canada (Alberta) Uintacrinus socialis (87433)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6USA (Kansas) Uintacrinus socialis (85278)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6Poland Bourgueticrinus sp., Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (183398 183400) Bourgueticrinus sp., Bourgueticrinus ellipticus, Marsupites testudinarius (183399 183401)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Mississippi) Marsupites americanus (107505)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6France Bourgueticrinus sp. (3737)
Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5Canada (British Columbia) Marsupites lamberti (210550) Marsupites sp. (210551 210553 210558 210559 210560) Marsupites sp., Marsupites testudinarius (210544 210554) Marsupites testudinarius (134731 210545 210546 210547 210549 210552 210555 210556 210557 210561)
Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5Jamaica Uintacrinus socialis (99827)
Middle Santonian - Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5France Uintacrinus sp. (59652)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6Jamaica Comatulidia indet. (73146)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Poland Bourgueticrinus sp. (183402) Bourgueticrinus sp., Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (183403 183404)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6France Semiometra courvillensis (59776)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Belgium (Liege) Bourgueticrinus sp., Bourgueticrinus suedicus, Bourgueticrinus hureae (32150) Monachocrinus gallicus, Bourgueticrinus sp., Bourgueticrinus suedicus, Bourgueticrinus hureae, Placometra laticirra, Amphorometra conoidea, Hertha pygmaea, Semiometra impressa (32147)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6France (Landes) Bourgueticrinus constrictus (213820 213849 214040) Bourgueticrinus elegans (213889) Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (213833 213880 213886 213898 214021 214023 214027)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Germany Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (64130 64131 64180)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0USA (Alabama) Rhizocrinus alabamensis (203421)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Democrinus gisleni, Bourgueticrinus bruennichnielseni, Bourgueticrinus hagenowi, Placometra scutata, Placometra laticirra, Amphorometra conoidea, Amphorometra rugiana, Hertha mystica, Hertha pygmea, Hertha plana, Semiometra pommerania (32022)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Belgium (Liege) Bourgueticrinus brydonei, Bourgueticrinus constrictus, Hertha sp. (32148) Hertha pygmaea (32158)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0France (Landes) Bourgueticrinus constrictus (214164 214174) Bourgueticrinus elegans (214114 214121 214178 214179 214186 214206) Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (214058 214127 214128 214175 214182 214188 214213 214214 214218) Bourgueticrinus ellipticus, Bourgueticrinus constrictus (214177) Bourgueticrinus ellipticus, Bourgueticrinus utriculatus (214190) Bourgueticrinus utriculatus (214184 214187)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands Comatulida indet. (3123) Dunnicrinus aequalis, Jaekelometra defectiva (32177) Jaekelometra concava, Jaekelometra belgica, Semiometra lenticularis (32161)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Belgium (Liege) Amphorometra conoidea, Jaekelometra concava, Jaekelometra belgica, Semiometra saskiae, Semiometra lenticularis (32157) Bourgueticrinus constrictus (32172) Dunnicrinus aequalis (32149 32152 32154 32155) Dunnicrinus aequalis, Placometra laticirra (32153) Dunnicrinus aequalis, Placometra laticirra, Jaekelometra concava, Hertha pygmaea, Semiometra saskiae (32156) Semiometra saskiae (32174)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Mississippi) Dunnicrinus mississippiensis (213727 213728)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands (Limburg) Amphorometra conoidea, Jaekelometra belgica, Semiometra saskiae (32168) Dunnicrinus aequalis (32159) Placometra laticirra, Amphorometra conoidea, Jaekelometra concava, Jaekelometra belgica, Semiometra saskiae, Semiometra lenticularis (32167)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Belgium (Liège) Semiometra saskiae (78714)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Late/Upper Cretaceous70.6 - 66.0Belgium (Liege) Dunnicrinus aequalis, Placometra laticirra (32175)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands Dunnicrinus aequalis, Placometra laticirra, Jaekelometra defectiva (32162)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Danian70.6 - 61.6Netherlands Amphorometra conoidea, Jaekelometra concava, Jaekelometra belgica, Semiometra saskiae, Semiometra lenticularis (32160)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Danian70.6 - 61.6Poland Comatulida indet., Bourgueticrinus sp. (64008)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Danian70.6 - 61.6Netherlands (Limburg) Jaekelometra concava, Jaekelometra belgica, Semiometra saskiae, Semiometra lenticularis (32166)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (New Jersey) Rhizocrinus cylindricus (58941)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Netherlands Comatulida indet. (3122)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Denmark Rhizocrinus maximus, Bourgueticrinus danicus (89866)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Netherlands (Limburg) Democrinus maximus, Bourgueticrinus danicus (32170)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (New Jersey) Rhizocrinus cylindricus (3113)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Democrinus londinensis (3260) Democrinus londinensis, Amphorometra ornata (76601)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France Conocrinus pyriformis (59788) Conocrinus pyriformis, Conocrinus thorenti, Antedon atacicus (59789)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Antarctica Notocrinus rasmusseni (203497)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (South Carolina) Democrinus sp. (5354)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0France Conocrinus duperrieri, Tormocrinus archiaci (161930) Conocrinus duperrieri, Tormocrinus sp., Conocrinus elongatus (161928) Conocrinus sp. (161929) Conocrinus sp., Tormocrinus sp. (161927 161931)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (North Carolina) Democrinus simmsi (5439) Democrinus sp. (5366 5367)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Germany (Bavaria) Bourgueticrinus sp. (10963)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Florida) Himerometra bassleri (61109)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Antarctica (Seymour Island) Notocrinus rasmusseni (204612)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03New Zealand (South Otago) Actinometra sp. (45653)
Waitakian25.2 - 21.7New Zealand (South Island) Comaster meyerensis, Amphorometra waitakiana, Cypelometra aotearoa, Hertha otakauica, Zelandimetra neozelandiae (216915) Comaster meyerensis, Stenometra otekaikeensis, Maorimetra ardlogiensis, Amphorometra waitakiana, Cypelometra aotearoa, Vicetiametra otiakeensis, Palaeantedon pentlandica, Hertha otakauica, Zelandimetra neozelandiae (204563) Comaster meyerensis, Stenometra otekaikeensis, Maorimetra ardlogiensis, Cypelometra aotearoa, Vicetiametra otiakeensis, Palaeantedon pentlandica, Hertha otakauica, Zelandimetra neozelandiae (216914) Stenometra otekaikeensis, Cypelometra aotearoa, Vicetiametra otiakeensis, Hertha otakauica, Zelandimetra neozelandiae (216919)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil (Para) Sievertsella polonica (112579)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Japan Kiimetra miocenica (90777)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.129 - 0.0117Bahamas Davidaster sp. (90776)