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Balanocidaris

Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Cidaridae

Taxonomy
Balanocidaris is a genus. It is not extant.

It was assigned to Cidaridae by Morishita (1964); to Stylocidarinae by Nisiyama (1966); to Cidarinae by Fell (1966); and to Cidaroida by Sepkoski (2002).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1964Balanocidaris Morishita p. 275
1966Balanocidaris Fell p. U333
1966Balanocidaris Nisiyama p. 165
2002Balanocidaris Sepkoski

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumEleutherozoa
Echinozoa()
RankNameAuthor
classEchinoidea()
subclassCidaroidea(Claus 1880)
orderCidaroida()
superfamilyCidarideaGray 1825
familyCidaridae
subfamilyStylocidarinaeMortensen 1928
genusBalanocidaris

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

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Balanocidaris japonica Nisiyama 1966
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calciteo
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: slow-movingo
Life habit: low-level epifaunalo
Diet: grazero
Diet 2: omnivoreo
Vision: limitedc
Dispersal: watero
Dispersal 2: planktonico
Created: 2004-02-28 12:08:25
Modified: 2009-12-13 03:42:21
Source: o = order, c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Aberhan 1992

Age range: base of the Julian to the top of the Late/Upper Campanian or 235.00000 to 70.60000 Ma

Collections (30 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Greece B. scrobiculata (201825)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy B. dorsata (34692 69649 69651 69652 69660 69661 69664 69666 69667 69668 69688 202422)
Bajocian170.3 - 168.3France B. sp. (34712 34714)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Germany (Brandenburg) B. glandifera, B. marginata (32016)
Oxfordian - Tithonian163.5 - 145.0Japan (Wakayama) B. sp. (91426)
Late/Upper Jurassic161.5 - 145.0Japan (Ehime) B. japonica (204374)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Portugal B. sp. (68602)
Early/Lower Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Portugal B. guimaraesi (34661) B. sp. (34662)
Early/Lower Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Algeria B. glandifera (196454)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4Hungary B. punctatissima, B. rysacantha (66030) B. rysacantha (66038)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Algeria Cidaris strombecki (40807)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Hungary B. rysacantha (66033)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Egypt B. strombecki (220860)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5France B. dixoni (59813)
Late/Upper Coniacian - Santonian89.3 - 83.6Spain B. gibberula (66969)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Spain B. pleracantha (67002)