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Pancrustacea

Taxonomy
Pancrustacea was named by Zrzavý and Štys (1997). It is extant.

It was assigned to Crustacea by Schweitzer et al. (2020); and to Mandibulata by Nielsen (2012) and Izquierdo-López and Caron (2022).

Sister taxa
Altocrustacea, Hymenostraca

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1772Crustacea Brünnich
1802Crustacea Latreille p. 13
1904Crustacea Martin p. 94
1933Crustacea Phleger, Jr. p. 11
1935Crustacea Mason p. 102
1952Crustacea Riccio p. 29
1956Maxillopoda Dahl
1968Crustacea Bertels
1997Pancrustacea Zrzavý and Štys
2001Maxillopoda Martin and Davis p. 58
2005Crustacea Martens et al.
2012Crustacea Carignano
2012Pancrustacea Nielsen p. 244 figs. Fig. 44.2
2012Crustacea Nielsen p. 245
2020Pancrustacea Schweitzer et al. p. 246
2022Pancrustacea Izquierdo-López and Caron pp. 220933-14

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
RankNameAuthor
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
Deuteropoda
Mandibulata
PancrustaceaZrzavý and Štys 1997
PancrustaceaZrzavý and Štys 1997

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Pancrustacea Zrzavý 1997
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Unr. Altocrustacea Regier et al. 2010
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Supercl. Allotriocarida Oakley et al. 2013
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Unr. Athalassocarida Lozano-Fernandez et al. 2019
+
Cl. Branchiopoda Latreille 1817 [branchiopod]
+
Or. Anostraca Sars 1867
Fm. †Ketmeniidae Novozhilov 1957
Subcl. Phyllopoda
Invalid names: Sarsostraca Tasch 1969 [empty]
Unr. Labiocarida Schwentner et al. 2017
+
Cl. Remipedia Yager 1981
Cl. Cephalocarida Sanders 1955
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Or. †Brachypoda Birshteyn 1960
+
G. †Dala Muller 1983
G. †Rehbachiella Mueller 1983
+
G. †Bredocaris Mueller 1983
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Bredocaris admirabilis Mueller 1983
Unr. †Hymenostraca Rolfe 1969
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G. †Branchiocaris Briggs 1976
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Branchiocaris malongensis Luo et al. 2008
Branchiocaris pretiosa Resser 1929
Branchiocaris xundianensis Luo et al. 2008
Branchiocaris yiliangensis Luo et al. 2008
G. †Ercaicunia Luo et al. 1999
+
Ercaicunia multinodosa Luo et al. 1999
G. †Hymenocaris Salter 1853
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Hymenocaris dubia Resser and Howell 1938
Supercl. Multicrustacea Regier et al. 2010
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Or. †Cyclida Glaessner 1928
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Fm. †Alsasuacaridae van Bakel et al. 2011
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G. †Alsasuacaris van Bakel et al. 2011
G. †Maastrichtiocaris Fraaije et al. 2003
Fm. †Americlidae Dzik 2008
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G. †Americlus Dzik 2008
G. †Brittaniclus Schweitzer et al. 2020
G. †Dziklus Schweitzer et al. 2020
G. †Anhelkocephalon Bill 1914
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Fm. †Cyclidae Packard 1885
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G. †Ambocyclus Schweitzer et al. 2020
G. †Apionicon Schram et al. 1997
G. †Carabicyclus Schweitzer et al. 2020
G. †Chernyshevine Schweitzer et al. 2020
G. †Cyclus de Koninck 1841
G. †Litocyclus Schweitzer et al. 2020
G. †Magnitocyclus Mychko et al. 2022
G. †Prolatcyclus Mychko et al. 2019
G. †Tazawacyclus Schweitzer et al. 2020
G. †Uralocyclus M and Alekseev 2018
Fm. †Halicynidae Gall and Grauvogel 1967
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G. †Carcinaspides Glaessner 1969
G. †Halicyne von Meyer 1844
G. †Juracyclus Schweigert 2007
Fm. †Hemitrochiscidae Trauth 1918
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G. †Cyclocarcinides Glaessner 1969
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Invalid names: Cyclocarcinus Stolley 1914 [replaced]
G. †Hemitrochiscus von Schauroth 1854
G. †Oonocarcinus Gemmellaro 1890
G. †Paraprosopon Gemmellaro 1890
G. †Skuinocyclus Mychko and Alekseev 2018
Fm. †Schraminidae Dzik 2008
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G. †Opolanka Dzik 2008
G. †Schramine Dzik 2008
G. †Yunnanocyclus Feldmann et al. 2017
Cl. Hexanauplia Oakley et al. 2013
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Subcl. Copepoda Milne-Edwards,Milne-Edwards 1840 [copepod]
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G. Cletocamptus Schmankevitch 1875
Or. Harpacticoida Sars 1903
Infracl. Neocopepoda Huys and Boxshall 1991
Infracl. Progymnoplea Lang 1948
G. Sphaerothylacus Sluiter 1884
Cl. Malacostraca Latreille 1802
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G. †Amphipeltis Salter 1863
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Amphipeltis paradoxus Salter 1863
Subcl. Eumalacostraca Grobben 1892
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Unr. Caridoida Hessler 1982
Superor. †Eocarida Brooks 1962
Infracl. Hoplocarida Calman 1904
G. †Joanellia Schram 1979
Fm. †Mesoprosopidae Glaessner 1928
G. †Schramocaris Clark et al. 2016
Invalid names: Percarida Calman 1904 [empty]
G. †Naranda Muenster 1842
Subcl. Phyllocarida Packard 1879
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Or. †Archaeostraca Claus 1888
G. †Coreocaris Kobayashi 1937
G. †Dioxycaris Gurich 1929
Subor. †Discinocarina Clarke 1900
G. †Galenocaris Wells 1944
Or. †Hoplostraca Schram 1973
Or. Leptostraca Claus 1880
G. Nebaliella Thiele 1904
G. †Nothozoe Barrande 1868
G. †Phasganocaris Novak 1886
G. †Saccocaris Salter 1868
G. †Shafferia
Invalid names: Aristocaris [invalid subgroup]
Invalid names: Belotelsonidea Schram 1981 [empty], Waterstonellidea [empty]
G. †Nereocaris Legg et al. 2012
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Nereocaris exilis Legg et al. 2012
Supercl. Oligostraca Zrzavý et al. 1997
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Cl. Ichthyostraca Zrzavý et al. 1997
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Subcl. Branchiura Thorell 1864
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Invalid names: Arguloida Yamaguti 1963 [empty]
Subcl. Pentastomida Diesing 1836
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Or. Cephalobaenida Heymons 1935
Invalid names: Porocephalida Heymons 1935 [empty]
Invalid names: Mystacocarida Pennak and Zinn 1943 [empty]
Cl. Ostracoda Latreille 1802 [ostracod]
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G. †Acanthomeridion Hou et al. 1989
G. †Acrossula
G. †Anfedatia
G. †Aurilia
Or. †Beyrichiocopa Pokorný 1954
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Subor. †Binodicopa Schallreuter 1972
G. †Biaurina
G. †Brasacypris Krömmelbein 1965
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Brasacypris fulfaroi Dias-Brito et al. 2001
Brasacypris morigerata Musacchio 1973
G. †Bullaluta
Fm. †Buregiidae Polenova 1953
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G. †Buregia
G. †Bursulella Jones 1961
G. †Cedocamia
G. Cyclocypris Brady and Norman 1889
G. Cyprinotus Brady 1886
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Cyprinotus salinus Brady 1868
G. Cytheropsis Sars 1866
G. †Damaoella
G. †Dhrumaella Manivit and Vaslet 1987
G. †Dorispina
G. †Flemingia
G. †Galeopsis Hinz-Schallreuter 1993
G. †Gerdalia Belousova 1961
G. Glossicythereis Benson 1974
G. Heterocypris Claus 1893
G. †Hupehella
G. †Ivaria
G. †Koilocythere Deltel 1963
G. †Kuiperiana Bassiouni 1962
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Kuiperiana latissima Brady 1878
Or. †Limbatulocopida Abushik 1990
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Fm. †Dolborellidae Melnikova 1976
Or. †Metacopida Sylvester-Bradley 1961
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G. †Acuprisma
G. †Diura
G. †Heterma
G. †Planoria
G. †Tumidella
G. †Moorea
Subcl. Myodocopa Sars 1866
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Or. Halocyprida Dana 1853
Or. †Leperditicopida Scott 1961
Or. Myodocopida Sars 1866
Superor. †Myodocopomorpha Kozur 1972
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Or. †Cypridinida Skogsberg 1920
G. Neoatlanticythere Benson 1974
G. †Netzkaina
Superor. †Palaecopamorphes Abushik 1990
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Or. †Beyrichicopida Pokorný 1954
Or. †Hollinocopida Henningsmoen 1965
Or. †Leperditellocopida Abushik 1990
Invalid names: Eridocopida Adamczak 1961 [empty]
Subor. †Paleocopa Henningsmoen 1953
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Superfm. †Beyrichiacea Matthew 1886
Invalid names: Leperditiacea Bassler and Kellett 1934 [empty]
G. †Paleodarwinula Molostovskaya 1990
G. †Phasoia
Subcl. Podocopa Sars 1865
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G. †Cetollina Shi 2002
G. †Eumiraculum Chen 1987
Or. Palaeocopida Henningsmoen 1953
Or. Platycopida Sars 1866
Or. Podocopida Sars 1866
Superor. Podocopomorpha Sars 1865
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Invalid names: Punciocopida Schallreuter 1968 [empty]
G. †Ponthocythere Dubowsky 1939
G. †Prasuchonella Molostovskaya 1980
G. Puriana Coryell and Fields 1953
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Puriana carolinensis Hazel 1983
Puriana fissispinata Benson and Coleman 1963
Invalid names: Favella Coryell and Fields 1937 [synonym]
G. †Renicytherura Gruendel 1981
G. †Rockallia Whatley et al. 1978
G. †Septadella Smith and Stubblefield 1933
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Septadella jackmanae Smith and Stubblefield 1933
G. †Sigillium
Fm. †Sigmoopsidae Henningsmoen 1953
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G. †Disulcina Sarv 1959
G. †Ordovicia
G. †Suchonellina Spizharsky 1937
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Suchonellina globosa Jones 1862
Suchonellina stricta Jones 1894
G. †Svealuta
G. †Tegaspis
G. †Tethysia Donze 1975
G. †Utsatia
G. †Vitella
Superfm. †Volganelloidea Mandelstam 1956
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Fm. †Volganellidae Mandelstam 1956
G. †Yulinella
G. †Zerqacythere Basha 1980
Invalid names: Beichuania Xie 1989 [nomen nudum], Cuselina Ammon 1910 [nomen nudum], Darwinulacea Brady and Norman 1889 [empty], Golcondella [nomen dubium]
G. †Tokummia Aria and Caron 2017
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Tokummia katalepsis Aria and Caron 2017
Invalid names: Hymenocarididae Haeckel 1896 [empty]
G. †Skara Mueller 1983
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Skara anulata Mueller 1983
G. †Wujicaris Zhang et al. 2010
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Wujicaris muelleri Zhang et al. 2010
G. †Yicaris Zhang et al. 2007
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Yicaris dianensis Zhang et al. 2007
Invalid names: Crustacea Brünnich 1772 [invalid subgroup]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2004-02-29 09:38:49
Modified: 2004-02-29 11:38:49
Source: p = phylum
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Ediacaran to the top of the Holocene or 635.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 541.0 Ma

Collections (11313 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ediacaran635.0 - 541.0Mexico Platella sp. (10662)
Meishucunian541.0 - 516.0China (Shaanxi) Ostracoda indet. (6851)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0China (Hubei) Cycloconchoides venustus (201164)
Waucoban530.0 - 513.0Canada (Northwest Territories) Branchiopoda indet. (6850)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Yunnan) Acanthomeridion sp., Branchiocaris sp., Waptia sp. (86930) Acanthomeridion sp., Waptia sp., Canadaspis sp. (86933) Branchiocaris sp., Waptia sp. (86929) Branchiocaris yunnanensis (90163 90166 90494) Branchiocaris yunnanensis, Chuandianella ovata (86845 86846 90138 90164) Branchiocaris yunnanensis, Chuandianella ovata, Canadaspis laevigata (86851) Canadaspis laevigata (96403 96405 96416) Chuandianella ovata (86847 90126 90129 90149 90150 90151 90152 90161 90162) Chuandianella ovata, Canadaspis laevigata (90165 96402) Ercaicunia multinodosa, Branchiocaris yunnanensis, Waptia sp., Chuandianella ovata (68083) Ercaicunia multinodosa, Chuandianella ovata (90137) Waptia sp. (86931)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Germany (Brandenburg) Diplostraca indet. (24190)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Australia (South Australia) Phasoia spicata (155233)
Branchian520.0 - 513.0United Kingdom (England) Hesslandona n. sp. B (79939)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0China (Yunnan) Branchiocaris sp. (90353)
Botomian - Lenian516.0 - 513.0Russian Federation Duibianella sp. (10018)
Botomian - Lenian516.0 - 513.0Russian Federation (Transbaikalia) Ostracoda indet. (10007)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (Pennsylvania) Crustacea indet. (226194) Hymenocaris dubia, Roddyia typa, Crustacea indet. (226192) Hymenocaris sp., Roddyia typa (192)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (Nevada) Canadaspis sp. (10560)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (California) Ostracoda indet. (219693)
Nangaoian516.0 - 513.0China (Yunnan) Branchiocaris yunnanensis, Waptia ovata (132329 194140 194162 194163) Branchiocaris yunnanensis, Waptia ovata, Canadaspis laevigata (132327 194160 194161) Ercaicunia multinodosa, Branchiocaris yunnanensis, Waptia ovata (194141 194150 194153) Ercaicunia multinodosa, Branchiocaris yunnanensis, Waptia ovata, Canadaspis laevigata (132330 194143 194155) Waptia ovata (132328)
Nangaoian516.0 - 513.0China (Hubai) Branchiocaris sp. (219687)
Templetonian513.0 - 507.0Australia (Queensland) Flemingia duo, Svealuta sp. A, Aristaluta sp. A (70046)
Delamaran513.0 - 505.0USA (Utah) Dioxycaris argenta, Branchiocaris pretiosa, Canadaspis perfecta (77218)
Delamaran513.0 - 505.0Canada (British Columbia) Branchiocaris pretiosa, Waptia fieldensis, Canadaspis perfecta (84412) Canadaspis perfecta (84420 84437) Waptia fieldensis (84430 84431) Waptia fieldensis, Canadaspis perfecta (84414 84415 84416 84417 84418 84419 84421 84422 84423 84424 84425 84426 84427 84428 84429 84432 84433 84434 84435 84436)
Delamaran513.0 - 505.0USA (Nevada) Canadaspis perfecta (205001)